List of living cardinals

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Cardinals are senior ecclesiastical leaders of the Catholic Church, almost always ordained bishops and generally holding important roles within the church, such as governing prominent archdioceses or managing dicasteries within the Roman Curia. They are created in consistories by the pope and one of their foremost duties is the election of a new pope (invariably from among themselves, although not a formal requirement) when the Holy See is vacant, following the death or the resignation of the reigning pontiff. The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals.[1][2]

Under current ecclesiastical law, as defined by the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis, only cardinals who have not passed their 80th birthday on the day on which the Holy See falls vacant (i.e. cardinals who were born on or after 7 January 1939) are eligible to participate in a papal conclave to elect a new pope.[3] The same apostolic constitution also imposes a maximum of 120 cardinal electors who can participate in a conclave;[3] this number has occasionally been exceeded, although never at the time of a conclave. In addition, cardinals may also be created in pectore (reserved 'in the breast'), in which they are not publicly revealed by the pope; they do not enjoy the privileges of a cardinal until their names are published. The creations of any such cardinals who have not been revealed at the pope's death or resignation automatically lapse.[1][4]

As of 28 July 2018, there are 224 cardinals, 124 of whom are cardinal electors (despite the aforementioned maximum of 120 cardinal electors[3]). The most recent consistory for the creation of cardinals was held on 28 June 2018, when Pope Francis created fourteen cardinals, including eleven cardinal electors.[5][6] Angelo Amato was the most recent cardinal elector to turn 80, on 8 June 2018; Alberto Suárez Inda will be the next cardinal elector to turn 80, on 30 January 2019. Jean-Louis Tauran was the most recent cardinal to die, on 5 July 2018, at the age of 75.[7]

Living cardinals[edit]

The College of Cardinals is divided into three orders, with official precedence in the following sequence, generally reflecting seniority and honour:[1]

  1. Cardinal bishops (CB): the six cardinals holding the titles of the seven suburbicarian dioceses in the vicinity of Rome (and other cardinals who are additionally co-opted into the order, in derogation of canon law[8]), appointed from the other cardinals by the pope, as well as cardinals who are patriarchs of Eastern Catholic Churches.[9] The two most senior cardinal bishops of the College, who are elected by and from the cardinal bishops (excluding those who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs) and approved by the pope,[1] are termed the Dean and the Vice-Dean, currently Angelo Sodano and Giovanni Battista Re, respectively; among the cardinal electors, the most senior cardinal bishop is Pietro Parolin.[a]
  2. Cardinal priests (CP): bishops typically in charge of dioceses (normally ordinaries), as well as former cardinal deacons who have opted for the order.[10] The most senior cardinal priest of the College is termed the Protopriest, currently Michael Michai Kitbunchu; among the cardinal electors, the most senior cardinal priest is Vinko Puljić.[a]
  3. Cardinal deacons (CD): bishops who hold curial or diplomatic roles, as well as other clergy. They have the option (Latin: optatio) of being transferred to cardinal priests after having been cardinal deacons for ten years.[1][11] The most senior cardinal deacon of the College is termed the Protodeacon, currently Renato Raffaele Martino; among the cardinal electors, the most senior cardinal deacon is Robert Sarah and the most junior cardinal deacon is Konrad Krajewski.[a]

For cardinal bishops, except for those who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, the Dean is first in precedence, followed by the Vice-Dean and then by the remainder in order of appointment as cardinal bishops. For cardinal bishops who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, for cardinal priests and for cardinal deacons, precedence is determined by the date of the consistory in which they were created cardinals and then by the order in which they appeared in the official announcement or bulletin.

By default, this table is sorted in order of precedence, as denoted by the No. column. All cardinals are of the Latin Church unless otherwise stated. Cardinals belonging to institutes of consecrated life or to societies of apostolic life are indicated by the respective post-nominal letters.

* Cardinals ineligible to participate in a papal conclave
No. Name Country Born
(Age)
Order Consistory
Pope
Office Ref.
1 Angelo Sodano*  Italy 23 November 1927
(age 91)
CB 28 June 1991[i]
John Paul II
Secretary of State emeritus (Dean) [12]
2 Giovanni Battista Re*  Italy 30 January 1934
(age 84)
CB 21 February 2001[ii]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Bishops (Vice-Dean) [13]
3 Roger Etchegaray*  France 25 September 1922
(age 96)
CB 30 June 1979[iii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Justice and Peace and Cor Unum [14]
4 Francis Arinze*  Nigeria 1 November 1932
(age 86)
CB 25 May 1985[iv]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [15]
5 Tarcisio Bertone SDB*  Italy 2 December 1934
(age 84)
CB 21 October 2003[v]
John Paul II
Secretary of State emeritus and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church emeritus [16]
6 José Saraiva Martins CMF*  Portugal 6 January 1932
(age 87)
CB 21 February 2001[vi]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [17]
7 Pietro Parolin  Italy 17 January 1955
(age 63)
CB 22 February 2014[vii]
Francis
Secretary of State [18]
8 Leonardo Sandri  Argentina 18 November 1943
(age 75)
CB 24 November 2007[viii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches [19]
9 Marc Ouellet PSS  Canada 8 June 1944
(age 74)
CB 21 October 2003[vii]
John Paul II
Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops [20]
10 Fernando Filoni  Italy 15 April 1946
(age 72)
CB 18 February 2012[ix]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples [21]
11 Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir*  Lebanon 15 May 1920
(age 98)
CB 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Patriarch emeritus of Antioch
(Maronite Church)
[22]
12 Antonios Naguib*  Egypt 18 March 1935
(age 83)
CB 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patriarch emeritus of Alexandria
(Coptic Catholic Church)
[23]
13 Béchara Boutros Raï OMM  Lebanon 25 February 1940
(age 78)
CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Patriarch of Antioch
(Maronite Church)
[24]
14 Louis Raphaël I Sako  Iraq 4 July 1948
(age 70)
CB 28 June 2018
Francis
Patriarch of Babylon
(Chaldean Catholic Church)
[25]
15 Michael Michai Kitbunchu*  Thailand 25 January 1929
(age 89)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bangkok (Protopriest) [26]
16 Alexandre do Nascimento*  Angola 1 March 1925
(age 93)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Luanda [27]
17 Godfried Danneels*  Belgium 4 June 1933
(age 85)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Mechelen-Brussels [28]
18 Thomas Stafford Williams*  New Zealand 20 March 1930
(age 88)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Wellington [29]
19 Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz*  Poland 17 October 1923
(age 95)
CP 25 May 1985
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Wrocław [30]
20 Jozef Tomko*  Slovakia 11 March 1924
(age 94)
CP 25 May 1985[x]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses [31]
21 Paul Poupard*  France 30 August 1930
(age 88)
CP 25 May 1985[x]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Culture and for Interreligious Dialogue [32]
22 Friedrich Wetter*  Germany 20 February 1928
(age 90)
CP 25 May 1985
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Munich and Freising [33]
23 Adrianus Johannes Simonis*  Netherlands 26 November 1931
(age 87)
CP 25 May 1985
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Utrecht [34]
24 Eduardo Martínez Somalo*  Spain 31 March 1927
(age 91)
CP 28 June 1988[xi]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church emeritus [35]
25 Achille Silvestrini*  Italy 25 October 1923
(age 95)
CP 28 June 1988[xi]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches [36]
26 José Freire Falcão*  Brazil 23 October 1925
(age 93)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Brasília [37]
27 Alexandre José Maria dos Santos OFM*  Mozambique 18 March 1924
(age 94)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Maputo [38]
28 Christian Wiyghan Tumi*  Cameroon 15 October 1930
(age 88)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Douala [39]
29 Edward Idris Cassidy*  Australia 5 July 1924
(age 94)
CP 28 June 1991[xii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [40]
30 Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez*  Dominican Republic 31 October 1936
(age 82)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santo Domingo [41]
31 Roger Michael Mahony*  United States 27 February 1936
(age 82)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles [42]
32 Camillo Ruini*  Italy 19 February 1931
(age 87)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Vicar General emeritus for Rome and Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [43]
33 Henri Schwery*   Switzerland 14 June 1932
(age 86)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Bishop emeritus of Sion [44]
34 Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino*  Cuba 18 October 1936
(age 82)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of San Cristóbal de la Habana [45]
35 Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja SJ*  Indonesia 20 December 1934
(age 84)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Jakarta [46]
36 Emmanuel Wamala*  Uganda 15 December 1926
(age 92)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Kampala [47]
37 Adam Joseph Maida*  United States 18 March 1930
(age 88)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Detroit [48]
38 Vinko Puljić  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 September 1945
(age 73)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vrhbosna [49]
39 Juan Sandoval Íñiguez*  Mexico 28 March 1933
(age 85)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara [50]
40 Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez*  Chile 23 December 1926
(age 92)
CP 21 February 1998[xiii]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [51]
41 James Francis Stafford*  United States 26 July 1932
(age 86)
CP 21 February 1998[xiii]
John Paul II
Major Penitentiary emeritus [52]
42 Salvatore De Giorgi*  Italy 6 September 1930
(age 88)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [53]
43 Serafim Fernandes de Araújo*  Brazil 13 August 1924
(age 94)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Belo Horizonte [54]
44 Antonio María Rouco Varela*  Spain 20 August 1936
(age 82)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Madrid [55]
45 Polycarp Pengo  Tanzania 5 August 1944
(age 74)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam [56]
46 Christoph Schönborn OP  Austria 22 January 1945
(age 73)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vienna [57]
47 Norberto Rivera Carrera  Mexico 6 June 1942
(age 76)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Mexico [58]
48 Marian Jaworski*  Poland[b] 21 August 1926
(age 92)
CP 21 February 1998[c]
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lviv [59]
49 Jānis Pujats*  Latvia 14 November 1930
(age 88)
CP 21 February 1998[c]
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Riga [60]
50 Agostino Cacciavillan*  Italy 14 August 1926
(age 92)
CP 21 February 2001[xiv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [61]
51 Sergio Sebastiani*  Italy 11 April 1931
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001[xiv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See [62]
52 Zenon Grocholewski  Poland 11 October 1939
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001[xiv]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Catholic Education [63]
53 Crescenzio Sepe  Italy 2 June 1943
(age 75)
CP 21 February 2001[xv]
John Paul II
Archbishop of Naples [64]
54 Walter Kasper*  Germany 5 March 1933
(age 85)
CP 21 February 2001[xiv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [65]
55 Geraldo Majella Agnelo*  Brazil 19 October 1933
(age 85)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia [66]
56 Pedro Rubiano Sáenz*  Colombia 13 September 1932
(age 86)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá [67]
57 Audrys Juozas Bačkis*  Lithuania 1 February 1937
(age 81)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Vilnius [68]
58 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa ISch*  Chile 5 September 1933
(age 85)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [69]
59 Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM  South Africa 8 March 1941
(age 77)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Durban [70]
60 Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga SDB  Honduras 29 December 1942
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Tegucigalpa and Coordinator of the Council of Cardinals [71]
61 Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne  Peru 28 December 1943
(age 75)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Lima [72]
62 Francisco Álvarez Martínez*  Spain 14 July 1925
(age 93)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Toledo [73]
63 Cláudio Hummes OFM*  Brazil 8 August 1934
(age 84)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy [74]
64 Severino Poletto*  Italy 18 March 1933
(age 85)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Turin [75]
65 Julián Herranz Casado*  Spain 31 March 1930
(age 88)
CP 21 October 2003[xvi]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts [76]
66 Javier Lozano Barragán*  Mexico 26 January 1933
(age 85)
CP 21 October 2003[xvi]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers [77]
67 Angelo Scola  Italy 7 November 1941
(age 77)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Milan [78]
68 Anthony Olubunmi Okogie*  Nigeria 16 June 1936
(age 82)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lagos [79]
69 Gabriel Zubeir Wako  Sudan 27 February 1941
(age 77)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Khartoum [80]
70 Carlos Amigo Vallejo OFM*  Spain 23 August 1934
(age 84)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Seville [81]
71 Justin Francis Rigali*  United States 19 April 1935
(age 83)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia [82]
72 Eusébio Oscar Scheid SCI*  Brazil 8 December 1932
(age 86)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro [83]
73 Ennio Antonelli*  Italy 18 November 1936
(age 82)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Family [84]
74 Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson  Ghana 11 October 1948
(age 70)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect of the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development [85]
75 Telesphore Placidus Toppo  India 15 October 1939
(age 79)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ranchi [86]
76 George Pell  Australia 8 June 1941
(age 77)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy [87]
77 Josip Bozanić  Croatia 20 March 1949
(age 69)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Zagreb [88]
78 Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn*  Vietnam 5 March 1934
(age 84)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ho Chi Minh City [89]
79 Philippe Barbarin  France 17 October 1950
(age 68)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Lyon [90]
80 Péter Erdő  Hungary 25 June 1952
(age 66)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest [91]
81 William Joseph Levada*  United States 15 June 1936
(age 82)
CP 24 March 2006[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [92]
82 Franc Rodé CM*  Slovenia 23 September 1934
(age 84)
CP 24 March 2006[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [93]
83 Agostino Vallini  Italy 17 April 1940
(age 78)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Pontifical Legate for the Basilicas of Saint Francis and Saint Mary of the Angels in Assisi [94]
84 Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino  Venezuela 28 August 1942
(age 76)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Caracas [95]
85 Gaudencio Borbon Rosales*  Philippines 10 August 1932
(age 86)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Manila [96]
86 Jean-Pierre Ricard  France 25 September 1944
(age 74)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bordeaux [97]
87 Antonio Cañizares Llovera  Spain 15 October 1945
(age 73)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Valencia [98]
88 Nicholas Cheong Jin-suk*  South Korea 7 December 1931
(age 87)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Seoul [99]
89 Seán Patrick O'Malley OFMCap  United States 29 June 1944
(age 74)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Boston and President of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors [100]
90 Stanisław Dziwisz  Poland 27 April 1939
(age 79)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Kraków [101]
91 Joseph Zen Ze-kiun SDB*  Hong Kong[d] 13 January 1932
(age 86)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [102]
92 Albert Vanhoye SJ*  France 24 July 1923
(age 95)
CP 24 March 2006[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Priest of the Society of Jesus[e] [103]
93 Giovanni Lajolo*  Italy 3 January 1935
(age 84)
CP 24 November 2007[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [104]
94 Paul Josef Cordes*  Germany 5 September 1934
(age 84)
CP 24 November 2007[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [105]
95 Angelo Comastri  Italy 17 September 1943
(age 75)
CP 24 November 2007[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Vicar General for Vatican City, Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter [106]
96 Stanisław Ryłko  Poland 4 July 1945
(age 73)
CP 24 November 2007[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [107]
97 Raffaele Farina SDB*  Italy 24 September 1933
(age 85)
CP 24 November 2007[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church emeritus [108]
98 Seán Baptist Brady  Ireland[f] 16 August 1939
(age 79)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Armagh [109]
99 Lluís Martínez Sistach*  Spain 29 April 1937
(age 81)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Barcelona [110]
100 André Vingt-Trois  France 7 November 1942
(age 76)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paris [111]
101 Angelo Bagnasco  Italy 14 January 1943
(age 75)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Genoa [112]
102 Théodore-Adrien Sarr*  Senegal 28 November 1936
(age 82)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Dakar [113]
103 Oswald Gracias  India 24 December 1944
(age 74)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bombay [114]
104 Francisco Robles Ortega  Mexico 2 March 1949
(age 69)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Guadalajara [115]
105 Daniel Nicholas DiNardo  United States 23 May 1949
(age 69)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Galveston-Houston [116]
106 Odilo Pedro Scherer  Brazil 21 September 1949
(age 69)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of São Paulo [117]
107 John Njue  Kenya 1944[g]
(age 74)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Nairobi [118]
108 Estanislao Esteban Karlic*  Argentina 7 February 1926
(age 92)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paraná [119]
109 Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga*  Ecuador 1 January 1934
(age 85)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Quito [120]
110 Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7 October 1939
(age 79)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Kinshasa [121]
111 Paolo Romeo*  Italy 20 February 1938
(age 80)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [122]
112 Donald William Wuerl  United States 12 November 1940
(age 78)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Washington [123]
113 Raymundo Damasceno Assis*  Brazil 15 February 1937
(age 81)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Aparecida [124]
114 Kazimierz Nycz  Poland 1 February 1950
(age 68)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Warsaw [125]
115 Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don  Sri Lanka 15 November 1947
(age 71)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Colombo [126]
116 Reinhard Marx  Germany 21 September 1953
(age 65)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Munich and Freising and Coordinator of the Council for the Economy [127]
117 José Manuel Estepa Llaurens*  Spain 1 January 1926
(age 93)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Military Archbishop emeritus of Spain [128]
118 George Alencherry  India 19 April 1945
(age 73)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
(Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
[129]
119 Thomas Christopher Collins  Canada 16 January 1947
(age 71)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Toronto [130]
120 Dominik Duka OP  Czech Republic 26 April 1943
(age 75)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Prague [131]
121 Willem Jacobus Eijk  Netherlands 22 June 1953
(age 65)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Utrecht [132]
122 Giuseppe Betori  Italy 25 February 1947
(age 71)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Florence [133]
123 Timothy Michael Dolan  United States 6 February 1950
(age 68)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of New York [134]
124 Rainer Maria Woelki  Germany 18 August 1956
(age 62)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Cologne [135]
125 John Tong Hon  Hong Kong[d] 31 July 1939
(age 79)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [136]
126 Lucian Mureșan*  Romania 23 May 1931
(age 87)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Făgăraș and Alba Iulia
(Romanian Greek Catholic Church)
[137]
127 Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal  India 15 June 1959
(age 59)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Trivandrum
(Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)
[138]
128 John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan  Nigeria 29 January 1944
(age 74)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Abuja [139]
129 Rubén Salazar Gómez  Colombia 22 September 1942
(age 76)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bogotá [140]
130 Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle  Philippines 21 June 1957
(age 61)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Manila [141]
131 Vincent Gerard Nichols  United Kingdom 8 November 1945
(age 73)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Westminster [142]
132 Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano  Nicaragua 7 March 1949
(age 69)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Managua [143]
133 Gérald Cyprien Lacroix ISPX  Canada 27 July 1957
(age 61)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Quebec [144]
134 Jean-Pierre Kutwa  Ivory Coast 22 December 1945
(age 73)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Abidjan [145]
135 Orani João Tempesta OCist  Brazil 23 June 1950
(age 68)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro [146]
136 Gualtiero Bassetti  Italy 7 April 1942
(age 76)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Perugia-Città della Pieve [147]
137 Mario Aurelio Poli  Argentina 29 November 1947
(age 71)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Buenos Aires [148]
138 Andrew Yeom Soo-jung  South Korea 5 December 1943
(age 75)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Seoul [149]
139 Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB  Chile 7 January 1942
(age 77)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Santiago de Chile [150]
140 Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo  Burkina Faso 25 January 1945
(age 73)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Ouagadougou [151]
141 Orlando Beltran Quevedo OMI  Philippines 11 March 1939
(age 79)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Cotabato [152]
142 Chibly Langlois  Haiti 29 November 1958
(age 60)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Bishop of Les Cayes [153]
143 Fernando Sebastián Aguilar CMF*  Spain 14 December 1929
(age 89)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela [154]
144 Kelvin Edward Felix*  Saint Lucia 15 February 1933
(age 85)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Castries [155]
145 Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente  Portugal 16 July 1948
(age 70)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Patriarch of Lisbon [156]
146 Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel CM  Ethiopia 14 July 1948
(age 70)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Addis Abeba
(Ethiopian Catholic Church)
[157]
147 John Atcherley Dew  New Zealand 5 May 1948
(age 70)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Wellington [158]
148 Edoardo Menichelli  Italy 14 October 1939
(age 79)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Ancona-Osimo [159]
149 Pierre Nguyễn Văn Nhơn*  Vietnam 1 April 1938
(age 80)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Hanoi [160]
150 Alberto Suárez Inda  Mexico 30 January 1939
(age 79)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Morelia [161]
151 Charles Maung Bo SDB  Myanmar 29 October 1948
(age 70)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Yangon [162]
152 Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij  Thailand 27 June 1949
(age 69)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Bangkok [163]
153 Francesco Montenegro  Italy 22 May 1946
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Agrigento [164]
154 Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet SDB  Uruguay 4 July 1959
(age 59)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Montevideo [165]
155 Ricardo Blázquez Pérez  Spain 13 April 1942
(age 76)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Valladolid [166]
156 José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán OAR  Panama 24 February 1944
(age 74)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of David [167]
157 Arlindo Gomes Furtado  Cape Verde 15 November 1949
(age 69)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde [168]
158 Soane Patita Paini Mafi  Tonga 19 December 1961
(age 57)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Tonga [169]
159 José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez*  Colombia 18 February 1919
(age 99)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Manizales [170]
160 Luis Héctor Villalba*  Argentina 11 October 1934
(age 84)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Tucumán [171]
161 Júlio Duarte Langa*  Mozambique 27 October 1927
(age 91)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Xai-Xai [172]
162 Dieudonné Nzapalainga CSSp  Central African Republic 14 March 1967
(age 51)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Bangui [173]
163 Carlos Osoro Sierra  Spain 16 May 1945
(age 73)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Madrid [174]
164 Sérgio da Rocha  Brazil 21 October 1959
(age 59)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Brasília [175]
165 Blase Joseph Cupich  United States 19 March 1949
(age 69)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Chicago [176]
166 Patrick D'Rozario CSC  Bangladesh 1 October 1943
(age 75)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Dhaka [177]
167 Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo  Venezuela 10 October 1944
(age 74)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mérida [178]
168 Jozef De Kesel  Belgium 17 June 1947
(age 71)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels [179]
169 Maurice Piat CSSp  Mauritius 17 July 1941
(age 77)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop of Port-Louis [180]
170 Carlos Aguiar Retes  Mexico 9 January 1950
(age 68)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mexico [181]
171 John Ribat MSC  Papua New Guinea 9 February 1957
(age 61)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Port Moresby [182]
172 Joseph William Tobin CSsR  United States 3 May 1952
(age 66)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Newark [183]
173 Anthony Soter Fernandez*  Malaysia 22 April 1932
(age 86)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Kuala Lumpur [184]
174 Renato Corti*  Italy 1 March 1936
(age 82)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Novara [185]
175 Sebastian Koto Khoarai OMI*  Lesotho 11 September 1929
(age 89)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Mohale's Hoek [186]
176 Jean Zerbo  Mali 27 December 1943
(age 75)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Bamako [187]
177 Juan José Omella Omella  Spain 21 April 1946
(age 72)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Barcelona [188]
178 Anders Arborelius OCD  Sweden 24 September 1949
(age 69)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Bishop of Stockholm [189]
179 Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun IVD  Laos 8 April 1944
(age 74)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Apostolic Vicar of Vientiane [190]
180 Gregorio Rosa Chávez  El Salvador 3 September 1942
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador [191]
181 Angelo De Donatis  Italy 4 January 1954
(age 65)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Vicar General for Rome and Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [192]
182 Joseph Coutts  Pakistan 21 July 1945
(age 73)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Karachi [193]
183 António Augusto dos Santos Marto  Portugal 5 May 1947
(age 71)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Bishop of Leiria-Fátima [194]
184 Pedro Ricardo Barreto Jimeno SJ  Peru 12 February 1944
(age 74)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Huancayo [195]
185 Désiré Tsarahazana  Madagascar 13 June 1954
(age 64)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Toamasina [196]
186 Giuseppe Petrocchi  Italy 19 August 1948
(age 70)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of L'Aquila [197]
187 Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda  Japan 3 March 1949
(age 69)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Osaka [198]
188 Sergio Obeso Rivera*  Mexico 31 October 1931
(age 87)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Xalapa [199]
189 Toribio Ticona Porco*  Bolivia 25 April 1937
(age 81)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Prelate emeritus of Corocoro [200]
190 Renato Raffaele Martino*  Italy 23 November 1932
(age 86)
CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Justice and Peace and for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People (Protodeacon) [201]
191 Angelo Amato SDB*  Italy 8 June 1938
(age 80)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [202]
192 Robert Sarah  Guinea 15 June 1945
(age 73)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [203]
193 Francesco Monterisi*  Italy 28 May 1934
(age 84)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [204]
194 Raymond Leo Burke  United States 30 June 1948
(age 70)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [205]
195 Kurt Koch   Switzerland 15 March 1950
(age 68)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [206]
196 Paolo Sardi*  Italy 1 September 1934
(age 84)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patron emeritus of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [207]
197 Mauro Piacenza  Italy 15 September 1944
(age 74)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary [208]
198 Gianfranco Ravasi  Italy 18 October 1942
(age 76)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Culture [209]
199 Elio Sgreccia*  Italy 6 June 1928
(age 90)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Academy for Life [210]
200 Walter Brandmüller*  Germany 5 January 1929
(age 90)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences [211]
201 Manuel Monteiro de Castro*  Portugal 29 March 1938
(age 80)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary emeritus [212]
202 Santos Abril y Castelló*  Spain 21 September 1935
(age 83)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [213]
203 Antonio Maria Vegliò*  Italy 3 February 1938
(age 80)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People [214]
204 Giuseppe Bertello  Italy 1 October 1942
(age 76)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [215]
205 Francesco Coccopalmerio*  Italy 6 March 1938
(age 80)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts [216]
206 João Braz de Aviz  Brazil 24 April 1947
(age 71)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [217]
207 Edwin Frederick O'Brien  United States 8 April 1939
(age 79)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Grand Master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [218]
208 Domenico Calcagno  Italy 3 February 1943
(age 75)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [219]
209 Giuseppe Versaldi  Italy 30 July 1943
(age 75)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education [220]
210 Prosper Grech OSA*  Malta 24 December 1925
(age 93)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Titular Archbishop emeritus of San Leone [221]
211 James Michael Harvey  United States 20 October 1949
(age 69)
CD 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [222]
212 Lorenzo Baldisseri  Italy 29 September 1940
(age 78)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Secretary-General of the Synod of Bishops [223]
213 Gerhard Ludwig Müller  Germany 31 December 1947
(age 71)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [224]
214 Beniamino Stella  Italy 18 August 1941
(age 77)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy [225]
215 Dominique Mamberti  France 7 March 1952
(age 66)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura [226]
216 Luigi De Magistris*  Italy 23 February 1926
(age 92)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Pro-Major Penitentiary emeritus [227]
217 Karl-Josef Rauber*  Germany 11 April 1934
(age 84)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Belgium and to Luxembourg [228]
218 Mario Zenari  Italy 5 January 1946
(age 73)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio to Syria [229]
219 Kevin Joseph Farrell  United States 2 September 1947
(age 71)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life [230]
220 Ernest Simoni*  Albania 18 October 1928
(age 90)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Priest of the Archdiocese of Shkodër-Pult[e] [231]
221 Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer SJ  Spain 19 April 1944
(age 74)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [232]
222 Giovanni Angelo Becciu  Italy 2 June 1948
(age 70)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints and Special Delegate to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [233]
223 Konrad Krajewski  Poland 25 November 1963
(age 55)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Almoner of His Holiness [234]
224 Aquilino Bocos Merino CMF*  Spain 17 May 1938
(age 80)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Superior General emeritus of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary [235]

Former cardinals[edit]

In addition, as of 28 July 2018, there are three living former cardinals (in order of departure from the College of Cardinals):

Demographics of the College of Cardinals[edit]

This table shows the number of living cardinals created by each pope and belonging to each order. By default, it is sorted in order of pontificate, as denoted by the No. column.

Currently, 55.4 per cent of all cardinals are eligible to participate in a papal conclave. The number of votes required to be elected pope with a two-thirds supermajority, if all 124 cardinal electors were to participate, would be 83.[3][240]

Pope Order Total Percentage of total
No. Name
Pontificate
Cardinal bishops Cardinal priests Cardinal deacons
All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors
264 John Paul II
16 October 1978 – 2 April 2005
8 1 66 17 1 0 75 18 33.5% 14.5%
265 Benedict XVI
19 April 2005 – 28 February 2013
4 3 50 33 21 11 75 47 33.5% 37.9%
266 Francis
13 March 2013 – present
2 2 59 48 13 9 74 59 33.0% 47.6%
Total 14 6 175 98 35 20 224 124 100.0% 100.0%
Percentage of total 6.3% 4.8% 78.1% 79.0% 15.6% 16.1% 100.0% 100.0%

Cardinals by particular church sui iuris[edit]

While most cardinals belong to the Latin Church, which encompasses the vast majority of Catholics, a small number of cardinals belong to one of the twenty-three autonomous (sui iuris) Eastern Catholic Churches.

Currently, there are eight Eastern Catholic cardinals, including five cardinal electors, belonging to seven particular churches sui iuris:

For Eastern Catholic particular churches sui iuris, bracketed percentages are in relation to all Eastern Catholic Churches as a whole.

Particular church sui iuris All cardinals Cardinal electors
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Latin Church
(Western)
216 96.4% 119 96.0%
Eastern Churches Chaldean Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
1 0.8%
(20.0%)
Coptic Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
0 0.0%
(0.0%)
Ethiopian Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
1 0.8%
(20.0%)
Maronite Church 2 0.9%
(25.0%)
1 0.8%
(20.0%)
Romanian Greek Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
0 0.0%
(0.0%)
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
1 0.8%
(20.0%)
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(12.5%)
1 0.8%
(20.0%)
Total 8 3.6%
(100.0%)
5 4.0%
(100.0%)
Total 224 100.0% 124 100.0%

Cardinals by institute of consecrated life or by society of apostolic life[edit]

Currently, there are 41 cardinals (18.3 per cent), including 24 cardinal electors (19.4 per cent), belonging to 22 institutes of consecrated life or societies of apostolic life. The demonym, if not otherwise apparent, is given in brackets.

Post‑nominal Name All cardinals Cardinal electors
CM Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians/Lazarists) 2 1
CMF Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) 3 0
CSC Congregation of Holy Cross (Holy Cross Fathers) 1 1
CSSp Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost Fathers / Spiritans) 2 2
CSsR Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) 1 1
ISch Institute of Schönstatt Fathers 1 0
ISPX Pius X Secular Institute 1 1
IVD Voluntas Dei Institute 1 1
MSC Missionaries of the Sacred Heart 1 1
OAR Order of Augustinian Recollects 1 1
OCD Order of Discalced Carmelites 1 1
OCist Order of Cistercians 1 1
OFM Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) 4 1
OFMCap Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Capuchins) 1 1
OMI Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates) 2 1
OMM Mariamite Maronite Order (Aleppians) 1 1
OP Order of Preachers (Dominicans) 2 2
OSA Order of Saint Augustine (Augustinians) 1 0
PSS Society of the Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians) 1 1
SCI Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians) 1 0
SDB Salesians of Don Bosco (Salesians) 8 4
SJ Society of Jesus (Jesuits) 4 2
None Secular clergy 172 91
Total 224 124

Cardinals by continent[edit]

In this article, countries are grouped into continents generally according to the regions of the United Nations geoscheme; for the Americas region, North America comprises the Northern America, the Central America and the Caribbean subregions, while South America comprises the remaining subregion of the same name.

Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors Percentage of global Catholic population (2016)[241]
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Africa 26 11.6% 16 12.9% 17.6%
North America 33 14.7% 22 17.7% 20.7%
South America 27 12.1% 13 10.5% 27.7%
Asia 26 11.6% 17 13.7% 11.0%
Europe 106 47.3% 52 41.9% 22.0%
Oceania 6 2.7% 4 3.2% 0.8%
Total 224 100.0% 124 100.0% 100.0%

Cardinals by country[edit]

Currently, there are 87 countries that have cardinals, 65 of which have cardinal electors. The countries with the greatest percentages of all cardinals are Italy (19.6 per cent), jointly, Spain and the United States (6.7 per cent each) and Brazil (4.5 per cent). Among the cardinal electors, the countries with the greatest percentages are Italy (17.7 per cent), the United States (8.1 per cent) and, jointly, Poland and Spain (4.0 per cent each).

Country Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors
 Albania Europe 1 0
 Angola Africa 1 0
 Argentina South America 4 2
 Australia Oceania 2 1
 Austria Europe 1 1
 Bangladesh Asia 1 1
 Belgium Europe 2 1
 Bolivia South America 1 0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1 1
 Brazil South America 10 4
 Burkina Faso Africa 1 1
 Cameroon Africa 1 0
 Canada North America 3 3
 Cape Verde Africa 1 1
 Central African Republic Africa 1 1
 Chile South America 3 1
 Colombia South America 3 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 1 1
 Croatia Europe 1 1
 Cuba North America 1 0
 Czech Republic Europe 1 1
 Dominican Republic North America 1 0
 Ecuador South America 1 0
 Egypt Africa 1 0
 El Salvador North America 1 1
 Ethiopia Africa 1 1
 France Europe 7 4
 Germany Europe 8 3
 Ghana Africa 1 1
 Guinea Africa 1 1
 Haiti North America 1 1
 Honduras North America 1 1
 Hong Kong[d] Asia 2 1
 Hungary Europe 1 1
 India Asia 4 4
 Indonesia Asia 1 0
 Iraq Asia 1 1
 Ireland Europe 1 1
 Italy Europe 44 22
 Ivory Coast Africa 1 1
 Japan Asia 1 1
 Kenya Africa 1 1
 South Korea Asia 2 1
 Laos Asia 1 1
 Latvia Europe 1 0
 Lebanon Asia 2 1
 Lesotho Africa 1 0
 Lithuania Europe 1 0
 Madagascar Africa 1 1
 Malaysia Asia 1 0
 Mali Africa 1 1
 Malta Europe 1 0
 Mauritius Africa 1 1
 Mexico North America 7 4
 Mozambique Africa 2 0
 Myanmar Asia 1 1
 Netherlands Europe 2 1
 New Zealand Oceania 2 1
 Nicaragua North America 1 1
 Nigeria Africa 3 1
 Pakistan Asia 1 1
 Panama North America 1 1
 Papua New Guinea Oceania 1 1
 Peru South America 2 2
 Philippines Asia 3 2
 Poland Europe 7 5
 Portugal Europe 4 2
 Romania Europe 1 0
 Saint Lucia North America 1 0
 Senegal Africa 1 0
 Slovakia Europe 1 0
 Slovenia Europe 1 0
 South Africa Africa 1 1
 Spain Europe 15 5
 Sri Lanka Asia 1 1
 Sudan Africa 1 1
 Sweden Europe 1 1
  Switzerland Europe 2 1
 Tanzania Africa 1 1
 Thailand Asia 2 1
 Tonga Oceania 1 1
 Uganda Africa 1 0
 United Kingdom Europe 1 1
 United States North America 15 10
 Uruguay South America 1 1
 Venezuela South America 2 2
 Vietnam Asia 2 0
Total 224 124

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Created a cardinal priest; transferred to a cardinal bishop on 10 January 1994
  2. ^ Created a cardinal priest; transferred to a cardinal bishop on 1 October 2002
  3. ^ Created a cardinal priest; transferred to a cardinal bishop on 24 June 1998
  4. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996 and to a cardinal bishop on 25 April 2005
  5. ^ Created a cardinal priest; transferred to a cardinal bishop on 10 May 2008
  6. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal bishop on 24 February 2009
  7. ^ a b Created a cardinal priest; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  8. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018 and co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  9. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  10. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996
  11. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 9 January 1999
  12. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 26 February 2002
  13. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 1 March 2008
  14. ^ a b c d Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 21 February 2011
  15. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 20 May 2006
  16. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 12 June 2014
  17. ^ a b c Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 20 June 2016
  18. ^ a b c d e Created a cardinal deacon; transferred to a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018
  1. ^ a b c Among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal bishop, the senior cardinal priest, the senior cardinal deacon and the junior cardinal deacon have specific roles in a papal conclave, such as presiding over the conclave itself (the senior cardinal bishop) or announcing the election of the pope (the senior cardinal deacon).[3]
  2. ^ Territory as archbishop in  Ukraine
  3. ^ a b Created in pectore; revealed on 21 February 2001
  4. ^ a b c Special administrative region of  China
  5. ^ a b Granted dispensation not to be consecrated a bishop
  6. ^ Territory as archbishop also in the  United Kingdom
  7. ^ Exact date of birth unknown

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The College of Cardinals General Documentazion". Holy See Press Office. 17 February 2014. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Sägmüller, Johannes Baptist (1913). "Cardinal". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ a b c d e Pope John Paul II (22 February 1996). "Universi Dominici Gregis" (Apostolic constitution). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2013 – via the Holy See.
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Boudinhon, Auguste (1913). "In Petto". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  5. ^ "Announcement of the Consistory of 29 June for the creation of new Cardinals". Holy See Press Office. 20 May 2018. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Calendar of the Celebrations presided at by the Holy Father Francis (June – August 2018)". Holy See Press Office. 29 May 2018. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Le cardinal français Jean-Louis Tauran est mort". Libération (in French). AFP. 6 July 2018. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
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