The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest ranking judicial body in the United States. Its membership, as set by the Judiciary Act of 1869, consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices, any six of whom would constitute a quorum. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the Constitution grants plenary power to the President of the United States to nominate, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate, appoint justices to the Supreme Court. Justices have life tenure, receive a salary, set at $255,500 per year for the chief justice and at $244,400 per year for each associate justice as of 2014; the Supreme Court was created by Article III of the United States Constitution, which stipulates that the "judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court," and was organized by the 1st United States Congress. Through the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress specified the Court's original and appellate jurisdiction, created thirteen judicial districts, fixed the number of justices at six.
Since 1789, Congress has altered the size of the Supreme Court in response to the country's own expansion in size. An 1801 act would have decreased the Court's size to five members upon its next vacancy. However, an 1802 act negated the effects of the 1801 act upon the Court before any such vacancy occurred, maintaining the Court's size at six members. Legislation increased its size to seven members in 1807, to nine in 1837, to ten in 1863. An 1866 act was to have reduced the Court's size from ten members to seven upon its next three vacancies, two vacancies did occur during this period. However, before a third vacancy occurred, the Judiciary Act of 1869 intervened, restoring the Court's size to nine members, where it has remained since. While the justices of the Supreme Court are appointed for life, many have resigned. Beginning in the early 20th century, many justices who left the Court voluntarily did so by retiring from the Court without leaving the federal judiciary altogether. A retired justice, according to the United States Code, is no longer a member of the Supreme Court, but remains eligible to serve by designation as a judge of a U.
S. Court of Appeals or District Court, many retired justices have served in these capacities; the average length of service on the Court has been less than 15 years. However, since 1970 the average length of service has increased to about 26 years. There are nine justices serving on the Supreme Court; the length of service on the Court for the 105 non-incumbent justices ranges from William O. Douglas's 36 years, 211 days to the 163-day tenure of Thomas Johnson; as of February 29, 2020, the length of service for the nine incumbent justices ranges from Clarence Thomas' 28 years, 129 days to Brett Kavanaugh's 1 year, 146 days. Five individuals were confirmed for associate justice, appointed chief justice separately: John Rutledge, Edward Douglass White, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, William Rehnquist. While listed twice, each of them has been assigned only one index number; the justices of the Supreme Court are: This graphical timeline depicts the progression of the justices on the Supreme Court.
Information regarding each justice's predecessors and fellow justices, as well as their tenure on the court can be gleaned from it. Additionally, the progression of U. S. presidents is shown at the top of the timeline to give a more detailed historical context. There are no formal names or numbers for the individual seats of the associate justices, which are listed in the table below by number. Note that, due to the several changes in the size of the Court since 1789, two of the seats chronicled—"5" and "7"—have been abolished, both as a result of the Judicial Circuits Act of 1866. Law of the United States List of courts of the United States List of national supreme courts Biographies of Justices Visual Overview of US Supreme Court Justices 1789-2019
Albert Young is a former American football running back who played for two seasons in the National Football League. After playing college football for the Iowa Hawkeyes, he was signed by the Minnesota Vikings as an undrafted free agent in 2008, he played for the Vikings in 2009 and 2010, before agreeing to become an assistant coach for the University of Colorado Buffaloes football team in 2012. A resident of Moorestown, New Jersey, Young played high school football at Moorestown High School, he remains the all-time leading rusher in South Jersey and after committing to University of Wisconsin-Madison to play football for Barry Alvarez's Badgers, he decomitted for the Iowa Hawkeyes in 2003. Albert Young was selected by The Philadelphia Inquirer as the top South Jersey offensive player of the past decade. Young was signed to the Minnesota Vikings' practice squad in 2008 and to the active roster prior to the 2009 season; when Chester Taylor left the Vikings to join the Chicago Bears following the 2009 season, Young was promoted to second-string running back.
However, during the beginning of 2010 season Young was replaced by Toby Gerhart as the third down back and second-string running back. On December 7, Young was placed on injured reserve. On March 2, 2011, Albert Young was not tendered a contract offer by the Vikings, making him an unrestricted free agent. On August 23, 2011, Young signed with the Jacksonville Jaguars. On January 4, 2012, Young was signed to the practice squad of the Pittsburgh Steelers. Iowa Hawkeyes bio Minnesota Vikings bio
Dinner for One, World for Two is the debut album by Linda Chung, was released on 20 August 2008. It contains 2 of those in Mandarin, while are the rest are in Cantonese. 2 versions are published, one containing 5 postcards. This is the first album published by a TVB artist who isn't a professional singer, following a series of artists like Myolie Wu getting assigned to various music companies to take advantage of their fame in the acting industry; the tracks on the album are: 一人晚餐 二人世界 我不懂你 火柴天堂 過山車 其實我不快樂 浪漫無聲 有沒有她 你不懂我的心 我不快樂 In the second version, Dinner for one, world for two reloaded, two new songs were added: 彩雲國物語 發誓 There are two covers on this album. Dinner For One is a cover of Ariel Lin's Lonely Northern Hemisphere, Silent Romance is a cover of Ariel Lin's You. Linda's album was proclaimed gold and "一人晚餐，二人世界 Reloaded" was released with more songs and music videos