List of kings of Cyrene

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Cyrene or Cyrenaica was a Greek colony on the North African coast, in what is now northeastern Libya, founded by Dorian settlers from Thera (modern Santorini) in the 7th century BC. Kings of Cyrene received a recurring posthumous hero cult like that of the Dorian kings of Sparta.[1]

Kings of Cyrene, (Battiad dynasty) 632–440 BC[edit]

In 440 BC, Cyrene became a Republic, under Persian suzerainty (as had been the latter kings from Arcesilaus III). Cyrene was conquered by Alexander the Great in 331 BC and fell to the portion of Ptolemy I in the division of Alexander's Empire; in 276 BC it reasserted its independence.[citation needed]

Kings of Cyrene, 276–249 BC[edit]

In 249 BC Cyrene again became a republic, but was restored to Ptolemaic control in 246 BC, from 163 BC, Cyrene occasionally had its own rulers from the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Kings of Cyrene, 163–30 BC[edit]

In 75 BC, the city became part of a Roman province, but it was restored to the Ptolemies by Mark Antony in 37 BC; in 34 BC Cleopatra VII and Antony's daughter, Cleopatra Selene II, was made Queen of Cyrene, but the city returned to Rome following Augustus' conquest of Egypt in 30 BC.


  1. ^ Pindar and the cult of heroes By Bruno Currie Page 245 ISBN 0-19-927724-9