Chapin, South Carolina
Chapin, popularly known as the capital of Lake Murray, is a small, lake town located at the northern tip of Lexington County, South Carolina bordering Newberry County, South Carolina to the south. Lake Murray separates Chapin from the rest of Lexington County. Chapin is located 22 miles northwest of Columbia and many people commute there for work, the town is considered fringe rural by the US postal service. Chapin was founded by Martin Chapin in 1889; the following year, 1890, the railroad was built to connect Chapin to Columbia, South Carolina and other major regions. The population of Chapin was 1,445 according to the 2010 census, the population of the area with a Chapin mailing address, all known as Chapin by local people, is 6,742; the town government is set up in the Mayor-Council form and the current Chapin mayor is David W. Knight. Chapin has four public schools in the area. Lake Murray is the main attraction to Chapin and provides recreational boaters with water-related entertainment.
Chapin is located at 34°9′57″N 81°20′50″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles, of which 1.8 square miles is land and 0.55% is water. While Chapin is a part of Lexington County, the creation of Lake Murray, South Carolina by the Dreher Shoals Dam cut Chapin off from the rest of the county, creating something of an exclave. Chapin is named after Martin Chapin. After Martin Chapin and Laura Anne Benjamin were married on June 16, 1850, the couple moved down South because of Martin's health; the Chapins were living in Columbia, South Carolina when Martin's doctor suggested he to move to the Piney Woods area. He bought property in this area, over the years Chapin bought 4,218 acres, he built a home in Piney Woods and a hotel in the 1880s along the new rail line that ran from Columbia, South Carolina to Laurens, South Carolina. The railroad provided a way to transport goods to the capital city. Cotton and the lumber industry were flourishing with the railroad providing transportation.
After Martin's death on August 31, 1894, Laura Chapin sold their Chapin home and moved into the Chapin hotel. On March 28, 1907, Job S. Wessinger, P. M. Frick, J. S. Honeycut founded the Bank of Chapin. One year the building for the bank was built; the bank prospered with help from the railroad. During World War I, Chapin was doing well economically; the price of cotton had risen and the farmers were making plenty of money. As a result, The Bank of Chapin was thriving during this time. In addition, the first high school was built in 1924; the businesses in Chapin were starting to experience hard times nearing the 1930s. On Thursday, October 15, 1931 the Bank of Chapin did not open, like other banks around the world, the Bank of Chapin would not allow customers to withdraw their money. Anybody who had money saved in the bank lost that money due to the crash of the stock market known as the start of the Great Depression. Another disaster to hit Chapin was the building of the dam on the Saluda River that would result in the building of a lake.
This lake would take over most of the Chapin families' homeland. The building of the dam was started in 1927. In the midst of the Great Depression Chapin started a recreational team sport of baseball. In 1935, the Dutch Fork League was formed; this team helped the unemployed men occupy their time during these difficult times. These baseball games attracted thousands of people; the midpoint in Chapin's history is the 1940s. During this period Chapin grew through improvements on opening new businesses. One new business that came to Chapin was filling stations; the next business was a cabinet shop called Son. Chapin built paved roads, a baseball field and established the public library. In 1950 the first post office building was constructed, along with new telephone services; the 1960s were better services. Garbage collection was an issue in the 60s, so the town government bought land and built a landfill. Transportation was the next service provided by access to an interstate. On September 7, 1960 a section of the interstate was opened between Columbia and Pomaria, South Carolina.
The interstate made Chapin more accessible. Streets in town were improved. Another improvement of the 60s was the new water system. During 1965 a volunteer fire department was organized. In 1966, the town had its first ambulance. Chapin started growing in population as more people moved to Chapin in the 1960s. During the 1970s new schools were built. Chapin football became a community event because the school football team won two state championships in 1973 and 1974. In the 70s churches in the town of Chapin were growing by establishment of Chapin Baptist Church, St. Francis of Assisi Episcopal Church, Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church, Lake Murray Presbyterian Church; the Robinson-Hiller House was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1998.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia,_Newberry_and_Laurens_Railroad According to the 2000 Census, the incorporated limits of the Town of Chapin had a population of 628. The census counted 249 occupied housing units within the town. Per capita income was $24,124.
Median household income within the town limits was $48,750. The 2010 Census, records that Chapin has a population of 1,445 with 658 total housing units within town limits. Chapin's mayor and the town council run for a four-year term; the council has chosen a Mayor-Council form of government. This means. Chapin's town government is made up of th
Cheraw, South Carolina
Cheraw is a town on the Pee Dee River in Chesterfield County South Carolina, United States. The population was 5,851 at the 2010 census and has the lowest per capita income level of any municipality of 5,000 or more residents in the Pee Dee region, it has been nicknamed "The Prettiest Town in Dixie". The harbor tug; when the first Europeans arrived in the area it was inhabited by the Cheraw and Pee Dee American Indian tribes. The Cheraw lived near the waterfall hill, near present-day Cheraw, but by the 1730s they had been devastated by new infectious disease inadvertently carried by the European traders. Survivors left their name in history. Only a few scattered Cheraw families remained by the time of the American Revolution. A few European settlers entered their territory in the 1730s, forced upriver when the Welsh came to claim the Welsh Baptist lands granted by the English government in the area around Society Hill. Many of the early settlers of the 1740s in Cheraw were ethnic English, French Huguenots, or Scots-Irish.
By 1750, Cheraw had become an established Anglo-American village with a growing river trade, one of the first inland villages. It was one of only six places in South Carolina. In the 1760s, Joseph and Eli Kershaw were granted the part of Cheraw, now the downtown historic district; the Kershaws laid out a formal street system. By 1830 settlers lined all the streets with rows of elms; the Kershaws called the town "Chatham", but people never accepted this name, continuing to call it "Cheraw" or "Cheraw Hill". There was a lack of organization and rule during the beginning of the 1740s in the backcountry of South Carolina; this lack of organization and unrest was an underlying cause of the resentment people of these areas felt toward the British Crown. In the Pee Dee area, planters organized a group called the Regulators to help bring order to the area. In 1768 St. David's Parish, the last Anglican Church built in South Carolina under King George III, was established to help serve the civic and religious needs of the Cheraw area.
A judicial district and courthouse were established to help deal with the problem of order. However, there was still much discontent with the ruling authority, in May 1776 the grand jury of the Cheraws District Two declared its independence from Great Britain. Many area men played prominent roles in the American Revolution, they included Claudius Pegues, General Henry W. Harrington, the Ellerbe brothers, Philip Pledger, Eli Kershaw. There was much unrest in the area during this time because Cheraw fell into part of the British strategic line of defense, where garrisons were built to control revolutionaries and to encourage loyalists. Other towns in this line of defense included Camden, South Carolina, Augusta, Georgia. Cheraw became a strategic point for the Americans. Military activity was heavy in Cheraw and surrounding counties from 1780-1781. During the Revolutionary War, St. David's Church was used as a hospital for British troops that operated under Lord Cornwallis's command and as quarters for the South Carolina militia.
In December 1780, just across from Cheraw, American commander General Nathanael Greene set up a "camp of repose" to rest and train his men. In 1819, the first steamboat came up river, along with it a burst of prosperity because of expanded trade. Cheraw was incorporated as a town in 1820; the main crops from the Cheraw area were corn, tobacco and indigo. Cheraw had the largest cotton market between Georgetown, South Carolina, Wilmington, North Carolina; because of the cotton trade, the town boasted the largest bank in South Carolina outside of Charleston before the Civil War. Despite a serious fire in 1835, by 1850 the town was a prosperous center of trade. Leading up to the Civil War, Cheraw citizens played a key role in South Carolina's secession from the Union. On November 19, 1860, the first call for secession in a public meeting was made at the Chesterfield County Courthouse. John A. Inglis of Cheraw was in attendance, he introduced the resolution for South Carolina to secede. Inglis was named the chairman of the committee that wrote the document for South Carolina's secession.
From the beginning of the war, Cheraw was known as a storehouse for valuables. In March 1865, General William T. Sherman brought his Union troops to Cheraw for several days. One Union soldier said that they found Cheraw to be "a pleasant town and an old one with the Southern aristocratic bearing." Sherman used this as a time to gain more control over his men. No private dwellings or public buildings in Cheraw were destroyed by his troops. However, an accidental explosion of captured gunpowder at the river hill burned the Cheraw business district; the county courthouse in Chesterfield was burned in this event, resulting in the loss of many records. Thus, it is difficult to date many of the historic properties. During the Civil War, St. David's Church was used as a hospital by both the Confederate and Union armies; some troops from both armies were buried there. The first Confederate monument was erected there in 1867, a claim disputed by West Virginia; the monument did not mention the Confederate soldiers because the area was still occupied by Federal troops.
The Civil War caused great economic hardship in Cheraw. However, by the early 1900s, prosperity began to return to Cheraw; the Great Depression again brought change. Cheraw State Park and Sandhills State Forest were both founded in the 1930s. By the 1950s and 1960s the groundwork was laid for industrial growth. By the end of the 20th century, Cheraw had a balanced
Hampton, South Carolina
Hampton is a town in Hampton County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 2,808 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Hampton County. The town and the county are named after a Confederate general in the Civil War. Hampton County was created from northwestern portions of Beaufort County in 1878 by the South Carolina General Assembly. In appreciation for helping to end the Reconstruction Era and leading the Democratic Party, the county was named after the sitting governor, Wade Hampton III. Upon creation of the county, the town of Hampton Courthouse was incorporated the following year to serve as the county seat; the U. S. Postal Service would shorten the name to Hampton; the location was chosen based on the midpoint location of the Port Royal Railroad between Augusta and Port Royal, in hopes to spur economic development. The town was laid out in an orderly grid pattern, with streets running northeast/southwest being named after trees and streets running northwest/southeast being numbered.
The central three-block main street which ran between the courthouse block and the rail depot was named Lee Avenue. Hampton prospered due to its connections with local agricultural fields and became an important depot along the railway. However, the town remained small, though an influx of activity occurred in World War II when a Prisoner-of-War camp was opened near the town. Additional economic development came in the form of industry, with Plywoods-Plastic opening a major facility northwest of town for pulp production. Over time, the company was acquired by International Paper. IP sold the site to Nevamar, the facility remained one of the county's largest employers until its closure in late 2014. In recent years, auto-oriented commercial development was focused on the outskirts of town, leaving the original downtown without much activity; the town of Hampton has attempted to bring back commercial and civic activity to Lee Avenue and has undergone a multi-phased streetscape project, which has rendered some success in luring back businesses to downtown.
Hampton County completed renovations to its historic courthouse in 2012, choosing to remain in downtown Hampton. The American Legion Hut, Bank of Hampton, Hampton Colored School, Hampton County Courthouse, Palmetto Theatre are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Hampton is located in north-central Hampton County at 32°52′3″N 81°6′42″W, it is bordered to the southeast by the town of Varnville. U. S. Route 278 passes through the center of Hampton as Elm Street. U. S. Route 601 leaves to the north on Hoover Street. 601 leads south 23 miles to its terminus at US 321 near Tarboro. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Hampton has a total area of 4.5 square miles, of which 0.02 square miles, or 0.31%, are water. Two months prior to the founding of the town, the Hampton County Guardian began printing and continues to be the paper of record for Hampton and the remainder of the county, it is one of longest-running newspapers in South Carolina. Since 1939, Hampton has hosted the annual Hampton County Watermelon Festival, held in the third week of June.
The weeklong festival features such events as a watermelon judging contest and a watermelon eating contest. The main event of the festival is the parade held on Saturday; as of 2015, the Watermelon Festival is South Carolina's longest continually-running festival. The festival has never been canceled since its start; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,837 people, 1,178 households, 775 families residing in the town. The population density was 626.1 people per square mile. There were 1,339 housing units at an average density of 295.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 55.30% White, 42.44% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.78% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population. There were 1,178 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01. In the town, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,650, the median income for a family was $40,688. Males had a median income of $31,625 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,326. About 15.2% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over. Public education in Hampton is provided by Hampton County School District 1. Students attend the following schools: Ben Hazel Primary School Brunson Elementary School Fennell Elementary School Hampton Elementary School North District Middle School Varnville Elementary School Wade Hampton High SchoolPatrick Henry Academy, located three miles southwest of downtown Hampton is a local private school that serves Hampton and Hampton County.
The Technical College of the Lowc
Florence, South Carolina
Florence is a city in, the county seat of, Florence County, South Carolina, United States. It is best known for being the intersection of I-95 and I-20, the eastern terminus of I-20, it is the primary city within the Florence metropolitan area. The area forms the core of the historical "Pee Dee" region of South Carolina, which includes the eight counties of northeastern South Carolina, along with sections of southeastern North Carolina; as of the 2010 census, the population of Florence was 37,056, the estimated population in 2015 was 38,228. Florence is one of the major cities in South Carolina. In 1965, Florence was named an All-American City, presented by the National Civic League; the city was founded as a railroad hub and became the junction of three major railroad systems, including the Wilmington and Manchester, the Northeastern, the Cheraw and Darlington. As of today, the city retains its status as a major hub in the coastal plain region of South Carolina, both for industry and infrastructure, while establishing itself as a regional center for business, medicine and finance.
The City of Florence was chartered in 1871 and incorporated in 1890 following the 1888 creation of Florence County. Prior to its charter, the city was part of one of the original townships laid out by the Lords Proprietors in 1719; the area was settled through the late 19th and early 20th century. Early settlers practiced subsistence farming and produced indigo, naval stores and timber, which were shipped down the Great Pee Dee River to the port at Georgetown and exported. In the mid-19th century two intersecting railroads were built, the Wilmington and Manchester, the Northeastern. Gen. W. W. Harllee, the president of the W & M, built his home at the junction, named the community "Florence", after his daughter. During the Civil War the town was an important supply and railroad repair center for the Confederacy, the site of the Florence Stockade, which held between 12,000 and 18,000 Union prisoners of war. Over 2,800 of the prisoners died of disease, the burial ground adjacent to the prison became the Florence National Cemetery after the war and now has expanded.
After the war, Florence grew and prospered, using the railroad to supply its cotton, by the turn of the century, tobacco. During the 20th century the economy of Florence came to rely on the healthcare industry, driven by two major hospitals and a number of pharmaceutical plants. Industry grew after World War II, when Florence became known for textiles, pharmaceuticals and manufacturing, in addition to agricultural products. Florence is located in the coastal plain of South Carolina, it is in the northern part of Florence County. The average elevation above sea level is around 140 ft. Jeffries Creek is a tributary of the Great Pee Dee River and is the main waterway that flows through the city, passing south of the city center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.9 square miles, of which 20.9 square miles are land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.22%, is water. The climate experienced is humid subtropical of the type found in the deep south far from the coast.
Autumn and spring are mild, with occasional winter nights below freezing but extended cold and rigorous. Florence's summers can be hot and humid; the city, like other cities of the Southeast, is prone to inversions, which trap ozone and other pollutants over the area. The city of Florence has a council-manager form of government. City council members are elected every four years, without term limits; the council consists of seven members, as well as the mayor. The council responsible for making policies and enacting laws and regulations in order to provide for future community and economic growth; the council additionally provides the necessary support for the orderly and efficient operation of city services. Florence holds elections for mayor every four years, alongside national Presidential elections. Mayors serve without term limits; the council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer to run the day-to-day business of the city and to serve at the pleasure of the council.
Current members of the Florence City Council: During the latter part of the 20th century and early 21st century, Florence's economy was transformed from being based on rail and farming into a diversified economy as the major commerce, finance and trucking services, health care, industrial center of the Eastern Carolinas. There are over fourteen Fortune 500 companies in the region; the gross domestic product of the Florence metropolitan statistical area as of 2009 was $6.8 billion, one of the highest among MSAs in the state. Milken Institute 2008 Best Performing Cities Index showed the Florence MSA as the 5th largest gainer in their evaluation of the top 124 small metropolitan areas in the United States; the report ranks U. S. metropolitan areas by how well they are creating and sustaining jobs and economic growth. The components include job and salary and technology growth. Florence has blossomed into a strong center for medical care, with four major medical providers McLeod Regional Medical Center, Carolinas Hospital System, Regency Hospital and HealthSouth.
The growth of these providers has led to the transformation of the Florence skyline over the last 10 years, with development for demand with multi-story high-rises as well as community relation projects. With such a strong medical community several companies have their global, continental
Beaufort, South Carolina
Beaufort is a city in and the county seat of Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. Chartered in 1711, it is the second-oldest city in South Carolina, behind Charleston; the city's population was 12,361 in the 2010 census. It is a primary city within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Beaufort is located on Port Royal Island, in the heart of the Sea Islands and South Carolina Lowcountry; the city is renowned for its scenic location and for maintaining a historic character by preservation of its antebellum architecture. The prominent role of Beaufort and the surrounding Sea Islands during the Reconstruction era after the U. S. Civil War is memorialized by the Reconstruction Era National Monument, established in 2017; the city is known for its military establishments, being located in close proximity to Parris Island and a U. S. naval hospital, in addition to being home of the Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort. The city has been featured in the New York Times, named "Best Small Southern Town" by Southern Living, a "Top 25 Small City Arts Destination" by American Style, a "Top 50 Adventure Town" by National Geographic Adventure.
Written history began 500 years ago with the discovery of the area by Spanish Captain Diego Guilarte de Salazar in 1514. Thus, Beaufort County was the site of the second landing on the North American continent by Europeans, in 1514; the first landing—Pedro Menéndez de Avilés at St. Augustine—was only a year earlier; the Lowcountry region had been subject to numerous European explorations and failed attempts at colonization before the British founded the city in 1711. The city grew subject to numerous attacks from Native American tribes and threats from the powerful Spanish Empire to the south, it flourished first as a center for shipbuilding and when the colony was established as a slave society, as the elite center for the Lowcountry planters through the Civil War. Several months after hostilities began between the states, Beaufort was occupied by Union forces following the Battle of Port Royal. Due in part to its early occupation, the city attracted escaping slaves; the Union declared the slaves emancipated and initiated efforts at education and preparation for full independence.
The Freedmen's Bureau worked with local blacks during Reconstruction. After the war, the city relied on phosphate mining before a devastating hurricane in 1893 and a fire in 1907 brought extensive destruction and economic turmoil, their effects slowed growth of the city for nearly half a century. In the latter half of the twentieth century, the community became a destination for tourists, it benefited by the growth of military installations in the area and related employment. Local groups have worked to preserve significant architecture. In addition to the Beaufort Historic District, The Anchorage, William Barnwell House, Barnwell-Gough House, Beaufort National Cemetery, John A. Cuthbert House, Fort Lyttelton Site, Hunting Island State Park Lighthouse, Laurel Bay Plantation, Seacoast Packing Company, Seaside Plantation, Robert Smalls House, Tabby Manse, John Mark Verdier House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Beaufort is located at 32°25′55″N 80°41′22″W; the majority of the city is situated upon Port Royal Island, an interior Sea Island that the city shares with neighboring Port Royal and unincorporated portions of Beaufort County.
The city has annexed lands across the Beaufort River on Lady's Island. The city is amid a marshy estuary, according to the United States Census Bureau has a total area of 33.6 square miles, of which 27.6 square miles is land and 6.0 square miles, or 17.80%, is water. Remnants of the original English colonial settlement of Beaufort can be found in the downtown or historic district area. 304 acres of the town have been designated a National Historic Landmark. With approximate dimensions, downtown is defined as anything upon the peninsula jutting into the Beaufort River, located east of Ribaut Road. Further defined, downtown is broken into five distinct historic neighborhoods: Downtown, The Point, The Bluff, The Old Commons, the Northwest Quadrant; as the city expanded in the 20th century, additional growth focused on undeveloped areas north and west of the historic district. Much of the growth can be attributed to the increased military influence during the 1940s and 1950s, in which Beaufort's population doubled as a result of new military personnel and families moving to the area.
These areas have since become integral parts of the city and today are home to the majority of the residents in the city. The Pigeon Point and Higginsonville neighborhoods are located north of Downtown Beaufort and are built around the Beaufort National Cemetery, they contain two major city parks: Pigeon Point Community Park and the Basil Green Recreation Complex. An area with smaller homes and one-story early 20th century structures, Pigeon Point has experienced a renewal of development interest, with many homes being "flipped" or renovated in recent years. Higginsonville is more similar in character to the Northwest Quadrant neighborhood and has its street names come from famous abolitionists during the Civil War era; the West End and Depot neighborhoods are located west of Ribaut Road, south of Boundary Street and north of the Technical College of the Lowcountry campus. These areas have been the focus of recent redevelopment efforts. Concentrated around the Beaufort rail station, the neighborhoods have similar charac
Ridgeland, South Carolina
Ridgeland is a town in Jasper and Beaufort counties, South Carolina, United States. The population was 4,036 at the 2010 census, a 60% increase from 2000, it has been the county seat of Jasper County since the county's formation in 1912. As defined by the U. S. Census Bureau, Ridgeland is included within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort metropolitan area. Ridgeland is home to the Ridgeland Correctional Institution, a medium-security prison operated by the South Carolina Department of Corrections. Ridgeland was known as "Gopher Hill" in 1894, derived from the gopher tortoise, indigenous to the area; the name was not considered good enough for a new railroad station, so it was changed to "Ridgeland" in 1902 for the fact that the town stands on a sandy ridge, some of the highest land in Jasper County. Ridgeland is in northeastern Jasper County, with the center of town sitting on a low ridge at an elevation of 62 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.7 square miles, of which 44.4 square miles are land and 0.3 square miles, or 0.59%, are water.
The town's area as of 2010 was 18 times greater than its 2000 area of 2.4 square miles. The town limits now extend east into Beaufort County as far as the west bank of the Broad River. Ridgeland is 36 miles southwest of Walterboro, 32 miles south of Hampton, 31 miles north of Savannah, Georgia, 14 miles north of Hardeeville, 7 miles east of Tillman; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,518 people, 517 households, 332 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,046.6 people per square mile. There were 597 housing units at an average density of 248.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 44.64% White, 49.17% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 4.69% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.63% of the population. There were 517 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families.
29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town, the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 44.5% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 279.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 338.2 males. The presence of the Ridgeland Correctional Institution in the town limits skews the sex ratio; the median income for a household in the town was $27,679, the median income for a family was $37,647. Males had a median income of $21,900 versus $20,938 for females; the per capita income for the town was $7,394. About 20.0% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over. Ridgeland is home to Ridgeland-Hardeeville High School.
Thomas Heyward Academy is a segregation academy located just outside the town limits. I-95, the major north-south highway on the Eastern Seaboard, runs through Ridgeland. A trumpet interchange to a connecting road exists south of the town at Exit 18 north of Switzerland, though the main interchanges within the community are Exits 21 and 22. US 17, a principal route connecting Charleston and beyond, enters Ridgeland after passing through Switzerland; the road is known locally as Jacob Smart Boulevard and has an interchange with I-95 at Exit 22, which it joins in an overlap until Point South at Exit 33. The road is four lanes wide, with some segments having a center turn lane, although it becomes a four-lane divided highway north of downtown Ridgeland before joining I-95 in the aforementioned overlap. US 278 overlaps US 17 from northern Hardeeville, before veering west onto Third Street and Grays Highway towards Augusta and Atlanta. SC 336, Ridgeland's Main Street, runs eastward from its starting point at U.
S. 321 in Tillman. Within Ridgeland it intersects U. S. 17, goes under I-95 at Exit 21, continues eastward towards the hamlet of Old House at SC 462. The CSX Railway's Charleston Subdivision operates both freight trains and passenger trains along the lines, but do not stop at Ridgeland; the line runs along the west side of US 17 until the south end of the I-95 overlap, where it runs along Nuna Rock Road until it reaches Coosawhatchie. Thomas Heyward, Jr. signer of the Declaration of Independence LaRue Howard, gospel musician Reverend Ike and controversial prosperity theology televangelist General Lloyd W. Newton, first African-American pilot in the Air Force Thunderbirds General Jacob E. Smart, Cold War era USAF general Town of Ridgeland official website
South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. South Carolina became the first state to vote in favor of secession from the Union on December 20, 1860. After the American Civil War, it was readmitted into the United States on June 25, 1868. South Carolina is the 40th most extensive and 23rd most populous U. S. state. Its GDP as of 2013 was $183.6 billion, with an annual growth rate of 3.13%. South Carolina is composed of 46 counties; the capital is Columbia with a 2017 population of 133,114. The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin metropolitan area is the largest in the state, with a 2017 population estimate of 895,923. South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".
South Carolina is known for its 187 miles of coastline, beautiful lush gardens, historic sites and Southern plantations, colonial and European cultures, its growing economic development. The state can be divided into three geographic areas. From east to west: the Atlantic coastal plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge Mountains. Locally, the coastal plain is referred to the other two regions as Upstate; the Atlantic Coastal Plain makes up two-thirds of the state. Its eastern border is a chain of tidal and barrier islands; the border between the low country and the up country is defined by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, which marks the limit of navigable rivers. The state's coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain; the bays tend to be oval. The terrain is flat and the soil is composed of recent sediments such as sand and clay.
Areas with better drainage make excellent farmland. The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region; the Sandhills are remnants of coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher. The Upstate region contains the roots of an eroded mountain chain, it is hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed. Due to the changing economics of farming, much of the land is now reforested in Loblolly pine for the lumber industry; these forests are part of the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion. At the southeastern edge of the Piedmont is the fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain; the fall line was an important early source of water power. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia; the larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line. The northwestern part of the Piedmont is known as the Foothills.
The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area. This is. Highest in elevation is the Blue Ridge Region, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet, is in this area. In this area is Caesars Head State Park; the environment here is that of the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests ecoregion. The Chattooga River, on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination. South Carolina has several major lakes covering over 683 square miles. All major lakes in South Carolina are man-made; the following are the lakes listed by size. Lake Marion 110,000 acres Lake Strom Thurmond 71,100 acres Lake Moultrie 60,000 acres Lake Hartwell 56,000 acres Lake Murray 50,000 acres Russell Lake 26,650 acres Lake Keowee 18,372 acres Lake Wylie 13,400 acres Lake Wateree 13,250 acres Lake Greenwood 11,400 acres Lake Jocassee 7,500 acres Lake Bowen Earthquakes in South Carolina demonstrate the greatest frequency along the central coastline of the state, in the Charleston area.
South Carolina averages 10–15 earthquakes a year below magnitude 3. The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 was the largest quake to hit the Southeastern United States; this 7.2 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of the city. Faults in this region are difficult to study at the surface due to thick sedimentation on top of them. Many of the ancient faults are within plates rather than along plate boundaries. South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high-elevation areas in the Upstate area have fewer subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging between 86–93 °F in most of the state and overnight lows averaging 70–75 °F on the coast and from 66–73 °F inland. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. Coastal areas of the state have mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F and overnight lows around 40 °F. Inland, the average January overnight low is around 32 °F i