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List of former counties of Quebec

Historic counties and territories in Quebec, followed by their respective county seats are listed below. The list is sorted in alphabetical order by county name, but can be sorted in alphabetical order by seat. In terms of internal divisions of counties, there are four types of counties: those that contain only townships, as is the case with those counties surveyed by the British after 1763. Parishes as a land unit division arise from the elevation of municipalities based on religious parish limits. Quebec's counties were dissolved in the early 1980s and Quebec was divided into regional county municipalities. Abitibi Territory Mistassini Territory Nouveau-Quebec Territory Laval County- Former name of Ile-Jésus County. Jacques Cartier County- Renamed in 1970. Former name of Ile-de-Montréal County, it absorbed Hochelaga County in 1921. Ottawa County- Former name of Hull County. Wright County- Renamed to Gatineau County? "Detailed Ontario Map and Quebec Map of Towns and Counties for Genealogy, circa 1957".

Archived from the original on 2009-03-21. Retrieved August 12, 2011

James V. Allred Unit

The James V. Allred Unit is a prison for males located on Farm to Market Road 369 in Wichita Falls, United States, 4 miles northwest of downtown Wichita Falls; the prison is near Iowa Park. The prison, with about 320 acres of land, is a part of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice Region V, it opened in June 1995 and is one of the largest maximum security units in Texas housing 3600 offenders. It consists of four departments, General Population, Administrative segregation and one of the first "Expansion cell blocks" to be built housing some level ones Seg overflow and close custody offenders, it contains one of Texas's "Safe Keeping Units", which are designed to house prisoners that would be in danger from other inmates. Allred opened in June 1995, it was named after a Governor of Texas. A former inmate, a homosexual African-American named Roderick Johnson, reported that he was forced into sexual slavery by prisoners at the Allred Unit after he arrived there in September 2000. Johnson reported that prisoners forced him to go by the name "Coco" and that he was forced to submit to anal sex and oral sex.

Johnson said that Allred authorities denied his pleas for safekeeping until he contacted the American Civil Liberties Union. After Johnson left the prison, he filed a lawsuit against the prison authorities. In September 2004 a federal appeals court allowed Johnson's civil rights lawsuit to go to trial. On October 18, 2005, a federal jury rejected all of Johnson's claims, finding that he produced no evidence of rape and had lied in his testimony. On August 13, 2007, Edward Brooks, 52, serving a life sentence for an aggravated robbery, broke out shortly after 3 pm, according to the Wichita Falls Times Record News. Brooks was authorized to work in the unit without supervision, he pulled a visiting soft-drink vendor from her black Dodge car sped through the front gate, according to Assistant Warden Tommy Norwood. The getaway car ran out of gasoline in Burkburnett. Officers took him into custody within an hour of his escape. Alvaro Luna Hernandez and Chicano liberationist David Graham, who murdered Adrianne Jones Mel Hall, former MLB player South Park Mexican Allred Unit List of prisoners in the Allred Unit - The Texas Tribune

Patrick Hoelck

Patrick Hoelck is an American filmmaker and photographer based in Los Angeles and New York City. He has received considerable recognition as a photographer for fine art and celebrity advertisements. In addition, he has directed several mainstream music videos. Hoelck's career began at the young age of sixteen as a music video director in New York City, in Los Angeles. Hoelck’s self-published photography book, "Tar", was the catalyst for his late-career emergence as a professional photographer. "Tar" consists of several personal short stories and prose entries about Hoelck’s early days living in New York City, his experiences as a drug addict and self-abuser. An early break came for Hoelck when close friend and artist, Vincent Gallo, specially requested Hoelck over the late Richard Avedon for the cover of British magazine, "Flux". Hoelck produced "Cigarettes and Coffee" for Paul Thomas Anderson. Hoelck made his directorial debut in 2009 with the independent romantic drama, Mercy and produced by Scott Caan.

The movie tells the story of a young novelist who tries to write about love, but realizes he will first need real-life experience to take on the subject. In 2011, Hoelck released a series of Polaroid photos entitled "Polaroid Hotel." The photos were taken over the course of seventeen years at the Standard Hotel in New York City. The series was first a book and an exhibit, boasting 700 guests on its opening day. In Polaroid Hotel, Hoelck pays tribute to the art of Polaroid photography with a book of images that capture intimate moments of his life and career, showing that just because Polaroid has aged it hasn't lost its appeal. Gisela Getty said about the series, "Hoelck's images seem at first to be random, thrown together, an accidental assemblage, but they provide a narrative of our cultural landscape, a series on contemporary urban life." Following the series's release, Art in America, one of the country's leading art publications, interviewed Hoelck. In the interview, he speaks to the project's title: "I called it Polaroid Hotel because so many hotels have pictures of nothing on the walls, I thought it would look so much better if they had Polaroids up instead.

Hoelck and photography peer Michael Muller started. Photo School is a series of online tutorial videos that offer aspiring photographers lessons in everything from camera phone photography to complex lighting techniques. Longtime friends and Muller founded Photo School to fill a void in traditional photography education as well as allow a community of photographers at all skill and professional levels to connect and advance their craft; the Grey Organization The Grey Organization is dedicated to supporting excellence in the arts through a partnership with filmmakers, both established and unknown, developing material through a collaborative effort for international distribution. Cigarettes & Coffee - Producer Mercy - Director Alicia Keys - "Girlfriend" BB Jay - "Hot Ta' Def" Beenie Man - "Dancehall Queen" Ben Harper - "Please Bleed" Blindside - "All of Us" Bonnie McKee - "Sleepwalker" Calvin Richardson - "Not Like This" Cults - "Go Outside" Deftones - "Be Quiet and Drive" DJ Quik - "Pitch In on a Party" Esthero - "That Girl" Glassjaw - "Cosmopolitan Bloodloss" Linda Király - "Can't Let Go" Lisa Marie Presley - "Dirty Laundry" Lisa Marie Presley - "Idiot" Local H - "Pack Up the Cats" Oliver Peoples 2013 campaign video - Stage 9 Raven-Symoné - "Double Dutch Bus" Skye Sweetnam - "Billy S." Yellowcard - "Way Away" Official website Patrick Hoelck Collections Patrick Hotel by Patrick Hoelck Hoelck at Krop

Profit and Lace

"Profit and Lace" is the 147th episode of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the 23rd episode of the sixth season. It was first broadcast on May 13, 1998. Quark helps out when Zek's status as the Ferengi Grand Nagus is put in jeopardy by proposing equal rights for Ferengi females; the episode received Nielsen ratings of 4.2 points corresponding to about 4.1 million viewers. The episode opens with Quark trying to persuade one of his best waitresses to provide sexual favors for him. Rom rushes in to declare that, while trying to contact their mother, Ishka, he has lost contact with their home planet of Feringinar, he fears. When they go and explain the situation to Captain Sisko, sensors pick up an incoming ship, carrying both Grand Nagus Zek and Ishka; the Nagus explains that by changing the Ferengi Bill of Opportunities to allow women to wear clothes, he has caused planet-wide upheaval and has been replaced by Former Liquidator Brunt who will be installed by the commission at its next meeting.

Quark and Nog contact all 432 of the Ferengi commissioners to come to DS9 to meet and talk about the situation. Only one commissioner agrees. Brunt finds out about the upcoming meeting and arrives on the station to torment Quark and thwart his plans. After standing up to Brunt and throwing him out of the bar and his mother return to Quark's quarters, they get into a shouting match that causes her to suffer a heart attack, Dr. Bashir performs a transplant. Without Ishka to stand up and speak for herself at the meeting, Quark poses as a female named Lumba to try and fool the commissioner. Over dinner Quark/Lumba has to fend off the advances of the commissioner while explaining the benefits of the increase in the workforce and consumer base that Ferengi females would bring. Once in the commissioner's room, the commissioner goes into full assault, chasing Quark around the apartment. Brunt bursts in and tries to unmask Lumba as an impostor and a male; this fails when "she" removes her dress, revealing her female anatomy to the commissioner.

Convinced, the commissioner pledges his support for Zek. Quark's sex change is reversed and Zek and Ishka leave the station anticipating Zek's restoration as Grand Nagus. Quark, still experiencing the hormonal fluctuations from the sex change, apologizes to the waitress he harassed at the start of the episode and gives her a raise. A 2015 binge-watching guide for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine by W. I. R. E. D. Recommended skipping this episode. In 2016, SyFy included this episode in a group of Star Trek franchise episodes they felt were disliked but "deserved a second chance". In 2017, this episode was rated the 9th worst episode of the Star Trek franchise up to that time, by ScreenRant, which related the episode to the film Tootsie. WhatCulture ranked this episode the 4th worst episode of the Star Trek franchise. "Profit and Lace" on IMDb "Profit and Lace" at Profit and Lace at Memory Alpha Profit and Lace at


Batrachomorpha is a name traditionally given to recent and extinct amphibians that are more related to modern amphibians than they are to reptiles. It most includes the extinct groups Temnospondyli and Lepospondyli; the first tetrapods were all amphibians in the physiological sense that they laid their eggs in water, are colloquially sometimes referred to as labyrinthodonts or stegocephalians. In this scheme, batrachomorphs composed one branch of these early amphibians, while the reptiliomorphs composed the other. While the actual phylogeny of the modern amphibians is not well understood, their ancestors are descended from one line of batrachomorphs. All other living tetrapods are descended from one branch of the amniotes. Amniotes achieved dominance, while all other reptiliomorphs and most batrachomorphs have gone extinct; the name Batrachomorpha was coined by the Swedish palaeontologist Gunnar Säve-Söderbergh in 1934 to refer to ichthyostegids, temnospondyls and the frogs. Säve-Söderbergh held the view that salamanders and caecilians are not related to the other tetrapods, but had developed independently from a different group of lobe-finned fish, the porolepiformes.

In this view amphibians would be a biphyletic group, Batrachomorpha was erected to form a natural group consisting of the "true amphibians" and their fossil relatives. The salamanders and the Lepospondyli was consigned to "Urodelomorpha". Friedrich von Huene adopted it as a superorder of his subclass "Eutetrapoda" and included the orders Stegocephalia. Erik Jarvik, who took over Säve-Söderberghs work and shared his view of the origin of salamanders, used the term more informally, but in a wider sense, to include the ancestral osteolepiform fishes. Though never a majority view, the notion that tetrapods had evolved twice, together with the usage of the term batrachomorpha, lingered until genetic analysis started confirming the monophyly of living amphibians in the 1990s. Jarviks classification is no longer followed, all living amphibians and their fossil relatives now being classified together in the group Lissamphibia. Michael Benton adopted the term Batrachomorpha to include all living amphibians and extinct relatives more related to amphibians than to reptiles.

In his scheme, Batrachomorpha is a subclass of Amphibia, containing the following orders: Subclass Batrachomorpha Order Temnospondyli † Order Aïstopoda † Order Nectridea † Order Microsauria † Order Gymnophiona Order Urodela Order Anura The other groups of tetrapods considered more related to amniotes are put in the subclass Reptiliomorpha. The phylogenetic relationships of Paleozoic tetrapods have not yet been worked out with certainty, the validity of Batrachomorpha as a clade depends on where other amphibians and early amniotes fit on the evolutionary tree; the actual content of Batrachomorpha as cladistically defined is therefore uncertain, in some phylogenies the clade is redundant. Batrachomorphs are distinguished by a number of features in the skeleton, including a flat or shallow skull, a fused skull roof with no cranial kinesis, exoccipital-postparietal contact on the occiput, four or fewer fingers on the hand. Benton contrasts Batrachomorphs with Reptiliomorphs. In the appendix to Vertebrate Palaeontology, which combines cladistic and linnaean rankings, Benton has given Batrachomorpha the rank of Subclass in his 2001 edition and Class in the 2004 edition.

Benton, M. J. taxonomic hierarchy of the vertebrates Marjanović, David, Re: thoughts on which nodes to name Dinosaur Mailing List Jarvik, E.. Aspects of vertebrate phylogeny. In: Current Problems of Lower Vertebrate Phylogeny, Nobel Symposium 4, pp. 497–527. Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell

Alec Eist

Alexander Anthony Eist was a detective at Scotland Yard during the 1960s and 1970s. He is notable for allegations of corruption, including complicity in jewel robberies, his testimony to the HSCA regarding the assassination of Martin Luther King, whose killer—James Earl Ray—had been in his custody following Ray's escape to London in 1968. Eist served in the Merchant Navy during the Second World War; as a policeman, he was awarded the British Empire Medal for bravery in 1968, following his disarming of a man with a rifle. Despite the allegations of corruption that followed him for much of his career—and resulted in his being returned to uniform police duties before retirement and facing a failed prosecution after it—Eist was never convicted of any such crimes. Throughout his career, he had been awarded multiple decorations for bravery. Following his retirement, he ran the'Green Man' pub in Cambridgeshire. Alec Eist was born in Cardiff on 26 September 1929, he joined the Merchant Navy as an Able Seaman around the time the Second World war was ending in Europe in May 1945.

Having served for nearly three years, Eist joined the Metropolitan Police as a constable in June 1948. In May 1968 Eist joined the Flying Squad and was swiftly promoted to detective sergeant As a Detective Chief Inspector, he was appointed—with Chief Superintendent James Marshall—head of the Wembley Robbery Squad, where they encountered Bertie Smalls, head of the Wembley Mob. Eist had an in-depth and extensive knowledge and understanding of both London's underworld and the geography they occupied. Gangster Freddie Foreman described Eist as a "rebel cop", who would get drunk and stand on pub tables singing. In 1967, Eist a sergeant based in Cheshunt, was awarded the British Empire Medal for bravery in single-handedly disarming an armed suspect. On 14 February that year, The London Gazette reported following a series of reported robberies, the suspect's car was spotted, Eist was one of a number of officers called in to provide backup. A man with a rifle was observed in the property's basement, he subsequently escaped into the back garden, where he proceeded to sit on a wall threatening to shoot the officers if they approached.

Eist recognised the man as an escaped prisoner and well known, reported the Gazette to be a "vicious and callous criminal". The man jumped into an adjacent garden, continuing to threaten the policemen, who in return threw flowerpots at him. Cornered at the end of the garden, the man pointed his rifle at each of the officers and threatened to fire if they approached. "Despite the threats", says the Gazette, Eist and a colleague tackled the man and disarmed him. The rifle was found to be loaded with three.22-calibre bullets with a fourth in the breech. In May 1968, following his assassination of Martin Luther King, James Earl Ray fled to London. On 8 June Ray was arrested at London Heathrow Airport attempting to leave for Brussels on a false Canadian passport. At check-in, the ticket agent noticed the name on his passport, was on a Royal Canadian Mounted Police watchlist. Ray was placed in the personal custody of Eist, firstly held at Canon Row Police Station and at Wandsworth Prison. Eist spent the first nine hours of Ray's custody with him in Canon Row, whenever Ray was taken to the Old Bailey, they were handcuffed together.

Eist recalled how, "initially, didn't want to say anything to anybody" glaring at Eist. Eist thought that because of their constant contact, Ray "began to look on me as somebody he could talk to". Eist helped Ray acclimatise to the British prison service, for example, by arranging for him to receive cutlery—which had been withheld in his custody for fear of suicide—and bringing him magazines. Ray's biographer, Gerald Posner, believes that, on account of these niceties, "slowly the two developed a rapport, rare for Ray with anyone". Eist recalled that so, Ray would not respond to specific questions, preferring to talk in generalities; when Eist told Ray that the death of King had made little impact in Britain, Ray's response, said Eist, was "you haven't seen anything yet". Throughout Ray's subsequent extradition and sentencing, US authorities were unaware of Eist's involvement with Ray. Eist had discussed it with various colleagues and companions over the years, but it was not until 1976 he met a USAAF officer resident in London.

By there was a new investigation into the association planned by Congress. Two years after his retirement, Eist testified under oath to the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations on 9 November 1976—its first day of public evidence—that Ray had mentioned disposing of a gun on account of how Ray "had seen a policeman or police vehicle and thrown the gun away." Eist's testimony, says Posner, "caught Ray and his then-attorney Mark Lane by surprise". Journalist Pate McMichael has speculated that because Eist or his evidence was unknown and unsuspected in America, his evidence was "particularly damaging"; the Observer wrote at the time. Eist testified as to Ray's blatant racism: not only did Ray call African-Americans "niggers", Eist said, but "he me that he tried to get into Africa at some stage—he said to kill more of them". Then-chief crime reporter for the Daily Mail, Owen Summers, provided a character witness for Eist at the HSCA, in which he told the committee that he had known Eist for over 18 years and had "never been knowingly misled by Alec Eist and always found his information reliable".

Included Roy Garber convicted of smuggl