Harrogate is a spa town in North Yorkshire, England. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town is a tourist destination and its visitor attractions include its spa waters and RHS Harlow Carr gardens. 13 miles away from the town centre is the Yorkshire Dales national park and the Nidderdale AONB. Harrogate grew out of two smaller settlements, High Harrogate and Low Harrogate, in the 17th century. Since 2013, polls have voted the town as "the happiest place to live" in Britain. Harrogate spa water contains iron and common salt; the town became known as'The English Spa' in the Georgian era, after its waters were discovered in the 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries its'chalybeate' waters were a popular health treatment, the influx of wealthy but sickly visitors contributed to the wealth of the town. Harrogate railway station and Harrogate bus station in the town centre provide transport connections. Leeds Bradford International Airport is 10 miles southwest of Harrogate; the main roads through the town are the A61, connecting Harrogate to Leeds and Ripon, the A59, connecting the town to York and Skipton.
Harrogate is connected to Wetherby and the A1, by the A661. The town of Harrogate had a population of 71,594 at the 2001 UK census; the town motto is Arx celebris fontibus, which means "a citadel famous for its springs." The name Harrogate is first attested in the 1330s as Harwegate and Harrowgate. The origin of the name is uncertain, it may derive from Old Norse hǫrgr'a heap of stones, cairn' + gata'street', in which case the name meant'road to the cairn'. Another possibility is that the name means "the way to Harlow"; the form Harlowgate is known from 1518, in the court rolls of Edward II. In medieval times Harrogate was a place on the borders of the township of Bilton with Harrogate in the ancient Parish of Knaresborough, the parish of Pannal known as Beckwith with Rossett; the part within the township of Bilton developed into the community of High Harrogate, the part within Pannal developed into the community of Low Harrogate. Both communities were within the Royal Forest of Knaresborough. In 1372 King Edward III granted the Royal Forest to his son John, Duke of Lancaster, the Duchy of Lancaster became the principal landowner in Harrogate.
Harrogate's development is owed to the discovery of its chalybeate and sulphur rich spring water from the 16th century. The first mineral spring was discovered in 1571 by William Slingsby who found that water from the Tewit Well in High Harrogate possessed similar properties to that from springs in the Belgian town of Spa, which gave its name to spa towns; the medicinal properties of the waters were publicised by Edmund Deane. His book, Spadacrene Anglica, or the English Spa Fountain was published in 1626. In the 17th and 18th centuries further chalybeate springs were discovered in High Harrogate, both chalybeate and sulphur springs were found in Low Harrogate; the two communities attracted many visitors. A number of inns were opened for visitors in High Harrogate in the 17th century In Low Harrogate the Crown was open by the mid 18th century, earlier. In accordance with an Enclosure Act of 1770, promoted by the Duchy of Lancaster, the Royal Forest of Knaresborough was enclosed; the enclosure award of 1778 clarified ownership of land in the Harrogate area.
Under the award 200 acres of land, which included the springs known at that time, were reserved as a public common, The Stray, which has remained public open space. The Enclosure Award facilitated development around the Stray. During the 19th century, the area between High Harrogate and Low Harrogate, which until had remained separate communities a mile apart, was developed, what is now the central area of Harrogate was built on high ground overlooking Low Harrogate. An area to the north of the developing town was reserved to the Duchy of Lancaster, was developed for residential building. To provide entertainment for the increasing numbers of visitors the Georgian Theatre was built in 1788. Bath Hospital was built in 1826; the Royal Pump Room was built in 1842. The site of Tewit Well is marked by a dome on the Stray. Other wells can be found in the Valley Gardens and Royal Pump Room museum. In 1870, engineering inventor Samson Fox perfected the process of creating water gas, in the basement laboratory of Grove House.
After constructing a trial plant at his home on Skipton Road, making it the first house in Yorkshire to have gas lighting and heating. After Parliament Street became the world's first route to be lit by water-gas, newspapers commented: "Samson Fox has captured the sunlight for Harrogate." After donating the town's first fire engine, building the town's theatre, he was elected mayor for three years, an unbroken record. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Harrogate was popular among the English élite and frequented by nobility from mainland Europe, its popularity declined after the First World War. During the Second World War, Harrogate's large hotels accommodated government offices evacuated from London paving the way for the town to become a commercial and exhibition centre. In 1893 Harrogate doctor George Oliver was the first to observe the effect of adrenaline on the circulation. Former employers in
The Usher Hall is a concert hall, situated on Lothian Road, in the west end of Edinburgh, Scotland. It has hosted concerts and events since its construction in 1914 and can hold 2,200 people in its restored auditorium, well loved by performers due to its acoustics; the Hall is flanked by The Royal Lyceum Theatre on The Traverse Theatre on the left. Historic Scotland has registered the Hall with Category A listed building status; the construction of the hall was funded by Andrew Usher, a whisky distiller and blender, who donated £100,000 to the city to fund a new concert hall. The choice of site caused early delays but in 1910 an architectural competition was announced with the requirement that the hall be simple but dignified; the winning bid came from Stockdale Howard H Thomson of Leicester. The design was a backlash against Victorian Gothic, with a return to classical features owing much to the Beaux-Arts style. On 19 July 1911, George V and Queen Mary laid two memorial stones, an event attended by over a thousand people.
Its curved walls, unusual for the time, were made possible by developments in reinforced concrete. The dome was designed to reflect the curvature of the walls; the interior of the hall is adorned with decorative plaster panels by the Edinburgh sculptor Harry Gamley. The figures depicted in these panels show figures from the world of music, as well as famous Scots; these include: Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns, Allan Ramsay, R L Stevenson, Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Johannes Brahms, Edvard Grieg and Anton Rubinstein. Harry Gamley's work features on the outside of the building with two large figures representing Inspiration and Achievement, as well as another three figures by Crossland McClure depicting the Soul of Music, Music of the Sea and Music of the Woods; the finished building was opened on 16 March 1914 with a concert featuring music by Handel, Wagner and the Scottish composer Hamish MacCunn. The final cost of building the Usher Hall was £134,000.
Andrew Usher died. The Usher Hall has been used for a variety of events, including politics, charity fundraisers and sport, as well as music. In 1914 Prime Minister H. H. Asquith gave a speech entitled the War, using the occasion to recruit from the all-male audience. At various times the musical and the political overlapped, on occasions such as fundraising concerts for the Republican movement in Spain in the 1930s and sexcentenary celebrations of the foundation of the City of Edinburgh in 1929; the end to political rallies in the Usher Hall came after a serious incident in 1934, when Sir Oswald Mosley came to speak. Between five and six thousand people protested outside, several people were injured. In 1986 the Commonwealth Games came to Edinburgh with the Usher Hall providing the venue for the boxing tournament; the extensive basement rooms of the Usher Hall made the building ideal for use as an air-raid shelter and the venue was equipped for use during the Second World War. However, there are no records of it being used as such, but painted signs on internal doors, such as "No Dogs" indicate that preparations were made.
As a platform for international classical musicians, the hall hosted the Vienna Philharmonic, under Bruno Walter, at the first festival in 1947. It is the Edinburgh home of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, who play during their season; the Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Scottish Fiddle Orchestra, National Youth Orchestra of Scotland and local organisations, such as the Edinburgh Royal Choral Union and the Kevock Choir regularly appear. In March 1972, the Eurovision Song Contest was compered by Moira Shearer; the United Kingdom entry was sung by The New Seekers. A major feature of the Usher Hall is the organ, it was built in 1913 by Norman & Beard of Norwich at a cost of around £4000, was designed to be the focal point of the Hall, both visually and musically. The significance of the organ to the Usher Hall is demonstrated by the existence of the Usher Hall Organ Trust, who helped raise funds to restore the organ, it had fallen into disuse due to poor reliability caused by a lack of adequate moisture and temperature control, leading to it not being played for several years.
The restoration work was carried out by Harrison and Harrison of Durham, took three years to complete, with the organ being reinstalled in 2002. The organ was re-inaugurated on 7 June 2003 in a celebratory concert recital by Gillian Weir. Still owned and managed by the City of Edinburgh Council, the Usher Hall is still in constant use; as well as being one of the main venues for the Edinburgh International Festival, other events have been held, such as the Holocaust Memorial Ceremony and the Colin O'Riordan Memorial Concert. Freedom of the City ceremonies have taken place at the hall over the years, with the most recent being for film star and Scottish icon Sean Connery in 1991. On 13 April 1996 hours after a concert, a large piece of plaster fell 130 feet from the roof into the auditorium. Only three chairs were damaged, but this event was just one example of the state of disrepair into which the Hall was falling. Vital repairs were necessary to make the building wind-proof and safe. Relying on Lottery and Arts Council funding, the City of Edinburgh embarked on a £25 million scheme to both make the hall safe and improve its function - including making the auditorium suitable for Promenade-type events and building new catering and ticketing facilities.
Late into the design phase, the Lottery Fund application failed and the Arts Council withdrew i
Cinecittà Studios, is a large film studio in Rome, Italy. With an area of 400,000 square metres, it is the largest film studio in Europe, is considered the hub of Italian cinema; the studios were constructed during the Fascist era as part of a plan to revive the Italian film industry. Filmmakers such as Federico Fellini, Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti, Sergio Leone, Bernardo Bertolucci, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Mel Gibson have worked at Cinecittà. More than 3,000 movies have been filmed there, of which 90 received an Academy Award nomination and 47 of these won it. In the 1950s, the number of international productions being made there led to Rome being dubbed "Hollywood on the Tiber." The studios were founded in 1937 by Benito Mussolini, his son Vittorio, his head of cinema Luigi Freddi under the slogan "Il cinema è l'arma più forte". The purpose was not only for propaganda, but to support the recovering Italian feature film industry, which had reached its low point in 1931.
Mussolini himself inaugurated the studios on 21 April 1937. Post-production units and sets were constructed and used initially. Early films such as Scipio Africanus and The Iron Crown showcased the technological advancement of the studios. Seven thousand people were involved in the filming of the battle scene from Scipio Africanus, live elephants were brought in as a part of the re-enactment of the Battle of Zama; the studios were bombed by the Western Allies during the bombing of Rome in World War II. Following the war, between 1945 and 1947, the studios of Cinecittà were used as a displaced persons' camp for a period of about two years, following German occupation and Allied bombing that destroyed parts of the studio. An estimated 3,000 refugees lived there, divided into two camps: an Italian camp housing Italians as well as displaced people from colonized Libya and Dalmatia, an international camp, including refugees from Yugoslavia, Egypt and China. After rebuilding in the postwar years, the studios were used once again for their post-production facilities.
In the 1950s, Cinecittà, described as Hollywood on the Tiber, was the location for several large American film productions, like Roman Holiday, Beat the Devil, The Barefoot Contessa, Ben-Hur, some low-budget action pictures starring Lex Barker. Barker featured in Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita and the studios were for many years associated with Fellini. In the same period, the studios were used for further international productions such as Francis of Assisi, The Agony and the Ecstasy, Zeffirelli's Romeo and Juliet, Fellini's Casanova, La Traviata and many other productions, it hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1991. This was the 36th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on Stage 15. Due to the Gulf War and mounting tensions in Yugoslavia, RAI decided to move the contest from Sanremo to Rome, perceived to be more secure. After a period of near-bankruptcy, the Italian Government privatized Cinecittà in 1997, selling an 80% stake. On August 9, 2007, a fire surroundings; the historic part that houses the sets of classics such as Ben-Hur was not damaged.
In July 2012, another fire damaged Teatro 5, the vast studio where Fellini filmed La Dolce Vita and Satyricon. Since the 1990s, films have included Anthony Minghella's The English Patient, Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York, Wes Anderson's The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou and Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ. Cinecittà hosts TV productions, such as Grande Fratello, the Italian version of Big Brother, where the Big Brother house is built on Cinecittà's premises; the Eurovision Song Contest of 1991 was produced there. In addition, the BBC/HBO series Rome was filmed there from 2004 to 2007, the show being acclaimed for its sets and designs. BBC Wales reused some of these sets for an episode of the 2008 series of Doctor Who set in ancient Pompeii, Alexandre Astier reused this set for the Book VI of his television series Kaamelott set in Ancient Rome. More Paolo Sorrentino's series The Young Pope and The New Pope were entirely shot at Cincecittà, including reconstruction of the interiors of the Sistine Chapel and Saint Peter's Basilica.
In 2009 the studio announced. The movie-themed amusement park, Cinecittà World, opened in July 2014; the €250 million theme park is located 25 km southwest of Cinecittà studios, on the site of a former movie studio built by Dino De Laurentiis in the 1960s. Cinecittà World was designed by Dante Ferretti, a production designer who has won three Academy Awards. Visitors enter Cinecittà World through the jaws of the Temple of Moloch, seen in Cabiria, a silent movie filmed in Turin in 1914; the theme park features a recreation of 1920s-era Manhattan as envisioned by Ferretti. Cinecittà World expects to have 1.5 million visitors annually. Expansion plans for the theme park include a wellness center. Cinecittà metro station Official website Cinecitta World History of Cinecittà RAI International:Cinecittà Documents Cinecitta'
Eurovision Song Contest 2015
The Eurovision Song Contest 2015 was the 60th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Vienna, following Conchita Wurst's win at the 2014 contest in Copenhagen, Denmark with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix"; this was the second time. The 2015 contest consisted of two semi-finals, which took place on 19 and 21 May, a final, held on 23 May 2015; the shows were presented by Mirjam Weichselbraun, Alice Tumler and Arabella Kiesbauer while Conchita Wurst was hosting the green room. Forty countries participated in the contest, with Australia making a guest appearance, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Serbia returning. Ukraine, announced their withdrawal due to financial and political reasons around the Ukrainian crisis. Once all the votes had been announced, based on 50% jury and 50% televoting, Sweden won the contest for the sixth time, with Måns Zelmerlöw's song "Heroes". Sweden became the first country to win the contest twice in the current format, this was the country's second win in four years and the 21st century.
Italy won the viewers' voting with Russia in second place, Sweden in third place. Sweden won the jury voting, with Latvia in Russia in third place; this is the first time since the juries were reintroduced alongside the televoting in 2009 that the winner did not place first in the televoting. For the first time, the top four of the contest all scored 200 points or better. Russia's entry "A Million Voices" became the first non-winning Eurovision song to score over 300 points. Austria and Germany became the first countries since 2003 to score no points in the final. Austria is the first host country to score nul points; the 2015 contest saw the best result for Montenegro since its independence. The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the 2012 contest, being Sweden and Russia. 2014 hosts, were eliminated in the semi-finals. Over 197 million viewers worldwide watched the contest, beating the 2014 viewing figures by 2 million; the event took place in Vienna, with the venue being the Wiener Stadthalle, after Austria won the right to host this edition of the Eurovision Song Contest for winning its previous 2014 edition with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix" performed by Conchita Wurst.
The Wiener Stadthalle hosts the annual Erste Bank Open tennis tournament, along with many concerts and events throughout the year and has a capacity of 16,000 attendees. After Austria's victory in the 2014 Contest, their delegation revealed the possibility of hosting the contest either in the capital city, Vienna, or in Salzburg. Vienna, Innsbruck, Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Vorarlberg were all interested in hosting the contest. Vienna, considered the front-runner, had two venues in the phase: Wiener Stadthalle and the trade fair centre, Messe Wien, with capacities of up to 16,000 and 30,000 attendees respectively. In the race were Stadthalle Graz and Schwarzl Freizeit Zentrum, both located in the second largest city of Austria, Graz. With a maximum capacity of 30,000, the Wörthersee Stadium in Klagenfurt joined the race. Innsbruck joined the race with Olympiahalle, which hosted ice hockey and figure skating at the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics. A fifth city, joined the race with Brucknerhaus, although the venue is not big enough for the contest.
Being geographically close to Linz, Wels showed desire to host the event as well. Oberwart, with the Exhibition hall, Vorarlberg, with the Vorarlberger Landestheater, were the latest cities to declare an interest. On 29 May 2014, Austrian host public broadcaster ORF and the EBU released some requirements and details about the venue. ORF requested interested parties to respond by 13 June 2014; the venue must be available for at least 6 to 7 weeks before the contest and one week after the conclusion of the contest. The venue must not be open-air, but an air-conditioned building with a capacity of at least 10,000 and a minimum ceiling height of 15 metres, insulated for sound and light; the Green Room should be located in the arena or as near it as possible, with a capacity of 300. An additional room at least 6,000 square metres in area, to house 2 catering stands, a viewing room, make-up rooms and booths for 50 commentators. Separate offices to house the press centre, open between 11 and 24 May 2015, at least 4,000 square metres in area, with a capacity of at least 1,500 journalists.
After the deadline on 13 June 2014, ORF announced 12 venues interested in hosting the 2015 Eurovision Song Contest: ORF announced on 21 June 2014 that 3 cities had been short-listed in the final stage of the bidding process. On 6 August 2014, ORF announced the Wiener Stadthalle in Vienna as the host venue; the contest was provisionally set to take place on 12, 14 and 16 May 2015, but the dates were pushed back a week in order to accommodate the candidate cities. Key Host venue The city of Vienna introduced temporary new traffic signals for pedestrians on some streets, featuring same-sex couples holding hands or hugging, they were introduced as part of events connected to the theme of tolerance and inclusion in the lead-up to the Eurovision Song Contest. Traffic lights of the same – copyrighted – design of the kind "Ampelpärchen" followed before Christopher Street Days in June 2015 in Salzburg and Linz. In Salzburg the initiative SoHo and social democrate mayor Schaden
O.A.C.A. Olympic Indoor Hall
The O. A. C. A. Olympic Indoor Hall, a part of the Olympic Athletic Center of Athens "Spiros Louis", was completed in 1995, was the largest indoor venue in use for sporting events at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, it is located in Athens. It is considered to be one of the most modern indoor sports arenas in all of Europe; the arena contains a training facility. Since 2016, it is named after the well-known Greek basketball player Nikos Galis. Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall is notable for its distinctive A-frame roof that features four huge pillars, each of, 35 meters tall, that stand 108 meters apart from each other. According to the Greek Ministry of Sports, it is the largest indoor sporting arena of its kind in the world; the arena is constructed in a unique way so that an abundant amount of natural light comes into the arena during the day. The arena seats up to 17,600 for gymnastics events, although only 12,500 seats were made publicly available for the gymnastics competition at the 2004 Olympics.
It seats up to 18,989 for basketball games, which includes 18,500 regular seats for the fans, 300 seats for the media members, 189 seats for VIPs. A large scale arena renovation was completed for the 2004 Summer Olympics; the arena was renovated again in 2016. The arena was used for artistic gymnastics and trampolining, hosted the finals of the basketball matches at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Renovation of the building for the Olympics was completed on 30 June 2004, it was reopened on 10 August 2004, shortly before the beginning of the games; the Indoor Hall is the regular home court for the Greek Basket League professional basketball clubs Panathinaikos Athens and AEK Athens. It has been used as the home court for Maroussi Athens, for European-wide league matches The arena was used to host the quarterfinals and finals stages of the 1998 FIBA World Championship, it is the primary home court of the senior Greek National Basketball Team. On 4 and 6 May 2007, the Indoor Hall hosted the EuroLeague 2006–07 season's Final Four, the semifinals and finals rounds of Europe's principal pro club competition in basketball, which saw hometown favourite Panathinaikos win the title.
On 9 December 2007, FIBA announced that the Olympic Indoor Hall was selected as the host of the 2008 FIBA Olympic Qualifying Tournament for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games. At the qualifying tournament and favourites Greece, along with the German and Croatian national basketball teams, qualified for the final 2008 Olympic Basketball Tournament. On 5 April 2018, the Indoor Hall was announced as the venue of the 2018 Basketball Champions League Final Four, during which AEK Athens served as host. On 24 December 2018, the hall was announced as the venue of the 2020 EuroLeague Final Four. On 18 and 20 May 2006, the Hall hosted the 51st Eurovision Song Contest, held in Athens, after Greece's victory at the Song Contest in 2005. There were 15,000 seats available both for the semifinal and the grand final; some of the entertainers who have performed at the arena include: Enrique iglesias, Depeche Mode, Jennifer Lopez, Björk, Beyoncé, Roger Waters, Aloha from Hell, Tokio Hotel, Helena Paparizou, Sakis Rouvas, Anna Vissi.
List of basketball arenas by capacity List of indoor arenas in Greece List of indoor arenas in Europe Olympic Athletic Center of Athens Official Site Nikos Galis Indoor Hall Nikos Galis Indoor Hall Info And Pictures At Stadia.gr
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K