List of largest art museums

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The Louvre, Paris, France
The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
The National Museum of China, Beijing, China
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, United States
Vatican Museums, Vatican City

This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space.

Methodology[edit]

Only gallery space is to be considered, not be confused with the total space inside the building (which is generally three times larger).

The museum should be mainly composed of human made artifacts with an important aesthetical dimension (i.e. natural history, social history, science and technology museums are to be excluded, as well as palaces whose purpose is primarily historical and architectural and secondarily as an art collection).

Museums contained inside a bigger institution cannot be considered as one entity if they are not at the same location.

For purposes of this list, large museums are those with more than 8,000 m2 (86,000 sq ft) of gallery space.

Largest art museums[edit]

Art Museums
Name City Country Gallery space in m2 (sq ft) Year established
Louvre Paris  France 72,735
(782,910)[1]
1792
State Hermitage Museum St. Petersburg  Russia 66,842
(719,480)[2]
1764
National Museum of China Beijing  China 65,000
(700,000)[3]
1959
Metropolitan Museum of Art New York City  United States 58,820
(633,100)[4]
1870
Vatican Museums Vatican City (Rome)   Vatican City 43,000
(460,000)[5]
1506
Tokyo National Museum Tokyo  Japan 38,000
(410,000)[6][note 1][7]
1872
National Museum of Anthropology Mexico City  Mexico 33,000
(360,000)[8]
1964
Victoria and Albert Museum London  United Kingdom 30,658
(330,000)[9][10]
1852
National Museum of Korea Seoul  South Korea 27,090
(291,600)[11]
1945
Art Institute of Chicago Chicago  United States 26,000
(280,000)[12][note 2]
1879
Nanjing Museum Nanjing  China 26,000
(280,000)[13]
1933
British Museum London  United Kingdom 25,700
(277,000)[5]
1753
National Gallery of Art Washington  United States 25,200
(271,000)[14]
1937
MASS MoCA North Adams  United States 23,225
(249,990)[15]
1999
Cinquantenaire Museum Brussels  Belgium 22,000
(240,000)[16][note 1]
1835
Three Gorges Museum Chongqing  China 20,858
(224,510)[17]
2005
Museum of Fine Arts Boston  United States 20,500
(221,000)[18]
1870
Israel Museum Jerusalem  Israel 18,500
(199,000)[19]
1965
Minneapolis Institute of Art Minneapolis  United States 17,500
(188,000)[20]
1883
Arsenal (Biennale) Venice  Italy 17,000
(180,000)[21]
1895
Musée National d'Art Moderne Paris  France 17,000
(180,000)[22]
1947
Musée d'Orsay Paris  France 16,853
(181,400)[23]
1986
Ōtsuka Museum of Art Naruto  Japan 16,000
(170,000)[24][note 1][25]
1998
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art San Francisco  United States 15,800
(170,000)[26]
1935
Museo del Prado Madrid  Spain 15,400
(166,000)[27]
1819
Denver Art Museum Denver  United States 15,000
(160,000)[28][29]
1918
Egyptian Museum Cairo  Egypt 15,000
(160,000)[30]
1902
Museo di Capodimonte Naples  Italy 15,000
(160,000)[31][note 1]
1757
Philadelphia Museum of Art Philadelphia  United States 15,000
(160,000)[32][note 1]
1876
Matarazzo Ciccillo (Bienal) São Paulo  Brazil 15,000
(160,000)[33]
1951
Shandong Museum Jinan  China 15,000
(160,000)[34]
1954
Dia:Beacon Beacon, New York  United States 14,900
(160,000)[35]
2003
Dallas Museum of Art Dallas  United States 14,800
(159,000)[20]
1903
Museo Reina Sofía Madrid  Spain 14,756
(158,830)[36][37][note 3]
1992
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam  Netherlands 14,500
(156,000)[38]
1800
MMCA, Gwacheon Gwacheon  South Korea 14,144
(152,240)[39]
1969
Detroit Institute of Arts Detroit  United States 14,000
(150,000)[40]
1885
Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna  Austria 14,000
(150,000)[41][note 1]
1891
Tokyo National Art Center Tokyo  Japan 14,000
(150,000)[42]
2007
National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts Taichung  Taiwan 13,600
(146,000)[43]
1988
National Gallery in Prague (Veletržní) Prague  Czech Republic 13,500
(145,000)[44]
1796
Indianapolis Museum of Art Indianapolis  United States 13,300
(143,000)[45]
1883
Bavarian National Museum Munich  Germany 13,000
(140,000)[46]
1855
Brooklyn Museum New York City  United States 13,000
(140,000)[47][note 1]
1895
Capital Museum Beijing  China 13,000
(140,000)[48][49]
1981
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Montreal  Canada 13,000
(140,000)[50]
1860
National Gallery of Australia Canberra  Australia 13,000
(140,000)[51][note 1]
1967
National Gallery of Victoria Melbourne  Australia 13,000
(140,000)[52][note 1]
1861
Palais de Tokyo Paris  France 13,000
(140,000)[53]
2001
Salar Jung Museum Hyderabad  India 13,000
(140,000)[54]
1855
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Richmond  United States 12,500
(135,000)[55]
1934
Tate Modern London  United Kingdom 12,427
(133,760)[56]
2000
Cleveland Museum of Art Cleveland  United States 12,400
(133,000)[20]
1913
National Gallery of Canada Ottawa  Canada 12,400
(133,000)[57]
1880
Hamburger Kunsthalle Hamburg  Germany 12,000
(130,000)[58]
1869
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Rotterdam  Netherlands 12,000
(130,000)[59]
1849
Houston Museum of Fine Arts Houston  United States 12,000
(130,000)[60][note 4]
1900
National Gallery of Modern Art New Delhi  India 12,000
(130,000)[61]
1954
Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille Lille  France 12,000
(130,000)[62]
1809
Pinakothek der Moderne Munich  Germany 12,000
(130,000)[63]
2002
Tretyakov Gallery (Krymsky Val) Moscow  Russia 12,000
(130,000)[64]
1985
Milwaukee Art Museum Milwaukee  United States 11,900
(128,000)[65]
1882
Taipei Fine Arts Museum Taipei  Taiwan 11,700
(126,000)[66]
1983
Museum of Modern Art New York City  United States 11,600
(125,000)[67]
1929
Art Gallery of Ontario Toronto  Canada 11,500
(124,000)[68]
1900
Art Gallery of New South Wales Sydney  Australia 11,000
(120,000)[69]
1874
Capitoline Museums Rome  Italy 11,000
(120,000)[70]
1734
Fondazione Prada Milan  Italy 11,000
(120,000)[71]
1993
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao  Spain 11,000
(120,000)[72]
1997
Los Angeles County Museum of Art Los Angeles  United States 11,000
(120,000)[73]
1910
MAC-University of São Paulo São Paulo  Brazil 11,000
(120,000)[74][note 1]
1963
National Gallery London  United Kingdom 11,000
(120,000)[75][note 1]
1824
Pergamon Museum Berlin  Germany 11,000
(120,000)[76][note 1]
1910
Shaanxi History Museum Xi'an  China 11,000
(120,000)[77]
1991
HangarBicocca Milan  Italy 10,900
(117,000)[78]
2012
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya Barcelona  Spain 10,500
(113,000)[79]
1934
Tibet Museum Lhasa  China 10,500
(113,000)[80]
1999
Portland Art Museum Portland, Oregon  United States 10,400
(112,000)[81]
1892
Carnegie Museum of Art Pittsburgh  United States 10,000
(110,000)[82]
1896
Hamburger Bahnhof Berlin  Germany 10,000
(110,000)[83]
1996
Kunstmuseum Basel Basel   Switzerland 10,000
(110,000)[84]
1936
MAXXI - National Museum of the 21st Century Arts Rome  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[85]
2010
Museo Egizio Turin  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[86]
1824
MMCA, Seoul Seoul  South Korea 10,000
(110,000)[87]
2013
National Museum, Poznań Poznań  Poland 10,000
(110,000)[88][note 1]
1857
Russian Museum Saint-Petersburg  Russia 10,000
(110,000)[89][90][91][note 1]
1895
Saint Louis Art Museum St. Louis  United States 10,000
(110,000)[20]
1881
Museums of Sforza Castle Milan  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[92][note 1]
1896
Tate Britain London  United Kingdom 10,000
(110,000)[93][note 1]
1897
National Palace Museum Taipei  Taiwan 9,613
(103,470)[94]
1925
National Archaeological Museum Madrid  Spain 9,300
(100,000)[95]
1867
Musée Fabre Montpellier  France 9,300
(100,000)[96]
1828
Bardo National Museum Tunis  Tunisia 9,000
(97,000)[97]
1888
Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine Paris  France 9,000
(97,000)[98]
1879
National Museum, New Delhi New Delhi  India 9,000
(97,000)[99][note 1]
1809
National Gallery Oslo  Norway 9,000
(97,000)[100]
1842
Power Station of Art (Biennale) Shanghai  China 9,000
(97,000)[101]
2012
Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington, D.C.  United States 8,800
(95,000)[102]
1829
Musée du quai Branly Paris  France 8,750
(94,200)[103]
2006
Liaoning Provincial Museum Shenyang  China 8,500
(91,000)[104]
1949
Gallerie di Piazza Scala Milan  Italy 8,300
(89,000)[105]
2011
National Art Museum of China Beijing  China 8,300
(89,000)[106]
1958
Galleria degli Uffizi Florence  Italy 8,000
(86,000)[107]
1581
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna Rome  Italy 8,000
(86,000)[108][note 1]
1883
Gemäldegalerie Berlin  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[109]
1830
Museum Ludwig Cologne  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[110]
1976
Neues Museum Berlin  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[111]
1855
Petit Palais Paris  France 8,000
(86,000)[112]
1902
Pushkin Museum Moscow  Russia 8,000
(86,000)[113][note 1]
1898
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam  Netherlands 8,000
(86,000)[114]
1874
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum Madrid  Spain 8,000
(86,000)[115][note 1]
1992
Toledo Museum of Art Toledo, Ohio  United States 8,000
(86,000)[116][note 1]
1901
Tretyakov Gallery Moscow  Russia 8,000
(86,000)[117][note 1]
1856
de Young San Francisco  United States 7,900
(85,000)[118]
1895
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Kansas City  United States 7,900
(85,000)[20]
1933

Large museums with unknown or unreliable figures[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Floor plan on museum website used to identify which spaces in the museum building are gallery spaces. Dimensions of building in feet established from satellite view of museum building from Google Maps. Total square footage of gallery spaces then calculated based on dimensions of gallery spaces in floor plan.
  2. ^ 65,000 sqft expansion adds 30% of gallery space
  3. ^ References for historical building + extension
  4. ^ Main buildings : Law and Beck
  5. ^ 20,000 square meters for building space

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