Roncesvalles is a neighbourhood in the city of Toronto, Canada centred on Roncesvalles Avenue, a north-south street leading from the intersection of King and Queen Streets to the south, north to Dundas Street West, a distance of 1.5 kilometres. It is located east of High Park, north of Lake Ontario, in the Parkdale-High Park provincial and federal ridings and the municipal Ward 14, its informal boundaries are High Park to the west, Bloor Street West to the north, Lake Ontario/Queen Street West to the south and Lansdowne Avenue/rail corridor to the east. Known as'Howard Park', most of this area was within the boundaries of Parkdale and Brockton villages and was annexed into Toronto in the 1880s. Culturally, the area is known as the centre of the Polish community in Toronto with prominent Polish institutions, businesses and St Casimir's Catholic Church located on Roncesvalles Avenue; the businesses along Roncesvalles have formed the Roncesvalles Village Business Improvement Area and hold an annual Polish Festival.
The neighbourhood is predominantly residential, with a commercial strip the full length of Roncesvalles, composed predominantly of small businesses and institutions. To the west of Roncesvalles, the area is nearly residential except for St. Joseph's Health Centre and a Toronto Transit Commission streetcar barn. East of Roncesvalles along the CN and CP rail lines is an older industrial area, in transition. Several of the buildings along Sorauren Avenue have been converted into loft-style condominiums. At one time a large TTC bus garage was located along Sorauren Avenue. Two other old industrial buildings along Wabash are owned by the City of Toronto, are slated for a future community centre project. One of the buildings serves as a clubhouse for the Park; the City of Toronto defines three official neighbourhoods as having boundaries with Roncesvalles Avenue. To the west, the official neighbourhood is High Park-Swansea. To the east, the official neighbourhood is named "Roncesvalles" - referred to as "Roncy".
To the southeast of Roncesvalles Avenue is "South Parkdale". Toronto's first highway to the west was Dundas Street starting at Queen Street along today's Ossington and west along its current path west to Dundas. While Toronto's boundary was Dufferin Street, a early village built around hotels sprang up along Dundas just before it met Ossington and entered Toronto; the Subdivision of land for Brockton included the portion of the neighbourhood east of what is now Roncesvalles Avenue. Although little of this was built on; the rest of what is now the Roncesvalles neighbourhood began as farm lots given to Toronto's prominent Ridout family and the architect John George Howard. These men had careers in the city so little was done with their farmland most of, never cleared of the natural forest. Two houses were built by John Howard on these farms: Sunnyside, Colborne Lodge in what is now High Park. A path running through Sunnyside Farm was an Indian trail thought to have been an ancient Mississauga Indian path, leading from Lake Ontario north.
In the 1850s, concurrent with the building of the railway, the central part of Brockton was separated from the Roncesvalles subdivided lands except for a small strip along Dundas between the railway and Bloor. In 1850, Colonel O'Hara acquired the land north of Queen from Roncesvalles Avenue to just east of Lansdowne Avenue. In 1874, Colonel O'Hara died and his land was subdivided. Following the subdivision of two other farms south of Queen, a new village took shape and in 1879 was incorporated, despite protests by the City of Toronto, as the Village of Parkdale; the subdivision of O'Hara's land and the streets laid out after his death had names related to his family superseded the Brockton subdivision south of the railway between Roncesvalles and Sorauren. Development in Parkdale crept up Sorauren Ave and there was some building on Roncesvalles Avenue before a series of annexations brought Parkdale and the surrounding farmland into the City of Toronto. In all there were 13 separate annexations by the City of Toronto between 1883 and 1893.
When Parkdale was annexed to Toronto, streets were laid out or extended to Keele Street and the street grid took the shape it has to this day. In the 1890s the intersection of Roncesvalles and Queen became more important as a Lake Shore streetcar line was built enabling residents of Toronto to travel to the west for recreation more easily. A streetcar yard was added at the intersection in 1895; the Sunnyside railway station at the intersection was opened in 1912. At the turn of the century the first school was built in the neighbourhood, the Old Howard Park school on Boustead Avenue. Although a number of Victorian homes had been built extending north from Parkdale, the neighbourhood was built from 1900 until the First World War with all houses built in the'foursquare' style; these homes were designed for the middle class while wealthier homes were found in Parkdale. At this time, the first four Carnegie Libraries were opened in Toronto. Apart from the Central Library all libraries were identical, one of them being the High Park branch on Roncesvalles Avenue.
The three original churches were built at this time. In the years of its development, Roncesvalles began to attract some weal
Scarborough is an administrative division in Toronto, Canada. Situated atop the Scarborough Bluffs, it occupies the eastern part of the city. Scarborough is contained within the borders of Victoria Park Avenue on the west, Steeles Avenue to the north, Rouge River and the city of Pickering to the east, Lake Ontario to the south, it borders East York and North York in the west and the city of Markham in the north. Scarborough was named after the English town of North Yorkshire. First settled by Europeans in the 1790s, Scarborough has grown from a collection of small rural villages and farms to become urbanized with a diverse cultural community. Incorporated in 1850 as a township, Scarborough became part of Metropolitan Toronto in 1953 and was reconstituted as a borough in 1967. Scarborough developed as a suburb of Old Toronto over the next decade and became a city in 1983. In 1998, Scarborough and the rest of Metropolitan Toronto were amalgamated into the present city of Toronto. Scarborough still exists as an unofficial borough of Toronto.
The Scarborough Civic Centre, the former city‘s last place of government, is occupied by City of Toronto offices. Scarborough is a popular destination for new immigrants in Canada to reside; as a result, it is one of the most diverse and multicultural areas in the Greater Toronto Area, being home to various religious groups and places of worship. It includes some such as the Toronto Zoo and Rouge Park; the northeast corner of Scarborough is rural with some of Toronto’s last remaining farms, leading to Scarborough’s reputation of being greener than any other part of Toronto. The area was named after Scarborough in England, United Kingdom by Elizabeth Simcoe, the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada; the bluffs along Scarborough's Lake Ontario shores reminded her of the limestone cliffs in Scarborough, England. On August 4, 1793, she wrote in her diary, "The shore is bold, has the appearance of chalk cliffs, but I believe they are only white sand, they appeared so well that we talked of building a summer residence there and calling it Scarborough."
Before that, the area was named Glasgow, after the Scottish city. Scarborough has acquired several nicknames; the most popular is Scarberia, a portmanteau of Scarborough and Siberia, a reference to its distant eastern location from downtown Toronto and apparent lack of notable attractions. The word originated sometime in the 1960s and has remained a source of contention since. In May 1988, Joyce Trimmer, campaigning to be mayor of the city of Scarborough, said, "The city of Scarborough needs strong leadership if it is to shed its'Scarberia' image". Scarborough has acquired nicknames related to its diversity; such nicknames use the prefix "Scar" and a suffix derived from the name of a region, nation, or ethnicity. The first known evidence of people in Scarborough comes from an archaeological site in Fenwood Heights, dated to 8000 BCE; the site contains the remains of a camp of nomadic hunters and foragers, there is no evidence of permanent settlers. In the 17th century, the area was inhabited by the Seneca at the village of Ganatsekwyagon, who were displaced by the Mississaugas, who were themselves displaced by the settlers who began to arrive in the late 18th century.
After the land was surveyed in 1793, it was opened to settlement by British subjects with the first issue of land patents in 1796, although squatters had been present for a few years. The first settlers were Andrew Thomson, they were stonemasons. They each built mills; this activity led to the creation of a small village known as the Thomson Settlement. The first post office opened in Scarborough Village. During the early part of life in Upper Canada, local administration and justice was administered by the colonial government. From 1792 to 1841, magistrates were appointed by District Councils. There were four districts in the colony. Due to a political reorganization, a result of the Durham Report, Scarborough gained elected representation on the Home District Council. Scarborough elected two councillors. In 1850, Scarborough was incorporated as a township. After incorporation, Scarborough government was led by a reeve, a deputy-reeve and three councillors, each elected annually; the council met in the village of Woburn but it was relocated to Birchcliff in 1922, where most of the population was located.
During the Great Depression the local government was on the verge of bankruptcy. The Ontario Municipal Board stepped in and appointed an oversight committee which prevented the collapse of local government; the expansion of Toronto in the east, in the 19th century, led to the development of housing stock along the Kingston Road and Danforth Road corridors in Scarborough. This led to the creation of a transit line. In 1893, the Toronto and Scarboro' Electric Railway and Power Company built a single-track radial line along Kingston Road to Blantyre. Over the next 13 years this was extended to West Hill. In 1904, the line became the Scarboro Division of the York Radial Railway. Service continued along this line until 1936. On April 15, 1953, Scarborough was included within Metropolitan Toronto, a new upper level of municipal government with jurisdiction over regional services such as arterial roads and transit and ambulance services. Scarborough retained it
Andrew the Apostle
Andrew the Apostle known as Saint Andrew, was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter. He is referred to in the Orthodox tradition as the First-Called. According to Orthodox tradition, the apostolic successor to Saint Andrew is the Patriarch of Constantinople; the name "Andrew", like other Greek names, appears to have been common among the Jews and other Hellenized people of Judea. No Hebrew or Aramaic name is recorded for him. Saint Andrew was born, in 6 BC in Galilee; the New Testament states that Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter, a son of John, or Jonah. He was born in the village of Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee. "The first striking characteristic of Andrew is his name: it is not Hebrew, as might have been expected, but Greek, indicative of a certain cultural openness in his family that cannot be ignored. We are in Galilee, where the Greek language and culture are quite present."Both he and his brother Peter were fishermen by trade, hence the tradition that Jesus called them to be his disciples by saying that he will make them "fishers of men".
At the beginning of Jesus' public life, they were said to have occupied the same house at Capernaum. In the Gospel of Matthew and in the Gospel of Mark Simon Peter and Andrew were both called together to become disciples of Jesus and "fishers of men"; these narratives record that Jesus was walking along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, observed Simon and Andrew fishing, called them to discipleship. In the parallel incident in the Gospel of Luke Andrew is not named, nor is reference made to Simon having a brother. In this narrative, Jesus used a boat described as being Simon's, as a platform for preaching to the multitudes on the shore and as a means to achieving a huge trawl of fish on a night which had hitherto proved fruitless; the narrative indicates that Simon was not the only fisherman in the boat but it is not until the next chapter that Andrew is named as Simon's brother. However, it is understood that Andrew was fishing with Simon on the night in question. Matthew Poole, in his Annotations on the Holy Bible, stressed that'Luke denies not that Andrew was there'.
In contrast, the Gospel of John states that Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist, whose testimony first led him, another unnamed disciple of John the Baptist, to follow Jesus. Andrew at once recognized Jesus as the Messiah, hastened to introduce him to his brother; the Byzantine Church honours him with the name Protokletos, which means "the first called". Thenceforth, the two brothers were disciples of Christ. On a subsequent occasion, prior to the final call to the apostolate, they were called to a closer companionship, they left all things to follow Jesus. Subsequently, in the gospels, Andrew is referred to as being present on some important occasions as one of the disciples more attached to Jesus. Andrew told Jesus about the boy with the loaves and fishes, when Philip wanted to tell Jesus about certain Greeks seeking Him, he told Andrew first. Andrew was present at the Last Supper. Andrew was one of the four disciples who came to Jesus on the Mount of Olives to ask about the signs of Jesus' return at the "end of the age".
Eusebius in his Church History 3.1 quoted Origen as saying. The Chronicle of Nestor adds that he preached along the Black Sea and the Dnieper river as far as Kiev, from there he traveled to Novgorod. Hence, he became a patron saint of Ukraine and Russia. According to tradition, he founded the See of Byzantium in AD 38. According to Hippolytus of Rome, Andrew preached in Thrace, his presence in Byzantium is mentioned in the apocryphal Acts of Andrew. Basil of Seleucia knew of Apostle Andrew's missions in Thrace and Achaea; this diocese would develop into the Patriarchate of Constantinople. Andrew, along with Saint Stachys, is recognized as the patron saint of the Patriarchate. Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at the city of Patras in Achaea. Early texts, such as the Acts of Andrew known to Gregory of Tours, describe Andrew as bound, not nailed, to a Latin cross of the kind on which Jesus is said to have been crucified; the iconography of the martyrdom of Andrew — showing him bound to an X-shaped cross — does not appear to have been standardized until the Middle Ages.
The apocryphal Acts of Andrew, mentioned by Eusebius and others, is among a disparate group of Acts of the Apostles that were traditionally attributed to Leucius Charinus. "These Acts belong to the third century: ca. A. D. 260," in the opinion of M. R. James, who edited them in 1924; the Acts, as well as a Gospel of St Andrew, appear among rejected books in the Decretum Gelasianum connected with the name of Pope Gelasius I. The Acts of Andrew was edited and published by Constantin von Tischendorf in the Acta Apostolorum apocrypha, putting it for the first time into the hands of a critical professional readership. Another version of the Andrew legend is found in the Passio Andreae, published by Max Bonnet (Supplement
Saint Patrick was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of Ireland, the other patron saints being Brigit of Kildare and Columba, he is venerated in the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Lutheran Churches, the Old Catholic Church, in the Eastern Orthodox Church as equal-to-the-apostles and Enlightener of Ireland. The dates of Patrick's life cannot be fixed with certainty, but there is broad agreement that he was active as a missionary in Ireland during the fifth century; as the most recent biography on Patrick shows, a late fourth-century date for the saint is not impossible. Early medieval tradition credits him with being the first bishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland, they regard him as the founder of Christianity in Ireland, converting a society practising a form of Celtic polytheism, he has been so regarded since, despite evidence of some earlier Christian presence in Ireland.
According to the autobiographical Confessio of Patrick, when he was about 16, he was captured by Irish pirates from his home in Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland, looking after animals. After becoming a cleric, he returned to western Ireland. In life, he served as a bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland. Saint Patrick's Day is observed on the supposed date of his death, it is celebrated outside Ireland as a religious and cultural holiday. In the dioceses of Ireland, it is a holy day of obligation. Two Latin works survive which are accepted as having been written by St. Patrick; these are the Declaration and the Letter to the soldiers of Coroticus, from which come the only accepted details of his life. The Declaration is the more biographical of the two. In it, Patrick gives a short account of his mission. Most available details of his life are from subsequent hagiographies and annals, which have considerable value but lack the empiricism scholars depend on today.
The only name that Patrick uses for himself in his own writings is Pātricius, which gives Old Irish Pátraic and Modern Irish Pádraig. Hagiography records other names. Tírechán's seventh-century Collectanea gives: "Magonus, famous. "Magonus" appears in the ninth century Historia Brittonum as Maun, descending from British *Magunos, meaning "servant-lad". "Succetus", which appears in Muirchú moccu Machtheni's seventh century Life as Sochet, is identified by Mac Neill as "a word of British origin meaning swineherd". Cothirthiacus appears as Cothraige in the 8th century biographical poem known as Fiacc's Hymn and a variety of other spellings elsewhere, is taken to represent a Primitive Irish *Qatrikias, although this is disputed. Harvey argues that Cothraige "has the form of a classic Old Irish tribal name", noting that Ail Coithrigi is a name for the Rock of Cashel, the place-names Cothrugu and Catrige are attested in Counties Antrim and Carlow; the dates of Patrick's life are uncertain. His own writings provide no evidence for any dating more precise than the 5th century generally.
His Biblical quotations are a mixture of the Old Latin version and the Vulgate, completed in the early 5th century, suggesting he was writing "at the point of transition from Old Latin to Vulgate", although it is possible the Vulgate readings may have been added replacing earlier readings. The Letter to Coroticus implies that the Franks were still pagans at the time of writing: their conversion to Christianity is dated to the period 496–508; the Irish annals for the fifth century date Patrick's arrival in Ireland at 432, but they were compiled in the mid 6th century at the earliest. The date 432 was chosen to minimise the contribution of Palladius, known to have been sent to Ireland in 431, maximise that of Patrick. A variety of dates are given for his death. In 457 "the elder Patrick" is said to have died: this may refer to the death of Palladius, who according to the Book of Armagh was called Patrick. In 461/2 the annals say that "Here some record the repose of Patrick". While some modern historians accept the earlier date of c. 460 for Patrick's death, scholars of early Irish history tend to prefer a date, c.
493. Supporting the date, the annals record that in 553 "the relics of Patrick were placed sixty years after his death in a shrine by Colum Cille"; the death of Patrick's disciple Mochta is dated in the annals to 535 or 537, the early hagiographies "all bring Patrick into contact with persons whose obits occur at the end of the fifth century or the beginning of the sixth". However, E. A. Thompson argues that none of the dates given for Patrick's death in the Annals are reliable. A recent biography argues. Irish academic T. F. O'Rahilly proposed the "Two Patricks" theory, which suggests that many of the traditions attached to Saint Patrick act
Harbourfront is a neighbourhood on the northern shore of Lake Ontario within the downtown core of the city of Toronto, Canada. Part of the Toronto waterfront, Harbourfront extends from Bathurst Street in the west, along Queens Quay, with its ill-defined eastern boundary being either Yonge Street or York Street, its northern boundary is the Gardiner Expressway. Toronto's harbour has been used since the founding of Toronto for shipping and industrial purposes; the Town of York was founded to the west of the Don River, along the waterfront. When the town was founded, the water's edge was where today's'Front Street' is located. Over time, the area south of Front Street to today's water's edge south of'Queen's Quay' was filled in with landfill, creating piers and area for industrial development. Prior to the 1972 federal election, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau announced the Harbourfront project, which would expropriate the industrial port lands from York Street west to Bathurst Street, south of Queen's Quay and convert them to a cultural and residential district for Toronto, similar to the Granville Island district in Vancouver.
The federal government has converted the industrial area to an area mixed with art galleries, performance spaces, boating areas and parks. The surrounding neighbourhood industrial has been converted by private land developers into a series of condominium towers overlooking the project and Lake Ontario. From its beginnings as "Harbourfront Corporation", a federal Crown Corporation established in 1972, Harbourfront Centre was formed on January 1, 1991 as a non-profit charitable organization with a mandate to organize and present public events and to operate a 10-acre site encompassing York Quay and John Quay. Since its inception, Harbourfront Centre has been used by artists that would not be seen in commercial venues, in an effort to foster new forms of arts and expression. In July 2012 Waterfront Toronto began a major reconstruction of Queen's Quay West, requiring the 509 streetcar to be replaced with buses for the duration of the construction. On October 12, 2014, streetcar service resumed on 509 Harbourfront route after an absence of over two years in order to rebuild the street to a new design.
With the new street design, two auto lanes south of the streetcar tracks were eliminated between Spadina Avenue and York Street in order to extend Harbourfront parkland to the edge of the streetcar tracks. The Martin Goodman Trail, two rows of trees, benches and a wider pedestrian space are located on the immediate south side of the streetcar tracks; the area along the waterfront is composed of mixed uses. The federal government lands to the south of Queen's Quay include a community centre, a Toronto fire department station, various boating uses and the Harbourfront Centre. To the north of Queen's Quay, all of the industrial lands along the street have been replaced with high-rise condominium towers. To the east of the federal government lands, the waterfront is mixed with industrial uses, a hotel, ferry docks, boating uses, a sugar factory and vacant lands; the neighbourhood is separated from the rest of downtown Toronto by the elevated Gardiner Expressway. A project to link Lower Simcoe with Simcoe St. via tunnel has been completed to provide a new link between Harbourfront and downtown, though access between the waterfront and the core remains an issue.
Proposals have been made to demolish the Expressway in the area. One proposal was to demolish the highway east of Spadina Avenue. Another proposal, to demolish the highway from the Don River to Jarvis Street is being studied by the City of Toronto; the Toronto Island Airport is another neighbourhood issue. The airport, located to the south-west of the neighbourhood, is opposed by local community groups and some city politicians, including Toronto's past mayor, David Miller, as an impediment to the waterfront lands redevelopment. Toronto's former mayor, Rob Ford, on the other hand, backed an expansion of the airport, as it created jobs; the airport, built in the 1930s, is utilized for regional air travel. The airport generates hundreds of noise complaints monthly to its operator, the Toronto Port Authority; the Toronto Port Authority confirmed on September 12, 2008, that Porter Airlines was fined for breaking noise curfews in its operations at the Island Airport. A study by the Port Authority is being conducted into reducing noise from Porter's takeoffs and landings.
Harbourfront is the site of the Jack Layton Ferry Terminal which provides transportation services to the Toronto Islands from the foot of Bay Street. Captain John's Harbour Boat Restaurant was a ship moored at the Yonge Street slip and removed in 2015. Toronto Maritime Museum was relocated from Exhibition Place in 1997, but closed in 2003. Harbourfront Centre, housing galleries and performance spaces is located at the foot of Lower Simcoe Street. Harbourfront houses four craft studios. All studios began in 1974 and still operate, providing new craft artists with subsidized work spaces at the beginning of their careers. Harbourfront hosts an extensive program of arts and cultural events throughout each summer, including craft and artisan fairs and dance performances and musical concerts. A series of free concerts is staged at Harbourfront's outdoor concert stage every weekend throughout the summer and in winter there is a free open-air ice rink. Queen's Quay Terminal, next to Harbourfront Centre, is a former warehouse converted into a mixed-use building including a shopping centre designed for high-end retailers, commercial office space, a residential condominium development.
Today, the mall houses some restaurants, predominantly catering to tourists. The Canada
Garden District, Toronto
The Garden District is a neighbourhood in downtown Toronto, Canada. The name was selected by the Toronto East Downtown Residents Association in recognition of Allan Gardens, an indoor botanical garden located nearby at the intersection of Carlton and Jarvis Streets; the Garden District was designated by the Mayor and Toronto City Council in 2001, while TEDRA has since been renamed the Garden District Residents Association. Part of the neighbourhood is within official City of Toronto neighbourhood of Moss Park; as defined by the Association, the neighbourhood is bordered by Carlton Street to the north, Yonge Street to the west, Sherbourne Street to the east and Queen Street to the south. This area includes the southern part of Toronto’s Gay Village and heritage sites such as the Mackenzie House Museum, Gallery Arcturus and the Merchandise Building; this neighbourhood consists of two distinct areas: The western portion, from Yonge Street to Jarvis Street, was first subdivided at the time Toronto was incorporated as a city in 1834 from the McGill Estate.
This area filled with overflow from central Toronto and includes a number of early non-government institutions such as the Metropolitan Methodist Church, St Michael's Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Roman Catholic Bishop's Palace, St. Michael's Choir School and St Michael's Hospital, places of entertainment such as Massey Hall, the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres, the Canon Theatre and Maple Leaf Gardens as well as the Ryerson Model School Ryerson's campus today stretches from Gerrard in the north, east to Mutual and south of Gould, west to Yonge, includes the Ryerson Image Centre, a photographic museum, home to The Black Star Collection and the yearly Scotiabank Contact Photography Festival; the eastern portion from Jarvis Street to Sherbourne was subdivided in the 1850s from the Jarvis Estate and the Allan Estate with north-south streets based on the street grid of the original Town of York. This area is residential with two parks and a large number of local churches, it was a exclusive district and declined in time as the housing stock aged and smaller lots for workers were built.
This area has seen a large replacement of older homes with residential and commercial development. Located in the eastern portion of the Garden District, Walnut Hall were four Georgian styled terraced homes. On May 18, 2007, local uproar arose over the demolition of a historical building at the corner of Shuter and George Streets, known as Walnut Hall. Constructed in 1856 and designated as a heritage site in 1997, the building was nonetheless neglected and began to collapse; the Garden District includes a mix of housing, from million-dollar condos, renovated Victorian villas, Edwardian row houses to apartment co-operatives, subsidized housing units, many hostels and shelters. George Street, one block east of Jarvis has a blighted area around the Seaton House shelter; the City of Toronto is planning to redevelop the site incorporating heritage homes now boarded up. There is a substantial Francophone presence because of the area’s French-language institutions near the neighbourhood, including Paroisse Sacré Cœur, a Roman Catholic parish, Le Collège français, École élémentaire Gabrielle-Roy.
Le Collège français and École élémentaire Gabrielle-Roy are both operated by Conseil scolaire Viamonde, a secular public school board. A separate neighbourhood association, the McGill-Granby Village Resident's Association, represents the residents of the area around those two streets. There are several institutions related to the Aboriginal community along Gerrard Street, the south of Allan Gardens, they include Miziwe Biik Aboriginal Employment and Training, Anishnawbe Health Toronto, Native Women's Resource Centre of Toronto. According to 2011 National Household Survey, the population with Aboriginal Ancestry of census tract 5350032.00 grew from 105 in 2005 to 165 in 2010. This large increase is significant when the total population of CT5350032.00 decreased by 4%. The area is well served by public transit, with the 505 Dundas, 506 Carlton east-west streetcar routes; the 75 Sherbourne bus runs north-south along Sherbourne. The Yonge-University-Spadina subway Line 1 runs north-south along Yonge Street to the west.
The Garden District Residents Association City of Toronto - Moss Park demographic profile Historic sketches and photos of the Garden District McGill Granby-Village Residents’ Association
Grange Park (neighbourhood)
Grange Park is a neighbourhood in downtown Toronto, Canada. It is bounded on the west by Spadina Avenue, on the north by College Street, on the east by University Avenue and on the south by Queen Street West, it is within the'Kensington-Chinatown' City of Toronto planning neighbourhood. Its name is derived from the Grange Park public park; the commercial businesses of Chinatown extend within this neighbourhood. Grange Park was an elite neighbourhood, with mansions lining Beverley Street; the neighbourhood took its name from The Grange, a mansion built in 1817 by G. D'Arcy Boulton, Auditor-General of Upper Canada and a member of the prominent Boulton family; the Grange is the oldest standing brick house in Toronto. It served as the first home of OCAD University, today forms a wing of the Art Gallery of Ontario. Prominent early residents of the neighbourhood included George Brown, a Father of Confederation and founder of The Globe newspaper and the family of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canada's longest serving Prime Minister.
The area was transformed into a working class, immigrant community by 1900 with rows of workers' cottages. Many of the more prominent brick row houses, built in the Edwardian style, still survive in the neighbourhood today. By 1914, the area had become predominantly Jewish as Eastern European Jewish immigrants left The Ward and moved west of University Avenue towards Spadina Avenue. Synagogues and other community institutions were located on McCaul and Cecil streets. Among the more famous Jewish residents was the family of architect Frank Gehry, whose grandparents owned a rowhouse at 15 Beverley Street. Gehry recalled that his first exposure to art came at the Art Gallery of Ontario, for which he was commissioned to design renovation completed in 2008. By the 1960s, the Jewish community had given way to the Chinese community following the demolition of Toronto's original Chinatown to build the new City Hall, which migrated westward along Dundas Street to form the present-day Chinatown centered at Dundas and Spadina.
At the heart of the Neighbourhood lies Grange Park itself. The park was created in 1911, when Harriett Boulton gifted her family property to be home for a new Art Museum of Toronto. Upkeep of the expansive gardens to the south of Grange House was entrusted to the City of Toronto, which has maintained the lands as a public park since. In 1852 a fall fair held by the Provincial Agricultural Association of Canada West took place just west of University Avenue from north of Dundas Street to south of College Street; the fair was displaying animals, but a refreshment area, floral hall and a midway. This was the second time for Toronto hosting, a fair that would be replaced by the Canadian National Exhibition in 1879. Grange Park is a mixed, but predominantly residential neighbourhood; the residential stock varies from working men's cottages built in the 1800s to semi-detached homes to mansions. Many of the buildings have been converted to commercial use, including art galleries within the vicinity of the Art Gallery of Ontario and offices.
Many of the homes are rented to students of the Ontario College of Art & Design, located on McCaul Street, the University of Toronto, located to the north. In the western section, the businesses of Chinatown extend east from Spadina along Dundas to nearly Beverley, while the side streets have remained residential; the eastern section, along University Avenue, is predominantly institutional buildings facing on University Avenue. The buildings are higher than the neighbourhood and more built, have expanded westward into the neighbourhood. Beverley Street north of Dundas has several century-old mansions on both sides of the street, some converted from residential to office uses, others converted to multi-unit buildings. East-west, the main street of the neighbourhood is a street of commercial buildings. North-south, the main streets are McCaul Street. A commercial enclave has developed around Baldwin Avenue between Beverley and McCaul Streets named'Baldwin Village' of converted residences housing restaurants of numerous cuisines, stores of arts and curios.
The residences of the north side of Dundas Street between Beverley and McCaul have all been converted to art galleries. The homes of the east side of McCaul street from Dundas south, were demolished and the Village by The Grange residential and commercial complex was built; when built in 1980, it was a rare example in Toronto of a low-rise apartment complex with mixed commercial uses being built after several decades of high-rise apartment building construction in the downtown core. Art Gallery of Ontario - 317 Dundas Street West OCAD University - 100 McCaul Street The Grange - mansion, original home of Art Gallery of Ontario George Brown House - home of publisher and Father of Confederation George Brown - 186 Beverley Street Consulate General of Italy - 136 Beverley Street Village by the Grange - shopping and residential complex on east side of McCaul Street. On the east, three subway stations on the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line stop at College Street, Dundas Street (St. Patrick and Queen Street.
There are streetcar lines on College, Dundas and Spadina, the Spadina line connecting to the Spadina station on the Bloor-Danforth subway line. Census tracts 0037.00 of the 2006 Canadian census cover Grange Park. According to that census, the neighbourhood has 9,007 residents. Average income is $35,277 below the Toronto average; the ten most common language spoken at home, after English, are: Unspecifie