List of mayors of Paris

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Mayor of Paris
Maire de Paris
Grandes Armes de Paris.svg
Anne Hidalgo, février 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Anne Hidalgo

since 5 April 2014
Residence Hôtel de Ville
Appointer Popular election
(approved by City Council)
Term length 6 years
Inaugural holder Jean Sylvain Bailly
Formation 15 July 1789
Salary €8,650 (monthly)
Website www.paris.fr

The Mayor of Paris (French: Maire de Paris) is the chief executive of Paris, the capital and largest city in the France. The Mayor is responsible for the administration and management of the city, submits proposals and recommendations to the Paris City Council, is active in the enforcement of the city’s ordinances, submits the city’s annual budget and appoints city officers, department commissioners or directors, and members of city boards and commissions, during meetings of the City Council, the Mayor serves as the presiding officer.

History[edit]

When French Revolution began after the storming of the Bastille in 14 July 1789, the city insurgents murdered the last Provost of the Merchants, Jacques de Flesselles. Like the Provost's office was abolished as first move to the fissolution of the Ancien Régime, the insurgents established a revolutionary government called "Commune of Paris", initially led by Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first titled "Mayor of Paris". The Mayor's office was very important during the critical phases of the Revolution, and during the Robespierre's Reign of Terror (1793–1794) it was decisive in the discovery and execution of all reputed counter-revolutionaries. On July 1794, after the 9th Thermidor, the coup d'état who overthrowed and executed Robespierre and his associates, the office of Mayors was abolished since it was reputed too powerful.

After the February Revolution of 1848, the July Monarchy ended in favor to a new Republic, that restored the Mayor's office. This renewal was however short, like the June Days uprising of the same year ended the possibility to create a strong mayorship, the Executive Commission, charged to rule provisionally the country, preferred transfer the Mayor's powers to the Seine Prefect, appointed by Ministry of the Interior.

In 1870, once again, the office of Mayor was re-established, and again did not survive long, the occasion for the re-creation was the fall of the Second Empire after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. The provisional Government of National Defense of Louis-Jules Trochu believed that a strong leadership in Paris will prevent sedition in prevision of the Prussian siege. After the definitive conquest of Paris by Prussians, the popular disconted erupted in a new insurrectional Commune with socialist belief. Also if Commune was finally suppressed, the government preferred divide in several district mayors (one for arrondissements) to prevent city totality's loss in the eventuality of further revolts.

On 31 December 1975, a Parliament law signed by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing approved the re-establishment of the Mayor's office for 1977, on March 1977, after the first formal city elections, Jacques Chirac was chosen as Mayor, position who holded until 1995 when was elected President.

List of officeholders[edit]

NotesDied in office

# Mayor Term in office
Elections
Previous office Party Deputy
1 AduC 026 Bailly (1736-1793).JPG Jean Sylvain Bailly
1776–1793
(Aged 57)
15 July 1789 18 November 1791 President of the
National Assembly

(1789)
Patriotic Office not established
1789
2 AduC 043 Pétion (Jérôme, 1753-1794).JPG Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve
1756–1794
(Aged 38)
18 November 1791 1 December 1792 Representative
to Estates General

for the Third Estate
(1789)
Girondin
1791
3 France politic personality icon.svg Henri Lefèvre d'Ormesson
1745–1808
(Aged 56)
21 November 1792 8 December 1792 Judge in the
6th city arrondissement
(1790–1792)
Girondin
1792 (November)
4 France politic personality icon.svg Nicolas Chambon
1748–1826
(Aged 78)
8 December 1792 14 February 1793 Paris Financial Administrator
(1790–1791)
Girondin
1792 (December)
5 AduC 122 Pache (J.N., 1746-1823).JPG Jean-Nicolas Pache
1746–1823
(Aged 77)
14 February 1793 10 May 1794 Minister of War
(1792–1793)
Jacobin
1793
6 Jean-BaptisteFleuriot-Lescot.jpg Jean-Baptiste Fleuriot-Lescot
1761–1794
(Aged 33)
10 May 1794 27 July 1794 Public Prosecutor of the
Revolutionary Tribunal
(1793–1794)
Jacobin
1794
Office abolished (1794–1848)
7 Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pages.jpg Louis Antoine Pagès
1803–1878
(Aged 75)
24 February 1848 9 March 1848 MP for Eure
(1846–1848)
Constitutionalist
Republican
Office not established
N/A
8 Marrast, Armand.jpg Armand Marrast
1801–1852
(Aged 50)
9 March 1848 19 July 1848 MP for Haute-Garonne
(1848–1849)
Constitutionalist
Republican
N/A
Office abolished (1848–1870)
9 Etienne Arago.jpeg Étienne Arago
1802–1892
(Aged 90)
4 September 1870 15 November 1870 MP for Pyrénées-Orientales
(1848–1851)
Radical Republican Office not established
N/A
10 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
1832–1893
(Aged 60)
15 November 1870 18 March 1871 MP for Seine
(1869–1870)
Moderate Republican
N/A
Office abolished (1871–1977)
11 Jacques Chirac1.jpg Jacques Chirac
Born 1932
(84 years old)
20 March 1977 13 March 1983 Prime Minister of France
(1974–1976)
Rally for the Republic Christian de La Malène
1977
13 March 1983 19 March 1989 Jean Tiberi
1983
19 March 1989 22 March 1995
1989
12 Jean Tiberi p1140494.jpg Jean Tiberi
Born 1935
(82 years old)
22 March 1995 25 March 2001 MP for Paris
(1976–2012)
Rally for the Republic Jacques Dominati
1995
13 Bertrand Delanoe Gay Pride Paris 2008.jpg Bertrand Delanoë
Born 1950
(67 years old)
25 March 2001 16 March 2008 Senator from Paris
(1995–2001)
Socialist Party Anne Hidalgo
2001
16 March 2008 5 April 2014
2008
14 Anne Hidalgo, février 2014.jpg Anne Hidalgo
Born 1959
(58 years old)
5 April 2014 Incumbent Deputy Mayor of Paris
(2001–2014)
Socialist Party Bruno Julliard
2014

References[edit]