List of heads of state of Hungary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Hungary.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hungary
Foreign relations
For earlier rulers, see Grand Prince of the Hungarians, King of Hungary and List of Hungarian monarchs

The following is a list of heads of state of Hungary, from the Hungarian Declaration of Independence and the establishment of the Hungarian State in 1849 (during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848) until the present day.

Hungarian State (1849)[edit]

Parties   Opposition Party

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Vastagh Portrait of Lajos Kossuth.jpg Lajos Kossuth
(1802–1894)
14 April 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Governor-President
Also Prime Minister
until 1 May 1849
Görgei Artúr by Miklós Barabás.jpg Artúr Görgey
(1818–1916)
11 August 1849 13 August 1849 Revolutionary Army Acting civil and military authority

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the restored Hungarian Kingdom became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created and the Hungarian Kingdom was organized as Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen.

Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (1867–1918)[edit]

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1918–1919)[edit]

Parties   F48P–Károlyi

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Mihaly-karolyi--outlawsdiary00tormuoft.jpg Mihály Károlyi
(1875–1955)
16 November 1918 21 March 1919 F48P–Károlyi President of the Republic
Also Prime Minister
until 11 January 1919

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)[edit]

Parties   MSZP/SZKMMP   MSZDP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Garbai Sándor (1919) (cropped).jpg Sándor Garbai
(1879–1947)
21 March 1919 1 August 1919 MSZP/SZKMMP Chairman of the Central Executive Council
Peidl Gyula.jpg Gyula Peidl
(1873–1943)
1 August 1919 6 August 1919
(deposed)
MSZDP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister

Hungarian Republic (1919–1920)[edit]

Parties   KNEP   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Joseph August Austria 1872 1962 in1916.jpg Archduke Joseph August
(1872–1962)
7 August 1919 23 August 1919 Independent
(Regent)
Regent of Hungary
István Friedrich Hungarian Prime Minister.jpg István Friedrich
(1883–1951)
23 August 1919 24 November 1919 KNP → KNEP Acting Head of State
Also Prime Minister
Huszar Karoly.jpg Károly Huszár
(1882–1941)
24 November 1919 1 March 1920 KNEP

Hungarian Kingdom (1920–1946)[edit]

  Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
2 Horthy Miklós kormányzó.jpg Miklós Horthy
(1868–1957)
1 March 1920 15 October 1944 Independent
(Regent)
Regent of Hungary

Government of National Unity (1944–1945)[edit]

Parties   NYKP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Szálasi 1941.jpg Ferenc Szálasi
(1897–1946)
16 October 1944 28 March 1945 NYKP Leader of the Nation
De facto, appointed by the Germans
Also Prime Minister

Soviet-backed provisional governments (1944–1946)[edit]

Parties   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
Béla Miklós de Dálnok 1944.jpg Béla Miklós
(1890–1948)
21 December 1944 25 January 1945 Independent Head of State
Also Prime Minister
In opposition
Coa Hungary Country History med (1919-1938).svg High National Council 26 January 1945 1 February 1946 Multi-party Collective Head of State
In opposition to 28 March 1945

Hungarian Republic (1946–1949)[edit]

Parties   FKGP   MDP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Tildy Zoltán-MTI 1946.jpg Zoltán Tildy
(1889–1961)
1 February 1946 3 August 1948 FKGP President of the Republic
2 Szakasits Árpád 1949.jpg Árpád Szakasits
(1888–1965)
3 August 1948 23 August 1949 MDP

Hungarian People's Republic (1949–1989)[edit]

Chairman of the Presidential Council[edit]

Parties   MDPMSZMP   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s)
1 Szakasits Árpád 1949.jpg Árpád Szakasits
(1888–1965)
23 August 1949 26 April 1950 MDP Chairman of the Presidential Council
2 Rónai Sándor (crop).jpg Sándor Rónai
(1892–1965)
26 April 1950 14 August 1952
3 Dobi István 1948-06.jpg István Dobi
(1898–1968)
14 August 1952 25 October 1956
(3) 25 October 1956 14 April 1967 MSZMP
4 Pál Losonczi.jpg Pál Losonczi
(1919–2005)
14 April 1967 25 June 1987
5 Németh Károly -Fortepan.jpg Károly Németh
(1922–2008)
25 June 1987 29 June 1988
6 Straub F. Brunó3 (cropped).jpg Brunó Ferenc Straub
(1914–1996)
29 June 1988 23 October 1989 Independent

General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party / Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party[edit]

Parties   MDPMSZMP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Notes
1 Rákosi Mátyás portré02.png Mátyás Rákosi
(1892–1971)
12 June 1948 18 July 1956 MDP Also Prime Minister (1952–1953)
2 Gerő Ernő 1955.jpg Ernő Gerő
(1898–1980)
18 July 1956 25 October 1956
3 János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár
(1912–1989)
25 October 1956 27 May 1988 MSZMP Also Prime Minister (1956–1958 and 1961–1965)
4 Grósz Károly 1986.jpg Károly Grósz
(1930–1996)
27 May 1988 7 October 1989 Also Prime Minister (1987–1988)

Hungarian Republic / Hungary (1989–present)[edit]

Parties   MSZP   SZDSZ   Fidesz   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Position(s) Term
(Election)
Szuros matyas.jpg Mátyás Szűrös
(1933–)
23 October 1989 2 May 1990 MSZP Provisional President of the Republic
Goncz arpad.jpg Árpád Göncz
(1922–2015)
2 May 1990 3 August 1990 SZDSZ Acting President of the Republic
1 4 August 1990 4 August 1995 President of the Republic 1 (1990)
4 August 1995 4 August 2000 2 (1995)
2 Ferenc Mádl.jpg Ferenc Mádl
(1931–2011)
4 August 2000 5 August 2005 Independent 3 (2000)
3 László Sólyom.jpg László Sólyom
(1942–)
5 August 2005 6 August 2010 4 (2005)
4 SchmittPal-2011-01.jpg Pál Schmitt
(1942–)
6 August 2010 2 April 2012
(resigned)
Fidesz 5 (2010)
László Kövér Senate of Poland 01.JPG László Kövér
(1959–)
2 April 2012 10 May 2012 Acting President of the Republic
5 Ader Janos.jpg János Áder
(1959–)
10 May 2012 8 May 2017 President of the Republic 6 (2012)
8 May 2017 Incumbent 7 (2017)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]