Cameron is a city in Clinton, DeKalb and Caldwell counties in the U. S. state of Missouri. The population was 9,933 at the 2010 census; the Clinton County portion of Cameron is part of the Kansas City, MO–KS Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the DeKalb County portion is part of the St. Joseph, MO–KS Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1854, Samuel McCorkle platted the town of Somerville; when the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad proposed coming through the area, the line claimed the area around Somerville was too steep for the rail, so he platted a new community 1.5 miles to the west in what is now "Olde Towne" Cameron. The town platted in 1855 was named for the maiden name of Malinda Cameron. McCorkle Park is still Cameron's centerpiece park. During the 1860s, as fierce competition raged for the starting point of the First Transcontinental Railroad, there was competition to get the Hannibal & St. Joseph to cross the Missouri River. Omaha, Nebraska was to win the fight. However, there was no bridge connecting it to the rest of the network.
Kansas City, Missouri was able to convince the railroad to bypass its rivals in St. Joseph, Kansas, Atchison and Parkville, Missouri to create the "Cameron Branch" of the railroad; the construction of the Hannibal Bridge in Kansas City was to propel that city into being the dominant city in the region. Cameron was to enjoy a surge in its population because of the cutoff, with its population growing from 100 in 1859 to 3,000 by 1881. Cameron was a college town from 1883 until 1930. Founded as the Cameron Institute, it became Missouri Wesleyan College, operated by the Methodist Church until 1930. A building on the campus would become Cameron High School until being torn down in the 1960s, when a new high school was built on a site a few blocks south. Cameron gained prominence in the 1980s and 1990s after Cameron area resident Bob F. Griffin served more than 15 years as Speaker of the Missouri House of Representatives—the longest of any representative. Among the pork barrel legislation he was to bring to the town were the Missouri Veterans Home and the Western Missouri Correctional Center, the latter of, the city's largest employer, with 700 employees.
A street in the town is named "Bob Griffin Road," though the road remains unpaved for most of its length. Griffin served four years in prison for corruption. Cameron's character has evolved with the intersection of limited access highways, it has expanded to the north towards and past U. S. Route 36, it has expanded to the east towards Interstate 35. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.30 square miles, of which 6.04 square miles is land and 0.26 square miles is water. More than two thirds of the community is in Clinton County, south of NE Platte/8th Street/County Road 56; this area includes Cameron High School and Veterans Home. The area north of the street in DeKalb includes the Crossroads Correctional Center and Western Missouri Correctional Center, the shopping centers next to U. S. 36. In addition, portions of the community stretch east to the Caldwell County line; the north-south-east division creates an unusual street grid naming system in which some streets in the northern part of Cameron in DeKalb follow that county's naming structure of Southeast Rogers Road, Southeast Summit Road, Southeast Pence Road, etc. while roads in the south of Cameron in northern Clinton County have road names of Northeast 358th Street, Northeast 348th Street, etc.
These latter street names and directions represent a continuation of the street system for Kansas City. With Caldwell County on the east side of Cameron, that means that street name extensions in Caldwell County on the far east side have a prefix of Northwest such as Northwest Old Highway 36. In one instance just outside the city limits, Southeast Oregon Road in Dekalb County becomes Northwest Oregon Road in Caldwell County when heading east from Cameron. Cameron experiences a humid continental climate, with cold and snowy winters and hot and humid summers. Extreme weather, such as thunderstorms and tornadoes and have occurred in Cameron. Snow falls during the winter months, while early summer are the wettest time; as of the census of 2010, there were 9,933 people, 2,605 households, 1,562 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,644.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,951 housing units at an average density of 488.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82.9% White, 14.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 2,605 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.0% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 17.1% of residents were under the age of 18.
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City the city of Jefferson and informally Jeff, is the capital of the U. S. state of Missouri and the 15th most populous city in the state. It is the county seat of Cole County and the principal city of the Jefferson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, the second-most-populous metropolitan area in Mid-Missouri and fifth-largest in the state. Most of the city is with a small northern section extending into Callaway County. Jefferson City is named for the third president of the United States; the city won a 2013 essay contest sponsored by Rand McNally, was named "Most Beautiful Small Town"Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is 30 miles south of Columbia and sits at the western edge of the Missouri Rhineland, one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest; the city is dominated by the domed Capitol, which rises from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north. Many of Jefferson City's primary employers are in manufacturing industries.
Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University, a public black land-grant university founded in 1866 by the 62nd Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops with support from the 65th Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops. In pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the "Mound Builders", having been replaced by Osage Native Americans. In the late 17th century, frontiersmen started to inhabit the area, including Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Louis Jolliet, Jacques Marquette, Robert de LaSalle, Daniel Boone, with the latter having the greatest influence on the region. Daniel Boone's son, Daniel Morgan Boone, would lay out Jefferson City in the early 19th century; when the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was Missouri's seat of government, St. Charles would serve as the next capital. However, in the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821, when Thomas Jefferson was still living; the village first was called "Lohman's Landing", when the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name "Missouriopolis" before settling on the city of "Jefferson" to honor Thomas Jefferson.
Over the years, the city became to be most referred to as "Jefferson City" and the name stuck. For years, this village was little more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825, the settlement was incorporated as a city and a year the Missouri legislature first met in Jefferson City. Jefferson City was chosen as the site of a state prison; this prison, named the Missouri State Penitentiary, opened in 1836. This prison was home to multiple infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. During the Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops and the elected state legislature was driven from Jefferson City by Union General Nathaniel Lyon; some of the legislators reconvened in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession. Missouri was claimed by the Union, as was neighboring state Kentucky. Missourians were divided and many people in the state—especially in St. Louis—supported the Union, while other areas were pro-Confederate along the Missouri River between Jefferson City and Kansas City.
German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River on the north from the city east to Marthasville, located outside of St. Louis. Known as the "Missouri Rhineland" for its vineyards and first established by German immigrants in the mid-1800s, this region has become part of Missouri's agricultural and tourist economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.58 square miles, of which 35.95 square miles is land and 1.63 square miles is water. Jefferson City has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the city borders on having a humid subtropical climate but falls just short due to January having a mean temperature of 30 °F, below the 32 °F isothern. Thunderstorms are common in both the summer. Light snow is common during the winter, although about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain; as of the census of 2010, there were 43,079 people, 17,278 households, 9,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,198.3 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 18,852 housing units at an average density of 524.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 17,278 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.9% of residents under the age of 18, 10.3% between the ages of 18 and 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 37.5 years.
The gender makeup of
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
Hannibal is a city in Marion and Ralls counties in the U. S. state of Missouri. Interstate 72 and U. S. Routes 24, 36, 61 intersect in the city, located along the Mississippi River 100 miles northwest of St. Louis and 100 miles west of Springfield, Illinois. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 17,606; the bulk of the city is in Marion County, with a tiny sliver in the south extending into Ralls County. Hannibal is not the county seat. There is one in Palmyra, the county seat, located more in the center of the county; this is the principal city of the Hannibal, Missouri micropolitan area, which consists of both Marion and Ralls counties. The site of Hannibal was long occupied by various cultures of indigenous Native American tribes; the river community is best known as the 19th-century boyhood home of author Samuel Langhorne Clemens. The settings of Twain's novels The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are inspired by this town. Numerous historical sites are associated with places depicted in his fiction.
Hannibal draws both international tourists. The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum marked its 100th anniversary in 2012 and has had visitors from all 50 states and some 60 countries. Most Hannibal residents enjoy the visitors, the town at large benefits from tourism revenue. After the Louisiana Territory was acquired by the United States in 1803, European-American settlers began to enter the area; the town was named after Hannibal Creek. The name is derived from the hero of ancient Carthage in actual Tunisia, Hannibal. Although the city grew with a population of 30 by 1830, its access to the Mississippi River and railroad transportation fueled growth to 2,020 by 1850, it annexed the town of South Hannibal in 1843. Hannibal gained "city" status by 1845. Hannibal was Missouri's third-largest city when the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was organized in 1846 by John M. Clemens and associates, it was built to connect to St. Joseph, Missouri in the west the state's second-largest city; this railroad was the westernmost line.
It transported mail for delivery to the first outpost of the Pony Express. The city has since served as a regional marketing center for livestock and grain as well as other products produced locally, such as cement and shoes. Cement for the Empire State Building and Panama Canal was manufactured at the Atlas Portland Cement Company in the nearby unincorporated company town of Ilasco; the Mark Twain Memorial Lighthouse was constructed in 1933 as a public works project under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, it has been lit on ceremonial occasions at three separate times by Presidents Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton. Rockcliffe Mansion, a private house on a knoll in Hannibal, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2011, the Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum released Mark Twain: Words & Music, a CD featuring entertainers who recount Mark Twain's life in spoken word and song. Several songs were written for the project and refer to Hannibal, including "Huck Finn Blues" by Brad Paisley and "Run Mississippi" by Rhonda Vincent.
Other artists include Jimmy Buffett as Huckleberry Finn, Clint Eastwood as Twain, Garrison Keillor as the narrator of the project. Hannibal is next to Illinois. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.21 square miles, of which 15.74 square miles is land and 0.47 square miles is water. Hannibal's climate is humid continental, with hot, humid summers; the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area is composed of Ralls counties. As of the census of 2010, there were 17,916 people, 7,117 households, 4,400 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,138.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,021 housing units at an average density of 509.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.8% White, 7.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 7,117 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.2% were non-families.
31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age in the city was 37.3 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,757 people, 7,017 households, 4,554 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,215.3 people per square mile. There were 7,886 housing units at an average density of 539.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 90.61% White, 6.57% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population. 25.9% were of American, 23.8% German, 10.9% Irish and 10.0% English ances
Chillicothe is a city in and the county seat of Livingston County, United States. The population was 9,515 at the 2010 census; the name "Chillicothe" is Shawnee for "big town", was named after their Chillicothe, located since 1774 about a mile from the present-day city. This territory was settled by indigenous peoples of the Americas; the Osage and Missouri were in the territory at the time of earliest European contact, by French explorers and traders. By 1800 the Shawnee and Iowa had migrated here; the Shawnee came from the Ohio Country, where they had been under pressure before the American Revolution from aggressive Iroquois and encroaching European Americans. Displacing the Osage, the Shawnee had a major village known as Chillicothe about a mile from the present-day city. Chillicothe was the name of a major band of the tribe. Other Native American tribes in the area were the Sac and Fox, Pottawatomi, all of whom hunted in the area. In the early 19th century, European-American migration to Missouri increased.
The original survey of Chillicothe by United States citizens was filed for record August 31, 1837, a resurvey of the same was filed August 5, 1859. Chillicothe was incorporated as a city by an act of the General Assembly, approved March 1, 1855, it was selected as the County seat by commissioners and the first term of the county court began on May 7, 1838. In August of that year an order was made to erect the first Court House, the cost not to exceed $5,000, in the Public Square. Livingston was settled by emigrants from the older counties and others from the Upper South states of Kentucky and Tennessee, as well as Ohio and other "Old Northwest" states, as the westward migration continued. Prior to completion of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad in 1859, the city was minimally developed with cheap frame houses, with little pretense of architectural beauty or design; the building materials being hewed and sawed from the oak and walnut timber surrounding the town, as timber covered the site. The railroad gave an impetus for town improvements.
Soon two and three-story brick business buildings were constructed in place of the former frame structures. From 1865 to 1870, the city improved then a lull lasted until 1875, when the erection of the beautiful three-story, $36,000 school building was started, now known as "Middle School." From that time on Chillicothe made a slow, steady growth up to 1886, when the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad was built through here; that year saw the introduction of the "Water Works" and electric lights. The city continued to modernize in the early 20th century; the Missouri Training School for Girls was the correctional facility of the Missouri Division of Youth Services. It opened in 1889. In 1956, the school received all of the black girls after the Missouri Training School for Negro Girls in Tipton closed; the school closed in 1981. Chillicothe is located in central Livingston County; the Grand River flows past one mile south of the city and the confluence of the Thompson River with the Grand is about three miles to the southwest.
The city is served by U. S. Route 36, U. S. Route 65 and Missouri Route 190. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.03 square miles, of which 7.02 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Chillicothe lies near the Grand River; as of the census of 2010, there were 9,515 people, 3,612 households, 2,146 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,355.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,108 housing units at an average density of 585.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 3.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population. There were 3,612 households of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.6% were non-families.
35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 41.3% male and 58.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,968 people, 3,608 households, 2,197 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,370.9 people per square mile. There were 4,060 housing units at an average density of 620.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 93.86% White, 3.69% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.35% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population. There were 3,608 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families.
35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. School districts; the average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 21.1% who were 65 years of age
St. Louis is an independent city and major inland port in the U. S. state of Missouri. It is situated along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which marks Missouri's border with Illinois; the Missouri River merges with the Mississippi River just north of the city. These two rivers combined form the fourth longest river system in the world; the city had an estimated 2017 population of 308,626 and is the cultural and economic center of the St. Louis metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, the second-largest in Illinois, the 22nd-largest in the United States. Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture; the city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, named after Louis IX of France. In 1764, following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War, the area was ceded to Spain and retroceded back to France in 1800. In 1803, the United States acquired the territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
During the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River, it separated from St. Louis County in 1877, becoming an independent city and limiting its own political boundaries. In 1904, it hosted the Summer Olympics; the economy of metropolitan St. Louis relies on service, trade, transportation of goods, tourism, its metro area is home to major corporations, including Anheuser-Busch, Express Scripts, Boeing Defense, Energizer, Enterprise, Peabody Energy, Post Holdings, Edward Jones, Go Jet and Sigma-Aldrich. Nine of the ten Fortune 500 companies based in Missouri are located within the St. Louis metropolitan area; this city has become known for its growing medical and research presence due to institutions such as Washington University in St. Louis and Barnes-Jewish Hospital. St. Louis has two professional sports teams: the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball and the St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League. One of the city's iconic sights is the 630-foot tall Gateway Arch in the downtown area.
The area that would become St. Louis was a center of the Native American Mississippian culture, which built numerous temple and residential earthwork mounds on both sides of the Mississippi River, their major regional center was at Cahokia Mounds, active from 900 to 1500. Due to numerous major earthworks within St. Louis boundaries, the city was nicknamed as the "Mound City"; these mounds were demolished during the city's development. Historic Native American tribes in the area included the Siouan-speaking Osage people, whose territory extended west, the Illiniwek. European exploration of the area was first recorded in 1673, when French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette traveled through the Mississippi River valley. Five years La Salle claimed the region for France as part of La Louisiane; the earliest European settlements in the area were built in Illinois Country on the east side of the Mississippi River during the 1690s and early 1700s at Cahokia and Fort de Chartres. Migrants from the French villages on the opposite side of the Mississippi River founded Ste.
Genevieve in the 1730s. In early 1764, after France lost the 7 Years' War, Pierre Laclède and his stepson Auguste Chouteau founded what was to become the city of St. Louis; the early French families built the city's economy on the fur trade with the Osage, as well as with more distant tribes along the Missouri River. The Chouteau brothers gained a monopoly from Spain on the fur trade with Santa Fe. French colonists used African slaves as domestic workers in the city. France, alarmed that Britain would demand French possessions west of the Mississippi and the Missouri River basin after the losing New France to them in 1759–60, transferred these to Spain as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain; these areas remained in Spanish possession until 1803. In 1780 during the American Revolutionary War, St. Louis was attacked by British forces Native American allies, in the Battle of St. Louis; the founding of St. Louis began in 1763. Pierre Laclede led an expedition to set up a fur-trading post farther up the Mississippi River.
Before Laclede had been a successful merchant. For this reason, he and his trading partner Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent were offered monopolies for six years of the fur trading in that area. Although they were only granted rights to set-up a trading post and other members of his expedition set up a settlement; some historians believe that Laclede's determination to create this settlement was the result of his affair with a married woman Marie-Thérèse Bourgeois Chouteau in New Orleans. Laclede on his initial expedition was accompanied by Auguste Chouteau; some historians still debate. The reason for this lingering question is that all the documentation of the founding was loaned and subsequently destroyed in a fire. For the first few years of St. Louis's existence, the city was not recognized by any of the governments. Although thought to be under the control of the Spanish government, no one asserted any authority over the settlement, thus St. Louis had no local government; this led Laclede to assume a position of civil control, all problems were disposed i
Florissant is a city in St. Louis County, within Greater St. Louis, it is a middle class second-ring northern suburb of St. Louis. Based on 2017 U. S. Census Bureau estimates, the city had a total population of 51,443, making it the 13th-largest city in Missouri; the exact date the first settlers went to the Valley of Florissant is unknown, but it is one of the oldest settlements in the state of Missouri. Some historians believe; the first civil government was formed in 1786. Spanish archives in Havana reveal 40 people and seven plantations were in Florissant at the time of the 1787 census; the village, called "Fleurissant", meaning "Blooming" in English, by its French settlers and "St. Ferdinand" by its Spanish rulers, was a typical French village with its commons and common fields. A separate town, now an inner suburb of St. Louis, the community was centered on the parish of St. Ferdinand; as late as 1889, the town was predominantly French-speaking. The first train line to the area was constructed in 1878—an extension of the line which went from St. Louis City to Normandy.
The last train to Florissant ran on November 14, 1931. Following World War II, Florissant went from a small village community to a large suburban center, as developers such as Alfred H. Mayer Co. began building subdivisions on what was farmland and empty acreage. Around 18,000 houses were built between 1947 and 1980, the population swelled to its peak of about 76,000 in the mid-1970s, making it the largest city in St. Louis County. James J. Eagan was mayor of Florissant for 37 years from 1963 until his death on November 2, 2000, he was re-elected into office nine times, became one of the longest-serving mayors of any city in the United States. In his final year, he was awarded the title of Best Politician in St. Louis by the Riverfront Times; the civic center off Parker Road is named the James J. Eagan Community Center in his memory. In 2012, Florissant was ranked 76 in Money magazine's top-100 list of Best Places to Live – America's Best Small Cities. In 2014, Florissant ranked as the #1 Best Small City to Retire To in America and the second-safest city in Missouri.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.87 square miles, of which 12.56 square miles are land and 0.31 square mile is covered by water. At the 2010 census, there were 52,158 people, 21,247 households and 13,800 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,152.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 22,632 housing units at an average density of 1,801.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 58.3% White, 36.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 21,247 households of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age in the city was 38 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female. At the 2000 census, there were 50,497 people, 20,399 households and 13,687 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,442.4 per square mile. There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,849.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.66% White, 10.51% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.49% of the population. There were 20,399 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01. 24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males. The median household income was $44,462 and the median family income was $52,195. Males had a median income of $37,434 compared with $27,247 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,622. About 2.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. Florissant is covered by the Ferguson-Florissant public school districts. McCluer North High School and McCluer High School of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, North Technical High School are high schools in Florissant. Hazelwood Central is the only high school in Florissant belonging to the Hazelwood School District.
Hazelwood Northwest Middle School and several elementary schools are within the limits. North County Christian School is a pre-school to grade 12 Christian school, theologically associated with the Church