Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t
ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah
ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah Theda Clark Medical Center, is a hospital in the north central United States, located on the south end of Doty Island in Neenah, Wisconsin. It is a member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network; the medical center is dedicated to Theda Clark Peters, daughter of Charles B. Clark, a philanthropist and one of the founders of Kimberly-Clark Corporation. A renowned community activist herself, she died at age 32 at her home while giving birth in 1903. Recognizing the need for an area hospital, her family donated $96,000 to build a hospital in 1909 in her memory, donated another $50,000 to establish a fund to pay for care for those who couldn't afford it. ThedaCare was in the process of seeking the closure of the hospital along with ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton, they would have built a brand new mega-hospital to serve the Fox Cities. A representative of the company stated that investing in a new hospital would make more sense than investing in the remodeling of both hospitals.
The representative said that newer medical procedures, bring the need for different facilities. ThedaCare cited the need for a larger Intensive care unit to cope with the increased demand for beds in the unit. On October 25, 2017, it was announced that the plan was abandoned and instead they would focus on remodeling the two hospitals; the hospital, called Theda Clark Hospital back was completed in October 1909. Over the years, the hospital had additions; the hospital gained an Intensive Care Unit, a NICU, a pain clinic, a transport helicopter. In 2015, the name Theda Clark was changed to Theda Care. ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton Official website Theda Clark Memorial Hospital From A History of Neenah Theda Clark Hospital at If Neenah's Walls could Talk
ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton
ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton Appleton Medical Center, Appleton Memorial Hospital, serves the northern side of the city of Appleton, Wisconsin. The hospital was chartered by the State of Wisconsin in 1949. After a 12-year fundraising effort, Appleton Memorial Hospital opened in 1958; the hospital was renamed Appleton Medical Center in 1984. In 1987, this hospital merged financially with ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah to form the Novus Health Group, now called ThedaCare. ThedaCare was in the process of seeking the closure of the hospital along with ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah, they would have built a brand new mega-hospital to serve the Fox Cities. A representative of the company stated that investing in a new hospital would make more sense than investing in the remodeling of both hospitals; the representative said that newer medical procedures, bring the need for different facilities. ThedaCare cited the need for a larger Intensive care unit to cope with the increased demand for beds in the unit.
On October 25, 2017, it was announced that the plan was abandoned and instead they would focus on remodeling the two hospitals. ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire and accident victims to a sudden illness. A district hospital is the major health care facility in its region, with a large number of beds for intensive care and additional beds for patients who need long-term care. Specialized hospitals include trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children's hospitals, seniors' hospitals, hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric treatment and certain disease categories. Specialized hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals. Hospitals are classified as general, specialty, or government depending on the sources of income received. A teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical nurses; the medical facility smaller than a hospital is called a clinic.
Hospitals have a range of departments and specialist units such as cardiology. Some hospitals have outpatient departments and some have chronic treatment units. Common support units include a pharmacy and radiology. Hospitals are funded by the public sector, health organisations, health insurance companies, or charities, including direct charitable donations. Hospitals were founded and funded by religious orders, or by charitable individuals and leaders. Hospitals are staffed by professional physicians, surgeons and allied health practitioners, whereas in the past, this work was performed by the members of founding religious orders or by volunteers. However, there are various Catholic religious orders, such as the Alexians and the Bon Secours Sisters that still focus on hospital ministry in the late 1990s, as well as several other Christian denominations, including the Methodists and Lutherans, which run hospitals. In accordance with the original meaning of the word, hospitals were "places of hospitality", this meaning is still preserved in the names of some institutions such as the Royal Hospital Chelsea, established in 1681 as a retirement and nursing home for veteran soldiers.
During the Middle Ages, hospitals served different functions from modern institutions. Middle Ages hospitals were hostels for pilgrims, or hospital schools; the word "hospital" comes from the Latin hospes, signifying a foreigner, hence a guest. Another noun derived from this, hospitium came to signify hospitality, the relation between guest and shelterer, hospitality and hospitable reception. By metonymy the Latin word came to mean a guest-chamber, guest's lodging, an inn. Hospes is thus the root for the English words host hospitality, hospice and hotel; the latter modern word derives from Latin via the ancient French romance word hostel, which developed a silent s, which letter was removed from the word, the loss of, signified by a circumflex in the modern French word hôtel. The German word'Spital' shares similar roots; the grammar of the word differs depending on the dialect. In the United States, hospital requires an article; some patients go to a hospital just for diagnosis, treatment, or therapy and leave without staying overnight.
Hospitals are distinguished from other types of medical facilities by their ability to admit and care for inpatients whilst the others, which are smaller, are described as clinics. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital known as an acute-care hospital; these facilities handle many kinds of disease and injury, have an emergency department or trauma center to deal with immediate and urgent threats to health. Larger cities may have several hospitals of facilities; some hospitals in the United States and Canada, have their own ambulance service. A district hospital is the major health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care, critical care, long-term care. In California, "district hospital" refers to a class of healthcare facility created shortly after World War II to address a shortage of hospital beds in many local communities. Today, district hospitals are the sole public hospitals in 19 of California's counties, are the sole locally-accessible hospital within nine additional counties in which one or more other hospitals are present at substantial distance from a local community.
Twenty-eight of California's rural hospitals and 20 of its critical-access hospitals are district hospitals. They are formed by local municipalities, have boards that are individually elected by their local communities, exist to serve local needs, they are a important provider of healthcare to uninsured patients and patients with Medi-Cal. In 2012, district hospitals provided $54 million in uncompensated care in California. Types of specialised hospitals incl
Froedtert Hospital, located in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, is a teaching hospital and a Level I adult trauma center, one of two such facilities in Wisconsin. Froedtert is the primary teaching affiliate of the Medical College of Wisconsin, where MCW students and residents receive their clinical education. Froedtert is licensed for 550 beds. Froedtert is located on the Milwaukee Regional Medical Center grounds, a consortium of six health care institutions. Froedtert is an organ transplant center, performing heart, kidney and pancreas transplants. Froedtert was the first hospital in Wisconsin and was the second academic hospital in the U. S. to be primary stroke center certified by the Joint Commission. The Eye Institute manages all serious types of eye conditions, it is nationally ranked in the areas of Endocrinology and Respiratory Disorders. Froedtert, founded as Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital opened on September 29, 1980, was named after Kurtis Froedtert, the Milwaukee businessman who donated $11 million to found the hospital after his death in 1951.
The year of Froedtert's opening, it functioned as a "half-service" hospital, sharing operations with nearby Milwaukee County Hospital, renamed the John L. Doyne Hospital. In 1995, Froedtert bought the assets of Milwaukee County Hospital, functioned as a full-service hospital. In 2001, Froedtert Hospital and Community Memorial Hospital in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin merged and formed Froedtert and Community Health. In July 2008, Froedtert and Community Health bought SynergyHealth in West Bend, which included St. Joseph's Hospital West Bend, the West Bend Clinic. In 2010, Froedtert and Community Health changed its name to Froedtert Health; the name change was to create a more unified organization with the health care system's recent acquisitions. Froedtert is partnered with other hospital systems in Wisconsin to provide the same high-level care in those areas as it does in the Milwaukee metropolitan area, is affiliated with Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, as both hospitals are on the same medical campus.
Other hospital systems Froedtert is partnered with are. In 2007, Froedtert received a Solucient Top 100 Cardiovascular Hospital Award, it is undergoing an expansion in Cancer Services, as well as a renovation of the emergency department. In 2009, a national scorecard measuring the clinical quality and cost performance of nonprofit academic medical centers ranked Froedtert & The Medical College of Wisconsin in the nation's top 10 of U. S. academic medical centers. The ranking is conducted annually by the University HealthSystem Consortium, a national alliance of 103 academic medical centers and 219 of their affiliated hospitals, representing about 90 percent of the nation’s non-profit academic medical centers; the UHC collects and analyzes data from its members about clinical and patient safety performance, releases an annual quality and accountability scorecard Sharing the Regional Medical Center Campus with Froedtert is the Ronald McDonald House, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Curative Rehabilitation, Medical College of Wisconsin, the BloodCenter of Wisconsin.
Froedtert has been recognized by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Magnet Recognition Program.. In 2014, Froedtert was named a "Diagnostic Imaging Center of Excellence" by the American College of Radiology. Froedtert.com
Marshfield Clinic is a health care system in northern and western Wisconsin, with two hospitals and over 50 clinic locations as of June 2015. The clinic was founded in 1916 by 6 local physicians: K. W. Doege, William Hipke, Victor Mason, Walter G. Sexton, H. H. Milbee, Roy P. Potter, in the community of Marshfield, Wisconsin. Marshfield Clinic Research Institute is a not-for-profit research organization composed of five research centers: the National Farm Medicine Center, which houses the National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, directed by Barbara C. Lee; the Laird Center for Medical Research, named after former U. S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird, is a medical research and education facility on the campus of Marshfield Clinic; the Lawton Center for Medical Research is a similar facility dedicated to Ben Lawton, a thoracic surgeon at Marshfield Clinic during the 20th century. Marshfield Clinic Education Foundation, which provides residency programs for medical school graduates in internal medicine, pediatrics and pediatrics, surgery.
About 125 members of the Marshfield Clinic staff hold clinical teaching appointments from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Marshfield Clinic Laboratories is a system of laboratories that employs more than 450 people and performs more than 20 million tests annually, it has separate services for food safety and veterinary diagnostics. Marshfield Clinic's health maintenance organization, Security Health Plan of Wisconsin, Inc. was established in 1986 as an outgrowth of the Greater Marshfield Community Health Plan, which began in 1971 as one of the earliest HMOs in the country. Marshfield Food Safety, LLC is a food testing laboratory, founded by Marshfield Clinic in 2002. Marshfield Clinic website Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation website Marshfield Clinic Laboratories Marshfield Food Safety, LLC
Mercyhealth is a non-profit health care provider and hospital system based in Janesville, Wisconsin. It is a vertically integrated health care system with 70 facilities serving a total of 26 communities throughout southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois; as part of its diversified, vertically integrated system, Mercy Health operates over four core service areas: hospital-based service, clinic service, post-acute care, retail. The original Janesville City Hospital was founded in 1883 by Dr. Henry Palmer, a Civil War surgeon general who had trained Daniel Hale Williams; the hospital was renamed Palmer Memorial Hospital and was operated by his son Dr. William Palmer. Soon after it was bought by the Sisters of Mercy of Chicago who renamed it Palmer Memorial Mercy Hospital; the Mercy Sisters worked as trained nurses during the Civil War, after the war they took on the work of public health care. Need for expansion led to the Sisters of Mercy opening a 50-bed Mercy Hospital facility in Janesville in 1913, which grew through renovation into a 150-bed facility by 1920.
In the second half of the 20th century the Sisters of Mercy began to divest itself of its health care holdings, including the Janesville hospital, Mercy became an independent organization. At that same time, Mercy Health grew out of their old hospital and built a 275-bed facility in downtown Janesville, the site of the current Mercy Hospital and Trauma Center. In 1989, Mercy's volunteer board of directors selected Javon R. Bea as its president and CEO; when Bea became CEO, Mercy Health System could only claim $33 million in annual revenue, had only 589 total employees in a single hospital location, only saw an estimated 89,000 patients yearly. As of 2015, Mercy Health sees an average of 1.2 million patients every year, employs over 4,000 people across seventy locations, can claim $1.3 billion in annual revenue. In 1998, Modern Healthcare magazine ranked Mercy at the top of its "Fastest Fifty", ranking providers by net patient revenue growth. In 2006, Mercy Health System was ranked first in the nation by the AARP for providing employment options for people over age 50, it received an award from the Hospitals for a Healthy Environment green hospitals program.
In 2007, Mercy Health System was awarded the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. It was ranked 11th of the Top 100 Integrated Health Networks for 2008 by Modern Healthcare magazine. Working Mother magazine listed Mercy among its 100 Best Companies for 2012 for its child care, flexible scheduling options, leave policies, advancement programs. Among numerous other awards received in 2013, Mercy Health System was again ranked by the AARP on their "Best Employers for Workers over 50" ranking number five. In 2014, Mercy received Magnet recognition from the American Nurses Credentialing Center; the Magnet Recognition Program recognizes health care organizations for quality patient care, nursing excellence and innovations in professional nursing practice. On October 23, 2014, the boards of Rockford Health System and Mercy Health System unanimously signed off on a merger of the two systems. Javon Bea, president and CEO of Janesville, Wisconsin-based Mercy Health, will lead the new parent system and sit on its board.
The merged system will be forth known as Mercyhealth. The merged system includes five hospitals, more than 550 physicians and 80 outpatient clinics in Illinois and Wisconsin. Rockford Health System has a 61-bed rehab center. Mercy has hospitals in Janesville and Lake Geneva, a 15-bed facility in Harvard, Illinois. Mr. Bea said this partnership adds specialty neonatal care that Mercy does not offer; the merged system will open a new hospital in Rockford specializing in the health of women and children. In September 2018 it was announced that Javon Bea Hospital will be the name of the new hospital within the Mercyhealth Riverside Campus, the $505 million complex on the property. In addition, the hospital within the Mercyhealth Rockton Avenue Campus will be called Javon Bea Hospital; the naming announcement was made at a news conference at the Riverside Boulevard hospital attended by about 200 people, including Bea's wife Vita Bea and their five children. Javon Bea Hospital at Mercyhealth Rockton Avenue Campus, Illinois Mercyhealth Hospital and Trauma Center, Wisconsin Javon Bea Hospital at Mercyhealth Riverside Campus, Illinois - to be completed in 2019 Van Matre HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital, Illinois Mercyhealth Hospital and Medical Center - Walworth, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin Mercy Harvard Hospital, Illinois In addition to their main hospitals and clinics, Mercy Health System operates over 65 different medical and specialty centers throughout their service area.
Some of these locations include men's and women's health centers, a thrift store, several vision centers, a Hospice care facility, a 30-bed homeless shelter. Locations: WisconsinBeloit, Wisconsin Brodhead, Wisconsin Delavan, Wisconsin Edgerton, Wisconsin Evansville, Wisconsin Janesville, Wisconsin Lake Geneva, Wisconsin Milton, Wisconsin Sharon, Wisconsin Whitewater, WisconsinIllinoisAlgonquin, Illinois Barrington, Illinois Crystal Lake, Illinois Harvard, Illinois Lake in the Hills, Illinois McHenry, Illinois Richmond, Illinois Rockford, Illinois Vernon Hills, Illinois Woodstock, Illinois Official website