List of hoaxes

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The following are lists of hoaxes:

Proven hoaxes[edit]

These are some claims that have been revealed, or proven definitively, to be deliberate public hoaxes. This list does not include hoax articles published on or around April 1, a long list of which can be found in the "April Fools' Day" article.





  • Tania Head (Alicia Esteve Head) became the most prominent survivor of 9/11, meeting with politicians and leading a group of survivors. Except on 9/11, she was in Barcelona. Her whole story was a lie, the second famous hoax in her life.

Manti Te'o girlfriend hoax

Proven hoaxes of exposure[edit]

"Proven hoaxes of exposure" are semi-comical or private sting operations. They usually encourage people to act foolishly or credulously by falling for patent nonsense that the hoaxer deliberately presents as reality. See also culture jamming.

Journalistic hoaxes[edit]

Deliberate hoaxes, or journalistic fraud, that drew widespread attention include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Plimpton, George (2004). The Curious Case of Sidd Finch. New York, NY: Four Walls Eight Windows. ISBN 1-56858-296-X. 
  2. ^ Clark, Tim (July 22, 2009). "Airport Hoax". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  3. ^ Mehta, Ankita (2014-08-28). "'Two Moons' Hoax: Absence of Twin Moon on 27 August Disappoints Many". International Business Times. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  4. ^ Brown, Dan (2003). The Da Vinci Code. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-50420-9. 
  5. ^ Cohn, Norman (1966). Warrant for Genocide: The Myth of the Jewish World-Conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elder of Zion. New York: Harper & Row. .
  6. ^ "McDonald's issues Twitter denial after hoax poster saying blacks will be charged extra goes viral". Daily Mail. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Alien hoax dismays scientists". BBC News. 1998-11-03. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  9. ^

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]