Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, reviews and style, is known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres, it hosts events, owns a publishing firm, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegen's interest in 1900 for $500. In the early years of the 20th century, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows, created a mail service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the music industry as the jukebox and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment, so that it could focus on music.
After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985, has since been owned by various parties. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio by William Donaldson and James Hennegan on November 1, 1894, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry, was known as Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the primary means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production. The first issues were just eight pages long; the paper had columns like "The Bill Room Gossip" and "The Indefatigable and Tireless Industry of the Bill Poster". A department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896; the title was changed to The Billboard in 1897. After a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegan's interest in the business in 1900 for $500 to save it from bankruptcy.
That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a weekly paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco and Paris, re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment such as fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of outdoor events in 1901. Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism and new shows, it had a "stage gossip" column covering the private lives of entertainers, a "tent show" section covering traveling shows, a sub-section called "Freaks to order". According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published news articles "attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting'good taste' and fighting yellow journalism"; as railroads became more developed, Billboard set up a mail forwarding system for traveling entertainers. The location of an entertainer was tracked in the paper's Routes Ahead column Billboard would receive mail on the star's behalf and publish a notice in its "Letter-Box" column that it has mail for them.
This service was first introduced in 1904, became one of Billboard's largest sources of profit and celebrity connections. By 1914, there were 42,000 people using the service, it was used as the official address of traveling entertainers for draft letters during World War I. In the 1960s, when it was discontinued, Billboard was still processing 1,500 letters per week. In 1920, Donaldson made a controversial move by hiring African-American journalist James Albert Jackson to write a weekly column devoted to African-American performers. According to The Business of Culture: Strategic Perspectives on Entertainment and Media, the column identified discrimination against black performers and helped validate their careers. Jackson was the first black critic at a national magazine with a predominantly white audience. According to his grandson, Donaldson established a policy against identifying performers by their race. Donaldson died in 1925. Billboard's editorial changed focus as technology in recording and playback developed, covering "marvels of modern technology" such as the phonograph, record players, wireless radios.
It began covering coin-operated entertainment machines in 1899, created a dedicated section for them called "Amusement Machines" in March 1932. Billboard began covering the motion picture industry in 1907, but ended up focusing on music due to competition from Variety, it created a radio broadcasting station in the 1920s. The jukebox industry continued to grow through the Great Depression, was advertised in Billboard, which led to more editorial focus on music; the proliferation of the phonograph and radio contributed to its growing music emphasis. Billboard published the first music hit parade on January 4, 1936, introduced a "Record Buying Guide" in January 1939. In 1940, it introduced "Chart Line", which tracked the best-selling records, was followed by a chart for jukebox records in 1944 called Music Box Machine charts. By the 1940s, Billboard was more of a music industry specialist publication; the number of charts it published grew after World War II, due to a growing variety of music interests and genres.
It had eight charts by 1987, covering different genres and formats, 28 charts by 1994. By 1943, Billboard had about 100 employees; the magazine's offices moved to Brighton, Ohio in 1946 to New York City in 1948. A five-column tabloid format was adopted in November 1950 and coated paper was first used in Billboard's print issues in January 1963, allowing for photojournalis
Rufus was an American funk band from Chicago, best known for launching the career of lead singer Chaka Khan. They had several hits throughout their career, including "Tell Me Something Good", "Sweet Thing", "Do You Love What You Feel" and "Ain't Nobody". Rufus and Chaka Khan were one of the most popular and influential funk bands of the 1970s, with four consecutive number one R&B albums, ten Top 40 Pop Hits and five number one R&B singles, among other accolades. In 1968, The American Breed had a top ten hit with the classic rock single, "Bend Me, Shape Me". After much success and Graziano created a new group, adding day "Breed" members Kevin Murphy on and Paulette McWilliams, plus James Stella and Vern Pilder from the bar band "Circus", they re-emerged in 1969 under the name "Smoke". In 1970, after switching their management to Bob Monaco and Bill Traut, the group's name changed again to "Ask Rufus", the name is taken from the title of the advice column in Mechanics Illustrated. At this point, Ciner came back to replace Pilder and Willie Weeks was added on bass after Colbert left.
In 1971, the band signed a contract with Epic Records recording an album that wasn't released after which Epic dropped their contract in early 1972. Willie Weeks was in turn replaced by Dennis Belfield, James Stella by keyboardist/vocalist Ron Stockert and Lee Graziano by Andre Fischer. Paulette McWilliams and Chaka Khan had met and became the best of friends through their spouses Howard Towles and Hassan Khan. Chaka would come to most of Ask Rufus gigs; when Paulette decided she was leaving Ask Rufus, she went to the band and told them she had the perfect singer to replace her. After the band members hesitantly submitted, Paulette remained with Ask Rufus for a few more weeks to teach Chaka all of their material. Paulette got Chaka a gig with the group formed by Chicago's Cash McCall called Lyfe. Chaka had been performing at the Pumpkin Room on the south side of Chicago, with a local Chicago group called Lock and Chain, led by drummer Scotty Harris. Bob Monaco was part of a booking company known as Ashley Famous with Jim Golden.
They booked Ask Rufus, with Paulette McWilliams and The Rotary Connection with Minnie Riperton. Monaco was responsible for helping get Ask Rufus their deal on ABC Dunhill. Monaco returned to Los Angeles, convinced the label to give him a demo budget and quickly returned to Chicago where the group recorded eleven songs in two days at Marty Feldman's Paragon Studios. After taking the demo tapes back to ABC Dunhill the group was asked to sign a long-term recording contract. Khan, who at eighteen was still a minor, had to have her mother sign along with her though as a married woman, she could have done the deed herself; the group drove to Los Angeles and recorded Rufus at Quantum Recording Studios in Torrance, released in 1973. While the songs "Whoever's Thrilling You" and "Feel Good" brought the group some attention from R&B radio stations, the album itself had minimal sales, the Stockert-led "Slip & Slide" failed to catch major attention from pop radio; the group re-entered the same studio to record their follow-up album Rags to Rufus that included the Stevie Wonder song "Tell Me Something Good", Ray Parker Jr.'s and Khan's "You Got The Love" and Dennis Belfield's "In Love We Grow", along with "Smokin' Room".
Ciner and Belfield would leave the group shortly thereafter along with Stockert, replaced by Los Angeles-based keyboardist Nate Morgan. Additionally, Tony Maiden and bassist Bobby Watson from Los Angeles, were recruited by drummer Andre Fischer and asked to join the group as well. Maiden's, Watson's and Morgan's addition to Rufus added a unique sound to the group, bringing a stronger funk and jazz influence to complement Chaka's now emerging powerful lead vocals. Rags to Rufus was released in 1974 and two of its singles — the Stevie Wonder-penned "Tell Me Something Good" and the Parker-Khan composition, "You Got the Love" — became smash hits leading to Rags to Rufus going platinum and landed them opening spots for the tours of several top stars including Stevie Wonder and Chong and the Hues Corporation. "Tell Me Something Good" brought Rufus their first Grammy Award. In addition, it sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA on August 9, 1974. Due to Khan's increasing popularity Rufus and ABC started calling the group Rufus Featuring Chaka Khan.
With this new billing, the band recorded and released their next album, Rufusized in 1974. Another platinum success, the group entered the top ten again with the funk singles, "Once You Get Started", "Stop on By", "I'm a Woman", "Pack'd My Bags" and "Please Pardon Me", penned by their friend Brenda Russell. Heading into 1975, the group headlined their first major tour, with Khan attracting attention in concert reviews for her powerhouse vocals and sexy attire — so much so that when it came to do photo sets, Khan was the only artist chosen to be featured on covers on magazines such as Jet, which featured Khan throughout her long career. Due to her off-stage antics that added to her on-stage persona, the media billed Khan as "the wild child". Due to Khan's vocal power and sex appeal, she was compared to Tina
Car Wash (song)
"Car Wash" is a hit song by American R&B band Rose Royce. It was one of the most notable successes of the 1970s disco era. "Car Wash", the theme of the 1976 motion picture Car Wash, was Rose Royce's most successful single and the lead single from their debut studio album, the Car Wash soundtrack. Reaching number-one in the United States on the Billboard pop and R&B charts, "Car Wash" peaked at number three on the dance chart and reached number nine in the UK Singles chart in February 1977; the song was covered in 2004 by Christina Aguilera and Missy Elliott, who released their version as the single for the Shark Tale soundtrack. Former Motown Records producer Norman Whitfield had been commissioned to record the soundtrack album for Car Wash by director Michael Schultz. Although Whitfield did not want to assume the project, he decided to do so, both for financial incentives as well as the chance to give Rose Royce, a disco/funk backing band that Whitfield signed to his own label in 1975, the exposure they needed to become mainstream.
Unable to develop a theme song for the film, inspiration struck Whitfield while playing a game of basketball, he wrote his first draft of "Car Wash" on a paper bag from a fried chicken eatery. The resulting song set the tone for the comedy film it was commissioned for. Rose Royce lead singer Rose Norwalt, with brief assistance from guitarist Kenji Brown, describes a fun and easy-going car washing business, where everything is "always cool/and the boss don't mind sometimes if you act a fool." The Car Wash soundtrack, a double album, was Rose Royce's debut album, the title track was their debut single. "Car Wash" sold two million copies, was a number one success on both the Billboard popular and R&B charts in the United States and a top ten success in the United Kingdom. The song held the number-one spot on the Billboard Hot 100 for one week, from January 23 to January 29, 1977, replacing "I Wish" by Stevie Wonder and replaced by "Torn Between Two Lovers" by Mary MacGregor; the Car Wash soundtrack album recorded by Rose Royce and Whitfield, spawned two more successful singles: "I Wanna Get Next to You" and "I'm Going Down".
The Car Wash soundtrack won a 1977 Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album. In 1988 the song was re-released as a double A-side single with "Is It Love You're After?" in the United Kingdom, peaking at #20. UK 7" vinyl"Car Wash" – 3:18 "Water" – 3:31 In 1998, "Car Wash" was remixed and interpreted in a duet with Gwen Dickey. Titled "Car Wash'98", the release carries the alternative title "Car Wash'98", as the group Monday Nightclub was involved in the mixing. CD single"Car Wash'98" - 3:09 "Car Wash'98" - 6:45 "Car Wash'98" - 5:34 "Car Wash'98" - 6:19 "Car Wash'98" - 7:56 "Car Wash" - 3:20US 12" vinyl"Car Wash" – 6:45 "Car Wash" – 5:34 In 2004, American singer Christina Aguilera featuring rapper-singer Missy Elliott recorded a cover version of "Car Wash", giving the disco song a more modern feel and adding rapped verses from Elliott. In an interview Aguilera said, "We had to change the key to be a little bit higher for my range. So we couldn't take the exact samples, but we brought in all these live instruments to recreate kind of this old, old classic, soulful feel and sound...."
"Car Wash" was the only single from the soundtrack to DreamWorks' computer animated film Shark Tale. Aguilera and Elliott's cover of "Car Wash" missed the U. S. Billboard Top 40, peaking at number sixty-three, while becoming a top five hit in the United Kingdom and became the 48th best selling single in the United Kingdom of 2004 with sales of over 100,000 copies. In this context, the "car wash" the song refers to would be the place where Oscar works, where large sea animals who behave like cars are washed in the same manner; the single has sold over 1.5 million copies worldwide. The music video to Aguilera's version shows her and Elliott as animated fish similar to those in the film, combined with scenes of Aguilera and Elliott recording the song in a recording studio; the video includes scenes of Shark Tale. The scenes of Aguilera and Elliott recording the song in the studio were shot by Rich Newey, while the scenes of Aguilera as a jellyfish and Elliott as a fish were edited by Peter Lonsdale and John Venzon, who edited Shark Tale.
CD single"Car Wash" – 3:51 "Can't Wait" – 3:45 "Digits" – 3:39 "Car Wash" Pocket maxi single"Car Wash" – 3:51 "Can't Wait" – 3:45Digital download"Car Wash" – 3:49 "Can't Wait" – 3:43 "Digits" – 3:38 Andy Caine and The Easy Virtue Orchestra recorded a 1920s swing version for the soundtrack of the period drama Easy Virtue. In 1977, the song was performed by the cast of The Brady Bunch Variety Hour in a bizarre skit based on The Wonderful Wizard of Oz; the Christian McBride Trio recorded a version for their 2015 album Live At The Village Vanguard. The cast of That's So Raven released a parody of the song called "Dog Wash" in the Season 3 episode "Dog Day Aftergroom". List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1977 List of Billboard Hot Soul number-one singles of 1977
Barry Eugene Carter, better known by his stage name Barry White, was an American singer-songwriter, record producer and composer. A three-time Grammy Award–winner known for his distinctive bass-baritone voice and romantic image, his greatest success came in the 1970s as a solo singer and with The Love Unlimited Orchestra, crafting many enduring soul and disco songs such as his two biggest hits: "You're the First, the Last, My Everything" and "Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe". During the course of his career in the music business, White achieved 106 gold albums worldwide, 41 of which attained platinum status. White had 20 gold and 10 platinum singles, with worldwide record sales in excess of 100 million, is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, his influences included James Cleveland, Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin, Elvis Presley, The Supremes, The Four Tops, Marvin Gaye. White was born Barry Eugene Carter on September 12, 1944, in Texas, his father was Melvin A. White, his mother was Sadie Marie Carter.
His parents never married, so his mother gave him her last name, but he took on the surname of his father. He grew up in California, he was the older of two children. White grew up listening to his mother's classical music collection and first took to the piano, emulating what he heard on the records. White has been credited with playing piano, at age 11, on Jesse Belvin's 1956 hit single, "Goodnight My Love". However, in a 1995 interview with the Boston Herald, White denied arranging the song, he believed. While White and Belvin lived in the same neighborhood, Belvin was 12 years older than White. White stated that he had no involvement with Bob & Earl's 1963 hit single "Harlem Shuffle", a song he is credited with producing and in his 1999 autobiography, White confirmed the song had been produced by Gene Page, who had worked with him on many of White's 1970s successes. White's voice deepened when he was 14, he recalled, ", I had a normal squeaky kid voice. As a teenager, that changed. My mother cried because she knew her baby boy had become a man."
White's brother Darryl was murdered in a clash with a rival gang, White himself was jailed for four months at the age of 16 for stealing $30,000 worth of Cadillac tires. While in jail, he listened to Elvis Presley singing "It's Now or Never" on the radio, an experience he credited with changing the course of his life. After his release from jail, White left gang life and began a musical career at the beginning of the 1960s in singing groups, he first released "Too Far to Turn Around" in 1960 as part of The Upfronts before working for various small independent labels in Los Angeles. He recorded several singles under his own name in the early 1960s, backed by vocal groups the Atlantics and the Majestics. Bob Keane of Del-Fi Records—the man who discovered Ritchie Valens—hired him as an A&R man in the mid 1960s, White started working with the label's artists, including Viola Wills and The Bobby Fuller Four, as a songwriter, session musician, arranger, he discovered singer Felice Taylor and arranged her song "I Feel Love Comin' On" co-written with his friend Paul Politi.
It became a big hit in the UK. Other charting hits written by White and Politi for her included "It May Be Winter Outside" and "Under the Influence of Love". White wrote "Doin' the Banana Split" for TV bubblegum act The Banana Splits in 1968. In 1972, White got. Formed in imitative style of the Motown girl group The Supremes, the group members had honed their talents with White for two years until they signed contracts with Uni Records, his friend Paul Politi hooked him up with music industry businessman Larry Nunes, who helped to finance their album. After it was recorded, Nunes took the recording to Russ Regan, the head of the Uni label owned by MCA; the album, 1972's From A Girl's Point of View We Give to You... Love Unlimited, became the first of White's string of long-titled albums and singles. White produced and arranged their classic soul ballad "Walkin' in the Rain with the One I Love", which climbed to #14 in the Billboard Hot 100 Pop chart and #6 on the Billboard R&B chart in late 1972.
It became White's first million selling single as a producer. This single reached #12 in the UK chart. White's voice can be heard in this piece as he plays the lover who answers the phone call of the female lead. Soon after, Regan left Uni for 20th Century Records. Without Regan, White's relationship with Uni soured. With his relationship with Uni over and Love Unlimited contract-bound with the label, White was able to switch both his production deal and the group to 20th Century Records, they recorded several other hits throughout the 1970s, "I Belong to You", which spent over five months on the Billboard R&B chart in 1974 including a week at #1 and "Under the Influence of Love Unlimited", which hit #3 on the Billboard Pop album charts. White married the lead singer of the group, Glodean James, on July 4, 1974. White decided to work with a solo male artist. While working on a few demos for a male singer, he made three song demos of himself singing and playing, but Nunes heard them and insisted that he re-record and release them himself as a solo recording artist.
After arguing for days about it, White was persuaded to release the songs himself, although he was reluctant to step out in front of the microph
"Serpentine Fire" is a single by Earth, Wind & Fire, issued in October 1977 by Columbia Records. The single rose to 13 on the Billboard Hot Soul Songs and Hot 100 charts respectively. Serpentine Fire spent seven weeks atop the Billboard Hot Soul Songs chart; the song was produced by bandleader Maurice White for Kalimba Productions and arranged by Tom Tom 84. Serpentine Fire was composed by Maurice, Verdine White and Reginald'Sonny' Burke. An instrumental version of Serpentine Fire was the b-side of this single. Serpentine Fire came off of EWF's 1977 album All'n All. During October 1977 Serpentine Fire's music video was issued by Columbia. Instrumental versions of "Serpentine Fire" have been recorded by Tom Scott. Bassist Nathan East released a version featuring Earth, Wind & Fire members Philip Bailey, Verdine White and Ralph Johnson in 2016. In 2015 Jack DeJohnette recorded a version with Ravi Coltrane and Matthew Garrison for his ECM-Album In Movement; the information regarding accolades attributed to "Serpentine Fire" is adapted from Acclaimed Music.
Designates lists. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Rose Royce is an American soul and R&B group. They are best known for several hit singles during the 1970s including "Car Wash", "I Wanna Get Next to You", "I'm Going Down", "Wishing on a Star", "Love Don't Live Here Anymore"; the Los Angeles-based group comprised Gwen Dickey, Henry Garner, Terral "Terry" Santiel, Lequeint "Duke" Jobe, Michael Moore, Kenny Copeland, Kenji Brown, Freddie Dunn, Victor Nix. The group began in the early 1970s, when members of several backup bands from the Watts and Inglewood areas of Los Angeles united under the name Total Concept Unlimited. In 1973, this collective toured Japan behind Motown soul star Edwin Starr. Starr introduced them to Norman Whitfield. Whitfield, after a decade at Motown, wanted to start a company of his own, he took the T. C. U. Octet under his wing and signed them to his label; the group, now called Magic Wand, began working with Yvonne Fair and became the studio and concert band for The Undisputed Truth. During a tour stop in Miami, Undisputed Truth leader Joe Harris noticed a singer named Gwen Dickey a member of a local group called The Jewels.
Harris informed Whitfield of his discovery and Dickey was flown to Los Angeles to audition. In Dickey, Whitfield found the ingredient he felt was missing in Magic Wand: a charismatic female singer, he gave her the stage name Rose Norwalt. The original band lineup, now complete, prepared their debut album. During this time Whitfield was contacted by film director Michael Schultz, fresh from the success of his first feature, Cooley High. Schultz offered Whitfield the opportunity to score his next picture, Car Wash. Whitfield would utilize the film to launch his new group, began composing music based on script outlines, he and the band visited. This was one of the rare instances in Hollywood in which the music was composed concurrently with the picture instead of after the fact. In the spirit of the soundtrack, the band's name was changed one final time to'Rose Royce'; the name not only referenced the movie's automotive theme, but it placed Gwen "Rose" Dickey front and center. Further, it hinted at a touch of class.
The movie Car Wash and the soundtrack were great successes. Whitfield won the Best Music award at the Cannes Film Festival, the album received the Grammy for Best Motion Picture Score Album of the Year. Released in late 1976, the soundtrack featured three Billboard R&B Top Ten singles: "Car Wash," "I Wanna Get Next to You," and "I'm Going Down." The first of these was a number one single on the Billboard popular music chart, "I Wanna Get Next to You" reached number 10. The group's follow-up album, Rose Royce II: In Full Bloom, produced two Top Ten singles, "Do Your Dance" and "Ooh Boy", it included "Wishing on a Star", which for Rose Royce was a top-10 hit only in the UK. During 1978, they released their third album, entitled Rose Royce III: Strikes Again!, it featured "I'm in Love" and "Love Don't Live Here Anymore". Both singles entered the Billboard R&B Top Five. "Love Don't Live Here Anymore" was a number 2 hit in the UK, would gain greater exposure through its cover versions, most notably by Madonna in 1984 and 1995.
The group followed with a series of modest successes that reached the charts, but never gained the status that their previous songs did. Dickey left Rose Royce temporarily disbanded. However, the remaining members regrouped, adjusted the line-up, kept the group somewhat popular in the UK, where they remained a marquee attraction. Rose Royce was featured in the TV One's seasonal series, Unsung during the spring of 2010; the story featured the successes and internal bickering of the group. Dickey, Jobe and Garner were the only members of the band who gave interviews throughout the program. Dickey now performs as a solo artist in the UK, but mentioned during the interview that she would not mind performing with the group once again. From 2012-2013, R&B vocalist Debelah Morgan joined the band as their lead singer for a few shows. Additionally, Bag Raiders and Daft Punk sampled their single "First Come First Served" with the songs "Shooting Stars" and "Too Long" respectively. Car Wash Rose Royce II: In Full Bloom Rose Royce III: Strikes Again!
Rose Royce IV: Rainbow Connection Greatest Hits Golden Touch Jump Street Stronger Than Ever Music Magic The Show Must Go On Fresh Cut Perfect Lover "I'm Going Down" "Love Don't Live Here Anymore" "Wishing on a Star" "I Wanna Get Next to You" "Car Wash" In addition, Jay-Z recorded his own song called "Wishing on a Star", for which Gwen Dickey re-recorded some of her original lyrics and was credited as a featured artist. And the song "Theme from S-Express" by S-Express uses a substantial portion of "Is It Love You're After" as a sample. Rose Royce official website Rose Royce on Soul Tracks 2010 Rose Royce interview 2012 Rose Royce interview 2015 Gwen Dickey interview 2