Super Bad (song)
"Super Bad" titled Call Me Super Bad, is a 1970 song by James Brown. Released as a three-part single, it went to #1 on the R&B chart and number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100; the song's lyrics include the refrain "I've got soul and I'm super bad." The positive use of the word "bad" is an example of linguistic reappropriation, which Brown had done before in "Say It Loud - I'm Black and I'm Proud". The song includes a tenor saxophone solo by Robert McCollough, during which Brown yells, "Blow me some Trane, brother!" A reverbed version with overdubbed audience applause was released on a 1971 album of the same name. He performed the song on Soul Train on February 10, 1973. James Brown - lead vocalwith The J. B.'s: Clayton "Chicken" Gunnells - trumpet Darryl "Hasaan" Jamison - trumpet Robert McCollough - tenor saxophone Bobby Byrd - Hammond organ Phelps "Catfish" Collins - guitar William "Bootsy" Collins - bass John "Jabo" Starks - drums Johnny Griggs - congas The song is prominently featured in the film The New Guy.
In a Boondocks strip, Michael Caesar interrupts his elementary school class to recite the song lyrics. An exclusive remix of this song was featured on the video game Gran Turismo 4. A dance remix of this song was featured on the soundtrack to the 2005 animated film Robots; the song is featured in the film. The Dutch techno band Human Resource used a lyrical interpolation of James Brown's "I wanna kiss myself" for their 1991 hardcore track Dominator; the song is featured in the 1996 film The Nutty Professor, where Reggie Warrington uses it as his theme song. The song is featured in the 1999 film Bowfinger; the song is featured in the 2011 commercials for the Toronto Blue Jays on Rogers Sportsnet The song is featured in a 2011 commercial for Gatorade. The song is featured in one of the first segments of Ken Burns' Baseball: The Tenth Inning; the song provided the title for both the novel Superbad by Ben Greenman and the Judd Apatow film of the same name. The song was released as downloadable content for Rock Band 3 in August 2, 2011.
The song was featured on NASCAR on Fox promos in 2001. It was featured on an ABC ident in the 1990s. Song Review at Allmusic List of songs that sample "Super Bad"
I Want You Back
"I Want You Back" was the first national single of the Jackson 5. It was released on October 7, 1969 and became the first number-one hit for the band and the Motown label on 31 January 1970, it was performed on the band's first television appearances, on October 18, 1969 on Diana Ross's The Hollywood Palace and on their milestone performance on December 14, 1969 on The Ed Sullivan Show. The song, along with a B-side remake of "Who's Lovin' You" by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles, was the only single used in the Jackson 5's first album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, it went to number one on the Soul singles chart for four weeks and held the number-one position on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart for the week ending January 31, 1970. "I Want You Back" was ranked 121st on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Considered for Gladys Knight & the Pips and for Diana Ross, as "I Wanna Be Free", "I Want You Back" explores the theme of a lover who decides that he was too hasty in dropping his partner.
An unusual aspect about "I Want You Back" was that its main lead vocal was performed by a tween, Michael Jackson. "I Want You Back" was released on October 7, 1969 and was the first Jackson 5 single to be released by Motown and the first song written and produced by The Corporation, a team comprising Motown chief Berry Gordy, Freddie Perren, Alphonso Mizell, Deke Richards. It is the first of four Jackson 5 number-ones released in a row and the first Jackson 5 song recorded in Los Angeles, California. S. A. in Detroit, Michigan. From late 1969 and on, nearly all of the Jackson 5's recordings were done in Los Angeles when the majority of recordings for other artists on the label were done in Detroit. Although Gladys Knight had been the first to mention the Jacksons to Berry Gordy, Bobby Taylor brought the Jackson brothers to Motown, Motown credited Diana Ross with discovering them; this was done not only to help promote the Jackson 5, but to help ease Ross' transition into a solo career, which she began in 1970 soon after the Jackson 5 became a success.
The Jackson 5 performed "I Want You Back" during all of their world tours, either as a full song or as a part of the Jackson 5 Medley in concerts. During their second-ever television appearance, the Jackson 5 performed "I Want You Back" along with Sly & the Family Stone's "Sing a Simple Song," The Delfonics' "Can You Remember," and James Brown's "There Was a Time", they performed the song on American Bandstand and the Andy Williams Show. Michael Jackson performed the song as part of the "Jackson 5 Medley" during all of his world tours - the Bad World Tour, the Dangerous World Tour and the HIStory World Tour; the song was to be performed at Jackson's This Is It comeback concerts in London, which were cancelled due to his death. The song was performed live at the Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special in 2001, in which Jackson reunited with his brothers on stage for the first time since 1984; the song has sold six million copies worldwide. In 1999, "I Want You Back" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame."I Want You Back" ranks number 121 on Rolling Stone's list of the'500 Greatest Songs of All Time'.
It ranks ninth on Rolling Stone's list of the'100 Greatest Pop Songs since 1963'. In 2006, Pitchfork Media named it the second best song of the 1960s, adding that the chorus contains "possibly the best chord progression in pop music history." A June 2009 article by The Daily Telegraph called it "arguably the greatest pop record of all time". Digital Spy called the song "one of the most enduring pop singles of the sixties"; the single has been awarded Silver certification on August 22, 2014 by the British Phonographic Industry Association."I Want You Back" has long been considered one of the most sampled songs in all of Hip hop music. The song has been sampled over 60 times since its release in 1969. Prominent artists such as Jay-Z, The Notorious B. I. G. and Justin Bieber have all used parts of the song producing some of their biggest hits. The song is considered to have one of the greatest chord progressions in Pop music. Michael Jackson – lead vocals Tito Jackson – vocals Jackie Jackson – vocals Jermaine Jackson – vocals Marlon Jackson – vocals Johnny Jackson - drums Gene Pello – drums Freddie Perren - piano Fonce Mizell - piano Louis Shelton – guitar David T. Walker - guitar Wilton Felder – bass guitar Don Peake – bass guitar Ronnie Rancifer – piano, keyboards Overview of "I Want You Back", featuring picture sleeves from all over the world
The Miracles were an American rhythm and blues vocal group, the first successful recording act for Berry Gordy's Motown Records, one of the most important and influential groups in pop and roll, R&B music history. Formed in 1955 by Smokey Robinson, Warren "Pete" Moore, Ronnie White, the group started off as the Five Chimes, changing their name to the Matadors two years later; the group settled on the Miracles after the inclusion of Claudette Robinson in 1958. The most notable Miracles line-up included the Robinsons, White, Bobby Rogers and Marv Tarplin. After a failed audition with Brunswick Records, the group began working with songwriter Berry Gordy, who helped to produce their first records for the End and Chess labels before establishing Tamla Records in 1959 and signing the Miracles as its first act; the group scored the label's first million-selling hit record with the 1960 Grammy Hall of Fame smash, "Shop Around", further established themselves as one of Motown's top acts with the hit singles "You've Really Got a Hold on Me", "What's So Good About Goodbye", "Way Over There", "I'll Try Something New", "Mickey's Monkey", "Going to a Go-Go", " I'm the One You Need", "Just A Mirage", "If You Can Want", "More Love", "I Don't Blame You at All", "Ooo Baby Baby", The multi-award-winning "The Tracks of My Tears", "Special Occasion", "I Second That Emotion", "Baby Baby Don't Cry", the number-one Pop smashes "The Tears of a Clown" and "Love Machine", "Do It Baby", "My Girl Has Gone", among numerous other hits.
Referred to as Motown's "soul supergroup", the Miracles recorded 26 Top 40 Pop hits, sixteen of which reached the Billboard Top 20, seven top 10 singles, a number one single while the Robinsons and Tarplin were members. Following the departure of Tarplin and the Robinsons, the rest of the group continued with singer Billy Griffin and managed by Martin Pichinson who helped rebuild the Miracles, they scored two final top 20 singles, "Do It Baby" and "Love Machine", a second No. 1 hit, which topped the charts before the group departed for Columbia Records in 1977, recording as a quintet with Billy's brother Donald Griffin replacing Marv Tarplin, where after a few releases, they disbanded in 1978. In all, the group had over fifty charted hits by the time. On the R&B charts, the Miracles scored 26 Top 10 Billboard R&B hits, with 4 R&B No. 1's, 11 U. S. R&B Top 10 Albums, including 2-No.1's. Bobby Rogers and Ronald White revived the group as a touring ensemble sporadically during the 1980s and again in the 1990s with lead singer Sydney Justin.
Following White's death in 1995, Rogers continued to tour with different members until he was forced into retirement due to health issues in 2011, dying less than two years later. The Miracles have been awarded many top music industry honors over the years. In 1997, the group received the Pioneer Award at the Rhythm and Blues Foundation for their musical achievements. Four years in 2001, they were inducted to the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. In 2004, they were ranked No. 32 on the Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, retaining that same position seven years in 2011. Four of their hit songs were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 2009, the group received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Throughout their careers, the Miracles were enshrined with honors for their songwriting by both BMI and ASCAP. In 2008, Billboard listed them at No. 61 on their 100 most successful Billboard artists list. After much controversy, the Miracles were inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012.
The group that became the Miracles was formed in 1955 by five teenage friends from Detroit, under the name the Five Chimes. Three of the founding members, Smokey Robinson, Pete Moore and Ronald White had been singing together since they each were around the age of eleven; the group, influenced by acts such as Billy Ward and His Dominoes and Nolan Strong & the Diablos, featured Clarence Dawson and James Grice in the original lineup. All ` FIVE CHIMES `. After Dawson quit the group and Grice dropped out to get married, they were replaced by Emerson "Sonny" Rogers and his cousin Bobby and changed their name to the Matadors. Both Smokey Robinson and Bobby Rogers were born in the same hospital on the same month and year, despite not meeting each other until they were fifteen. In 1957, Sonny Rogers left to join the United States Army and Claudette Rogers, his sister, singing with the sister group the Matadorettes, joined them shortly afterwards. Following two years of courtship and Claudette married in November 1959.
The group auditioned for Brunswick Records in front of Alonzo Tucker, Nat Tarnopol and one of the label's staff songwriters, Berry Gordy, who remained quiet during the audition. Tucker was unimpressed by the audition, stating that because there was the Platters that "there couldn't be two groups in America like that with a woman in the group." After the Tarnopol and Tucker rejection, Gordy followed them and soon agreed to work with the group after discovering Robinson's notebook full of songs he had written and having been impressed with Robinson's singing voice. Gordy recorded their first single, "Got a Job", an answer song to the Silhouettes' "Get a Job" in January 1958. Gordy shortly thereafter struck a deal with George Goldner's End Records to distribute the single. Before the song was released, the group changed the
Aretha Louise Franklin was an American singer, songwriter and civil rights activist. Franklin began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, where her father C. L. Franklin was minister. At the age of 18, she embarked on a secular career recording for Columbia Records. However, she achieved only modest success, she found acclaim and commercial success after signing with Atlantic Records in 1966. Hit songs such as "Respect", "Chain of Fools", "Think", " A Natural Woman", "I Never Loved a Man", "I Say a Little Prayer", propelled her past her musical peers. By the end of the 1960s, Aretha Franklin had come to be known as "The Queen of Soul", she continued to record acclaimed albums such as I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, Lady Soul, Spirit in the Dark, Young and Black, Amazing Grace, Sparkle before experiencing problems with her record company. Franklin signed with Arista Records, she appeared in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers before releasing the successful albums Jump to It, Who's Zoomin' Who?, Aretha on the Arista label.
In 1998, Franklin returned to the top 40 with the Lauryn Hill-produced song "A Rose Is Still a Rose" issuing the album of the same name, which went gold. That same year, Franklin earned international acclaim for her performance of "Nessun dorma" at the Grammy Awards, filling in at the last minute for Luciano Pavarotti, who had canceled after the show had begun. In a noted performance, she paid tribute to 2015 honoree Carole King by singing " A Natural Woman" at the Kennedy Center Honors. Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries, 20 number-one R&B singles, becoming the most charted female artist in history. Franklin's other well-known hits include "Rock Steady", "Call Me", "Ain't No Way", "Don't Play That Song", "Spanish Harlem", "Day Dreaming", "Until You Come Back to Me", "Something He Can Feel", "Jump to It", "Freeway of Love", "Who's Zoomin' Who", "I Knew You Were Waiting", she won 18 Grammy Awards, including the first eight awards given for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, she is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 75 million records worldwide.
Throughout her career, Franklin received numerous honors. She was awarded the National Medal of Arts, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1987, she became the first female performer to be inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame, she was inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005 and to the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012. In 2010 Rolling Stone magazine ranked her number one on their list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" and number nine on their list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Aretha Louise Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, to Barbara and Clarence LaVaughn "C. L." Franklin. She was delivered at her family's home located at 406 Lucy Avenue, Tennessee, her father was a Baptist minister and circuit preacher from Shelby, while her mother was an accomplished piano player and vocalist. Both Mr. and Mrs. Franklin had children from prior relationships in addition to the four children they had together; when Aretha was two, the family relocated to New York. By the time Aretha turned five, C. L. Franklin had permanently relocated the family to Detroit, where he took over the pastorship of the New Bethel Baptist Church.
The Franklins had a troubled marriage due to Mr. Franklin's infidelities, they separated in 1948. At that time, Barbara Franklin returned to Buffalo with Vaughn. After the separation, Aretha recalled seeing her mother in Buffalo during the summer, Barbara Franklin visited her children in Detroit. Aretha's mother died of a heart attack on March 1952, before Aretha's tenth birthday. Several women, including Aretha's grandmother and Mahalia Jackson, took turns helping with the children at the Franklin home. During this time, Aretha learned, she attended public school in Detroit, going through her freshman year at Northern High School, but dropping out during her sophomore year. Aretha's father's driven sermons resulted in his being known as the man with the "million-dollar voice", he earned thousands of dollars for sermons in various churches across the country. His celebrity status led to his home being visited by various celebrities. Among the visitors were gospel musicians Clara Ward, James Cleveland, early Caravans members Albertina Walker and Inez Andrews.
Martin Luther King Jr. Jackie Wilson and Sam Cooke all became friends of C. L. Franklin, as well. Ward was romantically involved with Aretha's father from around 1949 to Ward's death in 1973, though Aretha "preferred to view them as friends". Ward served as a role model to the young Aretha. Just after her mother's death, Franklin began singing solos at New Bethel, debuting with the hymn "Jesus, Be a Fence Around Me"; when Franklin was 12, her father began managing her. He helped her sign her first recording deal with J. V. B. Records. Recording equipment was installed inside New Bethel Baptist Church and nine tracks were recorded. Franklin was featured on vocals and piano. In 1956, J. V. B. Released Franklin's first single, "Never Grow Old", backed with "You Grow Closer". "Precious Lord" backed with "Precious Lord (P
Ain't No Mountain High Enough
"Ain't No Mountain High Enough" is an R&B/soul rock song written by Nickolas Ashford & Valerie Simpson in 1966 for the Tamla label, a division of Motown. The composition was first successful as a 1967 hit single recorded by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell, becoming a hit again in 1970 when recorded by former Supremes frontwoman Diana Ross; the song became Ross' first solo number-one hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and was nominated for a Grammy Award. The song was written by Simpson prior to joining Motown. British soul singer Dusty Springfield wanted to record the song but the duo declined, hoping it would give them access to the Detroit-based label; as Valerie Simpson recalled, "We played that song for her but wouldn't give it to her, because we wanted to hold that back. We felt. Nick called it the'golden egg'." Dusty recorded. The original 1967 version of "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" was a top twenty hit. According to record producers, Terrell was a little nervous and intimidated during recording because she did not rehearse the lyrics.
Terrell recorded her vocals alone with producers Harvey Fuqua and Johnny Bristol, who added Gaye's vocal at a date. "Ain't No Mountain" peaked at number nineteen on the Billboard pop charts, went to number three on the R&B charts. This original version of "Ain't No Mountain", produced by Fuqua and Bristol, was a care-free and romantic love song that became the signature duet between Gaye and Terrell, its success led to a string of more Ashford/Simpson penned duets. The Gaye/Terrell version was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999, is regarded today as one of the most important records released by Motown. Diana Ross & The Supremes recorded a version of "Ain't No Mountain High Enough", more faithful to the Terrell-Gaye original version as a duet with The Temptations; that song was an album cut from a joint LP released by Motown Records in 1968 on the two superstar groups, titled Diana Ross & the Supremes Join The Temptations. In spring 1970, after the Top 20 success of her first solo single, "Reach Out and Touch", Ashford and Simpson had Ross re-record "Ain't No Mountain High Enough".
Ross was apprehensive, but was convinced to make the recording. The remake was similar to gospel with elements of classical music strings, spoken word passages from Ross, with The Andantes, Jimmy Beavers, Jo Armstead, Ashford & Simpson and Brenda Evans and Billie Calvin of The Undisputed Truth as backing singers, giving the song a soul and gospel vocal element. Motown chief Berry Gordy did not like the record upon first hearing it, he wanted the song to begin with the climactic chorus/bridge. It was not until radio stations nationwide were editing their own versions and adding it to their playlists that Ashford and Simpson were able to convince Gordy to release an edited three-minute version as a single. Ross' version of "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" rose up to number one on both the pop and R&B singles charts. Ross received a Grammy nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance; this version is in the key of C minor for most of the song towards the end, the key changes to F sharp major.
In 2017, "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" was remixed by Eric Kupper, StoneBridge, Chris Cox, amongst others, on Motown/UMe. The new remix went to number one on the Billboard US Dance Club Songs chart. Lead vocals by Diana Ross Background vocals by Nickolas Ashford, Valerie Simpson, Joshie Armstead, Jimmy Beavers, The Andantes: Jackie Hicks, Marlene Barrow, Louvain Demps Instrumentation by The Funk Brothers and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, with Valerie Simpson on the piano. In 1981, American disco band Inner Life from Salsoul Records released their version, which topped #20 on US Dance Chart, it is noted for the 10 minute Larry Levan remix. The Boys Town Gang formed a medley of the two songs "Remember Me" and "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" in 1981; the single was a club hit. Australian singer Jimmy Barnes released an album of soul remakes titled Soul Deep in 1991, including his rock version of "Ain't No Mountain High Enough", his version reached #28 in Australia in 1992. In 1993, the film Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, incorporates a unique mashup cover version, in which the verses and chorus of the song contain the original Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell version, whereas the Diana Ross version's bridge and ending are used.
It is performed by the rest of the cast. The original Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell version was used in the 1998 film Stepmom when Jackie decides to dance with her children Anna and Ben; the song was used in the 1999 film Martin. Performed by Debelah Morgan In 2000, Dutch airline carrier KLM used the Supremes/Temptations version in a commercial. In 2000, Disney featured the song in the sports drama film Remember the Titans. In 2005, the Diana Ross version was featured at the end of the animated film Chicken Little. In 2009, Lucy Hale and Courtney Thorne-Smith performed a cover of the song from the television film Sorority Wars. In 2011, the song was re-recorded by Paul Epworth and used in a commercial for DHL. In 2014, the Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell version closed the Guardians of the Galaxy, as the final song on the mixtape given to the main character by his late mother. Amy Winehouse used the backing of the song in "Tears Dry on Their Own" in her second and final album, Back to Black. An orchestral version of the song was featured in a TD Canada Trust commercial that debuted in 2017
Tyrone Davis was an American blues and soul singer with a long list of hit records over more than 20 years. Davis had three number 1 hits on the Billboard R&B chart: "Can I Change My Mind", "Turn Back The Hands Of Time", "Turning Point". Tyrone Fettson was born in Mississippi to Willie Branch and Ora Lee Jones; some sources give his date of birth as May 4, 1938, but researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc state that his funeral notice gives the October 1937 date. He moved with his father to Saginaw, before moving to Chicago in 1959. Working as a valet/chauffeur for blues singer Freddie King, he started singing in local clubs where he was discovered by record executive/musician Harold Burrage, his early records for small record labels in the city, billed as "Tyrone the Wonder Boy", failed to register. Successful Chicago record producer Carl Davis signed him in 1968 to a new label, Dakar Records, that he was starting as part of a distribution deal with Atlantic, suggested that he change his name and he borrowed Carl's last name Tyrone Davis.
His first release, "A Woman Needs To Be Loved" was flipped when the b-side started to get radio attention. The song, "Can I Change My Mind" featured a change of vocal style for Davis with a softer, more pleading approach and tone; the record shot up the listings and spent three weeks on the top of the Billboard R&B chart while climbing to number 5 in the Hot 100. It received gold disc recognition, his biggest hit came in early 1970 when "Turn Back The Hands Of Time" reached number 1 in the R&B chart and went up to number 3 in the Hot 100 pop chart. Written by Jack Daniels and Bonnie Thompson, this disc sold over one million copies, received a gold disc awarded by the Recording Industry Association of America in May 1970. Davis released about 25 singles during his seven years with Dakar, most of them big R&B sellers produced by Willie Henderson, he returned to the top spot with "Turning Point" in 1975. Soon afterwards, Davis switched to the major Columbia record label and recorded seven albums over the next five years with producer Leo Graham and arranger James Mack who had collaborated with him for "Turning Point".
Major hits with Columbia included "Give It Up", "This I Swear", "In The Mood". Dubbed the "king of romantic Chicago soul" by MTV, Davis' perceived vulnerability and class endeared him to female soul fans through the 1970s.1982 brought a change of label to the newly established independent and another major hit, "Are You Serious", again produced by Leo Graham, written by L. V. Johnson; when Highrise closed the following year, Davis switched to a tiny Los Angeles label, Ocean Front which lacked promotional muscle to get behind arguably one of his best performances, "Let Me Be Your Pacifier". In 1991, Davis switched to Atlanta label, Ichiban Records, recording three albums including the song "Mom's Apple Pie". In 1994, Davis went to Bellmark/Life Records for one album. Davis' days as a major chart act were over, but he continued to be a popular live attraction and signed in 1996 with Malaco Records, the southern-based blues label recording him on a number of albums, he performed on a PBS special on 1970s soul music in 2004, singing "If I Could Turn Back The Hands Of Time".
A stroke in September 2004 ended his career and, following complications, he died in a Chicago hospital on February 9, 2005, at the age of 66. He left a widow, Ann, to whom he had been married for over 40 years, several children and grandchildren; the complete Tyrone Davis discography at Soul Express
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, reviews and style, is known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres, it hosts events, owns a publishing firm, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegen's interest in 1900 for $500. In the early years of the 20th century, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows, created a mail service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the music industry as the jukebox and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment, so that it could focus on music.
After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985, has since been owned by various parties. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio by William Donaldson and James Hennegan on November 1, 1894, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry, was known as Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the primary means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production. The first issues were just eight pages long; the paper had columns like "The Bill Room Gossip" and "The Indefatigable and Tireless Industry of the Bill Poster". A department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896; the title was changed to The Billboard in 1897. After a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegan's interest in the business in 1900 for $500 to save it from bankruptcy.
That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a weekly paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco and Paris, re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment such as fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of outdoor events in 1901. Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism and new shows, it had a "stage gossip" column covering the private lives of entertainers, a "tent show" section covering traveling shows, a sub-section called "Freaks to order". According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published news articles "attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting'good taste' and fighting yellow journalism"; as railroads became more developed, Billboard set up a mail forwarding system for traveling entertainers. The location of an entertainer was tracked in the paper's Routes Ahead column Billboard would receive mail on the star's behalf and publish a notice in its "Letter-Box" column that it has mail for them.
This service was first introduced in 1904, became one of Billboard's largest sources of profit and celebrity connections. By 1914, there were 42,000 people using the service, it was used as the official address of traveling entertainers for draft letters during World War I. In the 1960s, when it was discontinued, Billboard was still processing 1,500 letters per week. In 1920, Donaldson made a controversial move by hiring African-American journalist James Albert Jackson to write a weekly column devoted to African-American performers. According to The Business of Culture: Strategic Perspectives on Entertainment and Media, the column identified discrimination against black performers and helped validate their careers. Jackson was the first black critic at a national magazine with a predominantly white audience. According to his grandson, Donaldson established a policy against identifying performers by their race. Donaldson died in 1925. Billboard's editorial changed focus as technology in recording and playback developed, covering "marvels of modern technology" such as the phonograph, record players, wireless radios.
It began covering coin-operated entertainment machines in 1899, created a dedicated section for them called "Amusement Machines" in March 1932. Billboard began covering the motion picture industry in 1907, but ended up focusing on music due to competition from Variety, it created a radio broadcasting station in the 1920s. The jukebox industry continued to grow through the Great Depression, was advertised in Billboard, which led to more editorial focus on music; the proliferation of the phonograph and radio contributed to its growing music emphasis. Billboard published the first music hit parade on January 4, 1936, introduced a "Record Buying Guide" in January 1939. In 1940, it introduced "Chart Line", which tracked the best-selling records, was followed by a chart for jukebox records in 1944 called Music Box Machine charts. By the 1940s, Billboard was more of a music industry specialist publication; the number of charts it published grew after World War II, due to a growing variety of music interests and genres.
It had eight charts by 1987, covering different genres and formats, 28 charts by 1994. By 1943, Billboard had about 100 employees; the magazine's offices moved to Brighton, Ohio in 1946 to New York City in 1948. A five-column tabloid format was adopted in November 1950 and coated paper was first used in Billboard's print issues in January 1963, allowing for photojournalis