Toy Story 4
Toy Story 4 is an upcoming American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. It is the fourth installment in the Toy Story series, the sequel to Toy Story 3, it is directed by Josh Cooley, with the script written by Stephany Folsom and Andrew Stanton, while previous films' writers John Lasseter, Pete Docter and Lee Unkrich conceiving the film's story. The film continues from Toy Story 3, where Sheriff Woody and Buzz Lightyear, among their other toy friends, have found new appreciation after being given by Andy Davis to Bonnie Anderson, they are introduced to Forky, a spork, made into a toy, they soon embark on a road trip adventure alongside old and new friends. In addition to Hanks and Allen, the film will feature returning cast members, including Annie Potts reprising her role as Bo Peep, while Don Rickles, who died in April 2017, will appear posthumously as Mr. Potato Head through the use of archival recordings. New additions include Tony Hale, Keegan-Michael Key, Jordan Peele, Keanu Reeves, Christina Hendricks, Ally Maki, Madeline McGraw.
The film is set to be released in theaters on June 21, 2019, in RealD 3D, Dolby Cinema, IMAX 3D. Some years after Andy gave his toys to Bonnie, Woody and the rest of the toys are faced with a problem when Bonnie creates a new toy from arts and crafts, named Forky; as Bonnie and her family go on a road trip, Forky escapes and Woody goes to save him, becoming separated from the group near a small town. As Buzz and the others try to help find Woody, Woody finds Bo Peep among other toys in the town's antique shop, she gives him a new outlook on what being a toy is about. In a 2010 interview, Lee Unkrich stated that Pixar was not planning a fourth film after Toy Story 3, but that he was "flattered that people ask about it—it reminds me how much people love the characters, but it was important to me with this film that we not just create another sequel, that it not just be another appendage coming off of the other two... There may be opportunities for Woody and Buzz in the future, but we don't have any plans for anything right now."
Tom Hanks and Tim Allen were signed on tentatively to provide the voices of Buzz. Rumors arose that Toy Story 4 was in production and slated for release in 2015, but Disney denied these rumors in February 2013, stating "nothing is official."Toy Story 4 was announced by Disney during an investor's call on November 6, 2014. Then-studio head of Pixar John Lasseter, who directed the first two films and executive-produced the third, was scheduled to direct after writing a film treatment with Andrew Stanton, with extra input from Pete Docter and Unkrich. Rashida Jones and Will McCormack joined as writers, with Galyn Susman returning as a producer from Ratatouille. Lasseter explained that Pixar decided to produce the sequel because of their "pure passion" for the series, that the film would be a love story. Lasseter felt that "Toy Story 3 ended Woody and Buzz's story with Andy so that for a long time, never talked about doing another Toy Story movie, but when Andrew, Pete and came up with this new idea, just could not stop thinking about it.
It was so exciting to, knew had to make this movie—and wanted to direct it."In March 2015, Pixar president Jim Morris described the film as a romantic comedy and stated it would not be a continuation of the third film, but a separate story from it. The same month, Variety reported that Cooley was named co-director, having been head of story on Inside Out. According to Lasseter, the film was kept so secret that Morris and his boss Edwin Catmull had no knowledge of it until the treatment was finished, stressing that "we do not do any sequel because we want to print money" but rather to tell a new story in the same universe. Lasseter stated at D23 Expo 2015 that the film would focus on Woody's relationship with Bo Peep and involved him and Buzz going on a journey to find her. At D23 Expo in July 2017, Lasseter announced he was stepping down and leaving Cooley as sole director, saying he could no longer commit to directing the film between his positions at Pixar, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Disneytoon Studios, although he would still be involved in the film as executive producer, however he was uncredited as executive producer in the final film.
Jones and McCormack withdrew from the film in November 2017, citing “philosophical differences”. On January 18, 2018, it was announced that the film would be written by Stephany Folsom, who rewrote three quarters of Jones and McCormack's original script according to Potts in June 2018. On March 19, 2019, who co-wrote the screenplay for the first two films, was revealed to have co-written the screenplay with Folsom. By September 28, 2018, recording for the film was underway. Tim Allen said that the film's story was "so emotional" that he "couldn't get through the last scene," Similarly, Tom Hanks said that the film's ending scene was a "moment in history." On January 30, 2019, Hanks and Allen finished recording their characters' voices. Most of the previous voice actors, including Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, signed on to reprise their past voices. Hanks stated in May 2016. Annie Potts was confirmed to be returning as Bo Peep, after being absent from Toy Story 3. Don Rickles had signed on to reprise his role as Mr. Potato Head, but died on April 6, 2017, before any lines were recorded as the script was still b
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial is a 1982 American science fiction film produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Melissa Mathison. It features special effects by Carlo Rambaldi and Dennis Muren, stars Henry Thomas, Dee Wallace, Peter Coyote, Robert MacNaughton, Drew Barrymore, Pat Welsh, it tells the story of Elliott, a boy who befriends an extraterrestrial, dubbed "E. T.", stranded on Earth. Elliott and his siblings help E. T. return to his home planet. The concept was based on an imaginary friend Spielberg created after his parents' divorce in 1960. In 1980, Spielberg met Mathison and developed a new story from the stalled sci-fi horror film project Night Skies, it was filmed from September to December 1981 in California on a budget of $10.5 million USD. Unlike most films, it was shot in rough chronological order, to facilitate convincing emotional performances from the young cast. Released on June 12, 1982, by Universal Pictures, E. T. was an immediate blockbuster, surpassing Star Wars to become the highest-grossing film of all time—a record it held for eleven years until Jurassic Park, another Spielberg-directed film, surpassed it in 1993.
Considered one of the greatest films made, it was acclaimed by critics as a timeless story of friendship, it ranks as the greatest science fiction film made in a Rotten Tomatoes survey. In 1994, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally or aesthetically significant", it was re-released in 1985, again in 2002, to celebrate its 20th anniversary, with altered shots and additional scenes. A group of alien botanists secretly visit Earth under cover of night to gather plant specimens in a California forest; when government agents appear on the scene, the aliens flee in their spaceship, but in their haste, one of them is left behind. In a suburban neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley, a ten-year-old boy named Elliott is spending time with his brother and his friends; as he returns from picking up a pizza, he discovers. The alien promptly flees upon being discovered. Despite his family's disbelief, Elliott leaves Reese's Pieces candy to lure the alien to his house.
Before going to sleep, Elliott realizes. He feigns illness the next morning to play with it; that day and their five-year-old sister, meet it. They decide to keep it hidden from Mary; when they ask it about its origin, it levitates several balls to represent its planetary system and demonstrates its powers by reviving dead chrysanthemums. At school the next day, Elliott begins to experience a psychic connection with the alien, including exhibiting signs of intoxication, he begins freeing all the frogs in his biology class; as the alien watches John Wayne kiss Maureen O'Hara in The Quiet Man on television, Elliott kisses a girl he likes in the same manner and he is sent to the principal's office. The alien learns to speak English by repeating what Gertie says as she watches Sesame Street and, at Elliott's urging, dubs itself "E. T." E. T. reads a comic strip where Buck Rogers, calls for help by building a makeshift communication device and is inspired to try it himself. E. T. receives Elliott's help in building a device to "phone home" by using a Spell toy.
Michael notices that E. T.'s health is declining and that Elliott is referring to himself as "we". On Halloween and Elliott dress E. T. as a ghost so they can sneak him out of the house. That night, Elliott and E. T. head through the forest. The next day, Elliott wakes up in the field, only to find E. T. gone. Elliott returns home to his distressed family. Michael searches for and finds E. T. dying next to a culvert. Michael takes E. T. home to Elliott, dying. Mary becomes frightened when she discovers her son's illness and the dying alien, just as government agents invade the house. Scientists set up a hospital at the house, questioning Michael and Gertie while treating Elliott and E. T, their connection disappears and E. T. appears to die while Elliott recovers. A grief-stricken Elliott is left alone with the motionless E. T. when he notices a dead chrysanthemum, the plant E. T. had revived, coming back to life. E. T. reveals that his people are returning. Elliott and Michael steal a van that E. T. had been loaded into and a chase ensues, with Michael's friends joining them as they attempt to evade the authorities by bicycles.
Facing a police roadblock, they escape as E. T. uses telekinesis to lift them into the air and toward the forest, like he had done for Elliott before. Standing near the spaceship, E. T.'s heart glows. Mary, "Keys", a friendly government agent, show up. E. T. says goodbye to Michael and Gertie, as she presents him with the chrysanthemum that he had revived. Before boarding the spaceship, he embraces Elliott and tells him "I'll be right here", pointing his glowing finger to Elliott's forehead, he picks up the chrysanthemum, boards the spaceship, it takes off, leaving a rainbow in the sky as everyone watches it leave. Dee Wallace as Mary Henry Thomas as Elliott Peter Coyote as "Keys" Robert MacNaughton as Michael Drew Barrymore as Gertie Pat Welsh as the voice of E. T. K. C. Martel as Greg Sean Frye as Steve C. Thomas Howell as Tyler Erika Eleniak as the girl Elliott kisses After his parents' divorce in 1960, Spielberg filled the void with an imaginary alien companion, he said that the imaginary alien was "a friend who could be the brother never h
The Dark Knight (film)
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, co-produced, co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring an ensemble cast including Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal and Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker, who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and turn the city to chaos. Nolan's inspiration for the film was the Joker's comic book debut in 1940, the 1988 graphic novel The Killing Joke, the 1996 series The Long Halloween, which retold Two-Face's origin; the "Dark Knight" nickname was first applied to Batman in Batman #1, in a story written by Bill Finger. The Dark Knight was filmed in Chicago, as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong.
Nolan used IMAX 70 mm film cameras to film some sequences, including the Joker's first appearance in the film. Warner Bros. created a viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Ledger as the Joker. Ledger died on January 22, 2008, some months after the completed filming and six months before the film's release from a toxic combination of prescription drugs, leading to intense attention from the press and movie-going public. A co-production of the United States and the United Kingdom, The Dark Knight was released on July 18, 2008 in the United States and on July 25, 2008 in the United Kingdom. Film critics considered it one of the best films of its decade and one of the best superhero films of all time; the Dark Knight appeared on 287 critics' top ten lists, more than any other film of 2008 with the exception of WALL-E, more critics named The Dark Knight the best film released that year. With over $1 billion in revenue worldwide, it became the highest-grossing film of 2008 and is the 38th highest-grossing film of all time, unadjusted for inflation.
The film received eight Academy Award nominations. In 2016 it was voted 33rd among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world; the Dark Knight Rises, the final film in the trilogy, was released on July 20, 2012. A gang of criminals rob a Gotham City mob bank, murdering each other for a higher share of the money until only the Joker remains, who escapes with the money. Batman, District Attorney Harvey Dent and Lieutenant Jim Gordon form an alliance to rid Gotham City of organized crime. Bruce Wayne believes that with Dent as Gotham's protector, he can retire from being Batman and lead a normal life with Rachel Dawes – though she and Dent are dating. Mob bosses Sal Maroni and the Chechen hold a videoconference with their corrupt accountant, who has taken their funds for safekeeping and fled to Hong Kong; the Joker interrupts the meeting to warn them that Batman is unhindered by the law, offers to kill him in exchange for half of their money. The mob bosses disagree, Gambol places a bounty on the Joker.
The Joker kills Gambol, taking over his gang. The mob decides to take the Joker up on his offer. Batman finds Lau in Hong Kong and brings him back to Gotham to testify, allowing Dent to apprehend the entire mob; the Joker threatens to kill people unless Batman reveals his identity, starts by murdering Police Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb and the judge presiding over the mob trial; the Joker tries to kill Mayor Anthony Garcia, but Gordon sacrifices himself to stop the assassination. Dent kidnaps one of Joker’s henchmen and threatens him with a deadly game of heads or tails using Dent's lucky coin. Dent learns. Bruce decides to reveal his secret identity to prevent more deaths. Before he can, Dent falsely announces that he is Batman. Dent is taken into protective custody. Batman comes to Dent's rescue and Gordon, who faked his death, apprehends the Joker, securing a promotion to Commissioner. Rachel and Dent are escorted away by detectives on Maroni's payroll. Batman interrogates the Joker, who reveals that they have been trapped in separate locations rigged with explosives and that Batman must choose one to save.
Batman races to save Rachel. Batman realizes that the Joker has sent him to Dent's location instead. Both buildings explode, disfiguring Dent; the Joker escapes with Lau. The Joker kills Lau and the Chechen. Coleman Reese, an accountant at Wayne Enterprises, deduces that Bruce is Batman and threatens to publicize the information. Not wanting Reese's revelation to interfere with his plans, the Joker threatens to destroy a hospital unless Reese is killed within an hour. All hospitals are evacuated and Gordon travels to secure Reese; the Joker, disguised as a hospital nurse, discovers Dent's ward and hands him a gun, convincing him to
Black Panther (film)
Black Panther is a 2018 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, it is the eighteenth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe; the film is directed by Ryan Coogler, who co-wrote the screenplay with Joe Robert Cole, stars Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa / Black Panther, alongside Michael B. Jordan, Lupita Nyong'o, Danai Gurira, Martin Freeman, Daniel Kaluuya, Letitia Wright, Winston Duke, Angela Bassett, Forest Whitaker, Andy Serkis. In Black Panther, T'Challa is crowned king of Wakanda following his father's death, but his sovereignty is challenged by an adversary who plans to abandon the country's isolationist policies and begin a global revolution. Wesley Snipes expressed interest in working on a Black Panther film in 1992, but the project did not come to fruition. In September 2005, Marvel Studios announced a Black Panther film as one of ten based on Marvel characters and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
Mark Bailey was hired to write a script in January 2011. Black Panther was announced in October 2014, Boseman made his first appearance as the character in Captain America: Civil War. By 2016, Cole and Coogler had joined. Principal photography took place from January to April 2017, at EUE/Screen Gems Studios in the Atlanta metropolitan area, Busan, South Korea. Black Panther premiered in Los Angeles on January 29, 2018, was released theatrically in the United States on February 16, in 2D, 3D, IMAX and other premium large formats; the film received praise from critics for its direction, acting, costume design, production values, soundtrack, though the computer-generated effects received some criticism. Many critics considered it to be one of the best films set in the MCU and noted its cultural significance, with organizations including the National Board of Review and American Film Institute naming it one of the Top 10 Films of 2018. During its theatrical run, it became the 9th-highest-grossing film of all time with over $1.35 billion worldwide and the 3rd-highest-grossing film of all time in North America with over $700 million, breaking numerous box office records including the highest-grossing film by a black director, becoming the highest-grossing 2018 film in the U.
S. and Canada and second-highest-grossing film of 2018 worldwide. The film received numerous awards and nominations, with seven nominations at the 91st Academy Awards including Best Picture, with wins for Best Costume Design, Best Original Score, Best Production Design. Black Panther is the first superhero film to receive a Best Picture nomination, as well as the first film in the MCU to win an Academy Award; the film received three nominations at the 76th Golden Globe Awards, two wins at the 25th Screen Actors Guild Awards, twelve nominations at the 24th Critics' Choice Awards, among others. A sequel is in development with Coogler returning to direct. Thousands of years ago, five African tribes war over a meteorite containing vibranium. One warrior ingests a "heart-shaped herb" affected by the metal and gains superhuman abilities, becoming the first "Black Panther", he unites all but the Jabari Tribe to form the nation of Wakanda. Over centuries, the Wakandans use the vibranium to develop advanced technology and isolate themselves from the world by posing as a Third World country.
In 1992, Wakanda's King T'Chaka visits his brother N'Jobu, working undercover in Oakland, California. T'Chaka accuses N'Jobu of assisting black-market arms dealer Ulysses Klaue with stealing vibranium from Wakanda. N'Jobu's partner reveals he is Zuri, another undercover Wakandan, confirms T'Chaka's suspicions. In the present day, following T'Chaka's death, his son T'Challa returns to Wakanda to assume the throne, he and Okoye, the leader of the Dora Milaje regiment, extract T'Challa's ex-lover Nakia from an undercover assignment so she can attend his coronation ceremony with his mother Ramonda and younger sister Shuri. At the ceremony, the Jabari Tribe's leader M'Baku challenges T'Challa for the crown in ritual combat. T'Challa persuades him to yield rather than die; when Klaue and his accomplice Erik Stevens steal a Wakandan artifact from a London museum, T'Challa's friend and Okoye's lover W'Kabi urges him to bring Klaue back alive. T'Challa and Nakia travel to Busan, South Korea, where Klaue plans to sell the artifact to CIA agent Everett K. Ross.
A firefight erupts and Klaue attempts to flee but is caught by T'Challa, who reluctantly releases him to Ross' custody. Klaue tells Ross that Wakanda's international image is a front for a technologically advanced civilization. Erik extracts Klaue as Ross is gravely injured protecting Nakia. Rather than pursue Klaue, T'Challa takes Ross to Wakanda. While Shuri heals Ross, T'Challa confronts Zuri about N'Jobu. Zuri explains that N'Jobu planned to share Wakanda's technology with people of African descent around the world to help them conquer their oppressors; as T'Chaka arrested N'Jobu, the latter forced T'Chaka to kill him. T'Chaka ordered Zuri to lie that N'Jobu had disappeared and left behind N'Jobu's American son in order to maintain the lie; this boy grew up to be Stevens, a U. S. black ops soldier who adopted the name "Killmonger". Meanwhile, Killmonger takes his body to Wakanda, he is brought before the tribal elders, revealing his identity to be N'Jadaka and claim to the throne. Killmonger challenges T'Challa to ritual combat, where he kills Zuri, defeats T'Challa, hurls him over a waterfall to his pre
Jurassic World is a 2015 American science fiction adventure film, the fourth installment of the Jurassic Park film series, the first film in a planned Jurassic World trilogy. It was directed by Colin Trevorrow, written by Derek Connolly and Trevorrow, produced by Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley, stars Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, Vincent D'Onofrio, Ty Simpkins, Nick Robinson, Omar Sy, BD Wong, Irrfan Khan. Set 22 years after the events of Jurassic Park, Jurassic World takes place on the same fictional Central American island of Isla Nublar, located off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, where a theme park of cloned dinosaurs has operated for nearly a decade; the park plunges into chaos when a genetically-engineered dinosaur escapes from its enclosure and goes on a rampage. Universal Pictures intended to begin production of a fourth Jurassic Park film in 2004 for a mid-2005 release but development stalled while the script underwent several revisions. Following a suggestion from Spielberg, writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver explored the idea of a functional dinosaur park.
Once Trevorrow was hired as director in 2013, he followed the same idea while developing a new script with Derek Connolly. Filming lasted from April to August 2014 in Louisiana and at the original Jurassic Park locations in Hawaii; the dinosaurs were created by Industrial Light & Magic using CGI and by Legacy Effects using life-sized animatronics. Production was completed on May 10, 2015, Jurassic World was released in over 60 countries beginning on June 10, 2015. After a record-breaking opening weekend during which it became the first film to gross over $500 million, Jurassic World generated $1.6 billion in box office revenue, ranking fifth among the highest-grossing films of all time. It was the second-highest-grossing film of 2015 and the highest-grossing in the franchise. Furthermore, it is the highest grossing film released by Universal Pictures unadjusted for inflation. A sequel titled Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom was released in June 2018. Teenaged brothers Zach and Gray Mitchell visit Jurassic World, a dinosaur theme park at the original Jurassic Park site on Isla Nublar.
Their aunt, Claire Dearing, is the operations manager. Claire assigns her assistant, Zara, as the boys' guide but they soon evade her. Elsewhere on the island, U. S. Navy veteran and ethologist Owen Grady has been researching four Velociraptors. Based on the raptors' ability to follow commands, Vic Hoskins, the head of InGen Security, believes the animals can be weaponized, an idea Owen and his assistant Barry oppose. Prior to its opening and park owner Simon Masrani inspect the park's newest attraction, Indominus rex, a genetically-engineered dinosaur created by geneticist Dr. Henry Wu. Masrani tasks Owen with evaluating the enclosure. Owen warns Claire the Indominus lacks social skills, making it more unpredictable; when it appears the Indominus has escaped and two park workers enter the enclosure. The Indominus, which can camouflage itself and mask its heat signature appears. Owen survives the attack. Owen tells Masrani to have the Indominus killed. After most of the unit is wiped out, Claire orders the evacuation of the island's northern sector.
While exploring the park in a vehicle and Gray enter a restricted area. The Indominus destroys the vehicle; the boys escape and come upon the ruins of the original Jurassic Park facility where they repair an old Jeep Wrangler and drive back to the park resort. As Claire and Owen search for the boys, they escape the Indominus. Masrani and two troopers hunt the Indominus by helicopter but it breaks into the park's aviary, releasing pterosaurs – Pteranodon and Dimorphodon species – which collide with the helicopter, causing it to crash; the pterosaurs attack the resort. Claire and Owen find Gray as armed personnel shoot down swarming pterosaurs. Assuming command, Hoskins orders that the raptors be used to track the Indominus, they find the Indominus and the animals begin communicating among themselves. Owen realizes the Indominus has Velociraptor DNA. Troops fire on the Indominus but it escapes; the raptors kill most of the troops. Hoskins evacuates the dinosaur embryos from the island to protect Wu's research.
Owen and the boys find Hoskins at the lab but a raptor breaks in and kills him. Owen re-establishes his bond with the three raptors, they attack. Claire releases the park's Tyrannosaurus rex and lures it into a battle with the Indominus, which overpowers the T. rex until Blue, the surviving raptor, joins the fight. Overwhelmed, the Indominus is cornered at the lagoon's edge, where the Mosasaurus drags it underwater; the survivors are evacuated and the island is abandoned. Zach and Gray are reunited with their parents. Chris Pratt as Owen Grady, a Navy veteran and ethologist, a Velociraptor expert and handler at Jurassic World. Bryce Dallas Howard as Claire Dearing, the Jurassic World operations manager. Aunt to Zach and Gray Mitchell. Vincent D'Onofrio as Vic Hoskins, head of InGen's security operations, who wants to use the Velociraptors and the Indominus rex as military animals. Ty Simpkins as one of Claire's nephews and the younger brother of Zach. Nick Robinson as Zach Mitchell, one of Claire's nephews
United States Consumer Price Index
The United States Consumer Price Index is a set of consumer price indices calculated by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. To be precise, the BLS computes many different CPIs that are used for different purposes; each is a time series measure of the price of consumer services. The BLS publishes the CPI monthly; the BLS started the statistic in 1919. It computes thousands of consumer price indices, beginning with monthly average prices for each of 8,018 category-area combinations, they track how much of each of these category area combinations is in the "market basket" consumed by different groups of people. Different published consumer price indices differ in the weights, including the target consumer group and how the weights are updated; the weights for many indices are modified only in January of even-numbered years and are held constant for the next two years. However, weights for the chained CPI are updated each month, so they more track short term shifts in consumption patterns; the urban wage earner and clerical worker population consists of consumer units consisting of clerical workers, sales workers, craft workers, service workers, or laborers.
More than one half of the consumer unit's income has to be earned from the above occupations, at least one of the members must be employed for 37 weeks or more in an eligible occupation. The consumer price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers is a continuation of the historical index, introduced after World War I for use in wage negotiation; as new uses were developed for the CPI, the need for a broader and more representative index became apparent. The Social Security Administration uses the CPI-W as the basis for its periodic COLA; the all-urban consumer population consists of all urban households in metropolitan statistical areas and in urban places of 2,500 inhabitants or more. Non-farm consumers living in rural areas within MSAs are included, but the index excludes rural consumers and the military and institutional population; the consumer price index for all urban consumers introduced in 1978 is representative of the buying habits of 80 percent of the non-institutional population of the United States, compared with 32 percent represented in the CPI-W.
The methodology for producing the index is the same for both populations. The core CPI index excludes goods such as food and energy; this measure of core inflation systematically excludes food and energy prices because they have been volatile and non-systemic. More food and energy prices are thought to be subject to large changes that fail to persist and do not represent relative price changes. In many instances, large movements in food and energy prices arise because of supply disruptions such as drought or OPEC-led cutbacks in production; this was introduced in the early 1970s when food and oil prices were quite volatile, the Fed wanted an index, less subject to short term shocks. However, on January 25, 2012, the Fed announced they would stop using the core CPI and rely instead on the personal consumption expenditures price index; this index applies to the same target population as the CPI-U, but the weights are updated each month. This allows the weights to evolve more gracefully with people's consumption patterns.
Since at least 1982, the BLS has computed a consumer price index for the elderly to account for the fact that the consumption patterns of seniors are different from those of younger people. For the BLS, "elderly" means that a spouse is at least 62 years of age. Individuals in this group consume double the amount of medical care as all consumers in CPI-U or employees in CPI-W. In January of each year, Social Security recipients receive a cost of living adjustment "to ensure that the purchasing power of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income benefits is not eroded by inflation, it is based on the percentage increase in the consumer price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers". However, from December 1982 through December 2011, the all-items CPI-E rose at an annual average rate of 3.1 percent, compared with increases of 2.9 percent for both the CPI-U and CPI-W. This suggests that the elderly have been losing purchasing power at the rate of 0.2 percentage points per year. In 2003 Hobijn and Lagakos estimated that the social security trust fund would run out of money in 40 years using CPI-W and in 35 years using CPI-E.
As an economic indicator. As the most used measure of inflation, the CPI is an indicator of the effectiveness of government fiscal and monetary policy. For inflation targeting monetary policy by the Federal Reserve. Business executives, labor leaders, other private citizens use the CPI as a guide in making economic decisions; as a deflator of other economic series. The CPI and its components are used to adjust other economic series for price change and to translate these series into inflation-free dollars; as a means for indexation. Ove
Finding Dory is a 2016 American 3D computer-animated adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Directed by Andrew Stanton with co-direction by Angus MacLane, the screenplay was written by Stanton and Victoria Strouse; the film is a sequel/spinoff to 2003's Finding Nemo and features the returning voices of Ellen DeGeneres and Albert Brooks, with Hayden Rolence, Ed O'Neill, Kaitlin Olson, Ty Burrell, Diane Keaton, Eugene Levy joining the cast. The film focuses on the amnesiac fish Dory; the film premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles on June 8, 2016, was released in the United States on June 17, 2016. Upon release, the film was well-received by critics and grossed over $1 billion worldwide, becoming the second Pixar film to cross $1 billion after 2010's Toy Story 3, the third highest-grossing film of 2016 and the 22nd-highest-grossing of all-time at the time of its theatrical run; the film set numerous box office records, including the biggest opening for an animated film in North America, the highest-grossing animated film in North America.
Dory, a regal blue tang, gets separated from her parents as a child. As she grows up, Dory attempts to search for them, but forgets them due to her short-term memory loss. In the flashback of the previous film, Finding Nemo, she joins Marlin – a clownfish looking for his missing son Nemo – after accidentally swimming into him. One year Dory is living with Marlin and Nemo on their reef. One day, Dory remembers that she has parents, she decides to look for them. She remembers that they lived at the Jewel of Morro Bay, California across the ocean, thanks to Nemo mentioning its name. Marlin and Nemo accompany Dory. With the help of Crush, their sea turtle friend, they ride the California Current to California. Upon arrival, they explore a shipwreck full of spilt cargo, where Dory accidentally awakens a giant, glowing Humboldt squid, who pursues them and devours Nemo, they trap the squid in a large shipping container. Marlin berates Dory for endangering them, her feelings hurt, Dory travels to the surface to seek help and is captured by staff members from the trio's nearby destination, the Marine Life Institute after getting entangled in six pack rings.
Dory is tagged. There she meets a grouchy, but well-meaning octopus named Hank Dory's tag shows that she will be sent to an aquarium in Cleveland. Due to a traumatic ocean life, Hank wants to live in the aquarium instead of being released back into the ocean, so he agrees to help Dory find her parents in exchange for her tag. In one exhibit, Dory encounters her childhood friend Destiny, a nearsighted whale shark, who used to communicate with Dory through pipes, Bailey, a beluga whale, who mistakenly believes he has lost his ability to echolocate. Dory subsequently has flashbacks of life with her parents, struggles to recall details, she remembers how she was separated from her parents: she overheard her mother crying one night, left to retrieve a shell to cheer her up, was pulled away by an undertow current. Marlin and Nemo attempt to rescue Dory. With the help of two lazy, British-accented California sea lions named Fluke and Rudder and a disfigured and utterly incompetent common loon named Becky, they manage to get into the institute and find her in the pipe system.
Other blue tangs tell them that Dory's parents escaped from the institute a long time ago to search for her and never came back, leaving Dory believing that they have died. Hank retrieves Dory from the tank, accidentally leaving Nemo behind, he is apprehended by one of the employees and unintentionally drops Dory into the drain, flushing her out to the ocean. While wandering aimlessly, she comes across a trail of shells. At the end of the trail, Dory finds an empty brain coral with multiple shell trails leading to it; as she turns to leave, she sees her parents Charlie in the distance. They tell her they spent years laying down the trails for her to follow in the hopes that she would find them. Marlin and Hank end up in the truck taking various aquatic creatures to Cleveland. Destiny and Bailey escape from their exhibit to help Dory rescue them. Once on board the truck, Dory persuades Hank to return to the sea with her, together, they hijack the truck and drive it over busy highways, creating havoc, before crashing it into the sea, freeing all the fish.
Dory, along with her parents and new friends, return to the reef with Marlin and Nemo. In a post-credits scene, the tank gang from the first film, still trapped inside their plastic bags, reach California one year after floating across the Pacific Ocean, they are picked up by staff members from the Marine Life Institute. Meanwhile and Rudder's unibrowed neighbor, due to having gotten on their rock without them knowing pops up and giggles goofily, as the iris closes in on him, revealing the film's end. Prior to work on Finding Dory, Disney had planned to make a Finding Nemo sequel without Pixar's involvement, through Circle 7 Animation, a studio Disney announced in 2005 with the intention to make sequels to Pixar properties. However, due to the 2006 acquisition of Pixar by Disney, Circle 7 was shut down by Disney without