List of institutions named after Thomas Aquinas
Institutions of learning named after Thomas Aquinas include the following:
- "Loreto High School Chorlton". Find My School. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
Institutions of learning named after Thomas Aquinas include the following:
|Name of Institution||Location|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Secondary School||Accra, Ghana|
|St. Thomas Aquinas College||Akure, Nigeria|
|Name of Institution||Location|
|Aquinas University||Legazpi City, Philippines|
|Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines||Manila, Philippines|
|Aquinas School||San Juan, Metro Manila, Philippines|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas College||Sogod, Southern Leyte, Philippines|
|Name of Institution||Location|
|Aquinas College, Adelaide||Adelaide, Australia|
|Aquinas College, Melbourne||Melbourne, Australia|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Primary School Springwood||New South Wales, Australia|
|Aquinas College, Perth||Perth, Western Australia|
|Aquinas College on the Gold Coast||Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia|
|Aquinas College, Sydney||Sydney, Australia|
|Aquinas College (hall of residence at The University of Otago)||Dunedin, New Zealand|
|Aquinas College, Tauranga||Tauranga, New Zealand|
|Name of Institution||Location|
|Colégio de São Tomás||Lisbon, Portugal|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School||Kings Norton, Birmingham, England|
|St. Thomas Aquinas RC High School (Loreto High School)||Chorlton, Manchester, England|
|Aquinas College, Stockport||Stockport, England|
|Thomas-Institut, University of Cologne||Cologne, Germany|
|The College of St. Thomas Aquinas||Newbridge, County Kildare, Ireland|
|Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum)||Rome, Italy|
|Aquinas Diocesan Grammar School||Belfast, Northern Ireland|
|Saint Thomas of Aquinas RC High School||Edinburgh, Scotland|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas Roman Catholic Secondary School||Glasgow, Scotland|
|Superior Institute of Religious Sciences of St. Thomas Aquinas||Kiev, Ukraine|
|Name of Institution||Location|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Kenora, Ontario|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Spruce Grove, Alberta|
|Aquinas High School||San Bernardino, California|
|Thomas Aquinas College||Santa Paula, California & Northfield, Massachusetts|
|St. Thomas Aquinas School||Fairfield, Connecticut|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Fort Lauderdale, Florida|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Church and School||Indianapolis, Indiana|
|Thomas International||South Bend, Indiana|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas High School||Overland Park, Kansas|
|Aquinas College||Grand Rapids, Michigan|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School||Saginaw, Michigan|
|Saint Thomas Academy||Mendota Heights, Minnesota|
|University of St. Thomas||Saint Paul, Minnesota|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Preparatory Seminary (now defunct)||Hannibal, Missouri|
|St. Thomas College (Now University of Scranton)||Scranton, Pennsylvania|
|Aquinas Institute of Theology||St. Louis, Missouri|
|St. Thomas University||Fredericton, New Brunswick|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Dover, New Hampshire|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas Academy (1887-2005)||Brooklyn, New York|
|The Aquinas Institute of Rochester||Rochester, New York|
|St. Thomas Aquinas College||Sparkill, New York|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Louisville, Ohio|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Secondary School||Brampton, Ontario|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Secondary School||London, Ontario|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Secondary School||Oakville, Ontario|
|Aquinas College||Nashville, Tennessee|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Church||College Station, Texas|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School||Dallas, Texas|
|St. Thomas High School||Houston, Texas|
|The University of St. Thomas||Houston, Texas|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School||Woodbridge, Virginia|
|Aquinas High School||La Crosse, Wisconsin|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Church and Catholic Student Center at Iowa State University||Ames, Iowa|
|Name of Institution||Location|
|Colegio Santo Tomás de Aquino||Bogotá, Colombia|
|The University of Santo Tomas||Bogotá, Colombia|
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation; the local authority is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell, it was a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.
Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west, its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. In 2014, the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city after London and Edinburgh, it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games; the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- or from mamma.
Both meanings are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and from that castra in latin for camp or settlement; the Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in. Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Stretford. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix and Eboracum were protected from the Brigantes. Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield; the Roman habitation of Manchester ended around the 3rd century. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North.
Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. Around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the region's textile industry. Manchester became an important centre for the manufacture and trade of woollens and linen, by about 1540, had expanded to become, in John Leland's words, "The fairest, best builded and most populous town of all Lancashire." The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. During the English Civil War Manchester favoured the Parliamentary interest. Although not long-lasting, Cromwell granted it the right to elect its own MP. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was appointed Major General for Lancashire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals.
He was a diligent puritan, banning the celebration of Christmas. Significant quantities of cotton began to be used after about 1600, firstly in linen/cotton fustians, but by around 1750 pure cotton fabrics were being produced and cotton had overtaken wool in importance; the Irwell and Mersey were made navigable by 1736, opening a route from Manchester to the sea docks on the Mersey. The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester; the canal was extended to the Mersey at Runcorn by 1776. The combination of competition and improved efficiency halved th
Newbridge known by its Irish name Droichead Nua, is a town in County Kildare, Ireland. While the nearby Great Connell Priory was founded in the 13th century, the town itself formed from the 18th century onwards, grew alongside a military barracks which opened in the early 19th century. Taking on the name Newbridge in the 20th century, the town expanded to support the local catchment, as a commuter town for Dublin. Doubling in population during the 20 years between 1991 and 2011, its population of 22,742 in 2016 makes it the largest town in Kildare and the fifteenth-largest in Ireland; the Irish language name of the town is the official name, "An Droichead Nua", meaning "The New Bridge" and was introduced in the 1930s. Noble and Keenan's map of Kildare 1752, drawn before the town was started, marks'The New Bridge' in the vicinity of'Old Connel'. A number of other places marked on this map, including Ballymany and Morristown Biller, are represented in the names of modern housing estates and streets.
Settlement in the area dates from the 13th century and the current town is made up of six ancient civil parishes along with portions of others. The parishes are Ballymany, Great Connell, Morristown Biller, Old Connell, Carnalway. Great Connell Priory was an important Priory, founded in 1202 by the Augustinian Canons; the earliest known mention of Newbridge was by traveller and bookseller John Dunton in 1698, though he does not refer to any settlement other than at Ballymany. A mass house was built beside the bridge about 1730 and an inn, called New Bridge Inn, was in existence in 1750; the first bridge was destroyed by floods in 1789 and William Chapman, engineer on the Grand Canal extension to Naas, was employed to rebuild it the following year. He moved the site from the'Watering Gates' to its present location and redirected the high road from Buckley's Cross to the new bridge, continuing as what is today Main Street and Edward Street to the turnpike at Gandogue Lane; the old high road continued in use to serve the village and mass house, taken down in 1852 upon the opening of the new church.
The origin of the modern town lies in the establishment of Cavalry Barracks on land purchased from three local landlords: Eyre Powell of Great Connell, Ponsonby Moore of Moorefield and William Hannon of Kilbelin. This barracks extended from the River Liffey to Cutlery Road, from Main Street to Military Road, however little of the barracks remains today except the old walls and gateways which can be found on the Athgarvan Road, to a lesser degree on Cutlery Road; the "Watering Gates" located at the entrance to the Town Park was constructed as part of the original Barrack building. At the same time, Eyre Powell gave land north of the new high road for building houses and shops to serve the new Barracks. Main Street took shape at the same time. From 1819 various Cavalry Regiments were stationed at Newbridge and brought much business to the town. Newbridge expanded after the Curragh Camp was established in 1855. Eyre Street and Edward Street were built between 1855 and 1870; the new railway opened in 1846 and churches were built at Rosberry Common, at Moorefield and at Chapel Lane to cater for the increasing population.
A National School was opened on the Railway Road in 1842 and a boarding school at the Dominican Friary in 1852. The town continued to prosper until the withdrawal of the cavalry in May 1922 on the establishment of the Free State, it went into a period of decline thereafter, but since the 1960s has seen considerable growth and has become a shopping catchment and commuter town. The town is located on the banks of the River Liffey. Upriver are towns such as Athgarvan and Blessington, while downriver are the towns of Caragh and Celbridge. Newbridge is bounded by the Curragh Plains to the west, Pollardstown Fen and the Bog of Allen and Moulds Bog to the north west. Around the Curragh, to the east are a number of stud farms. To the south the motorway now forms a boundary to the town; the area's industrial history includes carpet manufacturing. Cutlery and silverware is crafted at the Newbridge Silverware plant. Pharmaceutical companies such as Oral-B and Pfizer have based themselves in the town, the latter is located at Little Connell.
Irish chocolatier Lily O'Briens is based in the IDA Business Park on Green Road, Bord na Móna has its headquarters in the centre of Newbridge, the Department of Defence has a base on Station Road. The Kildare/Leixlip Branch of general workers union SIPTU has its headquarters at Georges Street. Many people living in Newbridge commute to work in Dublin; the town is situated on the main Dublin-Cork railway line which connects the town to Dublin, Limerick, Galway and Westport. A regular commuter train service operates between Dublin. Newbridge railway station opened on 4 August 1846 and was closed for goods traffic on 6 September 1976; the M7 motorway bypasses the town.
The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the Australian state of Queensland 66 kilometres south-southeast of the state capital Brisbane and north of the border with New South Wales. With a census-estimated 2016 population of 638,090, the Gold Coast is the sixth-largest city in Australia, making it the largest non-capital city, Queensland's second-largest city; the Gold Coast region remained uninhabited by Europeans until 1823 when explorer John Oxley landed at Mermaid Beach. The hinterland's red cedar supply attracted people to the area in the mid-19th century. In 1875, Southport was surveyed and established and grew a reputation as a secluded holiday destination for wealthy Brisbane residents. After the establishment of the Surfers Paradise Hotel in the late 1920s, the Gold Coast region grew significantly; the area boomed in the 1980s as a leading tourist destination and in 1994, the City of Gold Coast local government area was expanded to encompass the majority of the Gold Coast's metropolitan area, becoming the second most populous local government area in Australia after the City of Brisbane.
Today, the Gold Coast is a major tourist destination with its sunny subtropical climate and has become known for its surfing beaches, high-rise dominated skyline, theme parks and rainforest hinterland. The city is part of the nation's entertainment industry with television productions and a major film industry; the city hosted the 21st Commonwealth Games which ran from 4 to 15 April 2018. The Gold Coast is the ancestral home of a number of Indigenous clans of the Yugambeh people, including the Kombumerri and Tulgi-gi-gin clans. Lieutenant James Cook became the first European to note the region when he sailed along the coast on 16 May 1770 in HMS Endeavour. Captain Matthew Flinders, an explorer charting the continent north from the colony of New South Wales, sailed past in 1802. Escaped convicts from the Moreton Bay penal settlement hid in the region; the region remained uninhabited by Europeans until 1823 when explorer John Oxley landed at Mermaid Beach, named after seeing a cutter named Mermaid.
The hinterland's red cedar supply attracted people to the area in the mid-19th century. A number of small townships developed in the hinterland; the western suburb of Nerang was surveyed and established as a base for the industry and by 1870 a town reserve had been set aside. By 1873, the town reserve of Burleigh Heads had been surveyed and successful land sales had taken place. In 1875, the small settlement opposite the boat passage at the head of the Nerang River, known as Nerang Heads or Nerang Creek Heads, was surveyed, renamed Southport with the first land sales scheduled to take place in Beenleigh. Southport grew a reputation as a secluded holiday destination for wealthy Brisbane residents; the Gold Coast was known as the South Coast. However, inflated prices for real estate and other goods and services led to the nickname of "Gold Coast" from 1950. South Coast locals considered the name "Gold Coast" derogatory. However, soon the "Gold Coast" became a convenient way to refer to the holiday strip from Southport to Coolangatta.
The Town of South Coast was formed through the amalgamation of Town of Coolangatta and Town of Southport along with the coastal areas from the Shire of Nerang on 17 June 1949 with the effect of having the present-day Gold Coast coastal strip as a single local government area. As the tourism industry grew into the 1950s, local businesses began to adopt the term Gold Coast in their names, on 23 October 1958 the Town of South Coast was renamed Town of Gold Coast; the area was proclaimed a city less than one year on 16 May 1959. In 1995, the Albert Shire was amalgamated into the City of Gold Coast. In 2007, the Gold Coast overtook the population of Newcastle, New South Wales, to become the sixth largest city in Australia and the largest non-capital city. Today the Gold Coast is known for its golden sanded surf beaches, theme parks and rainforest hinterlands; the Gold Coast hosted the 2018 Commonwealth Games. The Gold Coast is half covered by forests of various types; this includes small patches of near-pristine ancient rainforest, mangrove-covered islands, patches of coastal heathlands and farmland with areas of uncleared eucalypt forest.
Of the plantation pine forests that were planted in the 1950s and 1960s, when commercial forest planting for tax minimisation was encouraged by the Commonwealth government, tiny remnants remain. Gold Coast City lies in the southeast corner of Queensland, to the south of Brisbane, the state capital; the Albert River separates the Gold Coast from a suburban area of Brisbane. Gold Coast City stretches from Beenleigh and Russell Island to the border with New South Wales 56 km south, extends from the coast west to the foothills of the Great Dividing Range in World Heritage listed Lamington National Park; the southernmost town of Gold Coast City, includes Point Danger and its lighthouse. Coolangatta is a twin city with Tweed Heads located directly across the NSW border. At 28.1667°S 153.55°E / -28.1667. From Coolangatta forty kilometres of holiday resorts and surfing beaches stretch north to the suburb of Main Beach, further on Stradbroke Island; the suburbs of Southport and Surfers Paradise form the Gold Coast's commercial centre.
The major river in the area is the Nerang River. Much of the land between the coastal strip and the hinterland were once wetlands drained by this river, but th
San Juan the City of San Juan, or known as San Juan City, is a 1st class urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 122,180 people, it is geographically located at its approximate center and is the country's smallest city in terms of land area. The city is known for the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the organization which led the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire. Notable landmarks today such as Pinaglabanan Shrine and heritage homes are located in the city. Other locations include Greenhills Shopping Center and Santolan Town Plaza, making the city a major shopping hub with a range of upscale and bargain retail. "San Juan City" is a contraction of the city's traditional name of "San Juan del Monte". As with numerous other places in the Philippines, the name combines a toponym; the city's official name is "Dakilang Lungsód ng San Juan". During the pre-Hispanic period, the area of what is now San Juan was a part of the Kingdom of Namayan, whose last recorded rulers were King Lacantagean and his consort, Bouan.
After the kingdom and other polities in the islands were absorbed into the Spanish Crown in the late 16th century, the realm of Namayan was christened Santa Ana de Sapa. The present area of San Juan was meanwhile re-classified as a barrio, becoming a small encomienda by 1590. In 1602, the Dominicans built a retreat house in the vicinity for their immediate use, where ageing or convalescing friars stayed; the Order constructed a convent and stone church dedicated to the Holy Cross. To this day, the thrice-rebuilt Santuario del Santo Cristo stands on the same site, adjacent to Aquinas School and Dominican College. In 1783, San Juan was partitioned from Santa Ana but was still a barrio within the Province of Manila; the El Deposito reservoir was known as the site where the onset of the Philippine Revolution through the Battle of San Juan del Monte took place in 1896. The opening salvo against Spain took place in San Juan in 1897 when the Katipunan attacked the alamacén or polvorín of the Spanish East Indies colonial government.
The town was incorporated into the Province of Rizal in 1901 under American military rule. On 7 November 1975, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 824 that established the National Capital Region, San Juan was among the towns excised from Rizal Province. Residents ratified the conversion of the municipality into a urbanised city on 17 June 2007, pursuant to Republic Act No. 9388. Congressman Ronaldo B. Zamora worked for its approval. Although not designated as such, San Juan is noted to be the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Four presidents since the Third Republic were official residents of San Juan when they assumed office. They were Diosdado Sr. and Gloria Arroyo. San Juan is the least extensive city in the Philippines with a total area of 595 hectares. San Juan is bounded by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong on the south, the City of Manila in the west; the territory of San Juan was once much larger than it is now, extending all the way to what is now Caloocan City.
Parts of the present-day Districts 1, 4 and 6 of Quezon City as well as areas of Mandaluyong were within the town's colonial-era borders. This explains why San Juan Reservoir is in nearby Horseshoe Village, a subdivision now part of Quezon City. San Juan is politically subdivided into 21 barangays: Modes of public transportation in San Juan include jeepneys and buses. Jeepney routes ply the Aurora Boulevard; the city is serviced by the Line 2. The only Line 2 station in San Juan is the J. Ruiz station; the C-3 passes through San Juan. Secondary routes include Nicanor Domingo, which heads towards Cubao in Quezon City, Pinaglabanan/Santolan Road, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue and the southern reaches of Quezon City near Camp Crame, the headquarters of the Philippine National Police; the Polytechnic University of the Philippines maintains a campus in San Juan. OB Montessori Center is the main campus in Greenhills; the city has several notable places of worship. Saint John the Baptist Parish, more known as "Pinaglabanan Church", is where the city's patron saint, John the Baptist, is enshrined.
The Santuario del Santo Cristo is the settlement's oldest existing church, while Mary the Queen Parish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese community. From 1925-1971, the Iglesia ni Cristo once headquartered in the town at its former Central Office Complex, now known as the Locale of F. Manalo, it features Art-Deco designed ensembles, crafted by National Artist for Architecture Juan Nakpil. The Chapel is the centerpiece of the Complex, which contains the old Central Office and Pastoral House, the home of the church's first Executive Minister, Ka Felix Manalo, along with other Ministers and Evangelical Workers; when Manalo died in 1963, a mausoleum was constructed on the grounds of the Complex by architect Carlos Santos-Viola. San Juan has a number of Evangelical churches. Through the APOI ( Association of
Tauranga is the most populous city in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. It was settled by Māori late in the 13th century and by Europeans in the early 19th century and was constituted as a city in 1963. Tauranga City is the centre of the fifth largest urban area in New Zealand, with an urban population of 141,600; the city lies in the north-western corner of the Bay of Plenty, on the south-eastern edge of Tauranga Harbour. The city extends over an area of 168 square kilometres, encompasses the communities of Bethlehem, on the south-western outskirts of the city. Tauranga is one of New Zealand's main centres for business, international trade, culture and horticultural science; the Port of Tauranga is New Zealand's largest port in terms of gross export efficiency. Tauranga is one of New Zealand's fastest growing cities, with a 14 percent increase in population between the 2001 census and the 2006 census, 11% between the 2006 census and the 2013 census; this rapid population growth has seen Tauranga overtake Dunedin and the Napier-Hastings urban areas to become New Zealand's fifth-largest city.
The earliest known settlers were Māori who arrived at Tauranga in the Takitimu and the Mataatua waka in the 13th century. At 9 am on Friday 23 June 1826 Herald was the first European ship to enter Tauranga Harbour; the Revd. Henry Williams conducted a Christian service at Otamataha Pā. In December 1826 and again on March 1827 the Herald travelled to Tauranga from the Bay of Islands to obtain supplies of potatoes and flax. In 1835 a Church Missionary Society mission station was established at Tauranga by William Wade. Rev. Alfred N. Brown arrived at the CMS mission station in 1838. John Morgan visited the mission in 1838. Europeans trading in flax were active in the Bay of Plenty during the 1830s; the first permanent non-Maori trader was James Farrow, who travelled to Tauranga in 1829, obtaining flax fibre for Australian merchants in exchange for muskets and gunpowder. Farrow acquired a land area of 2,000 square metres on 10 January 1838 at Otumoetai Pā from the chiefs Tupaea, Tangimoana and Te Omanu, the earliest authenticated land purchase in the Bay of Plenty.
In 1840, a Catholic mission station was established. Bishop Pompallier was given land within the palisades of Otumoetai Pā for a presbytery; the mission station closed in 1863 due to land wars in the Waikato district. The Tauranga Campaign took place in and around Tauranga from 21 January to 21 June 1864, during the New Zealand Wars; the Battle of Gate Pa is the best known. The battle of Gate Pā was an attack on the well fortified Pā and its Māori defenders on 29 April 1864 by British forces made up of 300 men of the 43rd Regiment and a naval brigade, it was the single most devastating loss of life suffered by the British military in the whole of the New Zealand Wars. The British casualties were 31 dead including 80 wounded; the Māori defenders abandoned the Pā during the night with casualties estimated at 25 dead and an unknown number of wounded. Under the Local Government Order 2003, Tauranga became a city for a second time, from 1 March 2004. In August 2011, Tauranga received Ultra-Fast Broadband as part of the New Zealand Government's rollout.
Here is a list of suburbs by electoral ward: Tauranga is located around a large harbour that extends along the western Bay of Plenty, is protected by Matakana Island and the extinct volcano of Mauao. Ngamuwahine River is located 19 kilometres southwest of Tauranga. Situated along a faultline and the Bay of Plenty experience infrequent seismic activity, there are a few volcanoes around the area; the most notable of these are White Mauao, nicknamed "The Mount" by locals. Tauranga is the antipode of Jaén, Spain. Tauranga has an maritime temperate climate, it can be described as subtropical due to high summer humidity. During the summer months the population swells as holidaymakers descend on the city along the popular white coastal surf beaches from Mount Maunganui to Papamoa. Tauranga surpassed Dunedin in 2008 as the sixth largest city in New Zealand by urban area, the ninth largest city by Territorial Authority area, it has now surpassed the Napier-Hastings area to become the fifth largest city.
The city was growing at a rate of 1.5% in 2008. Tauranga is set to surpass Dunedin in Territorial Area by the next Census in 2018. In 1976, Tauranga was a medium-sized urban area, with a population of around 48,000, smaller than Napier or Invercargill; the completion of a harbour bridge in 1988 brought Tauranga and The Mount closer and promoted growth in both parts of the enlarged city. In 1996 Tauranga's population was 82,092 and by 2006 it had reached 103,635. In 2006, 17.4% of the population was aged 65 or over, compared to 12.3% nationally. The city hosts five major head offices – Port of Tauranga, Zespri International, Ballance Agri-Nutrients Ltd and Craigs Investment Partners. Tauranga is home to a large number of migrants from the UK, attracted to the area by its climate and quality of life. Tauranga is located in the administrative area of the Tauranga City Council; the council consists of ten councillor
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".