Ram Naik is a veteran Indian politician from the BJP the 19th Governor of Uttar Pradesh Ram Naik was a member of the 13th Lok Sabha and was Minister of Oil and Natural Gas in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee cabinet. He was instrumental in introducing Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme, he was the BJP candidate for elections to the 14th Lok Sabha representing Mumbai North, but lost to famous Bollywood actor Govinda, a INC candidate from Virar. A Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh volunteer since childhood, he holds a law degree, he started his political career with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1964 and was involved in organizing a group of rail commuters in Mumbai. He represented Borivli in the state assembly in 1978 and was re-elected twice, before becoming Minister of State for Railways in 1998, when he was influential in forming the Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation. In 2004 he published a statement in which he demanded apology from the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and chairwoman Sonia Gandhi for removal of quotes from statues dedicated to the Indian revolutionaries, such as Subhas Chandra Bose, Madan Lal Dhingra, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Bhagat Singh, Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Ram Naik announced in September 2013. On 14 July 2014 he was named as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Within a few months of his being appointed as governor, he stated that "The Ram Temple should be built as soon as possible, this is what the people of this country want and their wishes should be fulfilled." The theme was backed up by Hindutva groups. Subsequently, his Hindutva remarks seems to have been reined in by Narendra Modi, he was born in Sangli district of Maharashtra state. He has two daughters. 1969-1977 - Organising Secretary, Bharatiya Jan Sangh, Mumbai 1977-78 - General Secretary, Janata Party, Mumbai 1978-1989 - Member, Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra 1979-1980 - President, Janata Party, Mumbai 1980-1986 - President, BJP, Mumbai 1986-1989 - Vice President, BJP, Maharashtra 1989 - Elected to 9th Lok Sabha 1991 - Elected to 10th Lok Sabha 1999 - Elected to 13th Lok Sabha 1999-2004 - Union Cabinet Minister and Natural Gas since 2004 - President, All India Disciplinary Committee of BJP 2014- Governor of Uttar Pradesh Profile on Parliament of India website Official Website Official Website of Governor House Uttar Pradesh
Sarojini Naidu was an Indian independence activist and poet who earned the sobriquet of Nightingale of India. She was born in a Bengali Hindu family at Hyderabad and was educated in Chennai and Cambridge, she settled down in Hyderabad. She took part in the Indian nationalist movement, became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and fought for the attainment of Swaraj or independence, she became the President of Indian National Congress and was appointed as Governor of the United Provinces, now Uttar Pradesh. She was the first woman Governor of the Republic of India. Known as the'Nightingale of India', she was a noted poet, her poetry includes children's nature poems, patriotic poems and poems of love and death. She wrote poetry in praise of Muslim figures like Imam Hussain, in a time where Muslim-Hindu tensions ran high in pre-independence era. Issues regarding the split of India into a Muslim country and a Hindu country have begun, as she had gotten an inter-caste and inter-regional marriage in a time where this was uncommon, her goal was to bring all of India together regardless of religion.
Sarojini Naidu was born to Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, a Bengali Brahmin, the principal of the Nizam's College in Hyderabad. Sarojini was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Hyderabad, her parental home was at Brahmangaon in Bikrampur. Her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, with a doctorate of Science from Edinburgh University, settled in Hyderabad, where he administered Hyderabad college, which became Nizam College in Hyderabad, her mother, Barada Sundari Devi Chattopadhyay, was a poet and used to write poetry in Bengali. She was the eldest of the eight siblings, her brother Virendranath Chattopadhyaya was a revolutionary, another brother Harindranath was a poet, a dramatist, an actor. Their family was well-regarded in Hyderabad, not only for leading the Nizam College of Hyderabad, but as Hyderabad's most famous artists in a time of British rule. Being an artist in the era of British rule in India was considered a risky career, yet with their progressive values, they pursued them anyway. Sarojini Naidu, having passed her matriculation examination from the University of Madras, took a four-year break from her studies.
In 1895, H. E. H; the Nizam's Charitable Trust founded by the 6th Nizam, Mir Mahbub Ali Khan who gave her the chance to study in England, first at King's College London and at Girton College, Cambridge. Sarojini met Paidipati Govindarajulu Naidu, a physician, at the age of 19, after finishing her studies, she married him. At that time, Inter-caste marriages were not as common as they are today, but both their families approved their marriage. In addition, at that time, inter-regional marriage was uncommon and looked down upon; as Sarojini was from Bengal, while Paidipati Naidu was from Andhra Pradesh, this was an inter-regional marriage of North and South India, with two opposing cultures. The couple had five children, their daughter Paidipati Padmaja joined the independence movement and was part of the Quit India Movement. She was appointed the Governor of the State of Uttar Pradesh soon after Indian independence. Naidu joined the Indian national movements in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905.
She came in contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. Sarojini Naidu began writing at the age of twelve, her Persian play, Maher Muneer, impressed the Nawab of Hyderabad. In 1905, her first collection of poems, named The Golden Threshold was published; the volume bore an introduction by Arthur Symons. Her poems were admired by prominent Indian politicians like Gopal Krishna Gokhale; the Feather of The Dawn which contained poems written in 1927 by Naidu was edited and published posthumously in 1961 by her daughter Padmaja Naidu. In 1915–18, she travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, women's empowerment and nationalism, she helped to establish the Women's Indian Association in 1917. She was sent to London along with Annie Besant, President of home rule league and Women's Indian Association, to present the case for the women's vote to the Joint Select Committee.
In April 1947 she was present at the Asian Relations Conference in Delhi where the Tibetan Government Representative, Sampho Theiji, said, "In a similar way we are glad to meet representatives from all the Asian countries in this Conference and we wish to express our sincere gratitude to the great Indian leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Mrs. Sarojini Naidu, to all the distinguished representatives who have gathered in this Conference." Naidu entitled Muhammad Ali Jinnah "the Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity" after the Lucknow Pact. In 1925, Naidu presided over the annual session of Indian National Congress at Cawnpore. In 1929, she presided over East African Indian Congress in South Africa, she was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India. In 1931, she participated in the second round-table conference with Gandhiji and Madan Mohan Malaviya, she was jailed, along with Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malaviya, others for participating in the Salt March, when 1st Round Table Conference took place in London.
She played a leading role in the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed along with Gandhi and other leaders. In 1942, she was arrested during period of the "Quit India Movement" Naidu died of cardiac arrest at 3:30 p.m. on 2 March 1949 at the Government House in Lucknow. Upon her return from New Delhi on 15 February, she was advised rest by her doctors, a
Devendra Kumar Joshi
Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi, PVSM, AVSM, YSM, NM, VSM, ADC, was the 21st Chief of Naval Staff of the Indian Navy, having assumed office on 31 August 2012. He is a specialist in anti-submarine warfare, he resigned on 26 February 2014, taking responsibility for a series of accidents, thus becoming the first Indian Navy Chief to resign. He is the Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Vice Chairman of Island Development Authority. Joshi was born in Uttarakhand. In an interview with Doordarshan, when asked why he had chosen to join the Navy, he replied, "I think it was the lure of the seas, the pull of the unknown...we belonged to the hills. Of the land, the hilly terrains, one had seen enough!" As he said in the same interview, "...from both my father's side and my mother's side, for seven generations nobody had been in the services. Therefore, they had not thought of the armed forces as a career option. However, once I had made up my mind, they were supportive." He graduated from the naval academy, the Naval War College, USA, the College of Naval Warfare and the National Defence College, New Delhi.
He is married to Chitra Joshi and the couple has two daughters. Joshi has served in a variety of command and instructional appointments, his commands at sea include guided missile corvette INS Kuthar, guided missile destroyer INS Ranvir and the aircraft carrier INS Viraat, during which he was awarded Nausena Medal, Vishist Seva Medal and Yudh Seva Medal respectively. He subsequently commanded the Eastern Fleet. After his elevation to Flag rank, Joshi served in the Integrated Headquarters in all nodal branches, he served in the Personnel Branch as the Assistant Chief of Personnel, in Warship Production and Acquisition as the Assistant Controller of the Aircraft Carrier Programme, thereafter in the Operations Branch both as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff and as the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff. Before taking over as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief Western Naval Command in 2011, he contributed towards inter-service integration, first as the Commander-in-Chief of the Andaman and Nicobar Command, the only tri-service integrated command.
He was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal during this time. He served as the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee. Adm. Joshi was the Defence Advisor in the Indian High Commission at Singapore from 1996 to 1999. Adm. Joshi resigned following a fire aboard Kilo-class submarine INS Sindhuratna on 26 February 2014; the Times Of India wrote that Admiral D. K. Joshi, to serve as the navy chief till August 2015, "was a hard taskmaster who always ran tight ships, he was unforgiving as a commanding officer wherever he served, tightening screws wherever he went." Many naval officers felt that he had lived up to his own exacting standards by resigning
T. V. Rajeswar
T. V. Rajeswar was an Indian Police Service officer, an Intelligence Bureau chief and a Governor of Sikkim, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 2012. He died on 14 January 2018 He was Lt. Governor of Arunachal Pradesh from August, 1983 to November 1985. From November, 1985 to March, 1989 he served as Governor of Sikkim, he was Governor of West Bengal from 20 March 1989 to 7 February 1990 and Governor of Uttar Pradesh from 8 July 2004 to 27 July 2009. News article
</ref></ref> Motilal Vora is an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress. He is the former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Motilal Vora was born on 20 December 1928 at Nimbi Jodha in Jodhpur State of British India's Rajputana Agency in Pushkarna Brahaman Family, his parents were Amba Bai. His forefathers came from Nimbi Jodha, prior to that from Phalaudi, he received his education at Kolkata. He had worked with several newspapers for many years, he married Shanti Devi Vora. The couple have two sons, his son Arun Vora is MLA from Durg, having won three elections as MLA. In 1968, Vora a member of Samajwadi party, became a member of the Municipal Committee of Durg. In 1970, he, with the help of Prabhat Tiwari, was introduced to Pt. Kishorilal Shukla of INC and joined INC, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh in 1972 on a INC ticket. He was elected to Vidhan Sabha again in 1977 and 1980, he was appointed as a minister of State in Arjun Singh's Cabinet, was in-charge of the Higher Education Department.
He was elevated to the Cabinet Minister in 1983. He served as the Deputy Chairman of Madhya Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation during 1981-84. On 13 March 1985, Vora was appointed Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, he resigned from the post of Chief Minister on 13 February 1988. On 14 February 1988, Vora became a member of the Rajya Sabha, assumed the office of Union Minister of Health, Family Welfare and Civil Aviation, he was a cabinet minister in Government of India. He was appointed as Governor of Uttar Pradesh on May 16, 1993 and held office till May 3, 1996. Motilal Vora was in 1998-99 Member of the 12th Lok Sabha. Motilal Vora is close to High Command of INC, has supported nomination of Rahul Gandhi as the party's Prime Ministerial candidate. In the 1980s, he served as the President of the Madhya Pradesh Congress Committee, the party's state unit. Vora holds important positions in all the three entities involved in the National Herald Case: the Associated Journals Limited, the Young Indian and the All India Congress Committee.
He became the chairman and managing director of AJL on 22 March 2002. He has served as the AICC treasurer since before that. In addition, he has been a 12% shareholder and a Director of Young Indian
President of India
The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected. Although the Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister with the help of the Council of Ministers; the president is bound by the constitution to act on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August 1947 as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general. Still, following this, the Constituent Assembly of India, under the leadership of B.
R. Ambedkar, undertook the process of drafting a new constitution for the country; the Constitution of India was enacted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950, making India a republic. The offices of monarch and governor-general were replaced by the new office of President of India, with Rajendra Prasad as its first incumbent; the Indian constitution accords with the president, the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the Constitution of India and its rule of law. Invariably, any action taken by the executive or legislature entities of the constitution shall become law only after the President's assent; the president shall not accept any actions of the executive or legislature which are unconstitutional. The president is the foremost, most empowered and prompt defender of the constitution, who has pre-emptive power for ensuring constitutionality in the actions of the executive or legislature; the role of the judiciary in upholding the Constitution of India is the second line of defence in nullifying any unconstitutional actions of the executive and legislative entities of the Indian Union.
Under the draft constitution the President occupies the same position as the King under the English Constitution. He is the head of the state but not of the Executive, he does not rule the Nation. He is the symbol of the Nation, his place in the administration is that of a ceremonial device on a seal by which the nation's decisions are made known. The primary duty of the president is to preserve and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath; the president is the common head of all independent constitutional entities. All his actions and supervisory powers over the executive and legislative entities of India shall be used in accordance to uphold the constitution. There is no bar on the actions of the president to contest in the court of law. Legislative power is constitutionally vested by the Parliament of India of which the president is the head, to facilitate the lawmaking process per the constitution; the president prorogues them. He can dissolve the Lok Sabha; the president inaugurates parliament by addressing it after the general elections and at the beginning of the first session every year per Article 87.
The Presidential address on these occasions is meant to outline the new policies of the government. All bills passed by the parliament can become laws only after receiving the assent of the president per Article 111. After a bill is presented to him, the president shall declare either that he assents to the Bill, or that he withholds his assent from it; as a third option, he can return a bill to parliament, if it is not a money bill, for reconsideration. President may be of the view that a particular bill passed under the legislative powers of parliament is violating the constitution, he can send back the bill with his recommendation to pass the bill under the constituent powers of parliament following the Article 368 procedure. When, after reconsideration, the bill is passed accordingly and presented to the president, with or without amendments, the president cannot withhold his assent from it; the president can withhold his assent to a bill when it is presented to him thereby exercising a pocket veto on the advice of prime minister or council of ministers per Article 74 if it is inconsistent to the constitution.
Article 143 gave power to the president to consult the supreme court about the constitutional validity of an issue. The president shall assent to constitutional amendment bills without power to withhold the bills per Article 368; when either of the two Houses of the Parliament of India is not in session, if the government feels the need for an immediate procedure, the president can promulgate ordinances which have the same force and effect as an act passed by parliament under its legislative powers. These are in the nature of interim or temporary legislation and their continuance is subject to parliamentary approval. Ordinances remain valid for no more than six weeks from the date the parliament is convened unless approved by it earlier. Under Article 123, the president as the upholder of the constitution shall be satisfied that immediate action is mandatory as advised by the union cabinet and he is confident that the government commands majority support in the parliament needed for the passing of the ordin
Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world, it was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow; the main ethnic group is the Hindavi people. On 9 November 2000, a new state, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region; the two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 243,290 square kilometres, equal to 7.33% of the total area of India, is the fourth-largest Indian state by area.
The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-largest state economy in India with ₹15.79 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹57,480. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy; the service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate and financial consultancies. President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days; the natives of the state are called Uttar Bhartiya, or more either Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of medieval India; the state has several historical and religious tourist destinations, such as Agra, Vrindavan and Allahabad. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85,000 and 72,000 years ago.
There have been prehistorical finds in Uttar Pradesh from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic dated to 21,000–31,000 years old and Mesolithic/Microlithic hunter-gatherer settlement, near Pratapgarh, from around 10550–9550 BC. Villages with domesticated cattle and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as 6000 BC, developed between c. 4000 and 1500 BC beginning with the Indus Valley Civilisation and Harappa Culture to the Vedic period and extending into the Iron Age. The kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh; the aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira.
The kingdom of the Kurus corresponds to the Black and Red Ware and Painted Gray Ware culture and the beginning of the Iron Age in northwest India, around 1000 BC. Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya, Kushan and Gurjara-Pratihara empires. Following the Huns' invasions that broke the Gupta empire, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab saw the rise of Kannauj. During the reign of Harshavardhana, the Kannauj empire reached its zenith, it spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and Odisha in the south. It included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. Many communities in various parts of India claim descent from the migrants of Kannauj. Soon after Harshavardhana's death, his empire disintegrated into many kingdoms, which were invaded and ruled by the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, which challenged Bengal's Pala Empire for control of the region.
Kannauj was several times invaded by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty, from the 8th century to the 10th century. After fall of Pala empire, the Chero dynasty ruled from 12th century to 18th century. Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty, the Khalji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, the Lodi dynasty. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley, swept across the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, covering India, along with modern-day Afghanistan and Bangladesh; the Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks. In the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire. Mughal emperors Humayun ruled from Delhi. In 1540 an Afghan, Sher Shah Suri, took over the reins of Uttar Pradesh after defeating the Mughal king Humanyun. Sher Shah and his son Islam Shah ruled Uttar Pradesh from their capital at Gwalior.
After the death of Islam Shah Suri, his prime minister Hemu became the de facto ruler of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, th