List of high-speed railway lines

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This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country or region.

High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (120 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.[1][2]

Overview[edit]

The following table gives an overview of high speed rail in service or under construction by country, ranked by the amount in service. It shows all high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) or over) in service and under construction. The list is based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[3] updated with other sources.

Rank Country Region In
operation
(km)
Under
construction
(km)
Total
country
(km)
Network
density
(m/km2)
Max.
speed
(km/h)
Electrification Track
gauge

(mm)
Notes
1 China China[4] Asia 22000[5] 16155 38155 2.29 350[6] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Shanghai Maglev: 430 km/h max[7]
2 Spain Spain Europe 3100 1800 4900 6.13 310 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 The longest network in Europe
3 Germany Germany Europe 3038 330 3368 8.51 300 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
4 Japan Japan Asia 2765 681 3446 8.18 320 25 kV 50/60 Hz 1435 The first network ever opened
5 France France Europe 2647 670 3317 4.13 320 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
6 Sweden Sweden Europe 1706[8] 0 1706 3.79 205 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Only upgraded lines
7 United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 1377 0 1377 5.67 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
8 Italy Italy[9][10] Europe 1350 125 1475 4.48 300 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV DC 1435
9 South Korea South Korea Asia 880 552 1432 8.78 305 25 kV 60 Hz 1435
10 Turkey Turkey Europe/Asia 745 1180 1925 0.95 250 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
11 Russia Russia Europe/Asia 645 770 1415 0.04 250 3 kV DC 1520 Only upgraded lines
12 Finland Finland Europe 610 0 610 1.8 220 25 kV 50 Hz 1524 Only upgraded lines
13 Austria Austria Europe 352 210 562 3.48 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
14 Taiwan Taiwan Asia 349.5 0 349.5 9.37 300 25 kV 60 Hz 1435
15 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Asia 600 0 600 0.77 250 25 kV 50 Hz 1520 Including upgraded lines
16 Belgium Belgium Europe 209 0 209 5.29 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
17 Netherlands Netherlands Europe 175 0 175 4.18 300 15 kV DC, 25 kV 50 Hz AC 1435 Hanzelijn is expected to start high-speed services
18 Poland Poland Europe 85 322 417 0.27 200 3 kV DC 1435
19 Switzerland Switzerland Europe 137 0 137 1.94 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435
20 Norway Norway Europe 64 54 118 0.2 210 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435
21 United States United States America 44.8 0 44.8 0 240 25 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 25 Hz 1435
22 Denmark Denmark Europe 5 60 65 0.12 200 25 kV 50 Hz 1435

Austria[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Western Railway (Austria) Wien-Westbahnhof - Salzburg Hauptbahnhof 250 km/h December 9, 2012 312 km
New Lower Inn Valley railway Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof - Kufstein railway station 250 km/h December 9, 2012 40 km

Belgium[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL 1 LGV Nord - Bruxelles-Sud 300 km/h December 14, 1997 88 km
HSL 2 Bruxelles-Nord - Liège-Guillemins 300 km/h December 15, 2002 64.7 km
HSL 3 Liège-Guillemins - Cologne-Aachen 260 km/h June 14, 2009 56 km
HSL 4 Antwerpen-Centraal - HSL Zuid 300 km/h 2009 40 km

China[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Oresund Line Peberholm - Oresund Bridge 200 km/h July 1, 2000 5 km
Copenhagen–Ringsted Line Copenhagen - Ringsted 250 km/h 2018 60 km

Finland[edit]

New main lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Lahti Main Line Kerava - Lahti 220 km/h 2006 75.7 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
Finnish Coastal Railway Helsinki - Turku 200 km/h 1995 1902 approximately 50 km (high speed section); 195.8 km (total)
Helsinki–Riihimäki Railway Helsinki - Riihimäki 200 km/h 1995 1862 71.4 km
Lahti–Kouvola Railway Lahti - Kouvola 200 km/h 1995 1870 61.4 km
Karelian Railway Kouvola - Joensuu 200 km/h 1995 1894 60 km (high-speed section); 325,8 km (total)
Savo Railway Kouvola - Iisalmi 200 km/h 1995 1902 approximately 15 km (high-speed section); 357,8 km (total)
Riihimäki–Tampere Railway Riihimäki - Tampere 200 km/h 1995 1862-1876 116 km
Tampere–Seinäjoki Railway Tampere - Seinäjoki 200 km/h 1995 1880 160 km

France[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Sud-Est Paris Gare de Lyon - Lyon-Perrache 300 km/h 1981 409 km
LGV Atlantique Paris Gare Montparnasse - Courtalain 300 km/h 1990 130 km
Courtalain - Tours 102 km
Courtalain - Le Mans 52 km
LGV Rhône-Alpes Lyon-Perrache - Saint-Quentin-Fallavier 300 km/h 1992 37 km
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier - Valence 1994 78 km
LGV Nord Gare du Nord - Channel Tunnel 300 km/h 1993 333 km
LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Nord - LGV Sud-Est 300 km/h 1994 57 km
LGV Méditerranée Valence - Les Angles 300 km/h[11] 2001-06-10 127 km
Les Angles - Nîmes 25 km
Les Angles - Marseille 320 km/h[11] 91 km
LGV Est Paris Gare de l'Est - Baudrecourt (Part 1) 320 km/h 2007-06-10 300 km
Baudrecourt - Strasbourg (Part 2) 320 km/h 2016-07-03 107 km
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 320 km/h 2010-12-19 44.4 km
LGV Rhin-Rhône Eastern branch Collonges - Petit-Croix (Part 1) 320 km/h 2011-12-11 140 km
Dijon - Collonges & Petit-Croix - Mulhouse (Part 2) Suspended (320 km/h ready) 50 km
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique Tours - Bordeaux 350 km/h 2017-07-02 279 km
LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le Mans - Rennes 350 km/h 2017-07-02 182 km
Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier Nîmes - Montpellier Construction (220 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 80 km
LGV Lyon–Turin Lyon - Torino Construction (220 km/h ready) 2025 (expected) 142 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Vierzon Étampes - Vierzon 200 km/h 1967 1847 134 km [12]
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Bordeaux Étampes - Bordeaux 220 km/h 1971 1861 388 km [12]
(Paris - ) Connerré - Le Mans Connerré - Le Mans 220 km/h 1990 1865 18 km [12]
Le Mans - Nantes Le Mans - Gare de Nantes 220 km/h 1990 1863 120 km [12]
Strasbourg - Mulhouse Strasbourg - Mulhouse 220 km/h 1995 1844 104 km [12]

Germany[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway Wolfsburg - Berlin 250 km/h 1998-09 258 km
Hanover–Wurzburg high-speed railway Hanover - Wurzburg 280 km/h 1991 327 km
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway Mannheim - Stuttgart 280 km/h 1991-05-09 99 km
Köln–Frankfurt high-speed rail line Cologne - Frankfurt 300 km/h 2002-08-01 180 km
Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway Nuremberg - Ingolstadt 300 km/h 2006-05-13 171 km
Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway Erfurt - Leipzig 300 km/h 2015-12-09 123 km
Frankfurt–Mannheim high-speed railway Frankfurt - Planned (300 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 85 km
Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway Nuremberg - Erfurt Construction (300 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 190 km
Hanau-Gelnhausen high-speed railway Hanau - Gelnhausen Planned (300 km/h ready) 2023 (expected) 55 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
Berlin–Halle railway Berlin - Halle 200 km/h 1992-2006 1841-1859 161.6 km (new line in parallel at Leipzig-Halle section)
Berlin–Hamburg Railway Berlin - Hamburg 230 km/h 1997-2004 1846 284.1 km
Wanne-Eickel – Hamburg railway Wanne-Eickel - Hamburg 200 km/h 1978-1990 1870-1874 355 km
Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway Köln - Aachen 250 km/h 2002 1841 70 km
Cologne–Duisburg railway Köln - Duisburg 200 km/h 1991 1845-1846 64 km
Hanover–Hamburg railway Hanover - Hamburg 200 km/h 1984-1987 1846-1847 181.2 km
Hamm–Minden railway Hamm - Minden 200 km/h 1980 1847 112 km
Hanover–Minden railway Hanover - Minden 200 km/h 1984-1985 1847 64.4 km
Leipzig–Dresden railway Leipzig - Drsden 200 km/h 1994-2014 1837-1839 117 km
Nuremberg–Würzburg Railway Nuremberg - Würzburg 200 km/h 1992-1999 1854-1865 102.2 km
Rhine Railway Mannheim - Rastatt 200 km/h 1987-2001 1840-1855 145.5 km (Manheim-Offenburg upgraded section), 270.7 km (total)
Mannheim–Frankfurt railway Mannheim - Frankfurt 200 km/h 1985-1999 1869-1879 74.8 km
Frankfurt–Bebra railway Frankfurt - Bebra 200 km/h 1866-1875
Munich–Augsburg railway Munich - Augsburg 230 km/h 1977-2011 1839-1854 61.9 km
Nuremberg–Augsburg railway Nuremberg - Augsburg 200 km/h 1978-1981 1841-1869 36.5 km (high-speed section); 137.1 km (total)

Italy[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Florence–Rome high-speed railway Florence - Rome 250 km/h 1992 (full length) 254 km
Rome–Naples high-speed railway Rome - Naples 300 km/h 2005 (full length) 205 km
Turin–Milan high-speed railway Turin - Milan 300 km/h 2009 (full length) 125 km
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway Milan - Bologna 300 km/h 2009 215 km
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway Bologna - Florence 300 km/h 2009 78 km

Japan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tokaido Shinkansen Tokyo - Shin-Osaka 285 km/h October 1, 1964 515.4 km
Sanyo Shinkansen Shin-Osaka - Okayama 300 km/h March 15, 1972 553.7 km
Okayama - Hakata March 10, 1975
Tohoku Shinkansen Tokyo - Ueno 110 km/h (260 km/h ready) June 20, 1991 674.9 km
Ueno - Omiya November 15, 1985
Omiya - Utsunomiya 275 km/h June 23, 1982
Utsunomiya - Morioka 320 km/h
Morioka - Hachinohe 260 km/h December 1, 2002
Hachinohe - Shin-Aomori December 4, 2010
Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya - Niigata 240 km/h November 15, 1982 269.5 km
Hokuriku Shinkansen Takasaki - Nagano 260 km/h October 1, 1997 470.6 km
Nagano - Kanazawa March 14, 2015
Kanazawa - Tsuruga construction (260 km/h ready) 2023 (expected)
Kyushu Shinkansen Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 260 km/h March 12, 2011 256.8 km
Shin-Yatsushiro - Kagoshima-Chuo March 13, 2004
Takeo-Onsen - Nagasaki construction 2022 (expected) 66.7 km
Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori - Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto 260 km/h March 26, 2016 360.2 km
Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto - Sapporo construction 2030 (expected)

South Korea[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Gyeongbu HSR Seoul - Dongdaegu 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2004-04-01 286.8 km
Dongdaegu - Busan 2010-11-01 130.7 km
Honam HSR Osong - Gwangju Songjeong 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2015-04-02 182.3 km
Sudogwon HSR Suseo - Jije - Pyeongtaek Junction 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2016-12-09 61.1 km
Wonju-Gangneung Line Wonju - Gangneung Construction (250 km/h) 2017 (expected) 120.3 km
Seohae Line Wonsi - Hongseong Construction (250 km/h) 2019 (expected) 89.2 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Jeolla Line Iksan - Suncheon 200 km/h (230 km/h ready) 2011-10-05 145.6 km
Suncheon - Yeosu Expo 230 km/h 34.8 km
Donghae Line Geoncheon Interconnection - Pohang 200 km/h 2015-04-02 38.7 km[13]
Geoncheon Interconnection - Taehwagang Upgrading (200 km/h) 2018 (expected) 41.6 km[14]
Jungang Line Cheongnyangni - Seowonju Upgrading (230 km/h) 2017 (expected) 86.4 km[14]
Seowonju - Jaecheon Upgrading (250 km/h) 2018 (expected) 44.1 km[15]
Dodam - Yeongcheon Upgrading (250 km/h) 2018 (expected) 148.1 km
Yeongcheon - Singyeongju Upgrading (250 km/h) 2018 (expected) 22.5 km

Netherlands[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL-Zuid Amsterdam Centraal - HSL 4 300 km/h 2009-09-07 125 km
Hanzelijn Lelystad–Zwolle 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) December 2012 50 km

Poland[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
PKP rail line 4 Olszamowice - Zawiercie 200 km/h 2014-12-14 85 km

Russia[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway Moscow - Saint Petersburg 250 km/h 2009-12-26 649.7 km
Trans-Siberian Railway Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod 180 km/h (after 2015) 2010-07-30 461 km
Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg Railway Riihimäki - Saint Petersburg 220 km/h 2010-12-12 385 km

Spain[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Madrid–Seville Madrid Atocha - Seville Santa Justa 300 km/h 1992-04 471.8 km
Madrid–Barcelona Madrid Atocha - Figueres Vilafant 310 km/h (320 km/h ready) 2013 (full length) 621 km
Madrid–Valladolid Madrid Chamartin - Valladolid-Campo Grande 300 km/h 2007 179.6 km
Córdoba–Málaga
Madrid–Levante Madrid Atocha - Valencia Central 300 km/h 2010-12-19 940 km (total)
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 310 km/h (320 km/h ready) 2010-12-19 44.4 km

Taiwan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Taiwan HSR Banqiao - Zuoying 300 km/h 2007-01-05 332.1 km
Taipei - Banqiao ~130 km/h 2007-03-01 7.2 km
Nangang - Taipei ~130 km/h 2016-07-01 9.2 km

Turkey[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway Ankara Central - Sincan 140 km/h To be rebuilt 24 km
Sincan - Polatlı 250 km/h 2009-03-13 69 km
Polatlı - Eskisehir Central 2009-03-13 152 km
Eskisehir Central - Köseköy 2014-07-25 188 km
Köseköy - Gebze 160 km/h 2014-07-25 56 km
Gebze - Pendik 100 km/h 2014-07-25 20 km
Pendik - Haydarpasa Under reconstruction (100 km/h) 2018 (expected) 24 km
Ankara-Konya high-speed railway Polatlı - Konya 250 km/h 2011-08-23 212 km

United Kingdom[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
High Speed 1 Channel Tunnel - Fawkham Junction (Section 1) 300 km/h 2003-09-28 74 km
Fawkham Junction - St. Pancras (Section 2) 230 km/h 2007-11-14 39 km
High Speed 2 London Euston-Birmingham Curzon Street (Phase 1) 400 km/h 2026 (Planned) 192 km
Birmingham Curzon Street - Manchester Piccadilly to Leeds City (Phase 2) 400 km/h 2030 (Planned) 348 km
High Speed 3 Liverpool Lime Street-Hull Paragon, Newcastle and Sheffield Midland 225 km/h 2030 (Planned)

Classic Upgraded Line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
East Coast Main Line King's Cross - Edinburgh Waverley 200 km/h 1850 632 km
Great Western Main Line London Paddington - Bristol Temple Meads 200 km/h 1840 192 km
Midland Main Line St Pancras International - Sheffield 200 km/h 1870 265 km
West Coast Main Line London Euston - Glasgow Central 200 km/h 1869 642 km

United States[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Northeast Corridor Washington Union - Boston South 240 km/h / 150 mph (on short stretches) 2000-12-11 729.5 km

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
California High-Speed Rail (Phase 1) San Francisco - Los Angeles/Anaheim 350 km/h / 220 mph 2029 (planned) 840 km

Uzbekistan[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line Tashkent - Samarkand 250 km/h brand launch 2011-10-08 (higher speed rail), (full HSR speed 10 February 2013) 344 km
Samarkand-Bukhara high-speed rail line Samarkand - Bukhara 250 km/h August 25, 2016 256 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General definitions of highspeed". Paris, France: International Union of Railways (UIC). 28 July 2014. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  2. ^ C. S. Papacostas; Panos D. Prevedouros (2001). Transportation engineering and planning. Pearson College Division. ISBN 978-0-13-081419-7. 
  3. ^ "High Speed lines in the world". Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  4. ^ As January 2016
  5. ^ "China's high speed railway exceeds 20,000 km". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "China Just Relaunched the World's Fastest Train". http://fortune.com/. Retrieved 1 September 2017.  External link in |website= (help)
  7. ^ Include 3,000+ kilometers of mixed passenger & freight line, exclude 30 km of Shanghai Maglev
  8. ^ "High-Speed Rail Passenger Traffic Density Statistics" (PDF). Publicpolicy-yhs.wikispaces.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  9. ^ "Rete Ferroviaria Italiana: Instantanea Sulla Rete". Rfi.it. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-02-16. 
  10. ^ "Brescia high speed line contract signed". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  11. ^ a b "Ligne a Grande Vitesse Mediterranee (LN5)" (PDF). Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "RAIL21 - Le réseau SNCF". Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  13. ^ "트래블바이크뉴스 : 네이버 블로그". Blog.naver.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  14. ^ a b "미래철도DB". Frdb.wo.to. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "중앙선 원주~제천 복선전철 착공…시속 110㎞→250㎞". News.naver.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017.