The World Aquarium is an interactive animal exhibition, conservation research center, and animal sanctuary located in Lacledes Landing, St. Louis, United States. Some highlights of the exhibition are being able to feed. The museum allows general admission, school tours and behind-the-scenes tours, the aquarium houses a variety of animals such as sharks, turtles, marsh turtles, snakes, alligator and sloth. The displays are located on 2 levels, one large fish in large displays. The aquarium depends heavily on its volunteers and donations, some volunteers have been working for five years or more
The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American civilization archeologists date from approximately 800 CE to 1600 CE, varying regionally. It was composed of a series of settlements and satellite villages linked together by a loose trading network. The Mississippian way of life began to develop in the Mississippi River Valley, cultures in the tributary Tennessee River Valley may have begun to develop Mississippian characteristics at this point. Almost all dated Mississippian sites predate 1539–1540, with exceptions being Natchez communities that maintained Mississippian cultural practices into the 18th century. A number of traits are recognized as being characteristic of the Mississippians. Although not all Mississippian peoples practiced all of the following activities, the construction of large, truncated earthwork pyramid mounds, or platform mounds. Such mounds were usually square, rectangular, or occasionally circular, structures were usually constructed atop such mounds. The adoption and use of shells as tempering agents in their shell tempered pottery.
Widespread trade networks extending as far west as the Rockies, north to the Great Lakes, south to the Gulf of Mexico, the development of the chiefdom or complex chiefdom level of social complexity. The development of institutionalized social inequality, a centralization of control of combined political and religious power in the hands of few or one. The beginnings of a settlement hierarchy, in one major center has clear influence or control over a number of lesser communities. The adoption of the paraphernalia of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex, called the Southern Cult and this is the belief system of the Mississippians as we know it. SECC items are found in Mississippian-culture sites from Wisconsin to the Gulf Coast, the SECC was frequently tied in to ritual game-playing, as with chunkey. The Mississippians had no writing system or stone architecture, the Mississippi stage is usually divided into three or more chronological periods. Each period is an historical distinction varying regionally.
At a particular site, each period may be considered to begin earlier or later, the Mississippi period should not be confused with the Mississippian culture. The Mississippi period is the stage, while Mississippian culture refers to the cultural similarities that characterize this society. The Early Mississippi period had just transitioned from the Late Woodland period way of life, different groups abandoned tribal lifeways for increasing complexity, sedentism and agriculture
Popular among residents and tourists, the museum bills itself as an eclectic mixture of childrens playground, surrealistic pavilion, and architectural marvel. Visitors are encouraged to touch, climb on, and play in the various exhibits, dont touch the art is never commanded, although safety docents are present on each of the 11 floors. Opened in 1997, the museum attracted more than 700,000 visitors in 2010, the City Museum has been named one of the great public spaces by the Project for Public Spaces, and has won other local and international awards as a must-see destination. It has been described as a wild, singular vision of an artistic mind. City Museum was founded by artist Bob Cassilly and his then-wife Gail Cassilly, the museums building was once an International Shoe Company factory and warehouse but was mostly vacant when the Cassillys bought it in 1983. The City Museum opened to the public on October 25,1997, within two years, it was drawing 300,000 visitors a year. The museum has expanded, adding new exhibits such as MonstroCity in 2002, Enchanted Caves and Shoe Shaft in 2003.
Cassily remained the artistic director until his death in 2011. A circus ring on the third floor offers daily live acts, the City Museum houses The Shoelace Factory, whose antique braiding machines makes colorful shoelaces for sale. The buildings fifth floor houses apartments, dubbed the Lofts at City Museum, the original part of the museum, the first floor is home to a life-size Bowhead Whale that guests can walk through and view a large fish tank from the mezzanine or the always popular Puking Pig. Also on the first floor, are a number of tunnels that run across the ceiling, hiding above a sea of fiberglass insulation cut to give the impression of icicles. The floor itself is covered with the largest continuous mosaic piece in the US, in one area is a tunnel known as the Underground Whaleway which runs beneath the floor and into the Original Caves. New areas are currently being built, one of the museums most popular attractions, the Enchanted Caves and Shoe Shafts run through the center of the Museum, and go all the way to the 10th floor.
Opened in 2003, the Caves are a cave system hand-sculpted by Bob Cassilly. From every direction, a different creature is staring back, since 2007, the Caves have held a 1924 Wurlitzer Pipe Organ from the Rivoli Theater in New York City. The Shoe Shafts were developed from structures built for the International Shoe distribution operation, to get the shoes from various floors to the loading dock, staff would place the shoes on spiral shafts. The Shafts opened in 2003 with one three-story spiral slide, and five years added a ten-story slide that starts at the roof. There is a five-story slide, the Mezzanine contains the Museums food court and a number of sections that are tied into the first floor
Mastodon State Historic Site
Bones of mastodons and other now-extinct animals were first found here in the early 19th century. The area gained fame as one of the most extensive Pleistocene ice age deposits in the country, the site was purchased by the state in 1976 following an effort to preserve it from destruction with the construction of Interstate 55. Archaeological history was made at the site in 1979 when scientists excavated a stone spear point made by hunters of the Clovis culture in association with mastodon bones. This was the first solid evidence of the coexistence of people, the Kimmswick Bone Bed was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. A museum tells the natural and cultural story of the oldest American Indian site one can visit in the park system. A full-size replica of a mastodon skeleton highlights the exhibits, a picnic area, hiking trails, and a special-use campground offer chances to explore the land where the lives of Native Americans and mastodons once intertwined. Mastodon State Historic Site Missouri Department of Natural Resources
As social and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. The Greater São Paulo is a term for one of the multiple definitions the large metropolitan area located in the São Paulo state in Brazil. A metropolitan area combines an urban agglomeration with zones not necessarily urban in character and these outlying zones are sometimes known as a commuter belt, and may extend well beyond the urban zone, to other political entities. For example, El Monte, California is considered part of the Los Angeles metro area in the United States, in practice, the parameters of metropolitan areas, in both official and unofficial usage, are not consistent. Population figures given for one area can vary by millions. A polycentric metropolitan area is one not connected by continuous development or conurbation, in defining a metropolitan area, it is sufficient that a city or cities form a nucleus that other areas have a high degree of integration with.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics defines statistical divisions as areas under the influence of one or more major towns or a major city. However, this definition has become obsolete with the conurbation of several statistical divisions into a larger metropolitan areas. In Brazil, metropolitan areas are called metropolitan regions, each State defines its own legislation for the creation and organization of a metropolitan region. The creation of a region is not intended for any statistical purpose, although the Brazilian Institute of Geography. Their main purpose is to allow for a management of public policies of common interest to all cities involved. They dont have political, electoral or jurisdictional power whatsoever, so living in a metropolitan region do not elect representatives for them. Statistics Canada defines a metropolitan area as an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core. To form a CMA, the area must have a population of at least 100,000.
To be included in the CMA, adjacent municipalities must have a degree of integration with the core. As of the Canada 2011 Census, there were 33 CMAs in Canada, including six with a population over one million—Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa and Edmonton. In Denmark the only area is Greater Copenhagen, consisting of the Capital Region of Denmark along with the neighboring regions Region Zealand. Greater Copenhagen has an population of 1.25 million people
Saint Louis Art Museum
The Saint Louis Art Museum is one of the principal U. S. art museums, with paintings, cultural objects, and ancient masterpieces from all corners of the world. Its three-story building stands in Forest Park in St. Louis, admission is free through a subsidy from the cultural tax district for St. Louis City and County. In addition to the exhibitions, the museum offers rotating exhibitions and installations. These include the Currents series, which features artists, as well as regular exhibitions of new media art. The museum was founded in 1881 as the Saint Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts, the school, led by directory Halsey C. Ives, educated two generations of St. Louis artists and craftspeople and offered studio and art history classes supported by a museum collection. After the school moved to Washington Universitys campus and the moved to Forest Park. The museum moved after the 1904 Worlds Fair, known as the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, to the Palace of Fine Arts, the building was designed by architect Cass Gilbert, who took inspiration from the Baths of Caracalla in Rome, Italy.
The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum remained part of Washington University, in 1908, the museums first director, Halsey Cooley Ives, arranged for a municipal tax to support the museum. The following year, the museum separated from Washington University and was renamed the City Art Museum, an organizing board was assigned to take control in 1912. During the 1950s, the added an extension to include an auditorium for films, concerts. In 1971, efforts to secure the financial future led voters in St. Louis City and County to approve the creation of the Metropolitan Zoological Park. This expanded the tax base for the 1908 tax to include St. Louis County, in 1972, the museum was again renamed, to the Saint Louis Art Museum. Today, the museum is supported financially by the tax, donations from individuals and public associations, sales in the Museum Shop, the St. Louis-based firm, Hellmuth and Kassabaum was the architect of record to work with the construction team. On November 5,2007, museum officials released the plans to the public.
A model of the new building was displayed in the museums Sculpture Hall throughout the construction project, in 2008, citing the declining state of the economy, the museum announced that it would delay the start of the expansion, whose cost was estimated at $125 million. Construction began in 2009, the museum remained open, the expansion added more than 224,000 square feet of gallery space, including an underground garage, within the lease lines of the property. Money for the project was raised through private gifts to the campaign from individuals and corporations
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum
The Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum is an art museum located on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis, within the universitys Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts. It was founded in 1881 as the St. Louis School and Museum of Fine Arts and it is the oldest art museum west of the Mississippi River. Its collection was formed in part by acquiring significant works by artists of the time. The Museum contains strong holdings of 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century European and American paintings, prints and photographs. The collection includes some Egyptian and Greek antiquities, Old Master prints, and the Wulfing Collection of approximately 14,000 ancient Greek, the museum moved to its current home, designed by Pritzker Prize-winner Fumihiko Maki, in 2006. The museum was established in 1881 as part of Washington University in St. Louis, under the name of the St. Louis School, ives served as the museums first director, and during his tenure, the collection focused on contemporary American artists, notably William Merritt Chase.
In 1906, the museum was relocated to the Palace of Fine Arts in Forest Park, in that year, the City Museum of Art was formed, and began to acquire works separately from the private university collection. The university collection would remain on loan to the museum until 1960. In 1941, H. W. Janson joined the museum and began to focus on collecting contemporary European artwork, in order to finance this project, he organized the sale of over 600 objects. Notable acquisitions during this period include works by Pablo Picasso, Max Ernst, Janson arranged for a permanent home for the museums collection, and in 1960, the museum moved to Steinberg Hall, located on the main university campus. At this time, the museum was renamed as the Washington University Gallery of Art. Recently, the museum has continued to focus on the acquisition of works, including pieces by Jackson Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg. In 2004, the museum was renamed, this time as the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, as a division of the new Sam Fox School of Visual Art.
Two years later, in 2006, the moved to a new building adjacent to the old Steinberg Hall. The 65, 000-square-foot expansion was designed by Fumihiko Maki, and is home to the Washington University Art and Architecture library. The Sam Fox School was established in 2005 to link strong studio programs in art and architecture with the resources. Creation of the Sam Fox School follows a nearly $60 million investment in new and renovated art, the five-building complex includes two new buildings by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki, including the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum building. The Sam Fox School is dedicated to the creation, the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum has four exhibition spaces, the Barney A. Ebsworth Gallery, Garen Gallery, Bernoudy Permanent Collection Gallery, and teaching gallery
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the largest drainage system on the North American continent. Flowing entirely in the United States, it rises in northern Minnesota, with its many tributaries, the Mississippis watershed drains all or parts of 31 U. S. states and 2 Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth longest and fifteenth largest river in the world by discharge, the river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana. Native Americans long lived along the Mississippi River and its tributaries, most were hunter-gatherers, but some, such as the Mound Builders, formed prolific agricultural societies. The arrival of Europeans in the 16th century changed the way of life as first explorers, settlers. The river served first as a barrier, forming borders for New Spain, New France, and the early United States, and as a vital transportation artery and communications link.
Formed from thick layers of the silt deposits, the Mississippi embayment is one of the most fertile agricultural regions of the country. In recent years, the river has shown a shift towards the Atchafalaya River channel in the Delta. The word itself comes from Messipi, the French rendering of the Anishinaabe name for the river, see below in the History section for additional information. In addition to historical traditions shown by names, there are at least two measures of a rivers identity, one being the largest branch, and the other being the longest branch. Using the largest-branch criterion, the Ohio would be the branch of the Lower Mississippi. Using the longest-branch criterion, the Middle Mississippi-Missouri-Jefferson-Beaverhead-Red Rock-Hellroaring Creek River would be the main branch and its length of at least 3,745 mi is exceeded only by the Nile, the Amazon, and perhaps the Yangtze River among the longest rivers in the world. The source of this waterway is at Browers Spring,8,800 feet above sea level in southwestern Montana and this is exemplified by the Gateway Arch in St.
Louis and the phrase Trans-Mississippi as used in the name of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition. It is common to qualify a regionally superlative landmark in relation to it, the New Madrid Seismic Zone along the river is noteworthy. These various basic geographical aspects of the river in turn underlie its human history and present uses of the waterway, the Upper Mississippi runs from its headwaters to its confluence with the Missouri River at St. Louis, Missouri. The source of the Upper Mississippi branch is traditionally accepted as Lake Itasca,1,475 feet above sea level in Itasca State Park in Clearwater County, the lake is in turn fed by a number of smaller streams. From its origin at Lake Itasca to St. Louis, fourteen of these dams are located above Minneapolis in the headwaters region and serve multiple purposes, including power generation and recreation. The remaining 29 dams, beginning in downtown Minneapolis, all locks and were constructed to improve commercial navigation of the upper river
The Climatron is a greenhouse enclosed in a geodesic dome that is part of the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. Initiated by Garden director Frits W. Went, the dome is the worlds first completely air-conditioned greenhouse, completed in 1960, it was designed by T. C. The broad climatic range within the dome, which recreates a lowland rain forest, is achieved by sophisticated climate controls without using interior partitions, the structure is an unpartitioned half-sphere dome, 42m in diameter and 21m high. The frame is supported by aluminum tubes under compression and aluminum rods under tension, the St. Louis architects Murphy and Mackey were the architects on record. Synergetics, Inc were the designers of the dome, the architects received the 1961 R. S. Reynolds Memorial Award of $25,000 for their architectural use of aluminum. In 1976 it was named one of the 100 most significant architectural achievements in United States history, the dome contains a small stone pre-existing neo-classical pavilion and over 400-varieties of plant life.
A bank of 24 flood lights, revolving at night in five-minute cycles, simulates noon light on one side of the dome, the climate ranges from the Amazon through Hawaii and Java to India. Over time, the building experienced deterioration of the original Plexiglas panels, the greenhouse was closed for extensive renovations in 1988 and reopened in March 1990. The original Plexiglas glazing was replaced with 2,425 panes of heat-strengthened glass, in 2010, the Botanical Garden celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Climatron
The St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre is an amphitheatre located in St. Louis, Missouri. The theatre seats 11,000 people with approximately 1,500 free seats in the last nine rows that are available on a first come, the Muny seasons run every year from mid-June to mid-August. It is run by a not-for-profit organization, the current president and chief executive is Dennis M. Reagan. The current artistic director & executive producer is Mike Isaacson, in 1914, Luther Ely Smith began staging pageant-Masques on Art Hill in Forest Park. Louis folk dancers and folk singers, soon after, the Convention Board of the St. Louis Advertising Club was looking for an entertainment feature for its thirteenth annual convention, which was to take place June 3,1917. Mayor Henry Kiel, attorney Guy Golterman, and Parks Commissioner Nelson Cunliff stepped in and, in forty-nine days, on June 5,1917, the opera Aida was presented on what would become the Muny stage. In 1919, the new theatre received a name, St. Louis Municipal Opera Theatre, the first show under the Muny banner was Robin Hood, which opened on June 16,1919, and featured Mayor Kiel as King Richard.
Concerts were performed prior to the opening of Riverport Amphitheatre in 1991. In 1930, the stage was equipped with a turntable for performance purposes and it was reconstructed in 1997 due to dilapidation. In 1998, the Muny Teens group was formed for the same purpose, the Chairman of the Board of the Muny in 2005-2006 was William H. T. Bush. The current Chairman of the Board is Raymond R. Fournie, the Wizard of Oz • June 13–22 42nd Street • June 24–30 The Music Man • July 5–11 Young Frankenstein • July 13–19 Mamma, Mia. • Aug. 1-7 Bye Bye Birdie • Aug. 8-14 Source, The Muny produces all of its musicals in the season, during the winter, a full-time staff of fewer than twenty people prepare for the next summer season. During the season itself, the summer expands to include more than 500 people in various positions. All shows are rehearsed within the course of days, with two technical rehearsals being held in the two to three days before the shows opening. Shows run from Monday to Sunday, although there have been exceptions to this, particularly in recent years, the Muny website claims it is the nations oldest and largest outdoor musical theatre.
There are numerous amphitheatres/outdoor theatres that have a larger capacity area, there is no lawn seating inside The Muny. In addition, The Muny is the largest to host only Broadway-style musical theatre, the next largest seat capacity theatre in the United States is the San Manuel Amphitheater in California, housing 10,900 seats. For a list of other amphitheatres see, List of contemporary amphitheatres, since its beginning, The Muny has featured hundreds of big names in theatre and film on its stage, drawing inevitably huge crowds