List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai  China Asia 34,865,252[4] 2015
3 Jakarta  Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi  India Asia 26,454,000[6] 2011
5 Seoul  South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Guangzhou  China Asia 25,000,000[4] 2015
7 Beijing  China Asia 24,900,000[4] 2015
8 Manila  Philippines Asia 24,650,000[8] 2018
9 Shenzhen  China Asia 23,300,000[4] 2015
10 Mexico City  Mexico North America 21,650,668[9] 2017
11 São Paulo  Brazil South America 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos  Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai  India Asia 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo  Egypt Africa 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York City  United States North America 20,320,876[13] 2017
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)  Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Wuhan  China Asia 19,000,000[4] 2015
18 Chengdu  China Asia 18,100,000[4] 2015
19 Dhaka  Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[14] 2011
20 Chongqing  China Asia 17,000,000[4] 2015
21 Karachi  Pakistan Asia 16,900,000[15] 2018
22 Moscow  Russia Europe 16,855,000[8] 2018
23 Tianjin  China Asia 15,400,000[4] 2015
24 Istanbul  Turkey Europe 15,029,231[16] 2017
25 Bangkok  Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
26 Kolkata  India Asia 14,617,882[6] 2011
27 Tehran  Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
28 London  United Kingdom Europe 14,040,163[19] 2016
29 Hangzhou  China Asia 13,400,000[4] 2015
30 Los Angeles  United States North America 13,353,907[13] 2017
31 Buenos Aires  Argentina South America 13,074,000[20] 2010
32 Xi'an  China Asia 12,900,000[4] 2015
33 Paris  France Europe 12,532,901[21] 2015
34 Bangalore  India Asia 12,517,749[6] 2018
35 Changzhou  China Asia 12,400,000[4] 2015
36 Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[8] 2018
37 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America 12,330,186[10] 2016
38 Shantou  China Asia 12,000,000[4] 2015
39 Nanjing  China Asia 11,700,000[4] 2015
40 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany Europe 11,471,732[22] 2006
41 Lahore  Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[8] 2018
42 Jinan  China Asia 11,000,000[4] 2015
43 Surabaya  Indonesia Asia 10,818,385[23] 2015
44 Chennai  India Asia 10,555,000[8] 2018
45 Harbin  China Asia 10,500,000[4] 2015
46 Lima  Peru South America 9,886,647[24] 2015
47 Zhengzhou  China Asia 9,700,000[4] 2015
48 Johannesburg  South Africa Africa 9,616,000[25] 2016
49 Qingdao  China Asia 9,600,000[4] 2015
50 Chicago  United States North America 9,533,040[13] 2017
51 Bogotá  Colombia South America 9,286,225[26] 2015
52 Chūkyō (Nagoya)  Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
53 Bandung  Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[27] 2014
54 Randstad  Netherlands Europe 8,219,380[28] 2016
55 Busan  South Korea Asia 8,202,239[29] 2014
56 Milan  Italy Europe 8,173,176[30] 2017
57 Hyderabad  India Asia 7,749,334[6] 2011
58 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[31] 2016
59 Shenyang  China Asia 7,700,000[4] 2015
60 Wenzhou  China Asia 7,600,000[4] 2015
61 Hong Kong  Hong Kong Asia 7,409,800[32] 2017
62 Nanchang  China Asia 7,400,000[4] 2015
63 Dallas-Fort Worth  United States North America 7,399,662[13] 2017
64 Yangon  Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[33] 2014
65 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[34] 2013
66 Houston  United States North America 6,892,427[13] 2017
67 Santiago  Chile South America 6,683,852[35] 2012
68 Luanda  Angola Africa 6,542,944[36] 2014
69 Madrid  Spain Europe 6,424,275[19] 2016
70 Ahmedabad  India Asia 6,352,254[6] 2011
71 Washington, D.C.  United States North America 6,216,589[13] 2017
72 Saint Petersburg  Russia Europe 6,200,000[37] 2015
73 Miami  United States North America 6,158,824[13] 2017
74 Philadelphia  United States North America 6,096,120[13] 2017
75 Berlin/Brandenburg  Germany Europe 6,004,857[38] 2015
76 Toronto  Canada North America 5,928,040[39] 2016
77 Munich  Germany Europe 5,900,000[40][38] 2014
78 Atlanta  United States North America 5,884,736[13] 2017
79 Belo Horizonte  Brazil South America 5,873,841[10] 2016
80 Amaravati  India Asia 5,873,588[41] 2011
81 Frankfurt Rhine-Main  Germany Europe 5,821,523[42] 2015
82 Singapore  Singapore Asia 5,535,000[43] 2015
83 Barcelona  Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
84 Ankara  Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
85 Caracas  Venezuela South America 5,322,310[44][45] 2015
86 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[46] 2015
87 Stuttgart  Germany Europe 5,300,000[47][38] 2015
88 Hamburg  Germany Europe 5,100,000[38] 2015
89 Pune  India Asia 5,049,968[6] 2011
90 Sydney  Australia Oceania 5,005,400[48] 2016
91 Guadalajara  Mexico North America 4,909,287[9] 2017
92 Boston  United States North America 4,836,531[13] 2017
93 Alexandria  Egypt Africa 4,778,000[49] 2015
94 Phoenix  United States North America 4,737,270[13] 2017
95 San Francisco–Oakland  United States North America 4,727,357[13] 2017
96 Melbourne  Australia Oceania 4,641,636[50] 2016
97 Kabul  Afghanistan Asia 4,635,000[51] 2015
98 Monterrey  Mexico North America 4,603,254[9] 2017
99 Surat  India Asia 4,585,367[6] 2011

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]