List of memorials to Jefferson Davis

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Statue of Jefferson Davis, given to the National Statuary Hall, Mississippi, in 1931

The following is a list of the memorials to Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America.

Jefferson Davis grave at the Hollywood Cemetery
  • Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution barred from office anyone who had violated their oath to protect the Constitution by serving in the Confederacy. That prohibition included Davis; in 1978, pursuant to authority granted to Congress under the same section of the Amendment, Congress posthumously removed the ban on Davis with a two-thirds vote of each house and President Jimmy Carter signed it. These actions were spearheaded by Congressman Trent Lott of Mississippi. Congress had previously taken similar action on behalf of Robert E. Lee.[5]
  • The desk used by Jefferson Davis on the floor of the U.S. Senate, repaired after Union soldiers damaged it during the Civil War, is reserved by Senate Rules for the senior Senator from Mississippi (currently Senator Thad Cochran).[6]
  • The former transnational Jefferson Davis Highway was named in his honor. A Sons of Confederate Veterans owned "park" alongside Interstate 5 between Vancouver and Ridgefield, Washington, containing the two granite markers which used to reside at each end of the Jefferson Davis Highway in Washington state is named in honor of Davis.[7]
Memorial of Jefferson Davis's final speech.

[13]

Sculpture[edit]

Memphis Park
Monument Avenue, Richmond
  • Jefferson Davis is included on a bas-relief sculpture on Stone Mountain, which is just east of Atlanta, Georgia.
  • A monument to Jefferson Davis was unveiled on June 3, 1907, on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia, and a life-sized statue by George Julian Zolnay marks his grave at Hollywood Cemetery in that city. The monument was defaced with the words "Black Lives Matter" shortly after the Charleston church shooting of 2015.[17]
  • In May 2015, the student government at the University of Texas at Austin voted almost unanimously to remove a statue of Jefferson Davis that had been erected on the campus South Mall.[18][19] Beginning shortly after the Charleston church shooting of 2015,[20] "Black Lives Matter" had been written repeatedly in bold red letters on the base of the Davis statue. Previous messages had included "Davis must fall" and "Liberate U.T."[21] The University of Texas officials convened a task force to determine whether to honor the students' petition for removal of the statue. Acting on the strong recommendation of the task force, UT's President Gregory Fenves announced on August 13, 2015, that the statue would be relocated to serve as an educational exhibit in the university's Dolph Briscoe Center for American History museum,[22] the statue was removed on August 30, 2015.[23]
  • A statue of Jefferson Davis stands in Memphis Park (originally, "Confederate Park"[24]) in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • A 351-foot (107 m) tall concrete obelisk at the Jefferson Davis State Historic Site in Fairview, Kentucky marks the site of his birthplace.
  • A bust statue of Jefferson Davis is located at the Jefferson Davis Memorial Historic Site on the spot he was captured, outside of Irwinville, Georgia, near Fitzgerald, Georgia.
  • Another bust of Jefferson Davis is located outside of the Jeff Davis County Court House building in Hazlehurst, Georgia.
  • In Pensacola, Florida, an obelisk was dedicated in 1891 in memory of Jefferson Davis, Stephen R. Mallory, Edward Aylesworth Perry, and the Uncrowned Heroes of the Southern Confederacy.[25]
  • A statue of Jefferson Davis is depicted in the National Statuary Hall in the U.S. Capitol Building, for the state of Mississippi.[26]
  • In New Orleans, there is a carved stone memorial to Jefferson Davis at First and Camp Streets, next to the home where he died, as well as a life-sized statue at the corner of Jeff Davis Parkway and Canal Street. By decision of the New Orleans City Council in December 2015, the statue is to be removed, pending the outcome of opposition lawsuits,[27] the monument was removed May 11, 2017.
  • Davis's former burial location at New Orleans' Metairie Cemetery is inscribed with his signature and the dates of his birth and death.
  • A statue commemorating the bicentennial of Davis's birth was recently completed by Civil War artist Gary Casteel, on behalf of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. It arrived at Beauvoir on October 14, 2009.[1]
  • There are statues of Davis in the Alabama, Virginia and Kentucky State Capitols—in Montgomery, on the grounds in front of the main entrance where he was sworn in as President of the Confederacy; in Richmond, in the old house of delegates chamber; and inside the rotunda at Frankfort.
  • Vicksburg National Military Park located in Warren County, Mississippi (where the Davis family plantations, Brierfield and Hurricane, were located), contains two statues of Davis. The first is a stand-alone, larger-than-life figure known simply as the Davis Monument; and the second, a life-sized figure, appears next to a statue of Lincoln as part of the Kentucky monument.[28]
  • A bust of Davis with his second wife Varina is located in the rose garden outside the Old Courthouse Museum in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
  • The 1891 Mississippi Monument to the Confederate Dead in Jackson, contains a life-sized, white marble statue of Jefferson Davis which was carved in Italy. At the time of its dedication, the monument's location was on the original State Capitol grounds in Jackson; it is currently in front of the Charlotte Capers Building on State Street, used by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. In 1922, the statue was removed from the monument and placed in the rotunda of the Old Capitol, which was then used as legislators' offices (later becoming the Old Capitol Museum); in conjunction with the restoration of the Old Capitol and in anticipation of the Civil War Sesquicentennial, the statue was returned to its original location in the monument in 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Beauvoir – The Jefferson Davis Home and Presidential Library". Mississippi Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans. Retrieved July 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ Seibert, David. "Jefferson Davis Memorial Park". GeorgiaInfo: an Online Georgia Almanac. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "The 2010 Florida Statutes (including Special Session A)". The Florida Legislature. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Legal Holidays; Commonwealth of Kentucky". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved March 24, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Jimmy Carter: Restoration of Citizenship Rights to Jefferson F. Davis Statement on Signing S. J. Res. 16 into Law". American Presidency Project. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Jefferson Davis Desk". United States Senate. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  7. ^ "History of the Jefferson Davis Park". Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  8. ^ "Why Wheeler Peak?". National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  9. ^ "Davis, Jefferson High". Jd.mps-al.org. 2017-03-04. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  10. ^ "Northside High School / Homepage". Houstonisd.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  11. ^ "Jefferson Davis Middle / Homepage". Duvalschools.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  12. ^ Sonja Isger, "Look back: Local middle school dropped Jefferson Davis’ name from its name", Palm Beach Post, June 30 2015, http://extracredit.blog.palmbeachpost.com/2015/06/30/10640/
  13. ^ "Jefferson Davis Middle School Alumni, Yearbooks, Reunions - West Palm Beach, FL". Classmates. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  14. ^ "School Information - Davis Middle School". Dav.hampton.k12.va.us. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  15. ^ "Jeff Davis Elementary School / Homepage". Biloxischools.net. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  16. ^ Rainey, Richard (June 24, 2015). "Before Lee Circle, New Orleans schools soul-searched their own ties to slavery". nola.com. The Times-Picayune. 
  17. ^ "Confederate monuments tagged with anti-racist messages – in pictures | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  18. ^ Brandeis, Amanda (2015-03-25). "UT student government votes to remove Jefferson Davis statue". KXAN.com. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  19. ^ Tom McCarthy, "Drive to call time on Confederate flag sweeps south – 150 years after civil war", The Guardian, 23 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Confederate monuments tagged with anti-racist messages – in pictures | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  21. ^ Associated Press, "'Emancipate UT': Confederate statue defaced at University of Texas", The Guardian, May 9, 2015.
  22. ^ "Jefferson Davis Statue to be Relocated to Educational Exhibit at History Center | UT News | The University of Texas at Austin". News.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  23. ^ Associated Press, "Texas university removes Confederate president statue from campus," The Guardian, August 30, 2015.
  24. ^ Johnson, Eugene J. and Robert D. Russell, Jr., Memphis: An Architectural Guide, The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, 1990 pp.50-50
  25. ^ "Confederate Memorial". City of Pensacola. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  26. ^ "Jefferson Davis". Architect of the Capitol. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  27. ^ Torres, Manuel (December 18, 2015). "Lee Circle battle moves to court: Federal lawsuit filed to halt monuments removal in New Orleans". nola.com. The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2015-12-19. 
  28. ^ Vicksburg National Military Park