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List of island countries

This is a list of island countries. An island is a landmass, surrounded by water. Many island countries are spread over an archipelago, as is the case with the Federated States of Micronesia and Indonesia. Others consist of a single island, such as part of an island, such as Haiti. Although Australia is designated as a continent, it is referred to as an island, as it has no land borders; some declared island countries are not universally recognized as politically independent, such as Northern Cyprus. Some states, such as Taiwan claim to hold continental territories but are de facto limited to control over islands. Indonesia is the world's largest island country by area, by total number the islands. Andros Republic of Anguilla Anjouan Bruneian Empire Kingdom of Corsica Corsican Republic Anglo-Corsican Kingdom Cretan State Kingdom of Cyprus Delos Duchy of the Archipelago Kingdom of England Republic of Ezo Republic of Formosa Franceville, New Hebrides Gozo Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Hawaii Republic of Hawaii Commonwealth of Iceland Kingdom of Iceland Kingdom of Ireland Irish Free State Khios Lesbos Kingdom of Majorca Majapahit Kingdom of Man Mataram Sultanate Merina Milos Minoans Mohéli Soviet Republic of Naissaar Republic of the North Solomons Dominion of Newfoundland, now part of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador of Canada Pholegandros Islands of Refreshment Rhodes Ryūkyū Kingdom Sailendra Samos Kingdom of Sarawak Kingdom of Scotland Kingdom of Sicily Kingdom of Singapura Srivijaya Principality of Trinidad Tuʻi Tonga Empire West Indies Federation, split up into Anguilla, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tobago and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Zakynthos Cape Breton Island, now part of Nova Scotia, Canada Danish West Indies, now the United States Virgin Islands The Territory of Hawaii, now Hawaii, a state of the United States Hong Kong Island, now part of Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China Labuan part of British North Borneo, the Straits Settlements and Sabah, now a federal territory of Malaysia Mayotte, now an overseas department of France Colony of Newfoundland, covered the island of Newfoundland before 1809. In 1809, part of the Labrador Peninsula was transferred to Newfoundland from Lower Canada. In other words, before 1809, Newfoundland was an island colony. From 1809 onwards, the Colony of Newfoundland and, since 1907, the Dominion of Newfoundland had been an island plus Labrador. New Hebrides, now Vanuatu Prince Edward Island, now a province of Canada Réunion, now an overseas department of France Socotra, now part of Yemen Tasmania, now a state of Australia, shares a land boundary with Victoria on Boundary Islet Vancouver Island, now a part of British Columbia, Canada The People's Republic of Zanzibar, now a member of the United Republic of Tanzania.

Bahrain via the King Fahd Causeway Singapore via the Johor-Singapore Causeway United Kingdom via the Channel Tunnel Archipelagic state List of archipelagos List of Caribbean island countries by population List of countries that border only one other country List of divided islands List of islands List of islands by area List of islands by population List of islands by population density List of Oceanian countries by population List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Indian Ocean Thalassocracy SIDSnet: Small Island Developing States Network Island superlatives

Leslie Neale

Captain Leslie Bourneman Neale MBE ED was a Methodist minister and chaplain to New Zealand troops, Christchurch City Council Councillor and church administrator. He was educated at the University of Canterbury. Neale was ordained in 1915 at Christchurch, he married Mary Vickers on 4 December of the same year, after a protracted engagement of seven years. The conference of the following year approved his chaplaincy with the armed forces. Neale arrived in France in 1917 with the 22nd Reinforcements, saw action at Ypres and Passchendaele, worked with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission at Gallipoli. On his return to New Zealand he worked in Christchurch ministering to the poor, he was Superintendent of the Dunedin Central Mission for 20 years, a founder of the Radio Church of the Helping Hand, founded the Eventide Home in Dunedin. With the onset of the great depression, he was instrumental in setting up the first work relief stations in the Christchurch suburb of Papanui. In 1929–31 Neale was elected to the Christchurch City Council.

As the depression subsided Neale setup up an early radio show and health camps funded by special stamps. When World War II broke out, Neale was elected president of the Methodist Church in 1940. At the time, the church forbade use of the pulpit to promote either recruitment or conscientious objection and as president Neale was critical of some pacifist ministers for breaking the policy. In the 1948 New Year Honours Neale was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire for his long sustained community services. Neale retired in Auckland in 1951, died on 26 August 1959. Haigh, J. Bryant. Men of Faith and Courage: The official history of the Royal New Zealand Chaplains Department pp74,75. Auckland: The Word. Who’s Who in New Zealand, 5th edition, edited by G. H. Scholefield p171 Military Personnel File for Neale, WWI No 35569

Occupational psychosis

Occupational psychosis occurs when one's occupation or career makes one so biased that one could be described as psychotic. Common in tight occupational circles, individuals can normalize ideas or behaviours that seem absurd or irrational to the external public; the term was created by John Dewey. The most accessible introduction to this concept is Chapter III of Kenneth Burke's Permanence and Change. Burke is careful to say, "Incidentally, it might be well to recall that Professor Dewey does not use the word'psychosis' in the psychiatric sense. In fact, Robert K. Merton's notion of occupational psychosis is important: "The transition to a study of the negative aspects of bureaucracy is afforded by the application of Veblen's concept of "trained incapacity," Dewey's notion of "occupational psychosis" or Warnotte's view of "professional deformation". Trained incapacity refers to that state of affairs in which one's abilities function as inadequacies or blind spots. Actions based upon training and skills which have been applied in the past may result in inappropriate responses under changed conditions.

An inadequate flexibility in the application of skills will, in a changing milieu, result in more or less serious maladjustments. Thus, to adopt a barnyard illustration used in this connection by Burke, chickens may be conditioned to interpret the sound of a bell as a signal for food; the same bell may now be used to summon the trained chickens to their doom as they are assembled to suffer decapitation. In general, one adopts measures in keeping with one's past training and, under new conditions which are not recognized as different, the soundness of this training may lead to the adoption of the wrong procedures. Again in Burke's echolalic phrase, "people may be unfitted by being fit in an unfit fitness". Dewey's concept of occupational psychosis rests upon much the same observations; as a result of their day-to-day routines, people develop special preferences, antipathies and emphases. These psychoses develop through demands put upon the individual by the particular organization of his occupational role.

The concepts of both Veblen and Dewey refer to a fundamental ambivalence. Any action can be considered in terms of what it attains or what it fails to attain." And again Merton footnotes Permanence and Change, pp. 50, 58–59: "I believe that John Dewey's concept of "occupational psychosis" best characterizes this secondary aspect of interest. The term corresponds to the Marxian doctrine that a society's environment in the historical sense is synonymous with society's methods of production. Professor Dewey suggests that a tribe's ways of gaining sustenance promote certain specific patterns of thought which, since thought is an aspect of action, assist the tribe in its productive and distributive operations; this special emphasis, arising in response to the economic pattern, he calls the tribe's occupational psychosis. Once this psychosis is established by the authority of the food-getting patterns it is carried over into other aspects of the tribal culture." Groupthink

Francis Fane, 12th Earl of Westmorland

Colonel Francis William Henry Fane, 12th Earl of Westmorland CB, DL, styled Lord Burghersh between 1851 and 1859, was a British Army Officer and racehorse owner. Fane was the fourth but eldest surviving son of John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland, by Lady Priscilla Anne Pole-Wellesley, daughter of William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington, he was educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. Lord Burghersh entered the army in 1843, he the Battle of Gujrat during the second war. He participated in the Crimean War, being awarded the Medjidie and the Légion d'honneur on 30 April 1857, appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 10 July 1855. On 1 August 1848 he was promoted captain and made aide-de-camp to Viscount Hardinge, the governor-general of India, he served under Lord Gough in the following winter, received a medal for bravery at the battle of Gujerat on 21 February 1849, obtained his majority on 7 June 1849. On the conclusion of the Sikh war he exchanged into the Coldstream Guards.

On the outbreak of the Crimean war, he went out as aide-de-camp to Lord Raglan, served with distinction at the Battle of Alma, bringing home Raglan's despatches. He was appointed brevet lieutenant-colonel on the day of the battle, lieutenant-colonel on 12 December following. Subsequently, he was present at Raglan's death on 28 June 1855, he received the Crimea Medal and the fifth-class Order of Medjidié on 2 March 1858, in 1856 became aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cambridge. Following the death of his three brothers, he became heir to the earldom of Westmorland. In 1859 he succeeded his father and, the following year, retired from the army ranked as a colonel. From this time he became a member of the Jockey Club and a racehorse owner, colours green with white braid, his horses never won any of the Classics and he was known to place heavy stakes. In 1866 he sold the family portraits by Mr Fane and Lord Burghersh, his finances forced him to sell his horses and, instead, he managed Lord Hartington's stable.

He died at 34 Brook Street on 3 August 1891, was buried at Apethorpe, Northamptonshire. Lord Westmorland married Lady Adelaide Curzon-Howe, daughter of Richard Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe, on 16 July 1857; the Countess of Westmorland died in March 1903. They had four children: George Neville John Fane, Lord Burghersh Anthony Fane, 13th Earl of Westmorland he married Lady Sybil St Clair-Erskine on 28 May 1892, they have four children. He married Catherine Louise Geale on 22 April 1916. Lady Grace Adelaide Fane she married William Denison, 2nd Earl of Londesborough on 11 August 1887, they have three children, two granddaughters, five great-grandchildren and two great-great-granddaughters: Lady Irene Francis Adza Denison, GBE she married Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke on 19 July 1917. They have three grandchildren. George Francis William Henry Denison, 3rd Earl of Londesborough Hugo William Cecil Denison, 4th Earl of Londesborough he married Marigold Lubbock on 4 September 1935.

They have one daughter, two grandson and two great-granddaughters: Lady Zinnia Rosemary Denison she married Peter Comins on 8 May 1957. They have one son, she married, John Leslie-Melville on 14 July 1961 and they were divorce in 1964. She married, Major Hugh Cantlie on 26 June 1964 and they were divorced in 1967, they have one son. She married, Ralph Pollock on 1 February 1968, she married, James Judd in 1982. Timothy Hugo Pollock he married Jeanie Anne Walford in 1993, they have two daughters: Arabella Zara Comins Lucy Caroline Comins Charles Edgar Cantlie Lady Margaret Mary Fane she married Captain John Edmund Philip Spicer on 2 October 1888. He was succeeded by his second but only surviving son, forced to sell the family seat, Apethorpe Hall in 1904; the house had been in the family for 300 years. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Pollard, Albert Frederick. "Fane, Francis William Henry". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Brachyscome ascendens

Brachyscome ascendens, the border ranges daisy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to Australia. It has mauve daisy-like flowers and a yellow centre. Brachyscome ascendens is a herbaceous perennial with slender stems rising from the base of the plant or upper leaves; the branches are trailing and ascending about 35 cm long with glandular hairs. The leaves grow from the base and along the stems lance-shaped, broader at the apex, 7–40 mm long, 2–12 mm wide and leaf edges lobed or toothed; the leaves decrease in size toward the end of the branch with fewer lobes. The uppermost leaves with smooth margins, lance or narrow shaped; the flower petals are 8–10 mm long, mauve or lilac and the centre yellow. The 12-18 overlapping flower bracts are 7–11 mm in diameter, elliptic or egg-shaped, rounded at the tip, 3.5–4.6 mm long, 1–2.2 mm wide with prominent dry and thin edges. The thin, brown dry fruit are 1.9–2.3 mm long, egg-shaped with prominent small warty protuberances on the surface.

Flowering occurs April and December. Brachyscome ascendens was first formally described in 1948 by Gwenda Davis and the description was published in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales; the specific epithet ascendens is derived from the Latin word ascendo meaning "mount", "climb", "rise" or "grow". Border ranges daisy grows in forests or woodland on rocky basalt slopes from the McPherson Range area and to the east near the New South Wales and Queensland border. Brachyscome ascendens is classified as endangered in New South Wales


Amberlife is a popular Lithuanian musician and songwriter. He had collaborated with well-known Lithuanian producer company Cactus and it made Amberlife's international career realistic, he had released three albums and had become known in Latvia and Scandinavia. A limited edition CD In Your Eyes was released in January 2004 featuring all the songs from Amberlife's debut album plus four versions of In Your Eyes. A video for In Your Eyes was filmed in Stockholm. During his stay in Stockholm Amberlife was photographed by photographer Bingo Rimer, who has worked with Steven Tyler from Aerosmith, Backstreet Boys and others. Amberlife participated in the 2004 national selection for the Eurovision song contest. In Your Eyes placed 4th in the final. In 2005, he won the Song of the Year award from Radiocentras Awards for My Lover's Gone with Latvian singer Ladybird. Amberlife with song Material World placed 12th in the 2010 national selection for the Eurovision, he placed fourth. When he competed in the 2017 national selection, he did not proceed from Heat 7 to the semi-final.

In Your Eyes My Lover's Gone The Music Won't Stop Live at home The Official Site The Fans' Site