Films generate income from several revenue streams, including theatrical exhibition, home video, television broadcast rights, merchandising. However, theatrical box office earnings are the primary metric for trade publications in assessing the success of a film because of the availability of the data compared to sales figures for home video and broadcast rights, but because of historical practice. Included on the list are charts of the top box office earners, a chart of high-grossing films by calendar year, a timeline showing the transition of the highest-grossing film record, a chart of the highest-grossing film franchises and series. All charts are ranked by international theatrical box office performance where possible, excluding income derived from home video, broadcasting rights, merchandise. Traditionally, war films and historical dramas have been the most popular genres, but franchise films have been among the best performers in the 21st century. There is strong interest in the superhero genre, with nine films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe featuring among the nominal top-earners.
The most successful superhero film, Avengers: Endgame, is the highest-grossing film overall on the nominal earnings chart, there are four films in total based on the Avengers comic books charting in the top twenty. Other Marvel Comics adaptations have had success with the Spider-Man and X-Men properties, while films based on Batman and Superman from DC Comics have performed well. Star Wars is represented in the nominal earnings chart with five films, while the Harry Potter, Jurassic Park and Pirates of the Caribbean franchises feature prominently. Avatar, in second place on the nominal chart, is the highest-grossing film, not a sequel or an adaptation of a pre-existing property. Animated family films have performed well, with Disney films enjoying lucrative re-releases prior to the home-video era. Disney enjoyed success with films such as Frozen I and II, The Lion King, as well as its Pixar brand, of which Incredibles 2, Toy Story 3 and 4, Finding Dory have been the best performers. Beyond Disney and Pixar animation, the Despicable Me, Ice Age series have met with the most success.
While inflation has eroded away the achievements of most films from the 1960s and 1970s, there are franchises originating from that period that are still active. Besides the Star Wars and Superman franchises, James Bond and Star Trek films are still being released periodically; some of the older films that held the record of highest-grossing film still have respectable grosses by today's standards, but no longer compete numerically against today's top-earners in an era of much higher individual ticket prices. When properly adjusted for inflation, however, on that comparative scale Gone with the Wind—which was the highest-grossing film outright for twenty-five years—is still the highest-grossing film of all time. All grosses on the list are expressed in U. S. dollars at their nominal value, except where stated otherwise. With a worldwide box-office gross of over $2.797 billion, Avengers: Endgame is proclaimed to be the "highest-grossing" film, but such claims refer to theatrical revenues only and do not take into account home video and television income, which can form a significant portion of a film's earnings.
Once revenue from home entertainment is factored in it is not clear which film is the most successful. Titanic earned $1.2 billion from video and DVD sales and rentals, in addition to the $2.2 billion it grossed in theaters. While complete sales data are not available for Avatar, it earned $345 million from the sale of sixteen million DVD and Blu-ray units in North America, sold a total of thirty million DVD and Blu-ray units worldwide. After home video income is accounted for, both films have earned over $3 billion each. Television broadcast rights will substantially add to a film's earnings, with a film earning as much as 20–25% of its theatrical box-office for a couple of television runs on top of pay-per-view revenues; when a film is exploitable as a commercial property, its ancillary revenues can dwarf its income from direct film sales. The Lion King earned over $2 billion in box-office and home video sales, but this pales in comparison to the $8 billion earned at box offices around the world by the stage adaptation.
Merchandising can be lucrative too: The Lion King sold $3 billion of merchandise, while Pixar's Cars—which earned $462 million in theatrical revenues and was only a modest hit by comparison to other Pixar films—generated global merchandise sales of over $8 billion in the five years after its 2006 release. Pixar had another huge hit with Toy Story 3, which generated $10 billion in merchandise retail sales in addition to the $1 billion it earned at the box office. On this chart, films are ranked by the revenues from theatrical exhibition at their nominal value, along with the highest positions they attained. Five films in total have grossed in excess of $2 billion worldwide, with Avengers: Endgame ranked in the top position. All of the films have had a theatrical run in the 21st century, films that have not played during this period do not appear on the chart because of ticket-price inflation, population size and ticket purchasing trends not being considered; because of the long-term effects of inflation, notably the significant increase of movie theater ticket price
The 1989 Air Canada Cup was Canada's 11th annual national midget'AAA' hockey championship, played in April 1989 at Memorial Stadium in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. In a rematch of the previous year's gold medal game, the Calgary Buffaloes defeated the defending champion Regina Pat Canadians to win the gold medal; the Wexford Raiders from Ontario won the bronze. Calgary 5 - Wexford 4 Regina 3 - Ste-Foy 2 Wexford 7 - Ste-Foy 2 Calgary 4 - Regina 3 Most Valuable Player: Steve Smith Most Sportsmanlike Player: Kelly Harper Telus Cup List of Telus Cup alumni who played in the NHL Telus Cup Website Hockey Canada-Telus Cup Guide and Record Book
The Hellenic American University was founded in 2004 in Manchester, New Hampshire, United States, as a degree-granting institution of higher education by an act of the New Hampshire State Legislature. Hellenic American University is a member of the New Hampshire College & University Council, a non-profit consortium of 17 public and private institutions of higher education in the state of New Hampshire; these institutions are recognized and regarded for their outstanding teaching and community service activities. They serve as major centers of activity that are vital to the economic development of the community and the state. Hellenic American University began with a small and focused program, a Master's in Business Administration, launched in November 2004, following approval by the New Hampshire Postsecondary Education Commission, now the New Hampshire Department of Education Division of Higher Education—Higher Education Commission. Over the ensuing six years, the institution evolved from its initial identity as a business school to its beginnings as a developed university: with NH-PEC approval, it developed and implemented twelve more degree programs: a Professional Master's in Business Administration, a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology, a Master of Arts in Applied Linguistics, a Bachelor of Arts in English Language and Literature, a Master of Science in Information Technology, a Master of Arts in Translation, a Bachelor of Music, a Bachelor of Science in Psychology, an Associate of Science in Enterprise Network Administration, a Master of Arts in Conference Interpretation.
In September 2008, the university launched its first doctoral program, a Ph. D. in Applied Linguistics. In 2017 the university expanded to a location in New Hampshire. In September 2011 the university started two new associate programs, the Associate of Science in General Engineering and the Associate of Science in Hospitality Management. In fall 2012, the Master's of Science in Psychology was launched; the State of New Hampshire Post-Secondary Education Commission has granted the Hellenic American University the authority to grant the following degrees: The Undergraduate Program at Hellenic American University incorporates the following major concentrations: Bachelor of Arts in English Language and Literature Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Bachelor of Science in Information Technology Bachelor of Music Bachelor of Science in Psychology The Associate of Science in General Engineering The Associate of Science in Hospitality ManagementThe Graduate Programs offered at Hellenic American University are: Master of Business Administration Professional Master of Business Administration Master of Science in Information Technology Master of Arts in Applied Linguistics Master of Arts in Translation Master of Arts in Conference Interpretation.
Master of Science in Psychology Official website