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Bülkau is a municipality in the district of Cuxhaven, in Lower Saxony, Germany. Bülkau belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, a territory of imperial immediacy established in 1180. In the mid-16th century Bülkau adopted Lutheranism. During the Catholic Leaguist occupation under Johan't Serclaes, Count of Tilly, Bülkau suffered from attempts of re-Catholicisation. In 1648 the prince-archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown – interrupted by a Danish occupation – and from 1715 on by the House of Hanover. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the duchy, before France annexed it in 1810. In 1813 the Duchy of Bremen was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which – after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 – incorporated the duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Bülkau, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823

Stefan Filipkiewicz

Stefan Filipkiewicz pronounced was a Polish painter and designer, notable for his landscapes inspired by the Young Poland movement. He was a leading representative of the Polish art nouveau style of painting, his landscapes of the Tatra Mountains and the region of Podhale were first exhibited in Kraków in 1899 at the Palace of Art run by the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Art. Between 1900 and 1908 Filipkiewicz studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków under Józef Mehoffer, Leon Wyczółkowski, Jan Stanisławski and Józef Pankiewicz. In 1908, Filipkiewicz joined the Society of Polish Artists, he became the contributing artist to the legendary Zielony Balonik art-and-literary cabaret. In 1929, Filipkiewicz was awarded the Golden Medal of the Universal Exhibition in Poznań. Four years he was awarded by the Polish Academy of Skills for his works. During the 1939 Invasion of Poland he fled to Hungary, where he became an active member of several underground organizations. Arrested by the Gestapo, he was sent to the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp where he was murdered.

Biography of Stefan Filipkiewicz at

Lewiston Indians

The Lewiston Indians were a minor league baseball team in the western United States, based in Lewiston, Idaho. They played in the Pioneer League during the 1939 season, at the Class C level, were not affiliated with any Major League Baseball team; the team's home ballpark was Bengal Field. The Indians were one of the six original teams of the Pioneer League when it was formed in 1939; the team was managed by Herb Sanders, who had pitched in the minor leagues for 12 seasons between 1923 and 1937, helped to found the Pioneer League. The Indians finished in last place and did not continue past 1939. Three members of the team appeared in the major leagues. Lewiston Indians players Baseball Reference – Lewiston teams NWSABR – team photo

Mangaung African Cultural Festival

The Mangaung African Cultural Festival is an annual showcase of African arts and various sports disciplines that takes place in Bloemfontein, South Africa. It is one of the largest emerging festivals in Africa; the festival runs for 10 days beginning on the first week of October each year in the Free State province of South Africa. MACUFE consists of a main musical festival, an arts and crafts exhibition, theatre productions, a beauty pageant, the Sparta Macufe Cup, a soccer league at the Free State stadium and performing arts, it hosts an official corporate village where there are brand specific lounges, each with their own client service personnel. Though the unfolding of an arts festival platform after 1994 in the New South Africa was a key development in SA professional theatre, numerous festivals did little to explore and celebrate black South African culture, theatre or productions; every festival had a small number of black artists taking part in productions, audiences included a few black theatre-goers, but the participation of the white and Western-oriented producers, as well as audiences, outweighed the contribution from black African and put artists and festival-goers at a disadvantage.

Apart from some exceptional cases and Afrikaans were used exclusively on the festival stages. The festival was launched in 1997 by the Free State Provincial Government to celebrate the best local and international African artists in various disciplines. At the announcement of the festival in 1997 the general manager of SABC2, Thaninga Msimango, declared that “the concept was initiated because there was no cultural festival that expressed the rich culture of indigenous South Africans.” The Free State MEC for sports and culture, M. W. Molefe, added that “most popular and successful festivals in South Africa are focused on Eurocentric culture, paying scant regard to indigenous African culture". Dubbed an “African cultural festival”, rather than an “arts festival”, the intention was clear: to stage an event that would recognise and celebrate indigenous African cultural heritage, as a balance to the other arts festivals which were perceived to do little in that regard. Miss Glamorous Free State is a provincial beauty pageant that takes place during MACUFE.

The pageant was established in 2014 under the Dipalesa Pitchov Foundation. Dipalesa Mbola represented the Free State in Miss South Africa 2014; the pageant is open to women between the ages 27 who seek to further their academic studies. The aim of the pageant is to empower the women with the means to attain their tertiary education. MACUFE Comedy Festival is a comedy show showcasing both the new and well established stand-up comedians of South Africa; the show takes place at The Dome, Old Greys in Bloemfontein and has had the likes of Trevor Noah, Loyiso Gola and Kagiso Lediga perform there. African Footprint is South Africa's longest running musical; the multi-award winning musical takes place at the Civic Theatre. Produced by Richard Loring, the musical is becoming an annual event at MACUFE. MACUFE Arts & Craft Market sees over 80 exhibitors showcasing and selling their various crafts, their products include wire products, wool products, shoes, leather products and a multitude of beauty and home decor products.

The market is held inside a marquee. There is a food court with a beer garden, live music and cultural performances. MACUFE Gospel Concert takes place on the Sunday of the festival at The Dome, Old Greys in Bloemfontein, it brings together gospel artists all around South Africa for an entire day and night of praise and worship. Main Music Festival takes place at Bloemfontein, it is the highlight of the festival as it has both national and international artists taking the stage. It is the last musical event that takes place during MACUFE and has seen national artists such as Letta Mbulu, Caiphus Semenya and Mafikizolo take the stage. International artists who have performed at the main music festival include Maxwell, Angie Stone, Karyn White, Andy Narell, Randy Crawford, Bebe Winans and Joe Sample. Sparta MACUFE Cup is a soccer game, it is the last event to take place during MACUFE. The game brings two teams in the Premier Soccer League to play against each other for the Sparta MACUFE cup. Bloemfontein Celtic F.

C. were the reigning champions between 2012 and 2015. C. in 2016 who hold the cup. The Department of Arts and Culture and the Department of Sports, Arts and Recreation in Free State are some of the largest sponsors of the festival, spending a surplus of 20 million rand each year. Other sponsors include SA Express, Standard Bank and the National Lotteries Commission. Lesedi FM radio, Daily Sun, Sunday Sun, The Sowetan, The New Age and The Africas News Network are amongst some of the largest known platforms that cover the festival; the SABC are amongst the broadcasters at the festival. National Arts Festival Department of Arts and Culture Official website

MPH Show

The MPH Show was a supercar motor show known as Top Gear Live!. It was held every year in both Earls Court and Birmingham NEC; the show took up either one or two halls at both venues, there were two parts to it: the Exhibition and the Main Show. From 2011 the show was rebranded and relaunched as "Top Gear Live", tying together its close links to the Top Gear television series and with a venue change to ExCeL London. Top Gear Live was expanded, being used by BBC Worldwide as a brand of touring stadium show. Visitors have the opportunity to take a look at exhibitors' stands. Many are there to advertise a product that they sell There are exhibition stands advertising car lease, whilst showing actual cars that can be leased at the stand; these are the likes of the Ferrari Enzo, Lamborghini Murcielago LP640, Ferrari F430 or the Aston Martin DBS V12. There are a few car manufacturers exhibiting, although not to the scale of the'Sunday Times Motor Show'. At MPH 2006, Land Rover turned half of the hall into a simulated off-road environment with ramps and severe slopes, on which people could drive the new Land Rover Discovery 3.

There are VIP enclosures such as'The Sunday Times' enclosure, or the'Auto Express' enclosure in which people with VIP tickets can go and enjoy a glass of wine for example. Overall, the exhibition side of the show is trade based and does not include many car manufacturers; the main event is a 90-minute show, which takes up an entire hall and has the audience sitting in stadium-like seating. The show features a catwalk-style presentation of new cars. Included in the show are the usual team antics, well known from Top Gear and TGT. There were 3D presentations during the show. Pyrotechnics added live explosions to the display, simulating missile hits and ricochets from gunfire. MPH 2006 included a virtual 3D Hummer being dropped out of an aircraft, shot down by a Tornado jet, landing in pieces in the ocean. A 3D Gatso Camera/Dragon of the future battled it out with the Stig at MPH 2007. In 2006, the MPH show was presented by Jeremy Clarkson and James May, Tiff Needell, drafted in to cover for Richard Hammond who could not make the show due to a crash.

At MPH 2007 the presenters were James May and Richard Hammond. Exhibited cars in the MPH 2006 show included the Caparo T1, Pagani Zonda F, Jaguar XKR, Lamborghini LP640, Bentley GTC, Koenigsegg CCX, Spyker C8, Spyker D8, Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder and the Porsche Cayenne Magnum black gunsmoke. Official MPH 07 Site MPH 07 Exhibitor List MPH Theatrical Show MPH 06 Shopping Trolley Bowling MPH 06 Car Football