List of heirs to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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In the redistribution of land among the Ernestine duchies that followed the death of the last Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg on 11 February 1825, the late Duke's nephew-in-law, Duke Ernst III of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, received Gotha, while he ceded Saalfeld to the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. On 12 November 1826 he thus became Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha remained in personal union until 1852, when a political union was effected.

This article is a list of those men who were heir-apparent or heir-presumptive to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1826 until the abolition of the monarchy on 14 November 1918.

Heir to Ernest I, 1826–1844[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.jpg Hereditary Prince Ernest Eldest son Heir apparent 21 June 1818 12 November 1826 29 January 1844
acceded to throne as Ernest II
22 August 1893 Prince Albert, 1826–1844, brother

Heirs to Ernest II, 1844–1893[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha by Franz Xaver Winterhalter.jpg Albert, Prince Consort Younger brother Heir presumptive 26 August 1819 29 July 1844 14 December 1861 Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, 1844–1861, son
Edward vii england.jpg Albert Edward, Prince of Wales Nephew Heir presumptive 9 November 1841 14 December 1861 19 April 1863 6 May 1910 Prince Alfred, 1861–1863, brother
Alfred-sachsen-coburg-gotha.jpg Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh Nephew Heir presumptive 6 August 1844 19 April 1863 22 August 1893
acceded to throne as Alfred I
30 July 1900 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, 1863–1874, brother
Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, 1874–1893, son

Heirs to Alfred I, 1893–1900[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Erbprinz-alfred-von-sachsen-coburg-gotha.jpg Hereditary Prince Alfred Eldest son Heir apparent 15 October 1874 22 August 1893 6 February 1899 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, 1893–1899, uncle
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught.jpg Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Brother Heir presumptive 1 May 1850 6 February 1899 15 July 1899 16 January 1942 Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany, 1899, nephew
Carl Eduard Sachsen Coburg und Gotha.jpg Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany Nephew Heir presumptive 19 July 1884 15 July 1899 30 July 1900
acceded to throne as Charles Edward I
6 March 1954 Prince Arthur of Connaught, 1899–1900, cousin

Heirs to Charles Edward I, 1900–1918[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Prince Arthur of Connaught colour.jpg Prince Arthur of Connaught Heir presumptive Cousin 13 January 1883 30 July 1900 2 August 1906 12 September 1938 King Carlos I of Portugal, cousin, 1900–1906
Langhammer - Johann Leopold von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha - Verlag Albert Horn 310.jpg Hereditary Prince Johann Leopold Heir apparent Eldest son 2 August 1906 14 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
4 May 1972 Prince Arthur of Connaught, 1906–1909, cousin
Prince Hubertus, 1909–1918, brother

Heirs to Charles Edward I in pretense, 1918–1954[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Langhammer - Johann Leopold von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha - Verlag Albert Horn 310.jpg Hereditary Prince Johann Leopold Heir apparent Eldest son 2 August 1906 9 March 1932 4 May 1972 Prince Hubertus, 1909–1932, son
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.svg Hereditary Prince Hubertus Heir apparent Second son 24 August 1909 9 March 1932 26 November 1943 Prince Friedrich Josias, 1932–1943, brother
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.svg Hereditary Prince Friedrich Josias Heir apparent Third son 29 November 1918 26 November 1943 6 March 1954
acceded as Friedrich Josias I
23 January 1998 Prince Andreas, 1943–1954, son

Heirs to Friedrich Josias I in pretense, 1954–1998[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.svg Hereditary Prince Andreas Heir apparent Eldest son 21 March 1943 6 March 1954 23 January 1998
acceded as Andreas I
Prince Philipp, 1954–1955, cousin
Prince Adrian, 1955–1975, brother
Prince Hubertus, 1975–1998, son

Heirs to Andreas I in pretense, 1998-present[edit]

Person Name Status Relation Birth Became
Hereditary Prince
Ceased to be
Hereditary Prince
Death Next in succession, relation to heir
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.svg Hereditary Prince Hubertus Heir apparent Eldest son 16 September 1975 23 January 1998 Prince Alexander, 1998–2015, brother
Prince Philipp, 2015–, son

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • http://www.heraldica.org/topics/royalty/HGSachsen-CG.htm
  • Theroff, Paul. "saxony". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site). Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)[self-published source][better source needed]
  • http://www.worldstatesmen.org/German_States4.html