Wake County, North Carolina
Wake County is a county in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of July 1, 2015, the population was 1,024,198, making it North Carolina's second-most populous county. From July 2005 to July 2006, Wake County was the 9th fastest-growing county in the United States, with the town of Cary and the city of Raleigh being the 8th and 15th fastest-growing cities, respectively, its county seat is Raleigh, the state capital. Eleven other municipalities are in Wake County, the largest of, Cary, the third largest city of the Research Triangle region and the seventh largest municipality in North Carolina, it is governed by the Wake County Board of Commissioners, coterminous with the Wake County Public School System school district, with law enforcement provided by the Wake County Sheriff's Department. It is part of the wider Triangle J Council of Governments which governs regional planning. Present day Wake County was once part of the Tuscarora nation. Wake County was formed in 1771 from parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, Orange County.
The first courthouse was built at a village called Wake Courthouse, now known as Bloomsbury. In 1771, the first elections and court were held, the first militia units were organized. Wake County lost some of its territory through the formation of other counties. Parts were included in Franklin County in 1787, in Durham County in both 1881 and 1911. During the colonial period of North Carolina, the state capital was New Bern. For several years during and after the Revolutionary War there was no capital, the General Assembly met in various locations. Fayetteville was the state capital from 1789 to 1793, when Raleigh became the permanent state capital. In 1792, a commission was appointed to select a site to build a permanent state capital; the commission members favored land owned by Colonel John Hinton across the Neuse River, but the night before the final vote the committee adjourned to the home of Joel Lane for an evening of food and spirits. The next day, the vote went in Lane's favor. Lane named Wake County in honor of wife of colonial Governor William Tryon.
Raleigh was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, established in 1792 on 1,000 acres purchased from Lane. Raleigh had never set foot in North Carolina, but he had sponsored the establishment of the first English colony in North America on North Carolina's Roanoke Island in 1585; the city of Raleigh became the new seat of Wake County. The Battle at Morrisville Station was fought April 13–15, 1865 in Morrisville, North Carolina during the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War, it was the last official battle of the Civil War between the armies of Major General William T. Sherman and General Joseph E. Johnston. General Judson Kilpatrick, commanding officer of the Union cavalry advance, compelled Confederate forces under the command of Generals Wade Hampton III and Joseph Wheeler to withdraw in haste, they had been frantically trying to transport their remaining supplies and wounded by rail westward toward the final Confederate encampment in Greensboro, NC. Kilpatrick used artillery on the heights overlooking Morrisville Station and cavalry charges to push the Confederates out of the small village leaving many needed supplies behind.
However, the trains were able to withdraw with wounded from the Battle of Bentonville and the Battle of Averasboro. General Johnston sent a courier to the Federal encampments at Morrisville with a message for Major General Sherman requesting a conference to discuss an armistice. Several days the two generals met at Bennett Place near Durham on April 17, 1865, to begin discussing the terms of what would become the largest surrender of the war. In the 20th century, the average per capita income for the county was of $54,988, the median income for a family was of $67,149. In the same period, the per capita income decreased from $44,472 to $31,579 for women. About 7.80% of the population was below the federal poverty line. In August 2014, the population hit 1,000,000 people. In November 2017, commissioners of Wake and Harnett counties discussed the possibility of redrawing the line between the counties using the latest technology; this could affect 27 homeowners who would end up in a different county or have their property divided between the two.
The county is governed by the Wake County Board of Commissioners, a seven-member board of County Commissioners, elected at large to serve four-year terms. Terms are staggered so every two years, three or four Commissioners are up for election; the commissioners enact policies such as the establishment of the property tax rate, regulation of land use and zoning outside municipal jurisdictions, adoption of the annual budget. Commissioners meet on the third Mondays of each month. Current members of the Wake County Board of Commissioners are Jessica Holmes, Sig Hutchinson, John Burns, Matt Calabria, Greg Ford, Erv Portman, James West. David Ellis is the County Manager. Wake County is a member of the regional Triangle J Council of Governments. While North Carolina is a conservative state, Wake County is a swing voting area. From 1828 to 1964, the county was won by Democratic presidential candidates in all but six elections. From 1968 to 2004, Republicans won the county in every election but one, when Bill Clinton carried it in 1992.
However, the races have always been close, such as in 1980, when Ronald Reagan won by a landslide nationwide, but by a mere one percent in Wake County. Republican George W. Bush won the county in 2000 with 53 percent of the vote and defeated J
New Hanover County, North Carolina
New Hanover County is one of 100 counties located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 202,667. Though the second-smallest county in land area, it is one of the most populous, as its county seat, Wilmington, is one of the state's largest cities; the county was created in 1729 as New Hanover Precinct and gained county status in 1739. New Hanover County is included in the Wilmington, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes neighboring Pender County. Located in the Low Country or Tidewater of North Carolina, the county was formed in 1729 as New Hanover Precinct of Bath County, from Craven Precinct, it was named for the House of Hanover, a German royal family ruling Great Britain. In 1734 parts of New Hanover Precinct became Onslow Precinct. With the abolition of Bath County in 1739, all of its constituent precincts became counties. In 1750 the northern part of New Hanover County became Duplin County. In 1764 another part of New Hanover County was combined with part of Bladen County to form Brunswick County.
In 1875 the separation of northern New Hanover County to form Pender County reduced it to its present dimensions. The county was developed as plantations for the cultivation of tobacco and other commodity crops by gangs of enslaved African-American workers. By 1860, the county seat and county were majority-black in population, with most of those people enslaved; some of the closing battles of the American Civil War took place in this county, including the Second Battle of Fort Fisher and the Battle of Wilmington. Conservative white Democrats were resentful. Following the Reconstruction era, white Democrats regained control of the state legislature and continued to impose white supremacy across the state through Jim Crow laws. Violence by whites against blacks increased in the late 19th century, with 22 lynching deaths of African Americans recorded before the mid-20th century. Racial terrorism on a larger scale took place in the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, when a group of white Democrats rejected a duly elected, biracial city government.
After overthrowing the Fusionist government, the mayor and city council, they led mobs that rioted and attacked the city's black neighborhoods and residents. A total of 60-300 blacks are believed to have been killed in the rioting, leaders were driven out of the city, the presses of a black-owned newspaper were destroyed, along with many houses and businesses; the insurrection was planned by a group of nine conspirators. He donated land to New Hanover County for a park. A plaque was installed there explaining his life. Soon after, the state passed a new constitution raising barriers to voter registration: this disenfranchised most blacks and imposed Jim Crow laws, forcing blacks out of the political system and into legal second-class status; these civil rights injustices were maintained into the 1960s, three generations later. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 328 square miles, of which 192 square miles is land and 137 square miles is water, it is the second-smallest county in North Carolina by land area.
Pleasure Island Figure Eight Island Masonboro Island Wrightsville Beach Pender County - north Brunswick County - west I-40 I-140 US 17 US 17 Bus. US 74 US 76 US 117 US 421 US 421 Truck NC 132 NC 133 NC 211 As of the census of 2000, there were 160,307 people, 68,183 households, 41,591 families residing in the county; the population density was 806 people per square mile. There were 79,616 housing units at an average density of 400 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.91% White, 16.97% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. 2.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.3% were of English, 13.0% United States or American, 10.6% German and 10.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 68,183 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.00% were non-families.
28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size were 2.29 and the average family size was 2.83. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.00% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,172, the median income for a family was $50,861. Males had a median income of $35,801 versus $25,305 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,123. About 8.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over. Wilmington Carolina Beach Kure Beach Wrightsville Beach Cape Fear Federal Point Harnett Masonboro Wilmington Wilmington Beach Monkey Junction New Hanover is considered a evenly divided county in political terms, favoring Democrats and Republicans in near equal measure.
In the 2004 presidential elections, the county supported George W. Bush over John Kerry by 56% to 44%. On that same day, it voted by 53% to 45% to re-e
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
Wilmington, North Carolina
Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States. With a population of 119,045 in 2017, it is the eighth most populous city in the state. Wilmington is the principal city of the Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that includes New Hanover and Pender counties in southeastern North Carolina, which has a population of 263,429 as of the 2012 Census Estimate. Wilmington was settled by the English along the Cape Fear River; the city was named after Spencer Compton, the Earl of Wilmington. Its historic downtown has a 1.75-mile Riverwalk, developed as a tourist attraction in the late 20th century. In 2014 Wilmington's riverfront was ranked as the "Best American Riverfront" by readers of USA Today, it is minutes away from nearby beaches. The National Trust for Historic Preservation selected Wilmington as one of its 2008 Dozen Distinctive Destinations. City residents live between the river and the ocean, with four nearby beach communities: Fort Fisher, Wrightsville Beach, Carolina Beach and Kure Beach, all within half-hour drives from downtown Wilmington.
In 2003 the city was designated by the US Congress as a "Coast Guard City". It is the home port for a United States Coast Guard medium endurance cutter; the World War II battleship USS North Carolina is held as a war memorial. Other attractions include the Cape Fear Museum, the Wilmington Hammerheads United Soccer Leagues soccer team; the University of North Carolina Wilmington provides a wide variety of programs for undergraduates, graduate students, adult learners, in addition to cultural and sports events open to the community. Wilmington is the home of EUE Screen Gems Studios, the largest domestic television and movie production facility outside California. "Dream Stage 10," the facility's newest sound stage, is the third-largest in the US. It houses the largest special-effects water tank in North America. After the studio's opening in 1984, Wilmington became a major center of American film and television production. Numerous movies in a range of genres and several television series have been produced here, including Maximum Overdrive, Iron Man 3, Fox's Sleepy Hollow, One Tree Hill, Dawson's Creek and NBC's Revolution.
The area along the river had been inhabited by various successive cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, historic Native Americans were members of tribes belonging to the Algonquian family; the ethnic European and African history of Wilmington spans a half centuries. In the early 16th century, explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to see this area, including the city's present site; the first permanent European settlement in the area started in the 1720s with English colonists. In September 1732, a community was founded on land owned by John Watson on the Cape Fear River, at the confluence of its northwest and northeast branches; the settlement, founded by the first royal governor, George Burrington, was called "New Carthage," and "New Liverpool. Governor Gabriel Johnston soon after established his government there for the North Carolina colony. In 1739 or 1740, the town was incorporated with a new name, Wilmington, in honor of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington.
Some early settlers of Wilmington came from the Albemarle and Pamlico regions, as well as from the colonies of Virginia and South Carolina, but most new settlers migrated from the northern British colonies, the West Indies, the British Isles. Many of the early settlers were indentured servants, recruited from the British Isles and northern Europe; as the indentured servants gained their freedom and fewer could be persuaded to leave England because of improving conditions there, the colonists imported an increasing number of African slaves to satisfy the labor demand. By 1767, slaves accounted for more than 62% of the population of the Lower Cape Fear region. Many worked in the port as laborers, some in ship-related trades. Naval stores and lumber fueled the region's economy, both after the American Revolution. During the Revolutionary War, the British maintained a garrison at Fort Johnston near Wilmington. Due to Wilmington's commercial importance as a major port, it had a critical role in opposition to the British in the years leading up to the Revolution.
The city had outspoken political leaders who influenced and led the resistance movement in North Carolina. The foremost of these was Wilmington resident Cornelius Harnett, who served in the General Assembly at the time, where he rallied opposition to the Sugar Act in 1764; when the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act the following year, designed to raise revenue for the Crown with a kind of tax on shipping, Wilmington was the site of an elaborate demonstration against it. On October 19, 1765, several hundred townspeople gathered in protest of the new law, burned an effigy of one town resident who favored the act, toasted to "Liberty, No Stamp Duty." On October 31, another crowd gathered in a symbolic funeral of "Liberty". But before the effigy was buried, Liberty was found to have a pulse, celebration ensued. Dr. William Houston of Duplin County was appointed Stamp Receiver for Cape Fear; when Houston visited Wilmington on business, still unaware of his appointment, he recounted, "The Inhabitants assembled about me & demanded a Categorical Answer whether I intended to put the Act relating the Stamps in force.
The Town Bell was rung Drums beating, Colours flying and great concourse of People gathered together." For the sake of his own life
Davidson County, North Carolina
Davidson County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 162,878, its county seat is Lexington, its largest city is Thomasville. Davidson County is included in the Winston-Salem, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area. Parts of Davidson County are in the Yadkin Valley wine region; the original North Carolina county of this name was created in 1786 what was the far western portion of North Carolina, with its county seat at Nashville and a territory covering most of what is now Middle Tennessee. When Tennessee was established as a separate state in 1796, this county became Davidson County, Tennessee; the current North Carolina county was formed in 1822 from Rowan County. It was named after Brigadier General William Lee Davidson, an American Revolutionary War general killed at the Battle of Cowan's Ford on the Catawba River in 1781. In 1911, a new county called Piedmont County was proposed, with High Point as its county seat, to be created from Guilford and Randolph Counties.
Many people appeared at the Guilford County courthouse to oppose the plan, vowing to go to the state legislature to protest. The state legislature voted down the plan in February 1911. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 567 square miles, of which 553 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. Davidson County is located within the Piedmont region of central North Carolina; the Piedmont consists of rolling terrain broken by hills or shallow valleys formed by rivers and streams. An exception to this terrain are the Uwharrie Mountains in the county's western and southwestern sections; the Uwharries are the oldest mountain range in North America, at one time they rose to nearly 20,000 feet above sea level. However, time has worn them down to little more than high hills; the highest point in the Uwharries - and the highest point in Davidson County - is High Rock Mountain in the county's southwestern corner. It has an elevation of 1,119 feet above sea level. Uwharrie National Forest I-85 I-285 I-85 Bus.
US 29 US 52 US 64 US 70 NC 8 NC 47 NC 49 NC 62 NC 68 NC 109 NC 150 As of the census of 2010, there were 149,331 people, 58,156 households, 42,512 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile. There were 62,432 housing units at an average density of 113 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.05% White, 11.14% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. 3.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 58,156 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.90% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,640, the median income for a family was $46,241. Males had a median income of $31,287 versus $23,622 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,703. About 7.00% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of people under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over. High Point Lexington Thomasville Denton Midway Wallburg Southmont Tyro Welcome Arcadia Churchland Gordontown Holly Grove Reeds Silver Hill Silver Valley Yadkin College Davidson is a powerfully Republican county in presidential elections. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried the county since Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Thomas E. Dewey by a mere ten votes out of nineteen thousand in 1944, indeed the last Democrat to garner one-third of the county’s ballots has been Jimmy Carter in 1980.
Davidson County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments. Davidson County gained national attention when Gerald Hege, Sheriff from 1994–2003, became a minor celebrity for his unconventional prisoner treatment methods. Davidson County is served by Davidson County Schools. Davidson County Schools is one of the county's largest employers. Davidson County is served by Davidson County Community College, a comprehensive community college, a member school of the North Carolina Community College System. Davidson County Community College was chartered in 1958 as an Industrial Education Center designed to provide adults with the education and skills needed to move from an agricultural to a manufacturing-based economy. In 1965, the institution was chartered as Davidson County Community College; the Associate in Arts and Associate in Science degrees were added to the existing Associate in Applied Science degree and Certificate programs. University transfer courses were added in 1966.
In 1997, the College participated in the Comprehensive Articulation Agreement that allows college transfer students to move to the 16 UNC s
Randolph County, North Carolina
Randolph County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 141,752, its county seat is Asheboro. Randolph County is included in the Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area. In 2010, the center of population of North Carolina was located in Randolph County, near the town of Seagrove; some of the first settlers of what would become the county were English Quakers, who settled along the Haw and Eno Rivers. The county was formed in 1779 from Guilford County, it was named for first president of the Continental Congress. The Legislature of 1779 sitting at Halifax, passed an act providing for the formation of a new county out of Guilford and Rowan, to be called Randolph. Notice having been given, the citizens met accordingly on Monday, the 8th day of March, 1779. Proclamation being made, the act of Assembly was read, William Cole, John Collin, Joseph Hinds, George Cortner, John Arnold, William Millikan, John Hinds, Jacob Shepherd, Richardson Owen, Windsor Pearce, William Bell, William Merrill, John Lowe, Enoch Davis, James Hunter were nominated Justices for holding the courts in said county.
The oath of allegiance and the oath of office was administered by William Cole, Esq. whereupon they took their seats and organized and held the first court in Randolph county by electing William Bell, William Millikan, Register of Deeds, Absalom Tatum', Clerk. Randolph County was the original location of; the county is home to one of the last remaining covered bridges in the state. The Pisgah Covered Bridge, in Union Township, in the southwestern part of the county, was destroyed by a flood in 2003, but has been restored and is still standing. In 1911, a new county called Piedmont County was proposed, with High Point as its county seat, to be created from Guilford and Randolph Counties. Many people appeared at the Guilford County courthouse to oppose the plan, vowing to go to the state legislature to protest; the state legislature voted down the plan in February 1911. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 789 square miles, of which 783 square miles is land and 6.8 square miles is covered by water.
Randolph County is located in the center of North Carolina, the city of Asheboro is the center point of North Carolina. Randolph County is located in the Piedmont section of central North Carolina, a region of rolling hills and woodlands. However, the central and western parts of the county contain the Uwharrie Mountains and the Caraway Mountains; these two ranges are the remnants of a much-higher range of ancient peaks. Today, they top 1,000 feet above sea level, yet due to the relative low terrain around them, they still rise 200–500 feet above their base; the highest point in Randolph County is a peak in the Caraways. The North Carolina Zoo is located atop one of the peaks of the Uwharries. Guilford County - north Alamance County - northeast Chatham County - east Moore County - southeast Montgomery County - southwest Davidson County - west I-73 I-74 I-85 I-85 Bus. US 29 US 64 US 70 US 220 US 311 US 421 NC 22 NC 42 NC 47 NC 49 NC 62 NC 109 NC 134 NC 159 NC 705 As of the census of 2000, 130,454 people, 50,659 households, 37,335 families resided in the county.
The population density was 166 people per square mile. The 54,422 housing units averaged 69 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.20% White, 5.63% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. About 6.63% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. As with much of North Carolina, the Latino population of Randolph County continued to grow into the 21st century. In 2005, figures placed the Latino population as 9.3% of the county’s total. In 2000, of the 50,659 households, 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.30% were not families. About 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was distributed as 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,348, for a family was $44,369. Males had a median income of $30,575 versus $22,503 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,236. About 6.80% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 11.50% of those age 65 or over. Archdale Asheboro High Point Randleman Thomasville Trinity Franklinville Liberty Ramseur Seagrove Staley Randolph County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments; the county was one of the earliest in North Carolina and the South to turn Republican, is considered one of the most Republican-dominated counties in the state. It has supported the Republican presidential candidate in all but three elections since 1916, no Democratic presidential nominee has carried the county since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.
In 1964, it was the easternmost county in the state
Durham, North Carolina
Durham is a city in and the county seat of Durham County in the U. S. state of North Carolina. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population to be 251,893 as of July 1, 2014, making it the 4th-most populous city in North Carolina, the 78th-most populous city in the United States. Durham is the core of the four-county Durham-Chapel Hill Metropolitan Area, which has a population of 542,710 as of U. S. Census 2014 Population Estimates; the US Office of Management and Budget includes Durham as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 2,037,430 as of U. S. Census 2014 Population Estimates, it is the home of Duke University and North Carolina Central University, is one of the vertices of the Research Triangle area. The Eno and the Occoneechi, related to the Sioux and the Shakori and farmed in the area which became Durham, they may have established a village named Adshusheer on the site. The Great Indian Trading Path has been traced through Durham, Native Americans helped to mold the area by establishing settlements and commercial transportation routes.
In 1701, Durham's beauty was chronicled by the English explorer John Lawson, who called the area "the flower of the Carolinas." During the mid-1700s, Scots and English colonists settled on land granted to George Carteret by King Charles I. Early settlers built gristmills, such as West Point, worked the land. Prior to the American Revolution, frontiersmen in what is now Durham were involved in the Regulator movement. According to legend, Loyalist militia cut Cornwallis Road through this area in 1771 to quell the rebellion. William Johnston, a local shopkeeper and farmer, made Revolutionaries' munitions, served in the Provincial Capital Congress in 1775, helped underwrite Daniel Boone's westward explorations. Large plantations, Hardscrabble and Leigh among them, were established in the antebellum period. By 1860, Stagville Plantation lay at the center of one of the largest plantation holdings in the South. African slaves were brought to labor on these farms and plantations, slave quarters became the hearth of distinctively Southern cultural traditions involving crafts, social relations, life rituals and dance.
There were free African-Americans in the area as well, including several who fought in the Revolutionary War. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was the eastern part of present-day Orange County and was entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers along the Hillsborough Road; this road followed by US Route 70, was the major east-west route in North Carolina from colonial times until the construction of interstate highways. Steady population growth and an intersection with the road connecting Roxboro and Fayetteville made the area near this site suitable for a US Post Office, established in 1827. Durham's location is a result of the needs of the 19th century railroad industry; the wood-burning steam locomotives of the time had to stop for wood and water and the new North Carolina Railroad needed a depot between the settled towns of Raleigh and Hillsborough. The residents of what is now downtown Durham thought their businesses catering to livestock drivers had a better future than a new-fangled nonsense like a railroad and refused to sell or lease land for a depot.
A railway depot was established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849. Durham Station, as it was known for its first 20 years, was just another depot for the occasional passenger or express package until early April 1865 when the Federal Army commanded by Major General William T. Sherman occupied the nearby state capital of Raleigh during the American Civil War; the last formidable Confederate Army in the South, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, was headquartered in Greensboro 50 miles to the west. After the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865, Gen. Johnston sought surrender terms, which were negotiated on April 17, 18 and 26 at Bennett Place, the small farm of James and Nancy Bennett, located halfway between the army's lines about 3 miles west of Durham Station; as both armies passed through Durham and surrounding Piedmont communities, they enjoyed the mild flavor of the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, considered more pleasant to smoke or chew than was available back home after the war.
So they started sending letters to Durham to get more. The community of Durham Station grew before the Civil War, but expanded following the war. Much of this growth attributed to the establishment of a thriving tobacco industry. Veterans returned home after the war, with an interest in acquiring more of the great tobacco they had sampled in North Carolina. Numerous orders were mailed to John Ruffin Green's tobacco company requesting more of the Durham tobacco. W. T. Blackwell partnered with Green and renamed the company as the "Bull Durham Tobacco Factory"; the name "Bull Durham" is said to have been taken from the bull on the British Colman's Mustard, which Mr. Blackwell believed was manufactured in Durham, England. Mustard, known as Durham Mustard, was produced in Durham, England, by Mrs Clements and by Ainsley during the eighteenth century. However, production of the original Durham Mustard has now been passed into the hands of Colman's of Norwich, England; as Durham Station's population increased, the station became a town and wa