The Temptations is an American vocal group who released a series of successful singles and albums with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s. The group’s work with producer Norman Whitfield, beginning with the Top 10 hit single "Cloud Nine" in October 1968, pioneered psychedelic soul, was significant in the evolution of R&B and soul music; the band members are known for their choreography, distinct harmonies, dress style. Having sold tens of millions of albums, the Temptations is among the most successful groups in popular music. Featuring five male vocalists and dancers, the group formed in 1960 in Detroit, Michigan under the name The Elgins; the founding members came from two rival Detroit vocal groups: Otis Williams, Elbridge "Al" Bryant, Melvin Franklin of Otis Williams & the Distants, Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams of the Primes. In 1964, Bryant was replaced by David Ruffin, the lead vocalist on a number of the group's biggest hits, including "My Girl", "Ain't Too Proud to Beg", "I Wish It Would Rain".
Ruffin was replaced in 1968 by Dennis Edwards, with whom the group continued to record hit records such as "Cloud Nine" and "Ball of Confusion". The group's lineup has changed since the departures of Kendricks and Paul Williams from the act in 1971. Members of the group have included singers such as Richard Street, Damon Harris, Ron Tyson, Ali-Ollie Woodson, with whom the group scored a late-period hit in 1984 with "Treat Her Like a Lady". Over the course of their career, the Temptations released four Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles and fourteen R&B number-one singles, its music has earned three Grammy Awards. The Temptations was the first Motown recording act to win a Grammy Award - for "Cloud Nine" in 1969 - and in 2013 received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Six of the Temptations were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989. Three classic Temptations songs, "My Girl", "Just My Imagination", "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone", are among The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
The Temptations was ranked at number 68 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Artists of all time. As of 2018, the Temptations continues to perform with founder Otis Williams in the lineup. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams started singing together in church as children. By their teenage years, they formed a doo-wop quartet in 1955 with Kell Osborne and Wiley Waller, naming themselves the Cavaliers. After Waller left the group in 1957, the remaining trio left Birmingham to break into the music business; the group settled in Detroit where they changed their name to the Primes under the direction of Milton Jenkins. The Primes soon became well known around the Detroit area for their meticulous performances. Jenkins created a sister group, The Primettes known as the Supremes. Kendricks was seen as a "matinee idol" in the Detroit area while Williams was well received for his baritone vocals. Texas teenager Otis Williams moved to Detroit as a youngster to be with his mother. By 1958, Williams was the leader of a vocal group named the Siberians.
The group included James "Pee-Wee" Crawford, Vernard Plain and Arthur Walton. The group recorded a song, "Pecos Kid" for a label run by radio deejay Senator Bristol Bryant. Shortly after its release, the group changed its name to The El Domingoes. Following this, Montgomery native Melvin Franklin replaced Arthur Walton as bass vocalist and Detroit-born Richard Street replaced Vernard Plain as lead singer. Signing with Johnnie Mae Matthews' Northern Records, the group had their name changed again to The Distants; the group recorded two Northern singles including "Come On" and "Alright". Between these releases, Albert "Mooch" Harrell replaced Pee-Wee Crawford. "Come On" became a local hit and the Warwick Records label picked the record up for national distribution. Following the release of "Alright", Matthews appointed Williams the group leader, the group's name was changed to Otis Williams & The Distants. During this period, both the Primes and Distants were influenced by other vocal groups including the Miracles.
Other inspirations included the Cadillacs, Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, the Drifters, the Isley Brothers. Though "Come On" was a local hit in the Detroit area, the Distants never saw much record sales and "Alright" was not as successful. After receiving an offer from Berry Gordy to sign with Motown Records, the Distants got out of their contract with Northern Records. However, Mooch Harrell and Richard Street shortly departed from the group and the remaining members lost use of the Distants name. Richard Street formed another Distants group who recorded for the Thelma label in the early 1960s. Members of the Distants were acquainted with the Primes as both groups participated in the same talent shows and performed at the same public venues. Friendly rivals, the Primes were considered to be the more polished and vocally stronger group of the two; the Primes disbanded in 1960 after Kell Osborne moved to California. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams returned to Alabama following the band's dissolution.
While visiting relatives in Detroit, Kendricks called Otis Williams, who needed two more members for an audition for Gordy's label and offered Kendricks a lead singer place in his new group. Kendricks agreed on the condition. Otis Williams agreed and Kendricks and Paul Williams moved back to Detroit to join th
The Intruders (band)
The Intruders were an American soul music group most popular in the 1960s and 1970s. As one of the first groups to have hit songs under the direction of Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, they had a major influence on the development of Philadelphia soul; the Intruders are noted for having 24 R&B chart hits, including 6 R&B Top Tens, 14 chart hits in the Billboard Hot 100, including their signature song, the million-selling Top 10 smash, "Cowboys to Girls." Other hits include the Top 10 R&B smashes " Baseball Game", "Together", "I'll Always Love My Mama", "United", "I Wanna Know Your Name". Formed in 1960, the group consisted of Sam "Little Sonny" Brown, Eugene "Bird" Daughtry, Phillip "Phil" Terry and Robert "Big Sonny" Edwards. In 1969, Sam Brown was replaced as lead singer by Bobby Starr, only to rejoin the group in 1973. In 1965, when songwriters and record producers Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff first contemplated leaving the Cameo-Parkway record label to risk launching their own label, the vocalists on which they pinned all their hopes and venture capital were The Intruders.
Like many other subsequent acts the duo produced, which included Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes and The O'Jays, The Intruders had developed a vocal sound, both theirs and uniquely Philadelphian. Brown, Daughtry and Edwards had been recording and performing one-off singles together since 1961, blending Philly's street corner doo-wop tradition with black gospel fervor; the result was as funky and blues-inflected as Stax. The sound which The Intruders refined for the Excel and Philadelphia International imprints reflected a different attitude than either Stax or Motown. Gamble and Huff's success with The Intruders helped convince Columbia Records to grant them the money to launch Philadelphia International. Gamble and Huff acknowledged that their work with The Intruders was the foundation of what they called "The Sound Of Philadelphia"; the Intruders, were undergoing some internal turmoil. When the group resurfaced on the 1970 Gamble LP, When We Get Married, lead singer Brown was replaced by Bobby Starr.
The title song, "When We Get Married", a Dreamlovers cover, became a hit on the charts, as was the follow-up "Win, Place Or Show". Starr's tenure with the group included Soul Train television appearances, the rare collector's single, "I'm Girl Scoutin". Brown returned to the group in 1973 for the album Save The Children, which spawned The Intruders' last two big hits, "I Wanna Know Your Name" and "I'll Always Love My Mama". Kenny Gamble's mother Ruby, the inspiration for "I'll Always Love My Mama", died March 10, 2012 in Mount Airy, Pennsylvania, at age 96. "Cowboys to Girls" remains the only chart topping single of their career. It was a 1968 Top 10 Pop and R&B smash, awarded an R. I. A. A. Gold disc for one million sales in mid May 1968, it was covered by the Hacienda Brothers. The "Duke of Earl", Gene Chandler covered the song. Other artists, such as Sweet Blindness, Philly Cream, Joe Bataan, have covered the song. Other covers of their hit singles included "Together", recorded by Gladys Knight & The Pips on their Silk'N' Soul LP, as well as The Three Degrees on their 1975 work, Take Good Care Of Yourself.
It was covered by the Latin group Tierra, who took the song to Top 20 on the charts in 1980. In 2005, singer Keith Sweat covered The Intruders' 1973 hit, "I Wanna Know Your Name", it was covered by The Whispers and The Force MD's. In 1968, Peaches & Herb covered The Intruders' 1966 hit, " United"; this song served as the basis for Peaches and Herb's bigger 1978 #1 "sequel" hit, "Reunited". During the late 1970s and early 1980s, their music was popular on the West Coast among Latino Chicano, youth, as evidenced by their covers by the Hacienda Brothers and Tierra. Daughtry died of cancer on December 25, 1994 at age 55, lead singer Sam "Little Sonny" Brown committed suicide by jumping off the Strawberry Mansion Bridge on April 21, 1995 at age 54. According to Marc Taylor, in the book, "A Touch Of Classic Soul of the Early 1970's", in 1975, the other two original Intruders, Robert Edwards and Phil Terry, walked away from the industry after becoming Jehovah's Witnesses. Edwards died on October 15, 2016 from a heart attack at age 74, leaving Phil Terry as the last surviving original member, as of 2018.
The Intruders today include Glenn Montgomery and Phil Gay. The group is featured on the "My Music DVD hosted by Patti LaBelle on PBS, tour with the Love Train: Sound of Philadelphia Concert series. There are several tribute groups including the best variation of The Intruders, "The Philly Intruders" who appear on The Big Show DVD, "The Fabulous Intruders" founded by William Payton, Sr. A House On Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul by John A. Jackson, ISBN 0-19-514972-6 Chicago Soul by Robert Pruter. ISBN 0-252-06259-0, Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1991. A Touch of Classic Soul: Vol, 1: Soul singers of the early 1970s by Marc Taylor. ISBN 0-9652328-4-0 The Intruders at AllMusic The Intruders on the Soulwalking U. K. website Intruders Interview from the "Soul Music.com" website The Intruders' Album Reviews-from Allmusic Guide to R&B and Soul YouTube Video: The Intruders "I Bet He Don't Love You" YouTube Video: The Intruders "Cowboys To Girls" YouTube Video: The Intruders "I'll Always Love My M
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, reviews and style, is known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres, it hosts events, owns a publishing firm, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegen's interest in 1900 for $500. In the early years of the 20th century, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows, created a mail service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the music industry as the jukebox and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment, so that it could focus on music.
After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985, has since been owned by various parties. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio by William Donaldson and James Hennegan on November 1, 1894, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry, was known as Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the primary means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production. The first issues were just eight pages long; the paper had columns like "The Bill Room Gossip" and "The Indefatigable and Tireless Industry of the Bill Poster". A department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896; the title was changed to The Billboard in 1897. After a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegan's interest in the business in 1900 for $500 to save it from bankruptcy.
That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a weekly paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco and Paris, re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment such as fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of outdoor events in 1901. Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism and new shows, it had a "stage gossip" column covering the private lives of entertainers, a "tent show" section covering traveling shows, a sub-section called "Freaks to order". According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published news articles "attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting'good taste' and fighting yellow journalism"; as railroads became more developed, Billboard set up a mail forwarding system for traveling entertainers. The location of an entertainer was tracked in the paper's Routes Ahead column Billboard would receive mail on the star's behalf and publish a notice in its "Letter-Box" column that it has mail for them.
This service was first introduced in 1904, became one of Billboard's largest sources of profit and celebrity connections. By 1914, there were 42,000 people using the service, it was used as the official address of traveling entertainers for draft letters during World War I. In the 1960s, when it was discontinued, Billboard was still processing 1,500 letters per week. In 1920, Donaldson made a controversial move by hiring African-American journalist James Albert Jackson to write a weekly column devoted to African-American performers. According to The Business of Culture: Strategic Perspectives on Entertainment and Media, the column identified discrimination against black performers and helped validate their careers. Jackson was the first black critic at a national magazine with a predominantly white audience. According to his grandson, Donaldson established a policy against identifying performers by their race. Donaldson died in 1925. Billboard's editorial changed focus as technology in recording and playback developed, covering "marvels of modern technology" such as the phonograph, record players, wireless radios.
It began covering coin-operated entertainment machines in 1899, created a dedicated section for them called "Amusement Machines" in March 1932. Billboard began covering the motion picture industry in 1907, but ended up focusing on music due to competition from Variety, it created a radio broadcasting station in the 1920s. The jukebox industry continued to grow through the Great Depression, was advertised in Billboard, which led to more editorial focus on music; the proliferation of the phonograph and radio contributed to its growing music emphasis. Billboard published the first music hit parade on January 4, 1936, introduced a "Record Buying Guide" in January 1939. In 1940, it introduced "Chart Line", which tracked the best-selling records, was followed by a chart for jukebox records in 1944 called Music Box Machine charts. By the 1940s, Billboard was more of a music industry specialist publication; the number of charts it published grew after World War II, due to a growing variety of music interests and genres.
It had eight charts by 1987, covering different genres and formats, 28 charts by 1994. By 1943, Billboard had about 100 employees; the magazine's offices moved to Brighton, Ohio in 1946 to New York City in 1948. A five-column tabloid format was adopted in November 1950 and coated paper was first used in Billboard's print issues in January 1963, allowing for photojournalis
I Second That Emotion
"I Second That Emotion" is a 1967 song written by Smokey Robinson and Al Cleveland. First charting as a hit for Smokey Robinson and the Miracles on the Tamla/Motown label in 1967, "I Second That Emotion" was a hit single for the group duet Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations on the Motown label. One morning in 1967, Robinson and Cleveland were shopping at a Detroit department store. Robinson found a set of pearls for Claudette. "They're beautiful." He said to the salesperson. "I sure hope she likes them." Cleveland added "I second that emotion." Both songwriters laughed at Cleveland's malapropism. The two were inspired to write a song using the incorrect phrase; the Miracles' original version of the song finds lead singer and co-writer Smokey Robinson courting a girl who, weary of the game of love, prefers to string her men along and not get romantically involved. Robinson "wants no part" in such a relationship, but promises that if the girl changes her mind, he'll be around This version peaked for three weeks in the United States at No. 4 on the Billboard Hot 100 in December 1967.
It became the Miracles highest charting popular single since "Shop Around". In this song, guitarists Eddie Willis and Robert White came up with their own guitar licks and riffs for this song based on a chord chart, given to them by Robinson. Regular Miracles guitarist Marv Tarplin was present on the song; the song topped the Billboard Best Selling R&B Singles chart and was a million-selling hit for The Miracles, their sixth overall. The song was a top 30 hit in the UK in 1967, reaching No. 27. Lead vocals by Smokey Robinson Background vocals by Claudette Rogers Robinson, Pete Moore, Ronnie White, Bobby Rogers. Guitar by Marv Tarplin Other instrumentation by The Funk Brothers The song was covered and released by a group duet of Motown labelmates Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations in 1969; this version peaked at No. 19 in the UK. Lead vocals by Diana Ross and Eddie Kendricks Background vocals by Mary Wilson, Cindy Birdsong, Dennis Edwards, Paul Williams, Otis Williams, Melvin Franklin Instrumentation by The Funk Brothers Guitar by Marv Tarplin 7" single "I Second That Emotion" – 2:55 "The Way You Do the Things You Do" – 1:39 "I Second That Emotion" was covered by British new wave band Japan released as a single in 1980 without success.
The single was re-released in 1982, on the back of the band's increased success in 1981, peaking at number 9 in the UK Singles Chart in July, making it their second most successful single after "Ghosts". On June 18, 2012, American Songwriter named "I Second That Emotion" its "Lyric of The Week"; the publication wrote: the song "marches to the beat of its own drum, thanks to three stanzas of crafty doo-wop poetry and one punny one-liner—a malapropism, if you want to get technical—that never loses its novelty appeal". Notes BibliographyI Second That Emotion- by The Miracles - Joel Francis' song review for The Daily Record Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Johnnie Harrison Taylor was a three-time Grammy-nominated American recording artist and songwriter who performed a wide variety of genres, from blues and blues, gospel to pop, doo-wop, disco. Johnnie Taylor was born in Arkansas, he grew up in West Memphis, performing in gospel groups as a youngster. As an adult, he had one release, "Somewhere to Lay My Head", on Chicago's Chance Records label in the 1950s, as part of the gospel group Highway QCs, founded by a young Sam Cooke. Taylor's singing was strikingly close to that of Cooke, he was hired to take Cooke's place in the latter's gospel group, the Soul Stirrers, in 1957. A few years after Cooke had established his independent SAR Records, Taylor signed on as one of the label's first acts and recorded "Rome Wasn't Built In A Day" in 1962. However, SAR Records became defunct after Cooke's death in 1964. In 1966, Taylor moved to Stax Records in Memphis, where he was dubbed "The Philosopher of Soul", he recorded with the label's house band, which included Booker T. & the M.
G.'s. His hits included "I Had a Dream", "I've Got to Love Somebody's Baby" and most notably "Who's Making Love", which reached No. 5 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and No. 1 on the R&B chart in 1968. "Who's Making Love" sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc. In 1970, Taylor married Gerlean Rocket and they remained married until his death in 2000. During his tenure at Stax, he became an R&B star, with over a dozen chart successes, such as "Jody's Got Your Girl and Gone", which reached No. 23 on the Hot 100 chart, "Cheaper to Keep Her" and record producer Don Davis's penned "I Believe in You", which reached No. 11 on the Hot 100 chart. "I Believe in You" sold in excess of one million copies, was awarded gold disc status by the R. I. A. A. in October 1973. Taylor, along with Isaac Hayes and The Staple Singers, was one of the label's flagship artists, who were credited for keeping the company afloat in the late 1960s and early 1970s after the death of its biggest star, Otis Redding, in an aviation accident.
He appeared in the documentary film, released in 1973. After Stax folded in 1975, Taylor switched to Columbia Records, where he recorded his biggest success with Don Davis still in charge of production, "Disco Lady", in 1976, it spent four weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and six weeks at the top of the R&B chart. It peaked at No. 25 in the UK Singles Chart in May 1976. "Disco Lady" was the first certified platinum single by the RIAA. Taylor recorded several more successful albums and R&B single hits with Davis on Columbia, before Brad Shapiro took over production duties, but sales fell away. After a short stay at a small independent label in Los Angeles, Beverly Glen Records, Taylor signed with Malaco Records after the company's founder Tommy Couch and producing partner Wolf Stephenson heard him sing at blues singer Z. Z. Hill's funeral in spring 1984. Backed by members of the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, as well as in-house veterans such as former Stax keyboardist Carson Whitsett and guitarist/bandleader Bernard Jenkins, Malaco gave Taylor the type of recording freedom that Stax had given him in the late 1960s and early 1970s, enabling him to record ten albums for the label in his 16-year stint.
In 1996, Taylor's eighth album for Malaco, Good Love!, reached number one on the Billboard Top Blues Albums chart, was the biggest record in Malaco's history. With this success, Malaco recorded a live video of Taylor at the Longhorn Ballroom in Dallas, Texas, in the summer of 1997; the club portion of the Good Love video was recorded at 1001 Nightclub in Mississippi. Taylor's final song was "Soul Heaven", in which he dreamed of being at a concert featuring deceased African-American music icons from Louis Armstrong to Otis Redding to Z. Z. Hill to The Notorious B. I. G. among others. In the 1980s, Johnnie Taylor was a DJ on KKDA, a radio station in the Dallas area, where he had made his home; the station's format was R&B and Soul oldies and their on-the-air personalities were local R&B, Soul and jazz musicians. Taylor was billed as "The Wailer, Johnnie Taylor". Taylor died of a heart attack at Charlton Methodist Hospital in Dallas, Texas, on May 31, 2000, aged 66. Stax billed Johnnie Taylor as "The Philosopher of Soul".
He was known as "the Blues Wailer". He was buried beside Ida Mae Taylor, at Forrest Hill Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri, his complex personal life was revealed after his death. Having six accepted children and three others with confirmed paternity born to three different mothers, the difficulties associated with executing his will were presented in the TV programme, The Will: Family Secrets Revealed: The Estate of Johnnie Taylor.. Taylor was given a Pioneer Award by the Rhythm and Blues Foundation in 1999. Taylor was a three-time Grammy Award nominee. Taylor has been nominated for three career Grammy Awards without a win. In 2004, the UK's Shapeshifters sampled Taylor's 1982 "What About My Love?", for their No. 1 hit single, "Lola's Theme". Wanted: One Soul Singer - Stax 715 Who's Making Love... - Stax 2005 Raw Blues - Stax 2008 Rare Stamps - Stax 2012 The Johnnie Taylor Philosophy Continues - Stax 2023 One Step Beyond - Stax 2030 Taylored in Silk - Stax 3014 Super Taylor - Stax 5509 Eargasm - Columbia 33951 Rated Extraordinaire - Columbia 34401 Reflections - RCA APL1-2527 Disco 9000 - Columbia 35004 Ever Ready - Columbia 35340 Sh
Gladys Knight & the Pips
Gladys Knight & the Pips were an R&B/soul family musical act from Atlanta, Georgia that remained active on the music charts and performing circuit for three decades. Starting out as The Pips in 1952, derived from a cousin's nickname, the founding members were Gladys Knight, brother Merald "Bubba" Knight, sister Brenda Knight and cousins Eleanor and William Guest. After a couple of years performing in talent shows, the group signed with Brunswick Records in 1957, recording a couple of singles that failed to chart. Brenda Knight and Eleanor Guest were replaced by another cousin, Edward Patten and a non-relative, Langston George in 1959; this lineup produced the group's first hit single, "Every Beat of My Heart". After the single was released on three different labels, they changed their name to Gladys Knight & the Pips in 1961. Langston George left the same year and Gladys Knight left in 1962 to start a family with musician Jimmy Newman. Knight rejoined in 1964 and this lineup continued until the group's disbandment in 1989.
The group reached commercial success after signing with Motown Records in 1966. After a year and a half, the group recorded the first hit single version of "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" in 1967, which led to several hit singles for Motown's Soul Records label, including "Nitty Gritty", "Friendship Train", "If I Were Your Woman" and "Neither One of Us", before leaving the label for Buddah Records in 1973, where they recorded the hits "Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me", "I've Got to Use My Imagination" and their number-one hit single, "Midnight Train to Georgia". Contractual difficulties with their labels forced the group to record side projects until 1980 when they signed with Columbia Records. Hits included "Save the Overtime" and the Grammy-winning single "Love Overboard". In 1989, the group disbanded with the Pips retiring and Knight embarking on a successful solo career. Gladys Knight & the Pips are multiple Grammy and American Music Award winners and are inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1996 and 2001 respectively.
Gladys Knight performed on Ted Mack's Original Amateur Hour in 1952 at the age of seven, winning first prize. On September 4, 1952, Bubba, sister Brenda and their cousins William and Eleanor Guest began performing together during Bubba's tenth birthday party after a record player malfunctioned. Shortly afterwards, the quintet agreed to form a group under the insistence of Gladys' mother Elizabeth Knight, they settled on the name The Pips, inspired by the nickname of their cousin James "Pip" Woods. By 1955, the group began performing at the talent show circuit at their hometown of Atlanta, winning each talent show they performed on; this success allowed them a record contract with Brunswick Records in 1957. The group released two recordings. Despite this, the group was now opening for top recording acts such as Sam Cooke. By 1959, Brunswick dropped the group and both Brenda Knight and Eleanor Guest left the group to begin families, they were replaced by another cousin, Edward Patten, a friend, Langston George.
Patten and George were involved in another group before joining the Pips. In 1961, they recorded their version of Johnny Otis' "Every Beat of My Heart"; because the group was without a record label, a local Atlanta label, Huntom Records, pushed the single and got a distribution deal with Vee-Jay Records to release the single. During this time, the group moved to New York where they auditioned for Bobby Robinson's Fury Records. Upon learning that "Every Beat of My Heart" was becoming a hit and cutting the group off of profits, Robinson had the group re-record the song and re-release it on Fury Records. Both versions made the Billboard charts, with the Huntom/Vee-Jay version reaching number six on the Billboard Hot 100. Prior to the re-release on Fury Records, the group changed their name to the Pips. In 1961, the newly christened quartet released the single, "Letter Full of Tears", which became another top 40 hit in early 1962. After a string of single releases on Fury Records Langston George left the group in 1962.
The group's success was halted by Gladys Knight's sudden departure in 1962 to start a family with husband Jimmy Newman, a musician. Knight gave birth to the couple's son James Gaston Newman III in August. A daughter, Kenya Maria Newman, was born in November 1963. During this period, the Pips kept performing and recording to little fanfare and each Pip took odd jobs while Gladys Knight began performing solo with Jimmy Newman being her musical director. Gladys reunited with the Pips and signed with a local New York label, Maxx Records, that year. During that time, Newman served as the group's musical director. During this period, the group would be mentored by Cholly "Pops" Atkins; the group recorded a third top 40 single with Van McCoy's "Giving Up". The group developed a reputation for exciting and polished live performances that enabled them to work without the benefit of best-selling records. Choreographer Atkins designed "fast-stepping" dance routines that became a signature of the Pips' stage presentation.
To tell the truth, Gordy wasn't too happy about it at first, but this is something that I would not compromise under any circumstances. By t
Think (Aretha Franklin song)
"Think" is a song written and performed by American singer Aretha Franklin. It was released as a single from her Aretha Now album; the song reached No. 7 on Billboard Hot 100, becoming Franklin's seventh top 10 hit in the United States. The song reached number 1 on the magazine's Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles, becoming her sixth single to top the chart; the song was written by Aretha and husband Ted White. Franklin re-recorded the song in the Atlantic Records New York studio for the soundtrack of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers and in 1989 for the album Through the Storm. Pitchfork Media placed it at number 15 on its list of "The 200 Greatest Songs of the 1960s". Franklin lip-synched to a new version of the song in a musical sequence of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers; because Franklin was not used to lip-syncing, this sequence required a number of takes and considerable editing. The 3:15 version of the song appears on the soundtrack album, in addition to Franklin's singing features the Blues Brothers band and backup vocals from Franklin's sister Carolyn and cousin Brenda.
Franklin recorded an updated 3:38 version titled "Think" for her 1989 album Through the Storm. It was arranged by Arif Mardin with his son Joe Mardin. Franklin re-recorded the song for Mothers Against Drunk Driving as a public service announcement during the late 1980s. Matiz / AC 16 made remixes of the 1980 version that were released as a single titled Re-think and Think. Katharine McPhee's version of the song was released as a limited single from the American Idol 5: Encores album; the song became a minor Internet hit for McPhee—it was her first song to chart in the Pop 100, where it peaked at No. 90 due to download sales. List of number-one R&B singles of 1968 Song Review at AllMusic Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics