Nebraska City, Nebraska
Nebraska City is a city in, the county seat of, Otoe County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,289; the Nebraska State Legislature has credited Nebraska City as being the oldest incorporated city in the state, as it was the first approved by a special act of the Nebraska Territorial Legislature in 1855. Nebraska City is home of Arbor Day, the Missouri River Basin Lewis and Clark Center, the Mayhew Cabin, the only site in the state recognized by the National Park Service as a station on the Underground Railroad. Early European-American official exploration was reported in 1804 by Lewis and Clark as they journeyed west along the Missouri River, they encountered many of the historic Native American tribes whose ancestors had inhabited the territory for thousands of years. During the years of early pioneer settlement, in 1846 the US Army built Old Fort Kearny at Nebraska City. Several years the army abandoned it to relocate the fort to central Nebraska, now south of present-day Kearney.
Shortly after the post was vacated, John Boulware developed an important river-crossing and ferry service from Iowa to present-day Nebraska City. He and his father expanded their business and in 1852 or 1853 built a ferry house, the first residence in Nebraska City. In 1854 the Kansas–Nebraska Act allowed legal settlement in the regional area. Three townships were incorporated by settlers including Stephen Nuckolls, one of the fathers of Nebraska City. Nebraska City and Kearney City were incorporated in 1855, South Nebraska City was incorporated in 1856. During those years, Nebraska City competed fiercely to become the Nebraska Territory capital. On December 31, 1857, these three town sites along with Prairie City joined, incorporating as present-day Nebraska City. Before the American Civil War, Nebraska City was noted as having the Territory's largest population of slaves. Many worked on the riverfront as laborers, involved with moving freight and luggage associated with steamboat traffic. By the mid-19th century, steamboats on the Missouri River were the vitalizing force behind Nebraska City's growth, bringing commerce and freight to the west.
In the spring of 1858 Russell and Waddell started freighting from Nebraska City on a government contract to transport all provisions for all western forts. The supplies were brought up the Missouri River by steamboat and taken out by wagon train. Nebraska City's favorable position and good trail made it an important link to the west. Since that beginning, the city became established as a regional transportation and agriculture hub for the three state area. Additional forms of transportation were important, including the steam wagon and the first locomotive engine of the Midland Pacific. J. Sterling Morton came to Nebraska City in 1855 to edit the Nebraska City News. From Michigan, he and his wife Caroline were lovers of nature. Morton served as Secretary of Agriculture under President Grover Cleveland’s administration and in 1872 he was instrumental in establishing the annual tree planting day, Arbor Day. Governor Robert Furnas of Nebraska issued the first Arbor Day Proclamation on March 31, 1874.
The holiday is celebrated around the world. Nebraska City has St Marys Hospital; as the county seat, it has associated county offices. Nebraska City is located at 40°40′34″N 95°51′35″W, on the western bank of the Missouri River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.69 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,289 people, 2,960 households, 1,867 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,554.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,265 housing units at an average density of 696.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.9% of the population. There were 2,960 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.9% were non-families.
31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 40.9 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,228 people, 2,898 households, 1,872 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,633.6 people per square mile. There were 3,154 housing units at an average density of 712.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.00% White, 0.37% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.01% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% of the population. There were 2,898 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families.
30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the
Fremont is a city in Dodge County in the eastern portion of the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States. The population was 26,397 at the 2010 census. Fremont is the home of Midland University. From the 1830s to the 1860s, the area saw a great deal of traffic due to the Mormon Trail, which passed along the north bank of the Platte River. A ferry connected the two banks of the Elkhorn River near Fremont, it was a major overland route for emigrant settlers going to the military and hunters. Fremont was laid out in 1856 in anticipation, it was named after the American explorer and military official General John C. Frémont. By 1857, there were 13 log houses in the town; the Union Pacific Railroad reached the town in 1866 becoming the first railroad into the future rail hub. Sioux City and Pacific Railroad completed track into the town in 1868 with the Elkhorn Valley Railroad arriving in 1869. Due to the town's geographically central location, the First Transcontinental Telegraph line and highway passed through or near Fremont.
Original brick portions of the "Old Lincoln Highway" located east of Fremont, on the way to Omaha. Fremont is the namesake for the Fremont neighborhood in Seattle, settled by Luther H. Griffith and Edward Blewett from Fremont. On January 10, 1976, in downtown Fremont, the Pathfinder Hotel exploded due to a natural gas leak in the basement. At the time the hotel was being used as apartments occupied by senior citizens, it was a meeting place for philanthropic and business organizations, had a drug store on the northwest corner. The explosion shattered windows around the city, the ensuing fire killed 23 people and destroyed most of the city block of the hotel. Fremont gained national attention in 2010 when residents approved a referendum that would ban illegal immigrants from renting and working in the town. Fremont is located along the Platte River 35 miles northwest of the largest city in the area, 50 miles northeast of the state capitol, Lincoln. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.85 square miles, of which, 8.80 square miles is land and 0.05 square miles is water.
Fremont is quite flat, lying in the river plain between the Platte and Elkhorn rivers, at an elevation of 366 meters above sea level. Fremont is the county seat of Dodge County, is the financial and social center of the area. Facilitated by the completion of the US Highway 275 and Highway 30 bypass around Fremont, from Omaha, eastern Fremont is growing as a bedroom community for Omaha; as of the census of 2010, there were 26,397 people, 10,725 households, 6,862 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,999.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,427 housing units at an average density of 1,298.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 0.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.9% of the population. There were 10,725 households of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.0% were non-families.
30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 38 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 25,174 people, 10,171 households, 6,672 families residing in the city, which makes it the 6th largest city in Nebraska; the population density was 3,393.3 people per square mile. There were 10,576 housing units at an average density of 1,425.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.28% White, 0.57% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.29% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.31% of the population. There were 10,171 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families.
29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,700, the median income for a family was $45,259. Males had a median income of $31,865 versus $21,035 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,006. About 5.1% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. As of 2016, Fremont's single largest employer was Hormel Foods, with an estimated 1000–1500 workers, whose hog-processing plant has been desc
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north, it is the only triply landlocked U. S. state. Nebraska's area is just over 77,220 square miles with a population of 1.9 million people. Its state capital is Lincoln, its largest city is Omaha, on the Missouri River. Indigenous peoples, including Omaha, Ponca, Pawnee and various branches of the Lakota tribes, lived in the region for thousands of years before European exploration; the state is crossed including that of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Nebraska was admitted as the 37th state of the United States in 1867, it is the only state in the United States whose legislature is unicameral and nonpartisan. Nebraska is composed of two major land regions: the Great Plains; the Dissected Till Plains region consist of rolling hills and contains the state's largest cities and Lincoln. The Great Plains region, occupying most of western Nebraska, is characterized by treeless prairie, suitable for cattle-grazing.
Nebraska has two major climatic zones. The eastern half of the state has a humid continental climate; the western half of the state has a semi-arid climate. The state has wide variations between winter and summer temperatures, variations that decrease moving south in the state. Violent thunderstorms and tornadoes occur during spring and summer and sometimes in autumn. Chinook winds tend to warm the state in the winter and early spring. Nebraska's name is derived from transliteration of the archaic Otoe words Ñí Brásge, pronounced, or the Omaha Ní Btháska, meaning "flat water", after the Platte River that flows through the state. Indigenous peoples lived in the region of present-day Nebraska for thousands of years before European exploration; the historic tribes in the state included the Omaha, Ponca, Pawnee and various branches of the Lakota, some of which migrated from eastern areas into this region. When European exploration and settlement began, both Spain and France sought to control the region.
In the 1690s, Spain established trade connections with the Apaches, whose territory included western Nebraska. By 1703, France had developed a regular trade with the native peoples along the Missouri River in Nebraska, by 1719 had signed treaties with several of these peoples. After war broke out between the two countries, Spain dispatched an armed expedition to Nebraska under Lieutenant General Pedro de Villasur in 1720; the party was attacked and destroyed near present-day Columbus by a large force of Pawnees and Otoes, both allied to the French. The massacre ended Spanish exploration of the area for the remainder of the 18th century. In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, France ceded the Louisiana territory to Spain; this left Spain competing for dominance along the Mississippi. In response, Spain dispatched two trading expeditions up the Missouri in 1794 and 1795; that year, Mackay's party built a trading post, dubbed Fort Carlos IV, near present-day Homer. In 1819, the United States established Fort Atkinson as the first U.
S. Army post west of the Missouri River, just east of present-day Fort Calhoun; the army abandoned the fort in 1827. European-American settlement was scarce until the California Gold Rush. On May 30, 1854, the US Congress created the Kansas and the Nebraska territories, divided by the Parallel 40° North, under the Kansas–Nebraska Act; the Nebraska Territory included parts of the current states of Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana. The territorial capital of Nebraska was Omaha. In the 1860s, after the U. S. government forced many of the Native American tribes to cede their lands and settle on reservations, it opened large tracts of land to agricultural development by Europeans and Americans. Under the Homestead Act, thousands of settlers migrated into Nebraska to claim free land granted by the federal government; because so few trees grew on the prairies, many of the first farming settlers built their homes of sod, as had Native Americans such as the Omaha. The first wave of settlement gave the territory a sufficient population to apply for statehood.
Nebraska became the 37th state on March 1, 1867, the capital was moved from Omaha to the center at Lancaster renamed Lincoln after the assassinated President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. The battle of Massacre Canyon on August 5, 1873, was the last major battle between the Pawnee and the Sioux. During the 1870s to the 1880s, Nebraska experienced a large growth in population. Several factors contributed to attracting new residents; the first was. This helped settlers to learn the unfamiliar geography of the area; the second factor was the invention of several farming technologies. Agricultural inventions such as barbed wire, wind mills, the steel plow, combined with good weather, enabled settlers to use of Nebraska as prime farming land. By the 1880s, Nebraska's population
Lincoln is the capital of the U. S. state of Nebraska and the county seat of Lancaster County. The city covers 94.267 square miles with a population of 284,736 in 2017. It is the 71st-largest in the United States; the city is the economic and cultural anchor of a larger metropolitan area in the southeastern part of the state called the Lincoln Metropolitan and Lincoln-Beatrice Combined Statistical Areas. The statistical area is home to 353,120 people, making it the 106th-largest combined statistical area in the United States; the city was founded in 1856 as the village of Lancaster on the wild salt marshes of what was to become Lancaster County. In 1867, the village of Lancaster was renamed Lincoln; the Bertram G. Goodhue-designed state capitol building was completed in 1932 and is the second tallest capitol in the United States; as the city is the seat of government for the state of Nebraska, the state and the United States government are major employers. The University of Nebraska was founded in Lincoln in 1867.
The university is the largest in Nebraska with 26,079 students enrolled and is the city's third-largest employer. Other primary employers fall within the service and manufacturing industries, including a growing high-tech sector; the region makes up a part of. Designated as a "refugee-friendly" city by the U. S. Department of State in the 1970s, the city was the twelfth-largest resettlement site per capita in the United States by 2000. Refugee Vietnamese, Karen and Yazidi people, as well as other refugees from Iraq & the Middle East, have been resettled in the city. Lincoln Public Schools during the school year of 2017–18 provided support for 3,100 students from 100 countries, who spoke 50 different languages. Prior to the expansion westward of settlers, the prairie was covered with buffalo grass. Plains Indians, descendants of indigenous peoples who occupied the area for thousands of years, lived in and hunted along Salt Creek; the Pawnee, which included four tribes, lived in villages along the Platte River.
The Great Sioux Nation, including the Ihanktowan-Ihanktowana and the Lakota located to the north and west, used Nebraska as a hunting and skirmish ground, although they did not have any long-term settlements in the state. An occasional buffalo could still be seen in the plat of Lincoln in the 1860s. Lincoln was founded in 1856 as the village of Lancaster and became the county seat of the newly created Lancaster County in 1859; the village was sited on the east bank of Salt Creek. The first settlers were attracted to the area due to the abundance of salt. Once J. Sterling Morton developed his salt mines in Kansas, salt in the village was no longer a viable commodity. Captain W. T. Donovan, a former steamer captain, his family settled on Salt Creek in 1856. In the fall of 1859, the village settlers met to form a county. A caucus was formed and the committee, which included Captain Donovan, selected the village of Lancaster to be the county seat; the county was named Lancaster. After the passage of the 1862 Homestead Act, homesteaders began to inhabit the area.
The first plat was dated August 6, 1864. By the close of 1868, Lancaster had a population of 500 people; the township of Lancaster was renamed Lincoln with the incorporation of the city of Lincoln on April 1, 1869. In 1869, the University of Nebraska was established in Lincoln by the state with a land grant of about 130,000 acres. Construction of University Hall, the first building, began the same year. Nebraska was granted statehood on March 1, 1867; the capital of the Nebraska Territory had been Omaha since the creation of the territory in 1854. After much of the territory south of the Platte River considered annexation to Kansas, the territorial legislature voted to locate the capital city south of the river and as far west as possible. Prior to the vote to remove the capital city from Omaha, a last ditch effort by Omaha Senator J. N. H. Patrick attempted to derail the move by having the future capital city named after assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. Many of the people south of the Platte River had been sympathetic to the Confederate cause in the concluded Civil War.
It was assumed that senators south of the river would not vote to pass the measure if the future capital was named after the former president. In the end, the motion to name the future capital city Lincoln was ineffective in blocking the measure and the vote to change the capital's location south of the Platte River was successful with the passage of the Removal Act in 1867; the Removal Act called for the formation of a Capital Commission to locate a site for the capital on state-owned land. The Commission, composed of Governor David Butler, Secretary of State Thomas Kennard and Auditor John Gillespie, began to tour sites on July 18, 1867, for the new capital city; the village of Lancaster was chosen, in part due to the salt marshes. Lancaster had 30 residents. Disregarding the original plat of the village of Lancaster, Thomas Kennard platted Lincoln on a broader scale; the plat of the village of Lancaster was not abandoned. To raise money for the construction of a capital city, a successful auction of lots was held.
Newcomers began to arrive and Lincoln's population grew. The Nebraska State Capitol was completed on December 1, 1868; the Kennard house, built in 1869, is the old
Columbus is a city in and the county seat of Platte County, in the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States. The population was 22,111 at the 2010 census. In the 18th century, the area around the confluence of the Platte and the Loup Rivers was used by a variety of Native American tribes, including Pawnee, Otoe and Omaha; the Pawnee are thought to have descended from the Protohistoric Lower Loup Culture. In 1720, Pawnee and Otoe allied with the French massacred the Spanish force led by Pedro de Villasur just south of the present site of Columbus. In the 19th century, the "Great Platte River Road"—the valley of the Platte and North Platte Rivers running from Fort Kearny to Fort Laramie— was the principal route of the westward expansion. For travellers following the north bank of the Platte, the Loup River, with its soft banks and quicksands, represented a major obstacle. In the absence of a ferry or a bridge, most of these followed the Loup for a considerable distance upstream before attempting a crossing: the first major wave of Mormon emigrants, for instance, continued up that river to a point about three miles downstream from present-day Fullerton.
The site of Columbus was settled by the Columbus Town Company on May 28, 1856. The group took its name from Columbus, where most of the settlers had lived; the townsite was selected for its location on the proposed route of the transcontinental railroad. Just west of the Columbus site, the Elk Horn and Loup Fork Bridge and Ferry Company, headed by James C. Mitchell, had laid out the townsite of Pawnee. In 1855, Mitchell had obtained from the First Nebraska Territorial Legislature the right to operate a ferry across the Loup River; the two companies consolidated in November 1856. At the time of its initial settling, the land Columbus occupied still belonged to the Pawnee. However, in 1857, the Pawnee signed a treaty whereunder they gave up the bulk of their Nebraska lands, save for a reservation on what is now Nance County, Nebraska. In 1858, the Platte County Commissioners passed an act of incorporation making Columbus a town, it became the county seat shortly thereafter. In that same year, at the recommendation of the U.
S. Army, a ferry across the Loup was installed. Growth of the town was slow until 1863. In that year, construction began in Omaha on the transcontinental railroad; the Homestead Act, passed the previous year, attracted a host of settlers to the Plains and gave rise to increased emigrant traffic business. The ferry across the Loup was replaced by a seasonal pontoon bridge, used in the summer and taken up in the winter; the railroad reached Columbus in June 1866, when the city's population was about 75. The energetic and eccentric promoter George Francis Train envisioned building "a magnificent highway of cities" from coast to coast along the Union Pacific route. In 1865, he bought several hundred lots in the city. In the following year, seeing the nearby townsite of Cleveland as a threat to his plans for Columbus, he bought the only building on the site, a hotel, moved it to Columbus, he renamed the building the Credit Foncier Hotel, after Credit Foncier of America. Train believed that the capital of the United States should be in the geographic center of the nation, promoted Columbus as "...the new center of the Union and quite the future capital of the U.
S. A."Columbus grew and prospered during the 1870s, as a result of both expanding agriculture in Platte County and traffic on the railroad. During the decade, the population of the county grew threefold, Columbus became the trade center for an eight-county area; the Black Hills Gold Rush in 1875 led the city's merchants to promote it as a staging and outfitting area for gold seekers, who could ride the railroad to Columbus and travel overland to the gold fields. In 1879, Columbus became the focus of a war between railroad companies; the Burlington and Missouri proposed to develop a line from Lincoln through Columbus and into northwestern Nebraska, urged the citizens of Platte County to vote a bond of $100,000 for construction expenses. Union Pacific financier Jay Gould, displeased at the prospect of competition, informed the voters of the county that if the measure passed, he would do his best to ruin Columbus. After a heated campaign, the measure passed despite Gould's threats; the Burlington and Missouri stopped there.
Gould sought to make good on his threat. When the Union Pacific developed its subsidiary Omaha and Black Hills Railroad, he directed that it cross the Loup River at Lost Creek run south to join the Union Pacific's main line at Jackson, bypassing Columbus. For Columbus, an ice jam destroyed the Lost Creek bridge in the spring of 1881. Railroad officials agreed to reroute the line down the north bank of the Loup to Columbus in exchange for a $25,000 contribution from the city. In 1911, the Meridian Highway project was launched with the formation of a Meridian Road association in Kansas; that same year, John Nicholson, originator of the highway, spoke at a meeting in Columbus, at which the Nebraska Meridian Road Association was
Kearney is a city in and the county seat of Buffalo County, United States. The population was 30,787 at the 2010 census, it is home to the University of Nebraska at Kearney. The westward push of the railroad as the Civil War ended gave birth to the community. Kearney is located at 40°42′3″N 99°4′52″W. Strategically located on I-80 with convenient access to major markets like Omaha-Lincoln, Kansas City, Des Moines and Cheyenne, Kearney is at the center of a 7-state region and 20 million people. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.00 square miles, of which, 12.77 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles is water. Kearney is the principal city of the Kearney, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of Buffalo and Kearney counties; as of the census of 2010, there were 30,787 people, 12,201 households, 7,015 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,410.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,738 housing units at an average density of 997.5 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 1.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 3.1% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.3% of the population. There were 12,201 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age in the city was 29 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,952 people, 10,549 households, 6,160 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,498.5 people per square mile. There were 11,099 housing units at an average density of 1,010.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 95.18% White, 0.63% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population. There were 10,549 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 23.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,829, the median income for a family was $46,650.
Males had a median income of $30,150 versus $22,366 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,713. About 7.4% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over. The original settlement in the area was called Dobytown, located 2 miles southeast of the present-day Kearney; the city was moved and renamed after the nearby Fort Kearny, a United States Army outpost along the Oregon Trail in the middle of the 19th century. The fort was named after Colonel Stephen W. Kearny; the "e" was added by mistake sometime afterwards by postmen who misspelled the town name. The current location of the city is on the north side of the Platte River and grew as a result of the influence of the railroad. In 1912, a Catholic Diocese was centered here; this status was removed with the creation of other dioceses. In 1997, the city began to be used; the council-manager form is used in Kearney. The City Council makes policy-making decisions.
There are five members elected citywide to serve four-year terms. The council manager form of government was adopted in 1950. Michael W. Morgan serves as city manager; the council appoints a city manager to implement policies, prepare a budget, appoints department heads, recommends areas that the council needs to attend. There are five members elected citywide serving staggered four-year terms. One member of the City Council is chosen by the council to be Mayor. Stanley Clouse is the Mayor. Kearney Public Schools operates 3 preschools, 12 elementary schools, 2 middle schools, Kearney High School Zion Lutheran School Faith Christian School of Kearney Kearney West High School, at the Youth Rehabilitation and Treatment Center Kearney Catholic High School University of Nebraska at Kearney is located in the city; the campus is a 235-acre residential campus with more than 37 buildings. It was founded in 1905 as Nebraska State Normal School at Kearney and became Nebraska State Teachers College in 1921.
Between 1963 and 1991 the school was known as Kearney State College. The college's name was changed to University of Nebraska at Kearney in 1991 when it joined the University of Nebraska system
Blair is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, United States. The population was 7,990 at the 2010 census. Blair is a part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs Metropolitan Statistical Area. Blair was platted in 1869 when the Sioux Pacific Railroad was extended to that point, it was named for railroad magnate John Insley Blair, credited with bringing the railroad to town. Blair was incorporated as a city in 1872.}Within its first year, Blair was designated county seat. In March 1869, a small child playing on a railroad turntable in town was injured on the turntable; the father sued the railway for damages, leading all the way up to the Supreme Court of The United States in the 1873 case Sioux City & Pacific Railroad Co. v. Stout. In 1874, during the Panic of 1873, a grasshopper storm enveloped the region. Many Nebraskans were faced with starvation. An organization, the Nebraska Relief and Aid Society was formed in order to help affected persons. A law was passed by congress awarding $100,000 relief, many Blair citizens were awarded money.
Both the newspapers and the railroads in the region helped transport supplies free of charge. Both the Nebraska State Guard and the United States Army helped distribute clothing. In 1882, construction of the Chicago and Northwestern Bridge across the Missouri River started; the bridge was authorized by an Act of Congress on June 27, 1882, construction started in September 1882. The total cost of the bridge was $1.13 Million. By November 1883, the bridge was open for traffic. In 1916, Blair was awarded a $10,000 grant to build a Carnegie Library. An electrical fire occurred on the night of July 23, 1973, the historic library was deemed a total loss. Blair was the location of the fulfillment arm of D. L. Blair, an advertising agency known for running contests and sweepstakes for McDonalds, Procter & Gamble, Television shows and many others."D. L. Blair". AdAge Encyclopedia.. D. L. Blair ceased operations in September 2016."Sweepstakes pioneer D. L. Blair closes". Washington County Enterprise. Blair is located at 41°32′44″N 96°8′4″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.51 square miles, of which, 5.49 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. Blair has its own hospital, the Memorial Community Hospital, being the county seat has a courthouse located in town; as of the census of 2010, there were 7,990 people, 3,110 households, 2,005 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,455.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,351 housing units at an average density of 610.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 3,110 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.5% were non-families.
30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the city was 36 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,512 people, 2,871 households, 1,891 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,617.3 people per square mile. There were 3,033 housing units at an average density of 653.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.43% White, 0.44% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population. There were 2,871 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families.
29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $41,214, the median income for a family was $52,114. Males had a median income of $36,839 versus $25,452 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,240. About 6.2% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Blair is served by the local weekly newspaper Enterprise. Blair is served by Walnut Radio Station 97.3 KOBM-FM Part of the Nebraska Statewide Arboretum collection From 1896-1954, Blair was home to Trinity Seminary, a school of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church Blair is located along the historic Lincoln Highway Tower of the Four Winds -Black Elk-Neihardt Park stands as a memorial to John G. Neihardt and Black Elk, the Lakota Sioux holy man.
It is a part of the Blair Community Schools. Bla