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List of governors of Louisiana

The Governor of Louisiana is the chief executive of the U. S. state of Louisiana. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Louisiana's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws. Louisiana was purchased by the United States from France in 1803. On October 1, 1804, Orleans Territory was organized from the southern part of the Purchase, with the remainder being made the District of Louisiana and placed under the jurisdiction of Indiana Territory; the District of Louisiana would become Louisiana Territory, but after Orleans Territory became the state of Louisiana, Louisiana Territory was renamed Missouri Territory. Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812, it seceded from the Union on January 26, 1861, was a founding member of the Confederate States of America on February 8, 1861. However, since substantial parts of the state remained in Union hands throughout the war, there were 2 lines of governors elected. Following the end of the American Civil War, Louisiana during Reconstruction was part of the Fifth Military District, which exerted some control over governor appointments and elections.

Louisiana was readmitted to the Union on July 9, 1868. The 1812 constitution established the office of governor, to serve for four years starting from the fourth Monday after the election. In 1845, the start date was moved to the fourth Monday of the January after the election. Governors were not allowed to succeed themselves until 1864, when the constitution held no term limits; the restriction on governors succeeding themselves was reintroduced in 1868, removed again in 1879, again added in 1898. An amendment to the constitution passed in 1966 allowed governors to succeed themselves once before requiring a gap before they can be elected again. Governors of Louisiana can only serve two consecutive terms, but can serve again after being out of office for one term. In the event of a vacancy, the President of the Senate acted as governor; the 1845 constitution created the office of lieutenant governor, to be elected at the same time and manner as the governor and who would act as governor in the event of a vacancy.

The 1913 constitution established that the lieutenant governor would become governor in case of a vacancy. The governor and lieutenant governor are not elected on a ticket. List of Louisiana state legislatures Louisiana Secretary of State website Cemetery Memorials by La-Cemeteries

Asbel Kiprop

Asbel Kiprop is a Kenyan middle-distance runner, who specialises in the 1500 metres. He was awarded the 1500 m gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics after the original winner, Rashid Ramzi, tested positive for doping. Kiprop has won three World Championship titles in the event, in 2011, 2013 and 2015. Kiprop received a four-year doping ban, he won his first major title at the 2007 All-Africa Games, taking the 1500 m gold medal, won the event at the 2010 African Championships in Athletics, improving upon a bronze medal performance from 2008. His personal best for the distance is 3:26.69. The 2007 season became his breakthrough year, when he won junior race gold medal at the 2007 IAAF World Cross Country Championships and the 1500 m gold at the All-Africa Games, he ran a personal best. In recognition of his achievements, he won the Most Promising Sportsman of the Year category at the 2007 Kenyan Sports Personality of the Year awards, he ran at the 2008 African Championships in Athletics and took the bronze medal in the 800 m and came fourth in the 1500 m race.

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Kiprop was narrowly beaten by Bahraini Rashid Ramzi for the gold medal. However, Kiprop was awarded the gold medal after Ramzi tested positive for CERA, a banned substance, a newer version of the more known EPO, he is the youngest winner of the title, a record held by Arnold Jackson since 1912. Kiprop has stated he is not happy about the way he won the gold medal, he ended the year with a silver medal at the 2008 IAAF World Athletics Final, finishing behind the African champion Haron Keitany. At the 2009 World Athletics Championships, in Berlin, Kiprop disappointed many when he finished fourth for the second time in the 1500 m. Kiprop participated in the 800 m but was eliminated in the semi-finals, he won the gold in the 1500 m at the 2010 African Championships in Athletics, running a championship record time of 3:36.19 to win in Nairobi. He competed on the 2010 IAAF Diamond League circuit that year and after victories at the Bislett Games, Prefontaine Classic and British Grand Prix, he went on to secure the inaugural 1500 m Diamond League title with a win at the final event at the Memorial van Damme.

He managed only sixth place. He ran at the 2011 Great Edinburgh Cross Country in January, taking second place in the short race behind Eliud Kipchoge; that year he became world champion over 1500 m, defeating his Kenyan rival, Silas Kiplagat at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. Kiprop ran the final 800 meters of the race well under 1:50 and the final 400 meters in 51 seconds plus. Kiprop was leading in the rankings of the 2011 IAAF Diamond League, having won at the Bislett Games Dream Mile and placed second at the Shanghai and Stockholm meets. However, at the event final at the Weltklasse Zürich, he managed only seventh while Nixon Chepseba won to take the seasonal title, he had his best cross country race since he was a junior runner at the Edinburgh race in 2012, defeating a field which contained Kipchoge and Kenenisa Bekele. In July 2013, he won the Herculis 1500 in a time of 3:27.72, making him the fourth fastest man at the distance yet still not achieving the meet record. On 18 August, at the IAAF World Championships in Moscow, Kiprop won the 1500 metres in 3:36.28.

In 2015, Kiprop set a meeting record for 1500 metres at the Monaco Diamond League event in a time of 3:26.69. This puts him third on the all-time list over the distance. One month Kiprop won his third consecutive 1500 meter world championship title in Beijing. In 2016, Kiprop failed to win another Olympic Title in Rio, finishing in a disappointing sixth place, he blamed his shock loss on the fact that his fellow countryman Elijah Manangoi was not present in the race. Matthew Centrowitz of the USA won the race in a time of 3:50:00, one of the slowest winning 1500m times in Olympic history. On May 2, 2018, it was first reported that Kiprop had tested positive for the banned performance-enhancing substance EPO in November 2017; the test results were confirmed by the IAAF's Athletics Integrity Unit. Kiprop maintained that he would fight to prove his innocence, but he was found guilty and given a four-year doping ban in April 2019. On April of 2019 he threatened to harm the IAAF and National Police Service by saying on twitter "I pray to National Police Service to dismiss me Now.

Before I use their machinery to earn myself Justice. Kindly. IAAF come take your medals." Kiprop is near Eldoret. He is a son of Julia Kebenei, his father David Kebenei was an athlete, who participated in the 1987 All-Africa Games in Kenya and finished fourth in the 1500 metres race. Kiprop started running at the age of 13, he dropped out of high-school to concentrate on training. Kiprop trains at the Kipchoge Keino High Performance Training Centre in Eldoret, he was, expelled from the camp in 2009 for breaking the rules by bringing his girlfriend to the centre. His younger brother Victor Kipchirchir Kebenei is a 1500 metres runner. Kiprop has stated his first name, means determined. All Information taken from IAAF profile. Asbel Kiprop at World Athletics

Renfrew Mill No. 2

The Renfrew Mill No. 2 was a historic mill complex at 217 Columbia Street in Adams, Massachusetts. Most of its buildings were built between 1867 and 1878, were brick buildings with Italianate styling, they were built by the Renfrew Manufacturing Company, a textile manufacturer, to replace an earlier complex further down Columbia Street, demolished. The property was acquired by the Arnold Print Works in 1928; the mill was the town's largest employer for much of the second half of the 19th century. The complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982, it was destroyed by fire in November 1984. The Renfrew Mill No. 2 was located north of downtown Adams, on 15 acres bounded on the north by Lime Street, the east by the Hoosic River, the west by railroad tracks, the south by the former site of its mill pond. A raceway running parallel to the railroad tracks channeled water from the river to power the mills; the mill complex had 25 buildings, ranging in construction dates from 1867 to the 20th century.

Most were of brick construction. The main mill building was a 350-foot three-story building, with an Italianate tower near the center of its western facade; the office, located north of the main structure, was a two-story brick building with Victorian Gothic features. The Renfrew Company was founded in 1867 by local businessmen who were engaged in either the textile business or paper manufacturing; the company acquired a large parcel of land. On this they built two tracts of mill worker housing; the company at first manufactured cotton gingham fabric. The company expanded during the late 19th century, employing more than 2,500 people in Adams and North Adams; the company closed down in 1928, this facility was purchased by the Arnold Print Works. Arnold went bankrupt in 1981, the complex was destroyed by fire in 1984. National Register of Historic Places listings in Berkshire County, Massachusetts

Coming of Age (Breaking Point album)

Coming of Age is the original 8-song demo record by alternative rock band Breaking Point known as Broken. It was recorded between late-1999 and mid-2000 and was released in January 16, 2001, it is now a sought-after collectible. After guitar player Justin Rimer got a job at the famous Ardent Studios in Memphis, he became an assistant engineer for such then-emerging acts as 3 Doors Down and Train. Rimmer's time at Ardent led to Broken getting a "spec" deal at the studio; the result of that deal was the original "Coming of Age", an 8-track demo record, the basis for Wind-Up to sign the band. Of the record's 8 tracks, five were remixed and used on the band's debut L. P titled "Coming of Age"; the E. P version of "Open Wide" features an extended intro, cut on the later-released L. P; the song "Under" features feedback and lead guitar lines not present in the L. P version. Additionally, the song features older vocal takes in the verses which were re-recorded for the L. P. Coming of Age is the first album by the alternative rock band Breaking Point, released in 2001.

It was recorded with the band's first drummer Jody Abbott. The album's original release included the first 10 tracks, but after the popularity of "One of a Kind" grew, it was added as the 11th track when Coming of Age was re-released; the album has gone on to sell over 175,000 copies as of April 2008. "One of a Kind" served as the entrance theme of WWF professional wrestler Rob Van Dam in 2001 and was included on the compilation album WWF Forceable Entry. Rob Van Dam appears in the "One of a Kind" music video, in which he loses his car to the band's lead singer, Brett Erickson, in a street race. At the end of the video, he spin kicks the car keys into his opponent's hands. Other tracks, such as "Coming of Age" and "Falling Down" were played on Muzak Power Rock station in the early 2000s. "Coming of Age" was featured in Dragon Ball Z: Lord Slug, "27" was in The Scorpion King and is used as the theme song for Japanese professional wrestler Kota Ibushi, "Falling Down," "Under," and "Phoenix" were all included in Dragon Ball Z: Cooler's Revenge.

Brett Erickson - Vocals, Rhythm guitar Justin Rimer - Lead Guitar Greg Edmondson - Bass Guitar Jody Abbott – Drums Chapman Baehler – Photography Glen DiCrocco – Photography Jim Baldree – Digital Editing Jeff Burns – Assistant David CampbellString Arrangements Paul Ebersold – Producer, String Arrangements Ted JensenMastering Chris Johnson – Vocal Producer Greg Ladanyi – Engineer Matt Martone – Producer, Engineer Skidd Mills – Digital Editing Josey Scott – Rap vocals on "Brother" Edward ShermanArt Direction Mike Shipley – Mixing

Discourse Studies

Discourse Studies is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the field of discourse analysis articles that offer a detailed and explicit analysis of the structures and strategies of text and talk, their cognitive basis and their social and cultural functions. It also publishes studies in conversation analysis; the journal was established in 1999 by Teun A. van Dijk. Discourse Studies is a general journal for the study of talk, it features work on the structures and strategies of written and spoken discourse, with a particular focus on cross-disciplinary studies of text and talk in linguistics, communication studies, anthropology and social psychology, law. Articles on the socio-political aspects of discourse are published in its sister journal, Discourse & Society. Articles that study the relations between discourse and communication are published in Discourse & Communication. Discourse Studies is indexed in Scopus and the Social Sciences Citation Index. According to the Journal Citation Reports, its 2012 impact factor is 0.938, ranking it 31st out of 72 journals in the category "Communication".

Official website

Transport in Somerset

The earliest known infrastructure for transport in Somerset is a series of wooden trackways laid across the Somerset Levels, an area of low-lying marshy ground. To the west of this district lies the Bristol Channel, while the other boundaries of the county of Somerset are along chains of hills that were once exploited for their mineral deposits; these natural features have all influenced the evolution of the transport network. Roads and railways either needed causeways to cross the Levels. Harbours were developed, rivers improved, linked to sources of traffic by canals. Railways were constructed throughout the area, influenced by the needs of the city of Bristol, which lies just to the north of Somerset, to link the ports of the far south-west with the rest of England. Today, the trunk road and rail routes to the south-western counties of Devon and Cornwall pass through Somerset; this gives the county good connections to Wales and the north of England. A major port and an international airport are situated in the north of the county.

Older infrastructure, such as canals and defunct railway lines, have been adapted to serve present day demands for leisure use. The oldest timber trackway known in Northern Europe, the oldest road in the world, is the 2 kilometres Sweet Track across part of the Somerset Levels, the low-lying land in the centre of the county. Analysis of the timbers has enabled precise dating, showing it was built in the spring of 3806 BCE, it extended across the marsh from what was an island at Westhay, to the Polden Hills at Shapwick. Named after Ray Sweet, who discovered it while cleaning ditches, it is just one of a network of at least 43 tracks that once crossed the Levels. Pack horse tracks and trails developed on the higher, drier ground; these could be negotiated by horse and donkeys carrying larger loads. Many of these ancient routes are still in existence across farm land as bridleways and public footpaths, such as that at Midford which links the Pack Horse bridge to the villages of Combe Hay and Twinhoe.

Other examples can be seen on older Ordnance Survey maps prepared during the 18th and 19th centuries. Early trackways were limited in use by the conditions of the underlying soil; the temperate Climate of south-west England can be erosive to any manmade structures. During winter in particular, whilst a horse and rider could cover a significant distance in a day, any attempt to convey heavy goods such as building materials could be difficult and time consuming. After the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 CE they built a number of forts to impose their authority, they included one built inside the earlier Iron Age hill fort at Ham Hill, one at Charterhouse on the Mendip Hills, another at Ilchester where a settlement developed around an important crossroads and river crossing. While earlier trackways continued to be used, a number of straight, well drained Roman roads were built to facilitate communications between the forts and allow the rapid movement of troops. One of the most important roads in the Roman’s British network was the Fosse Way from Lincoln to Exeter which ran south-westwards across Somerset.

From Bath the route is now used by parts of the A367 road through Radstock and Stratton-on-the-Fosse. It crosses open country along farm tracks and minor roads, passing through the eastern suburbs of Shepton Mallet to Cannard's Grave; the route becomes the A37 through Street-on-the-Fosse and Lydford-on-Fosse as far as Ilchester. After passing through the town the route follows a section of the A303 under the ramparts of the fort at Ham Hill; the Dorchester Road ran south-eastwards from Ilchester, following the line of the present-day A37 through Yeovil. Another road ran westwards along the Polden Hills to Crandon Bridge near the mouth of the River Parrett, a district important at the time for its salt production; the Fosse Way was crossed at Beacon Hill north of Shepton Mallet by a road that linked lead and silver mines at Charterhouse with a harbour at Southampton. Hot springs were discovered near where the Fosse Way crossed the River Avon and the town of Aquae Sulis developed there. Just a little further north the Fosse Way crossed a long road between Sea Mills.

The waters of the Bristol Channel and rivers such as the Avon were used for transport. The small vessels in use at that time could navigate quite some distance upstream, indeed the River Yeo shows evidence of being straightened near Ilchester. Harbours were established near river mouths at Sea Mills, Crandon Bridge and Combwich; the Romans left the area to its own devices after 410 CE, although most of the established settlements and infrastructure continued in use for many years. Over time new settlements were established related to crossing points on rivers such as Highbridge and Taunton; when Daniel Defoe surveyed the county in 1724 he reported that there were two routes between Taunton and Bristol. The'Lower Way', impassable due to flooding, the busier'Higher Way' over the Mendip Hills. A causeway was created across the flood plains at Mark on the route between Wells. Unlike today's mechanical transport, the long journeys at this time used animal power and were undertaken in small stages, fresh horses were required at intervals, hence the name'stage' coaches.

Coaching inns provided travellers with overnight accommodation required. The George Inn, at Norton St Philip, is one of a number of establishments that claims to be Britain’s oldest tavern, is located in the centre of the village, it was built in the 14th or 15th century, as a wool store for the priory at Hinton Charterhouse and to acc