Kappa Kappa Psi
Kappa Kappa Psi, National Honorary Band Fraternity, is a fraternity for college and university band members in the United States. It was founded on November 27,1919 at Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, now known as Oklahoma State University, in Stillwater, Kappa Kappa Psi primarily operates as a recognition society providing service, leadership opportunities, and social programming for band members. Since 1919, more than 66,000 men and women have been initiated into Kappa Kappa Psi, William A. Scroggs, a student at Oklahoma A&M College, sought to establish an organization that would bind friendship together indefinitely and unite members across colleges and universities. After some initial planning, he consulted band president A, frank Martin and Bohumil Makovsky, director of bands at Oklahoma A&M, both of whom agreed to help with the creation of the fraternity. The founders accepted chemistry professor Hilton Ira Jones suggestion to name the fraternity Kappa Kappa Psi and it was organized on November 27,1919, and Scroggs was unanimously elected to serve as the President.
Legal organization was completed on March 5,1920, when the fraternity received its charter from the state of Oklahoma, the formal organization of the fraternity was celebrated on either March 23 or 25,1920, with the initiation of the first membership class and a banquet. The fraternity grew rapidly in its first years, within ten years, there were 27 chapters spanning from the University of Washington in the west to Duke University in the east. Only 14 were installed during the Great Depression, while World War II put a damper on fraternal activities. At the 1939 National Convention in Cincinnati, plans were set into action to make Kappa Kappa Psi an international fraternity, invitations were sent to colleges and universities in Canada and South America, but no chapters were ever installed at those institutions. Before World War II, most college bands were military-style and exclusively male, when the war began, most band members left to serve in the armed forces, which greatly strained the fraternity—to the point that 90 percent of chapters were forced to suspend activities.
The Grand Council granted those chapters that were forced to suspend their activities war furlough so that instead of treating the chapter as inactive, War furlough enabled a chapter to seal its records and keep its materials in safekeeping for the duration of the war. With so many members serving overseas, including members of the Grand Council, because of the number of men serving in the military, many band programs opened up to women during this time. At Texas Tech, a sorority for women in the band was established as Tau Beta Sigma. The women of Tau Beta Sigma petitioned Kappa Kappa Psi to be chartered as a chapter of the fraternity. Frank Martin, who was serving as National Executive Secretary, and Max Mitchell, the fraternity was unable to decide whether or not to accept Tau Beta Sigmas petition due to the severely reduced number of members and the cancelation of the 1943 and 1945 national conventions. Ultimately, Tau Beta Sigma decided not to become a chapter of Kappa Kappa Psi. They were officially recognized and accepted as an organization of the fraternity at the first national convention following the war in 1947.
After the war, Kappa Kappa Psi began an expansion program to reactivate old chapters
Pi Kappa Phi
Pi Kappa Phi is an American Greek Letter secret and social fraternity. It was founded by Andrew Alexander Kroeg Jr. Lawrence Harry Mixson, the fraternity has 179 active chapters, and more than 113,000 initiated members. Pi Kappa Phi operates in four entities, Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity, Pi Kappa Phi Foundation, The Ability Experience, Pi Kappa Phi operates its own philanthropy, The Ability Experience, which works with individual chapters to serve people with disabilities. Pi Kappa Phi was founded in 1904 by Andrew Alexander Kroeg Jr. a 19-year-old senior at the college, Simon Fogarty Jr. a 17-year-old junior, and Lawrence Harry Mixson, all three of the men were from Charleston. In 1904, the College of Charleston was a small, municipal college, the all-male college was the first to be supported solely by city funds, and the eleventh oldest in the United States. The school had a literary society called the Chrestomathics, which held activities such as debates. The colleges monthly magazine was staffed by the officers of the Chrestomathics, the three men set a goal to obtain officer positions within the Chrestomathic Literary Society.
At that time, the organization was dominated by the three chapters of fraternities on campus. All fraternity men were sworn to vote for their candidates, making it impossible for any non-fraternity men to win election. Kroeg, Fogarty, and a group of their friends, all non-fraternity men, several meetings were held at Mixsons home on Wentworth Street leading to the formation of Nu Phi, which stood for non-fraternity. The group of 15 men developed an opposing slate and began campaigning, Nu Phi adopted the outline of a hand as its secret symbol. A sketched hand on a classroom chalkboard signified an upcoming meeting, inside the hand was written the meeting time and the hosts last name. The Nu Phi group assigned a member to kidnap those who vote for the fraternity ticket on election day. However, the Nu Phi ticket lost the elections, later, it was revealed that several disloyal members cast their votes for the opposing fraternity slate. Kroeg, determined to see his friends have a chance at winning elections, on December 10,1904, a meeting of the loyal Nu Phis was held at Fogartys home at 90 Broad Street to establish a new fraternity.
There were seven men in attendance at the meeting, Fogarty, Anthony Pelzer Wagener, Thomas F. Mosimann, Theodore Barnwell Kelley, all of the original members were students at the college and had grown up together in Charleston. Wagener, who was a student of Greek and Latin, recommended the letters Pi Kappa Phi, Simon proposed the design of the fraternitys pin, a black enamel diamond with the Greek letters ΠΚΦ engraved in gold with a star and lamp as additional elements. Kroeg was selected as the new chapters first president, which was termed Archon and he began work on a constitution for chapter
Kappa Sigma, commonly nicknamed Kappa Sig or K-Sig, is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at the University of Virginia in 1869. Kappa Sigma is one of the five largest international fraternites with currently 318 active chapters and its endowment fund, founded in 1919, is the oldest college fraternity foundation and has donated more than $5 million to undergrads since 1948. In 2012 alone, the Fraternitys endowment fund raised over $1 million in donations, on December 10,1869, five students at the University of Virginia met in 46 East Lawn and founded the Kappa Sigma Fraternity in America. These five founders became collectively known as the Five Friends and Brothers, in 1872, Kappa Sigma initiated Stephen Alonzo Jackson, who would go on to transform a struggling local fraternity into a strong international Brotherhood. In 1873, Kappa Sigma expanded to Trinity College, the University of Maryland, the fraternity attributes this growth to the initiation of Stephen Alonzo Jackson in 1872.
During his membership, Jackson expanded and revised the ritual of Kappa Sigma and he created the Supreme Executive Committee, which now serves as the governing body of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity on an international level. In 1912, Wilbur F. Denious struck upon the idea to establish an endowment for Kappa Sigma. As a result of the work of him and many others. In 2003, the Kappa Sigma Fraternity ushered in an era of growth for the fraternity. In the Spring of 2005, Kappa Sigma Fraternity began fundraising for and this $6 million project had its grand opening on June 2,2007. At the 66th Conclave, the Kappa Sigma Endowment Fund was declared to be the official educational foundation of the fraternity and is housed at the new headquarters. A man of honor and courage, a man of zeal, yet humble. One who tempers action with wisdom and, above all else and they follow the four pillars of the Fraternity, Leadership and Service. The Star and Crescent is used as part of the guidelines behind Kappa Sigmas strict no-tolerance anti-hazing policy, the Fraternity takes all allegations of hazing very seriously and routinely revokes charters from guilty chapters which can be as old as 130 years.
To be eligible for membership a prospective member must profess a belief in God, in at least one situation, Kappa Sigma has revoked a chapters charter for omitting the fraternitys religious requirements from its initiation. The Kappa Sigma Fraternity consists of over 300 chapters and colonies, each chapter is led by a five-member Executive Committee, each referred to as an officer. These officers consist of the Grand Master, Grand Procurator, Grand Master of Ceremonies, Grand Scribe, each chapter and colony has a number of committee chairs that are assigned to specific areas. Over 1,500 alumni volunteer as advisors for Kappa Sigma, at the international level, the Supreme Executive Council sets policy for the fraternity, disciplines chapters, and approves the formation of colonies and chapter
Delta Tau Delta
Delta Tau Delta is a United States-based international Greek letter college fraternity. Delta Tau Delta was founded in 1858 at Bethany College, Bethany and it currently has around 140 student chapters nationwide, as well as few regional alumni groups. Its national philanthropic partner is the research organization JDRF. Delta Tau Delta Fraternity was founded in 1858, though some early documents reference the founding in 1859 or 1860, at Bethany College in Bethany, the social life on campus at that time centered around the Neotrophian Society, a literary society. The underlying controversy was that the Neotrophian Society, in the opinion of the eight men who formed Delta Tau Delta, had awarded a prize after a rigged vote. A constitution, badge and motto were devised, member Henry King Bell of Lexington, heard of the Civil Wars effects on Bethany College and the membership of Delta Tau Delta. After riding to Bethany and realizing that the longevity of Delta Tau Delta was at risk, Bell traveled to Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
On February 22,1861 Bell rode to Jefferson College from Bethany to bring the designation of the Alpha Chapter, in response to Jefferson College merging with the Washington Academy, an election was held at the General Convention. Ohio Wesleyan assumed the Alpha designation, before the Alpha designation was finally transferred to Allegheny College, the Ohio Wesleyan chapter dissolved temporarily because of a lack of membership. After the Ohio Wesleyan chapter disappeared in 1875, the Allegheny College chapter, Allegheny College member James S. Eaton, traveled to Delaware, Ohio, to collect what remained of the organizations records and to investigate what had happened the Ohio Wesleyan chapter. Eaton brought the Alpha designation back with him to Allegheny College, during that time a magazine was established and 15 chapters were founded, of which eight survive. In 1886, Delta Tau Delta merged with the society known as the Rainbow Fraternity. The Delta Tau Delta Founders House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, members of Delta Tau Delta are informally referred to as Delts.
The eight men considered to be the Founders of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity are, In 2017, in 2016, the chapter at West Virginia University was kicked off campus for filming an inappropriate audition for the Real World TV series. In 2015, the chapter at the University of Arizona was kicked off campus for hazing pledges, in February 2015, the chapter at Boston University lost its recognition status on campus due to facilitating underage drinking on two separate occasions. The chapter was reinstated that September year, in 2014, the chapter at the University of South Carolina was closed by the fraternitys national leadership for multiple alcohol citations. In 2014, the chapter was closed at Western Kentucky University for repeated poor academic performance, in 2012, the chapter at the University of Oklahoma was temporarily suspended for hazing pledges. In 2011, the chapter at Lehigh University was suspended for three years for hazing pledges, list of social fraternities and sororities Official Delta Tau Delta page Official Delta Tau Delta Educational Foundation
Phi Iota Alpha
Phi Iota Alpha, established December 26,1931, is the oldest Latino Fraternity in existence, and works to motivate people, develop leaders, and create innovative ways to unite the Latino community. The organization has roots that stem back to the late 19th century to the first Latin American fraternity, and the first Latin American student organization in the United States. Membership in Phi Iota Alpha is open to all men regardless of race, colour, Phi Iota Alphas membership includes prominent and accomplished educators, politicians and four former presidents of Latin American countries. Phi Iota Alpha utilizes motifs from the Pan-American revolutionary period and uses images and colours depicting the time of Latin American revolutionaries, the origins of Phi Iota Alpha began at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York, in 1898. A group of Latin American students organized the Union Hispano Americana as a cultural and intellectual secret society based on the ideology of Pan-Americanism, the immediate goals of the UHA was to provide a cultural environment for students of Latin America and Spain.
The UHA was the first association of Latin American students ever founded in the United States, the UHA expanded to several colleges and universities in the United States, due to the secrecy imposed upon its members, not many records were kept. The expansion and growth of the UHA was based on compromise, shortly after its foundation, Pi Delta Phi initiated a search to expand to other colleges and universities where they became aware of the existence of other similar organizations. After some communication, these two organizations realized the existence of a non-Greek letter secret society, the Union Hispano Americana, as a result of intensive correspondence and various interviews, the three organizations merged. In their merger agreement, the three organizations adopted the name of Phi Lambda Alpha fraternity, with the distinctive emblem & constitution of Pi Delta Phi, and this new union was formalized on June 11,1921, in the City of New York. Meanwhile, in the Southeastern Province of the United States, another organization was under development.
In 1904, an organization with similar goals as Phi Lambda Alpha was founded under the name “Sociedad Hispano-Americana” at Louisiana State University, between 1912 and 1925, Sigma Iota expanded rapidly in the United States, Central America and Europe. As a result of this, Sigma Iota became the first international Latin American–based fraternity, Phi Lambda Alpha was seeking to expand throughout the United States and to promote the ideology of Pan Americanism. Sigma Iota Fraternity was in search of revitalizing some of its defunct chapters, thus both organizations complemented each other and began to work towards the creation of the fraternity now known as Phi Iota Alpha. On December 26,1931, the first day of a three-day convention and they resolved to unify under one name, one banner, one organization and one ideal. The next day of business was dedicated to preparing the details of revising the constitution, on December 28, by the end of the three-day convention, the majority of the merger was completed.
The last step in the merger was the ratification of some of the chapters of Sigma Iota that were not represented at the convention. The fraternity was incorporated as an organization on October 28,1936, under the laws of the State of Louisiana, under the name. After the unification of Sigma Iota and Phi Lambda Alpha, Phi Iota Alpha goal was to expand on the level and develop a plan for it existing
Phi Gamma Delta
Phi Gamma Delta is a social fraternity with more than 158 active chapters and 13 colonies across the United States and Canada. It was founded at Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, in 1848, along with Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Gamma Delta forms a half of the Jefferson Duo. Since its founding in 1848, the fraternity has initiated more than 170,000 brothers, the nickname FIJI is used commonly by the fraternity due to Phi Gamma Delta bylaws that limit the use of the Greek letters. The organization was founded on April 22,1848, at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Six college students gathered in a dormitory room to establish a secret society. The society they formed was initially called The Delta Association, the founders, referred to by members as the Immortal Six, were John Templeton McCarty, Samuel Beatty Wilson, James Elliott Jr. Ellis Bailey Gregg, Daniel Webster Crofts, and Naaman Fletcher. The first regular meeting of Phi Gamma Delta and the adoption of the Fraternitys Constitution took place on May 1,1848.
Consequently, May 1 was chosen to be Founders Day at the 43rd Convention held in 1891 and has traditionally celebrated as the founding date of the Fraternity. Contrary to popular belief, the Immortal six were not Freemasons when they entered Jefferson College, one of the mottoes used by the organization is, Not For College Days Alone. Phi Gamma Deltas mission statement lists five core values for its members, knowledge, morality, in addition, members are encouraged to live by three priorities in a specific order, scholarship, second and third, self. This ordering is because members attend university with the foremost goal of receiving an education, Phi Gamma Delta limits the written display of its Greek letters. Whereas other fraternities often display their letters on clothing or other items, in place of the actual Greek letters, Phi Gam, or the English spelling Phi Gamma Delta is used in their place. The Fiji nickname started at New York University as a name for the Fraternity magazine. It was officially adopted by the fraternity at the 1894 convention in the belief that the term would be distinctive.
The fraternity is composed of chapters of two types, most chapters serve primarily undergraduate students and are established at a single college or university. There are chapters to serve members of the fraternity who have graduated from college and are established to serve a city or larger region, the chapters are governed by the fraternitys international headquarters in Lexington, Kentucky. Each year the Phi Gamma Delta organization gives out a number of awards, the Frank Norris Pig Dinner is an annual graduate dinner held by all Phi Gamma Delta chapters. The dinner is named for author Frank Norris, a member of the Fiji chapter at the University of California, Pig Dinner is sanctioned by the International Fraternity and it serves to welcome graduate brothers back to their undergraduate chapters. It is the longest continually running, chapter-based, annual Graduate event in the world of fraternities and sororities, the International Fraternity stores a list of annual Pig Dinners
Delta Sigma Phi
Delta Sigma Phi is a national mens fraternity established at the City College of New York in 1899 and is a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference. The Fraternity is headquartered in the Fairbanks Mansion, the home of Charles Warren Fairbanks. Delta Sigma Phi is one of three fraternities founded at CCNY, there are 108 actively operating undergraduate chapters and colonies of the Fraternity in 33 states within the Continental United States and Washington, D. C. The Fraternity has previously operated with undergraduate chapters in three Canadian Provinces though none are active today, over 115,000 men have initiated into Delta Sigma Phi since 1899. There are currently more than 6,000 undergraduate members and more than 85,000 living alumni members, the Sphinx was the first symbol adopted by the fraternity at the time of inception. Chosen for its longevity and stability over centuries, other symbols include a lamp, a lute, a Gordian Knot, and the Egyptian Pyramids. Gold lines radiate from the center of the emblem to the three points of the triangle in addition to outlining the circle and triangle, at the end of the nineteenth century, most fraternities were exclusively Christian or Jewish, and barred membership to individuals on the basis of religion.
When a group of friends at the City College of New York tried to join a fraternity, they were denied membership because their group was composed of Christians, in response, they organized the first chapter of Delta Sigma Phi on December 10,1899. The chapter was called Insula due to the location in Manhattan. By 1903 the fraternity had established chapters at Columbia University and New York University, in the two years after the 1914 Convention, Delta Sigma Phi almost doubled in size with the addition of ten chapters. In 1915, the first West Coast chapter, Hilgard Chapter at UC Berkeley was installed, Hilgard Chapter was named after a dean at the university and is the only chapter in the fraternity without a Greek letter designation, taking the place of Xi Chapter. Also in 1914, the fraternity decided to only white men of the Christian faith. Many Jewish members and other left the fraternity or joined others, including Meyer Boskey. As a testament to the shift of the fraternity, the 1916 Convention was held in Chicago.
By this time, the fraternity had expanded the number of staff, when the United States entered World War I in 1917 Delta Sigma Phi had over one thousand initiates and nineteen active chapters. During the course of the war over three quarters of the membership served the government in some capacity with half of that number in combat duty overseas. The publication of The Carnation, the magazine, and the 1917 and 1918 Conventions were suspended for the duration of the war. Even though the colleges and universities remained open during the war many chapters suspended their operations when most of their members were called to service, some chapters never recovered from the disruptions of World War I
Delta Sigma Theta
Delta Sigma Theta is a not-for profit Greek-lettered sorority of college-educated women dedicated to public service with an emphasis on programs that target the African American community. DST was founded on January 13,1913, by 22 collegiate women at Howard University in Washington, membership is open to any woman who meets the requirements, regardless of religion, race, or nationality. Women may join through undergraduate chapters at a college or university, the current 25th national president is Dr. Paulette Camille Walker. The first public act of Delta Sigma Theta was the Womens Suffrage March in Washington D. C. on March 3,1913, today, it is the largest African-American Greek-lettered organization. Since its founding, DST has been at the forefront of creating programming to improve political, education, in addition to establishing independent programming, the sorority consistently collaborates with community organizations and corporations to further its programming goals. The new initiates wanted to establish an organization, enlarge the scope of the sororitys activities.
They felt Alpha Kappa Alpha was solely a derivative of the Beta Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity with no individual meaning and were not Greek distinctive letters. They wanted to change the symbols, change the sorority colors, in 1912, these 22 undergraduates voted to change the organizations name to Delta Sigma Theta. This new name was to reflect the desire to change the direction of the group. The 22 undergraduate Alpha Chapter students sought to move towards social activism and greater public service, according to Delta Sigma Thetas historian Paula Giddings, the 22 young women were concerned that since Alpha Kappa Alpha was not incorporated, there was no legal entity. Since there was no charter, there was no authority to other chapters. The 22 declined and unanimously voted to reorganize, even prior to Delta Sigma Theta being approved by the Howard University administration, thus Delta Sigma Theta was founded on January 13,1913, by the 22 students. On January 20,1930, the organizations Grand Chapter was nationally incorporated, Delta Sigma Theta was one of the key African American organizations to participate in the Womens Suffrage March on March 3,1913.
Immediately following the founding, Delta Sigma Theta members quickly mobilized to build and develop infrastructure, one of the first orders of business was to have an oath, which was written by Mary Church Terrell in 1914. In the early years, individual chapters would implement various programs to meet the needs of their local communities, the 1920s began a decade of significant development within Delta Sigma Theta. The organization began to develop uniformity in programming and communication between the chapters of the sorority, in 1920, May Week was inaugurated and the Official Publication of the Sorority was established as The Delta. Also in 1920, Omega Chapter was established to recognize deceased Sorors, Alexander was voted first Honorary Grand President of Delta Sigma Theta. The Official Delta Sigma Theta Hymn, written by Florence Cole Talbert, regions were established in 1925, and the Jabberwock was established as the scholarship fundraiser
Alpha Chi Omega
Alpha Chi Omega is a womens fraternity founded on October 15,1885. Currently, there are 193 chapters and Alpha Chi Omegas represented throughout colleges and universities across the United States, angela Costly Harris is the current National President of Alpha Chi Omega and oversees all collegiate and alumnae chapters in the nation. Alpha Chi Omegas official symbol is the three-stringed lyre, Alpha Chi Omega was formed at DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana on October 15,1885. In the fall of 1885, Professor James Hamilton Howe, the first Dean of the Music School and those young women were Anna Allen, Olive Burnett, Bertha Deniston, Amy DuBois, Nellie Gamble, Bessie Grooms, and Estelle Leonard. Howe himself was not a member of a Greek fraternity, so he consulted with James G. Campbell, Campbell was thus responsible for laying out the first constitution and by-laws. This first constitution read, The object of this fraternity is as follows, To attain the highest musical culture, on February 26,1886, the fraternity was given its formal introduction by a soiree musical.
Alpha Chi Omega joined the National Panhellenic Conference in 1903, although some association with the music school was required early on, Alpha Chi Omega was never a strictly musical organization. Members graduated in many departments of the university, including the liberal arts department. In 1889, a literary fraternity offered to merge with Alpha Chi Omega, unlike professional fraternities. Alpha Chi Omegas Founders chose Alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, since they thought they might be founding the last such fraternity, Omega seemed appropriate, considering it stands for the end. Kai, meaning and, was added to form the beginning, kai was soon changed to Chi, a letter of the Greek alphabet. Alpha Chi Omegas colors of red and olive green were chosen to commemorate the fraternitys fall founding. The symbol is a lyre and the flower is a red carnation. The official jewel is the pearl, the badge is a lyre, typically featuring pearls and the fraternitys letters on the crossbar. There are 193 chapters of Alpha Chi Omega at colleges and universities in the United States, there are 273 alumnae chapters.
The alumnae chapters allow women of all ages to come together and continue the mission. Alpha Chi Omega collegiate chapters work directly with alumnae chapters to link sisters from around the country, in addition, alumnae chapters continue the cause of working to eliminate domestic violence. Alpha Chis focus is on developing Real Strong Women who become leaders in their communities, there are 5 standards of membership focusing on academic interest, financial responsibility and personal development
University of Texas at Austin
Founded in 1881 as The University of Texas, its campus is in Austin, Texas—approximately 1 mile from the Texas State Capitol. The institution has the nations seventh-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty, UT Austin was inducted into the American Association of Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South to be elected. It is a center for academic research, with research expenditures exceeding $550 million for the 2014–2015 school year. J. Pickle Research Campus and the McDonald Observatory, among university faculty are recipients of the Nobel Prize, Pulitzer Prize, the Wolf Prize, the Emmy Award, the Turing Award, and the National Medal of Science, as well as many other awards. UT Austin student athletes compete as the Texas Longhorns and are members of the Big 12 Conference and its Longhorn Network is the only sports network featuring the college sports of a single university. The first mention of a university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.
Although Title 6, Article 217 of the Constitution promised to establish education in the arts and sciences. On April 18,1838, An Act to Establish the University of Texas was referred to a committee of the Texas Congress. On January 26,1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land towards the establishment of a publicly funded university, in addition,40 acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated College Hill. In 1845, Texas was annexed into the United States, the states Constitution of 1845 failed to mention higher education. On February 11,1858, the Seventh Texas Legislature approved O. B,102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds toward construction of the states first publicly funded university. The legislature designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the universitys endowment, Texas secession from the Union and the American Civil War delayed repayment of the borrowed monies.
At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texas endowment was just over $16,000 in warrants, the more valuable lands reverted to the fund to support general education in the state. The legislature additionally appropriated $256,272.57 to repay the funds taken from the university in 1860 to pay for frontier defense, the 1883 grant of land increased the land in the Permanent University Fund to almost 2.2 million acres. Under the Act of 1858, the university was entitled to just over 1,000 acres of land for every mile of railroad built in the state. On March 30,1881, the legislature set forth the structure and organization. By popular election on September 6,1881, Austin was chosen as the site, having come in second in the election was designated the location of the medical department. On November 17,1882, on the original College Hill, smite the earth, smite the rocks with the rod of knowledge and fountains of unstinted wealth will gush forth
Sigma Gamma Rho
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. was founded on November 12,1922, at Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana by seven young educators. It was incorporated within the state of Indiana in December 1922 and became a collegiate sorority on December 30,1929. The sorority is a non-profit whose aim is to enhance the quality of life within the community, Public service, leadership development and the education of youth are the hallmark of the organizations programs and activities. Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. has over 100,000 members with more than 500 undergraduate and alumnae chapters throughout the United States, The Bahamas, Canada and Korea. Sigma Gamma Rho supports two affiliates, the Rhoers, a group of women, and the Philos, women who are friends of the sorority. She began her teaching career immediately after graduation, in 1928, Little moved to Los Angeles with her husband and finished her undergraduate training at UCLA. She taught in the Los Angeles School System until her retirement in 1967, the Mary Lou Allison Loving Cup Award is presented at each Boule to the chapter reporting the most successful program.
Dorothy Hanley Whiteside After graduating from Shortridge High School, Founder Whiteside entered the Indianapolis City Normal School, in 1922, when in training as a cadet teacher, she met the teachers who became her best friends and founders of Sigma Gamma Rho. Ms. Whiteside taught school until 1951 when she retired and helped her husband to develop a business and she started her own millinery business and worked with her church and various other organizations. After the death of her husband, she ran their business from 1955 until 1957 and returned to teaching in 1959, vivian Irene White Marbury Founder Marbury was born March 11,1900. She attended Shortridge High School and the Indianapolis City Normal School and she earned her BS in Education from Butler University in June 1931 and her Masters from Columbia University in New York City. She was awarded the Butler Medal, the highest alumni honor at Butler University and her professional career included teaching at Morehouse College in Atlanta and serving as Director of Practice Training of teachers from Butler University and Indianapolis State University.
She taught in the Indianapolis School System for nine years and she organized Public School 87, which grew from a 4-room portable school to 18 rooms and 24 teachers, where she was principal for 48 years until her retirement in 1967. She married in 1929 and is the mother of two children, Founder Marbury died on July 29,2000. She was the last of the seven founders to join Omega Rho, nannie Mae Gahn Johnson Founder Johnson was born on June 20,1904, in Indianapolis, Indiana. She received her BS in 1932 and her MS in 1941 from Butler University and she started as a teacher in 1923 and was eventually promoted to principal of one of the largest elementary schools in Indianapolis at the time. She was involved with many clubs and organizations dedicated to community service. She studied at Western Reserve in Cleveland and Indiana University Extension and she taught one year in Terre Haute, and thirty seven years in Indianapolis, IN
Delta Kappa Epsilon
Delta Kappa Epsilon is one of the oldest North American fraternities, with 71 active chapters across the United States and Canada. The fraternity was founded at Yale College in 1844 by 15 sophomores that were disaffected by the houses on campus. They established a fellowship where the candidate most favored was he who combined in the most equal proportions the gentleman, the scholar, and the jolly good fellow. The private gentlemans club the DKE Club of New York was founded in 1885 and is currently in residence at the Yale Club of New York City. The fraternity was founded June 22,1844, in room number 12 Old South Hall, Yale College, New Haven, at this meeting, the Fraternitys secret and open Greek mottos were devised, as were the pin and secret handshake. The open motto is Kerothen Philoi Aei and this first chapter was denoted Phi chapter. Delta Kappa Epsilon administers an organization called the Rampant Lion Foundation. The pin of Delta Kappa Epsilon shows the Greek letters ΔΚΕ on a scroll upon a black diamond with gold rope trim.
DKEs heraldic colours are azure, or, and gules and its flag is a triband of those colours with a dexter rampant lion in the middle. Within three years of the founding at Yale, chapters were founded at Bowdoin, Princeton University, Colby College, DKE has grown to 54 chapters and has initiated over 85,000 members across North America. Traditionally an Eastern Seaboard fraternity, DKEs Yale chapter had a reputation as a Southerners fraternity. Two of the founders were from the South and 13 out of 38 members of 1845 and 1846 were from the South. Although Vanderbilt University claims DKEs first chapter in the South, Vanderbilt University was not founded until 1873, Psi chapter at the University of Alabama was founded in 1847. Syracuse Universitys chapter house was used as a safe harbor by Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Delta Kappa Epsilons first West Coast chapter was founded at the University of California, Berkeley on Halloween night,1876. The DKE chapter at Colgate University is one of the only DKE chapters having a Temple building, the Lambda Chapter at Kenyon College in 1854 built the first fraternity lodge in America.
The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York was founded in 1885 and is currently in residence at the Yale Club of New York City, Delta Kappa Epsilon became an international fraternity with the addition of the Alpha Phi chapter in 1898 at the University of Toronto, Canada. Delta Kappa Epsilon members have included five of forty-four Presidents of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush. Vice President of the United States, Dan Quayle, became a DKE brother at DePauw University, in the election of 1876, the Republican Party chose between two DKE members, nominating Hayes rather than rival and fellow DKE James G. Blaine