M80 Ring Road, Melbourne
The M80 Ring Road, more formally known as the Western Ring Road and Metropolitan Ring Road, is an urban freeway corridor in Melbourne, Australia. It connects the northern suburbs and western suburbs to other Victorian urban and rural freeways: Hume Freeway Tullamarine Freeway Calder Freeway Western Freeway West Gate Freeway and Princes Freeway It is linked to the eastern suburbs by the shorter Metropolitan Ring Road, it is signed as route M80 for its entire length. The road relieves freight traffic from Sydney Road, Pascoe Vale Road and Geelong Road and funnels them to the freeways. With connections to every major interstate and regional freeways, it has encouraged both industrial and residential growth in Melbourne's western suburbs. Over the past few years there have been discussions about extending the Metropolitan Ring Road from Greensborough Road and tunnelling it under Greensborough and going through the Banyule Flats and connecting to the Eastern Freeway at Bulleen. A study has been initiated by VicRoads to supplement the Western Ring Road with an Outer Metropolitan Ring Road.
A major upgrade of the entire route commenced in 2009 and was completed in 2014, includes widening and a Freeway Management System. Construction on the Sunshine Avenue to Calder Freeway section commenced on 2 October 2016 and is expected to be completed in late 2018; the upgrade of the Princes Freeway to Western Highway section is expected to begin construction in early 2018 and be completed in late 2020. The upgrades of Plenty Road to Greensborough Highway and Sydney Road to Edgar Road sections are expected to begin construction in 2019 and be complete by late 2021; the Ring Road project was proposed as part of the 1969 Melbourne Transportation Plan and has documented in every edition of the Melway Street Directory since that time. Construction of the Western Ring Road began in 1989 with work on the Broadmeadows section, was completed with the final link between the Calder and Tullamarine Freeways. Under the Keating Commonwealth government, a total $555 million was provided by the Federal Government for the Western Ring Road, with a $76 million contribution from the Victorian Government.
Completed in stages, the freeway opened to traffic as follows: 1992 – Broadmeadows section – Tullamarine Freeway to Pascoe Vale Road opened to traffic on 20 September 1992. 1993 – Broadmeadows section – The second stage of the Broadmeadows section, between Pascoe Vale Road and Sydney Road was opened to traffic on 7 July 1993. This section includes the Jacana Tunnel, which won an Excellence Award in the Public Works category awards by the Institution of Engineers Australia. 1994 – Greenborough Bypass to Plenty Road. This 2.5 km section opened April 1994, at a cost of $A15.5m. 1995 – Ballarat Road to Keilor Park Drive opened July 1995. The official opening of the E J Whitten Bridge by the Premier of Victoria occurred on 18 August 1995. 1996 – Boundary Road to Ballarat Road opened 6 March 1996. 1997 – Calder Freeway to Tullamarine Freeway. This final section of the Western Ring Road was opened on 5 June 1997; the ‘Western Ring Road’ refers to the M80 Ring Road between Sydney Road and the West Gate/Princes Freeway interchange at Altona.
1999 – Sydney Road to Dalton Road. This 6 km final section of the Metropolitan Ring Road opened to traffic on 20 August 1999, at a cost of $A140m; the ‘Metropolitan Ring Road’ refers to the section of the M80 Ring Road between Sydney Road and the Greensborough Highway. The project is divided into 3 sections: Western Ring Road: This is the section between the West Gate Freeway and the Hume Freeway, it is named and signed as M80 – "Western Ring Road" for its entire length. This section was a'National Highway' until 2013 and was signed with a National Highway M80 shield from Western Highway to Hume Highway, it was changed to'state route' M80, for continuity with the rest of the freeway and to complement all infrastructure and signage with the 2009 to 2014 upgrade. Northern Ring Road: This section is named and signed as M80 – Metropolitan Ring Road although many people do not know, its current official title, it is located between the Greensborough Highway. Non-Official "M80 Ring Road" Road/Route:Eastern Ring Road: This 39 km section named " Mitcham-Frankston Freeway" by Melway named EastLink and opened to the public on 29 June 2008, connects the Eastern Freeway to the Frankston Freeway.
Planned to be free from tolls and funded by the Federal Government, the Victorian Government under Steve Bracks broke its election promise and pushed for the road to be tolled. Initial Upgrading and widening works of the Western and Metropolitan Ring Roads was carried out between 2009 and 2014, funded by the Federal Government Auslink 2 program; the entire length of the Freeway is being upgraded, within individual sections over a number of years. Initial work started in 2009 and work on some sections were completed in 2014. Along with the $2.25 billion upgrade, is a new'Freeway Management System' that includes Ramp Signals, overhead lane signs (electronic variable speed limits and lan
U.S. Route 80
U. S. Route 80 is an east-west United States Numbered Highway, much of, once part of the early auto trail known as the Dixie Overland Highway; as the "0" in the route number indicates, it was a cross-country route, from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. Its original western terminus was in California. However, the entire segment west of Dallas, has been decommissioned in favor of various Interstate Highways and state highways; the highway's western terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 30 on the Dallas–Mesquite, Texas city line. The highway's eastern terminus is in Tybee Island, Georgia, at the intersection of Butler Avenue, Inlet Avenue, Tybrisa Street, near the Atlantic Ocean. Modern US 80 begins as a significant component of the urban freeway system of Texas. With Spur 557, it serves as the shortest freeway route from the central and northern portions of Dallas to I-20, heading east towards Shreveport, Louisiana. From its origin at I-30 in eastern Dallas, through its interchange with the I-635 "LBJ" Loop, to its junction with I-20 southwest of Terrell, US 80/Spur 557 is a full Interstate-grade, limited-access freeway.
In western Terrell, US 80 leaves the freeway, which continues southeast as Spur 557 to I-20, while US 80 runs north of I-20 through a number of small towns and cities, including Terrell, Mineola and Marshall. It rejoins I-20 for about five miles, before splitting to pass through downtown Waskom before crossing into Louisiana. US 80 is parallel to the newer I-20, which has supplanted it as a long-distance route, for the entirety of its length in Louisiana; the highway crosses the state line from Texas into Caddo Parish as a two-lane road and crosses over to the south of I-20 without connecting with the freeway. It passes through the town of Greenwood where it meets US 79 coming north from Texas, these two routes run concurrently eastward from there to Minden. US 79/US 80 crosses over I-20 again, this time at an interchange, enters the city of Shreveport as Greenwood Road; the highway passes over I-220 without an interchange and continues east to an intersection with Jefferson Paige Road where it expands to four undivided lanes and enters the main part of the urbanized area.
US 171 ends at US 79/US 80 at the intersection with Hearne Avenue. At this intersection, the road narrows to two through lanes. US 80 intersects I-20 again just east of here. At Mansfield Road, the highway name changes to Texas Avenue and angles northeast through an industrial area; the road skirts the I-20/I-49 interchange and expands to four lanes for its final approach to downtown. At the west edge of downtown, eastbound jogs one block east on Crockett Street and two blocks north on Common Street north to Texas Street. US 79/US 80 passes through downtown Shreveport on Texas Street before crossing the Red River on the 1930s vintage Long–Allen Bridge and entering Bossier City and Bossier Parish. Through Bossier Parish, US 79/US 80 comprises a major urban and suburban arterial carrying a minimum of four lanes. In the eastern reaches of the parish, continuing into Webster Parish, it is a divided highway; the road intersects the east end of I-220 at an interchange. US 79/US 80 stays to the north of I-20, except for a stretch east of Haughton where it strays to the south for a period, skirting the north edge of the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant.
At Dixie Inn, the highway intersects US 371. In Minden, US 79 continues its northeasterly trajectory toward Arkansas. East of Minden, US 80 crosses to the south of I-20 and serves the Bienville Parish towns of Gibsland and Arcadia. Entering Lincoln Parish, the highway serves Simsboro and Grambling before entering Ruston and overlapping US 167 on a north–south couplet of streets through the business district. US 80 resumes its eastward path on the north side of Ruston and exits the city on East Georgia Avenue. Between Ruston and Monroe the highway serves the small communities of Calhoun. Now on the north side of the interstate, it enters Ouachita Parish and approaches the Monroe area as a two-lane road. US 80 crosses Louisiana Highway 143 and enters West Monroe on Cypress Street, where it continues south into the business district and widens to a four-lane urban arterial. At junction LA 34, US 80 makes a left turn, angling northeast, crosses the Ouachita River, entering the city of Monroe; as Louisville Avenue it passes north of downtown, but the downtown area can be accessed via Business US 165 which intersects US 80 at North 5th/North 6th Street and becomes concurrent from there to the east.
Louisville Avenue becomes a commercialized urban arterial and remains so as it passes through the city curving southwestward and meeting the intersection with Desiard Street. As Desiard Street, US 80 meets mainline US 165, on its expressway bypass alignment, at a diamond interchange. Eastward from there, US 80 passes through suburban areas until it meets LA 139, where it is forced to turn off its four-lane alignment at an intersection which favors LA 139 traffic. Now a two-lane road, US 80 continues east through northeast Louisiana, passing through Richland and Madison parishes and serving the communities and towns of Start, Delhi, Tallulah and Delta. Just west of Delta, US 80 turns off its original route and runs a short distance south to an interchange with I-20; the orig
N80 road (Ireland)
The N80 road is a national secondary road in Ireland that runs southeastwards from its junction with the N52 and R443 in the town of Tullamore in County Offaly, to the N11 at Ballynahallin, just north of Enniscorthy in County Wexford, a distance of 114.683 km. Total length is 114.683 km. In common with most National secondary routes, the N80 is a simple two lane road without hard shoulders for much of its route; some of the worst bends may have been removed through the years and some junctions improved, but general pavement quality is rather poor. No improvements of existing sections are scheduled, however the N80 is being extended from its southern terminus at the N11 to a junction with the M11, under construction as of September 2016. Earlier works of note on the N80 include: a bypass of Tullamore and Moate involved the designation of some 26 km of N80 to R road resulting in a reduction in its total length. Mountmellick inner relief road - project appears to have been abandoned. Realigned section where it crosses over the M7.
Kildavin bypass Southern terminus of the N80 at the N11 converted from a simple T-junction to a roundabout. The Tullamore bypass is a new 14 km single carriageway upgrade to the N52; the route leaves the existing N52 6 km southwest of Tullamore town, intersecting with the N80 road SE of the town, crossing over the Grand Canal, before rejoining the N52 again 3 km north of the town. A spur designated part of the R443 was constructed from the northern section of the route to the Tullamore Western Relief Road forming a near complete orbital route around Tullamore; the N80 now terminates at the N52 junction on the bypass. Roads in Ireland Motorways in Ireland National primary road Regional road Roads Act 1993 Order 2006 – Department of Transport
European route E80
European route E 80 known as Trans-European Motorway or TEM, is an A-Class West-East European route, extending from Lisbon, Portugal to Gürbulak, Turkey, on the border with Iran. The road connects 10 countries and has a length of 6,102 kilometres. At its eastern end it joins end-on with Asian Highway AH1. Portugal Lisbon - Torres Novas - Coimbra - Aveiro Aveiro - Viseu - Guarda - Vilar Formoso Spain Fuentes de Oñoro Fuentes de Oñoro - Salamanca - Tordesillas - Burgos Burgos Burgos Burgos - Miranda de Ebro - Vitoria-Gasteiz Vitoria-Gasteiz Vitoria-Gasteiz - Eibar Eibar - Donostia/S. Sebastian - Irún France Hendaye - Bayonne Bayonne - Pau - Toulouse Toulouse Toulouse - Villefranche-de-Lauragais - Carcassonne - Narbonne Narbonne - Béziers - Montpellier - Nîmes Nîmes - Salon-de-Provence Salon-de-Provence - Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence - Nice Italy Ventimiglia - Savona - Genoa Genoa - La Spezia - Lucca - Rosignano Solvay Rosignano Solvay - Grosseto - Civitavecchia Civitavecchia - Fiumicino Fiumicino - Rome Rome Rome - Tivoli - Borgorose Borgorose - Pescara Pescara Pescara - Porto di PescaraGap - Adriatic Sea Porto di Pescara - Dubrovnik Croatia Dubrovnik - Karasovići Montenegro Debeli Brijeg - Sutomore - Podgorica - Bijelo Polje - Dračenovac Serbia Mehov Krš - Veseniće Veseniće - Vitkoviće Kosovo Mitrovica - Pristina Prishtina Prishtina - Podujevo Serbia Merdare - Prokuplje - Čokot Niš Niš Niš - Bela Palanka Bela Palanka Bela Palanka - Pirot - Gradinje Bulgaria Kalotina - Sofia Sofia Sofia - Plovdiv - Chirpan Chirpan - Dimitrovgrad - Svilengrad - Kapitan Andreevo Turkey Kapıkule - Edirne Edirne - Babaeski - Silivri - Istanbul Istanbul Istanbul - Gebze - Izmit - Düzce - Bolu - Gerede Gerede - Ilgaz - Merzifon - Refahiye - Erzincan - Aşkale - Erzurum - Horasan - Ağrı - Doğubeyazıt - Gürbulak Iran Bazargan Western Terminus - Lisbon 38°47′24.2″N 9°6′49.6″W Eastern Terminus - Gürbulak 39°24′37″N 44°22′41.6″E
Arizona State Route 80
State Route 80 is a arc-shaped highway lying in southeastern Arizona that, with New Mexico's State Road 80, is a relic of the old U. S. Route 80, now truncated from San Diego to Dallas; this segment of old US 80 was not paralleled by Interstate 10, which lies to its north, instead supplants the old and more direct State Route 86. The route begins at an intersection with I-10 Bus. in Benson near an Amtrak station. The route heads south until it exits the city limit of Benson, where it turns southeast. SR 80 turns eastward. In St. David, SR 80 turns south as Lee Street. SR 80 steers southeast into desert terrain, intersecting SR 82 just north of Tombstone, where SR 80 becomes Fremont Street; the road intersects SR 90 heading south. In Bisbee, the road meets SR 92 at a traffic circle. SR 80 nears the international boundary with Mexico. A short concurrency begins where U. S. Route 191 turns eastward heading into Douglas. SR 80 turns north on Pan American Avenue away from US 191; the route takes a more northeasterly route away from the international boundary.
SR 80 heads through a long stretch of desert terrain, before meeting New Mexico State Road 80 at the New Mexico state line. All of it is surface road, it is the route of the Butterfield Stage Coach of the nineteenth century, the Old Spanish Trail, it is not a direct route. SR 80 was conceived as part of the proposed state system of highway in 1919. In 1926, it became part of the cross-country highway US 80; the road was paved at this time between Bisbee as well as a portion south of Tombstone. The remainder of the highway was a gravel road. By 1931, the highway was paved from Bisbee to the New Mexico state line as well as a portion south of Benson and another portion south of Tombstone. By 1934, the only portion of the highway yet to be paved was a section between Bisbee; the entire route had been paved by 1935. The highway would continue to serve as a portion of US 80 until 1989 when the last portion of US 80 in Arizona was removed; this portion of the highway was redesignated as SR 80 at this time.
The entire route is in Cochise County. Arizona portal U. S. Roads portal List of state routes in Arizona Media related to Arizona State Route 80 at Wikimedia Commons
Highway 80 (Israel)
Highway 80 is a north-south highway in southern Israel, east of Beersheba. It connects, it is 34 km long. List of highways in Israel
Florida State Road 80
State Road 80 is a 123.5 miles route linking US 41 Business in Fort Myers and State Road A1A in Palm Beach. The road is the northernmost of three linking Southwest Florida to South Florida via the Everglades. Due to increasing traffic, State Road 80 has experienced upgrades and widening in various sections since 2000. State Road 80 begins at an intersection with US 41 in downtown Fort Myers. From the terminus, it runs along Main Street and Monroe Street though historic downtown Fort Myers to State Road 82, where it becomes discontinuous. State Road 80 resumes at Fowler Street, where it runs east as a pair of two-lane, one-way streets weaving through central Fort Myers, with westbound lanes on First Street, the eastbound lanes running on Second Street; the eastbound lanes rejoin the westbound lanes via Seaboard Street just east of Dean Park, forming the four-lane divided Palm Beach Boulevard. From there, it follows the Caloosahatchee River east out of the city, expanding to six lanes east of the Ortiz Avenue intersection in Tice.
It has an interchange with Interstate 75 as it passes through the eastern suburbs of Fort Myers before being reduced to four lanes east of SR 31 before leaving Lee County and entering Hendry County. At its county seat, LaBelle, it serves as the town's main street and intersects SR 29. After LaBelle, it becomes a two-lane highway until an interchange with US 27, where the two roads run concurrently as a four-lane highway as it heads east towards Clewiston and the southern coast of Lake Okeechobee. In Palm Beach County, it serves as a commuter route between South Bay and Belle Glade at the western end, growing suburbs Loxahatchee, Royal Palm Beach and county seat West Palm Beach. In South Bay, US 27 heads south towards Miami, following the North New River Canal. Between Belle Glade and Loxahatchee, the roads are surrounded by sugarcane fields, with US 441 and US 98 both joining State Road 80 during this stretch. Lion Country Safari marks the beginning of a rural to urban transition of the road for the remainder of its journey.
The road doubles from four to eight lanes in Royal Palm Beach, as the road serves as the border between Royal Palm Beach and Wellington. At the State Road 7 intersection, US 441 turns south towards Miami; the South Florida Fairgrounds and the Coral Sky Amphitheater, where the South Florida Fair takes place, are next on the route, just east of SR 7. After passing Florida's Turnpike, it gains two more lanes and becomes an expressway, with diamond interchanges with Jog Road, Haverhill Road and Military Trail. East of Military Trail, it loses a lane in each direction as it straddles the southern end of Palm Beach International Airport, where private aircraft are serviced, with commercial access to the airport available via SR 704A, it approaches a bridge over the Tri-Rail main line as it intersects Interstate 95 at Exit 68 becomes a four-lane road in several older, high-density neighborhoods in West Palm Beach. East of the Florida East Coast Railway bridge crossing, it intersects US 1 and SR 5, reducing to two lanes as it crosses Lake Worth Lagoon on two bridges, ending on a roundabout with SR A1A in Palm Beach near the Mar-a-Lago estate.
The route of State Road 80 was built in the 1920s. The first vehicle to travel the route from Belle Glade to Palm Beach was in 1923; the section from Twenty Mile Bend to West Palm Beach was considered part of the Conners Highway, which opened on July 4, 1924. Segments west of Lake Okeechobee would be completed by 1926; the route was first designated State Road 25 in 1923. As a result of the 1945 Florida State Road renumbering, the route became State Road 80 from Fort Myers to Palm Beach, the segment west of Fort Myers to Punta Rassa became State Road 867.. The segment between Belle Glade and Twenty Mile Bend, known as the Kenneth C. Mock Memorial Highway was completed in 1989, making SR 80 a four-lane divided highway between Belle Glade and West Palm Beach. Prior to this, SR 80 ran just to the south along what is now County Road 880. US 98, which ran along SR 700, would be rerouted onto this route beginning around 2000; until 2002, Palm Beach County's Southern Boulevard was a four-lane road with a center left-turn lane, causing high gridlock due to the growing western suburbs of Loxahatchee, Royal Palm Beach and Wellington.
The road was known as "Killer 80" due to its high fatality rate. In 2002, after many years of debate, the Florida Department of Transportation embarked on a $78 million project to upgrade and widen Southern Boulevard from I-95 to US 441/SR 7. Between 2003 and 2008, it was transformed into a limited-access highway with freeway-grade diamond interchanges at the most congested intersections, with traffic signals remaining at others. State Road 80's routing through downtown Fort Myers has changed a few times over the years; when designated in 1945, State Road 80 terminated at Fowler Streets. SR 80 would be extended through downtown in 1964 when US 41 was rerouted over the Caloosahatchee Bridge. In the 1980s, SR 80 was split into one-way street pairs from Monroe Street to Palm Beach Boulevard and Seaboard Street, with eastbound traffic using Second and Seaboard Streets, with westbound traffic using F