Whitney Elizabeth Houston was an American singer and actress. She was cited as the most awarded female artist of all time by Guinness World Records and remains one of the best-selling music artists of all time with 200 million records sold worldwide, she released seven studio albums and two soundtrack albums, all of which have been certified diamond, multi-platinum, platinum, or gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. Houston's crossover appeal on the popular music charts—as well as her prominence on MTV, starting with her video for "How Will I Know"—influenced several African-American women artists who followed in her footsteps. Houston became a background vocalist while in high school. With the guidance of Arista Records chairman Clive Davis, she signed to the label at the age of 19, her first two studio albums, Whitney Houston and Whitney, both reached number one on the Billboard 200 in the United States and became two of the world's best-selling albums of all time. She became the only artist to have seven consecutive number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, from "Saving All My Love for You" in 1985 to "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" in 1988.
Houston made her screen acting debut in the romantic thriller film The Bodyguard. She recorded seven songs for the film's soundtrack, including "I Will Always Love You", which received the Grammy Award for Record of the Year and became the best-selling single by a woman in music history; the soundtrack album received the Grammy Award for Album of the Year and remains the world's best-selling soundtrack album of all time. Houston made other high-profile film appearances, including Waiting to Exhale and The Preacher's Wife; the theme song "Exhale" became her eleventh and final number-one single on the Hot 100 chart, while The Preacher Wife's soundtrack became the best-selling gospel album in history. Following the critical and commercial success of My Love Is Your Love, Houston signed a $100 million contract with Arista Records. However, her personal struggles began overshadowing her career, the album Just Whitney received mixed reviews, her drug use and tumultuous marriage to Bobby Brown were publicized in media.
After a six-year break from recording, Houston returned to the top of the Billboard 200 chart with her final studio album, I Look to You. On February 11, 2012, Houston was found dead in the Beverly Beverly Hills, California; the coroner's report showed that she had accidentally drowned in the bathtub, with heart disease and cocaine use as contributing factors. News of her death coincided with the 2012 Grammy Awards which she was scheduled to perform and featured prominently in international media. Whitney Houston was born on August 9, 1963, in what was a middle-income neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey, she was the daughter of Army serviceman and entertainment executive John Russell Houston, Jr. and gospel singer Emily "Cissy" Houston. Her elder brother Michael is a singer, her elder half-brother is former basketball player Gary Garland, her parents were both African American. Through her mother, Houston was a first cousin of Dee Dee Warwick, her godmother was Darlene Love and her honorary aunt was Aretha Franklin, whom she met at age 8 or 9 when her mother took her to a recording studio.
Houston was raised a Baptist, but was exposed to the Pentecostal church. After the 1967 Newark riots, the family moved to a middle-class area in East Orange, New Jersey, when she was four, her parents' marriage ended in divorce. At the age of 11, Houston started performing as a soloist in the junior gospel choir at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, where she learned to play the piano, her first solo performance in the church was "Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah". Houston attended a Catholic girls' high school in Caldwell, New Jersey. Houston graduated from Mount Saint Dominic in 1981. While Houston was still in school, her mother, continued to teach her how to sing. Houston spent some of her teenage years touring nightclubs where Cissy was performing, she would get on stage and perform with her. Houston was exposed to the music of Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, Roberta Flack, most of whom would have an influence on her as a singer and performer. In 1977, at age 14, she became a backup singer on the Michael Zager Band's single "Life's a Party".
In 1978, at age 15, Houston sang background vocals for Lou Rawls. In the early 1980s, Houston started working as a fashion model after a photographer saw her at Carnegie Hall singing with her mother, she appeared in Seventeen and became one of the first women of color to grace the cover of the magazine. She was featured in layouts in the pages of Glamour, Young Miss, appeared in a Canada Dry soft drink TV commercial, her looks and girl-next-door charm made her one of the most sought after teen models of that time. While modeling, she continued her burgeoning recording career by working with producers Michael Beinhorn, Bill Laswell and Martin Bisi on an album they were spearheading called One Down, credited to the group Material. For that project, Houston contributed the ballad "Memories", a cover of a song by Hugh Hopper of Soft Machine. Robert Christgau of The Village Voice called her contribution "one of the most gorgeous ballads you've heard", she appeared as a lead vocalist on one track on a Paul Jabara album, entitled Paul Jabara and Friends, released by Columbia Records in 1983.
In 1983, Gerry Gri
Robert Sylvester Kelly is an American singer, record producer, former professional basketball player. A native of Chicago, Kelly began performing during the late 1980s and debuted in 1992 with the group Public Announcement. In 1993, Kelly went solo with the album 12 Play, he is known for various songs including "I Believe I Can Fly", "Bump N' Grind", "Your Body's Callin'", "Gotham City", "Ignition", "If I Could Turn Back the Hands of Time", "The World's Greatest", "I'm a Flirt", the hip-hopera "Trapped in the Closet". In 1998, Kelly won three Grammy Awards for "I Believe I Can Fly". Although Kelly is a singer-songwriter, he has written and remixed songs and albums for many artists. In 1996, he was nominated for a Grammy for writing Michael Jackson's song "You Are Not Alone". In 2002 and 2004, Kelly released collaboration albums with rapper Jay-Z and has been a featured vocalist for other hip hop artists like Nas, Sean Combs, The Notorious B. I. G; as of 2019, Kelly was the 55th best-selling music artist in the United States, with over 32 million album sales according to the Recording Industry Association of America.
He has released 12 solo studio albums, sold over 75 million records worldwide, making him the most successful R&B male artist of the 1990s and one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He is credited for helping redefine R&B and hip hop, earning the nicknames "King of R&B" and "King of Pop-Soul", he is listed by Billboard as the most successful R&B/Hip Hop artist of the years 1985-2010 and the most successful R&B artist in history. He has won awards including BET, Soul Train, Billboard, NAACP, American Music Awards. Since the 1990s, Kelly has been the subject of numerous allegations of sexual abuse and misconduct with underage girls, all charges he "categorically denies". In 2002 he was indicted on 13 counts of child pornography, but was acquitted of all charges in 2008. In January 2019, a viewed Lifetime docuseries titled Surviving R. Kelly detailed allegations of sexual abuse by multiple women, allegations Kelly denies. Facing pressure from the public using the Mute R. Kelly hashtag, RCA Records dropped Kelly.
On February 22, 2019, Kelly was indicted on 10 counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse. Robert Sylvester Kelly was born on January 8, 1967, at Chicago Lying-in Hospital in Hyde Park, Chicago, he is the third of four children. His mother, was a singer and raised her children in the Baptist church. Kelly's father remains absent in his son's life, his family lived in the Ida B. Wells Homes public housing project in Chicago's Bronzeville neighborhood. Kelly's high school music teacher Lena McLin described Kelly's childhood home: "It was bare. One table, two chairs. There was no father there, I knew that, they had little." Kelly began singing in the church choir at age eight. Kelly grew up in a house full of women, who he said would act differently when his mother and grandparents were not home. At eight years of age Kelly was sexually abused by a woman, at least ten years older than himself. "I was too afraid and too ashamed," Kelly wrote in his 2012 autobiography Soulacoaster about why he never told anyone.
The abuse ended when he was 14. At age 11, he was shot in the shoulder while riding his bike home. Kelly was eight when he had his first girlfriend, Lulu, they would hold hands and eat make-believe meals inside their playhouse built from cardboard, where they "vowed to be boyfriend and girlfriend forever." Kelly wrote in his autobiography that their last play date turned tragic when, after fighting with some older children over a play area by a creek, Lulu was pushed into the water. A fast-moving current swept her away. Shortly thereafter, she was found lifeless downstream. Kelly calls Lulu his first musical inspiration. Kelly entered Kenwood Academy in Chicago's Hyde Park neighborhood in the fall of 1981, where he met music teacher Lena McLin, encouraged Kelly to perform the Stevie Wonder classic "Ribbon in the Sky" in a high school talent show. McLin encouraged a young Kelly to leave the high school basketball team, she said he was furious at first, but after his performance at the school talent show, he changed his mind.
Kelly played basketball with the late Illinois state champion basketball player Ben Wilson and sang "It's So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday" at Wilson's funeral. An undiagnosed learning disability left Kelly unable to write, he dropped out of high school and as a teenager, Kelly began street performing under the Chicago Transportation Authority "L" tracks and formed a group with friends Marc McWilliams, Vincent Walker and Shawn Brooks. In 1989, they formed the group MGM. In 1990, MGM recorded and released one single "Why You Wanna Play Me". In 1991, Kelly signed with Jive Records and teamed with a new group from Chicago called Public Announcement. Kelly was close to his mother Joanne who took him with her to church and a local club where she performed, she died from cancer in 1993. He would name his eldest daughter after her. R. Kelly gained national recognition in 1989 when he, along with Marc McWilliams, Vincent Walker and Shawn Brooks, participated on the talent TV show Big Break, hosted by Natalie Cole.
Kelly went on to win the $100,000 grand prize. Subsequently, Kelly's debut album Born into the 90's was released in early 1992. Released during the new jack swing period of the early 1990s, the album yielded the R&B hits "She's Got That Vibe", "Honey Love", "Dedicated", "Slow Dance"
Keith Douglas Sweat is an American singer, record producer, radio personality, an early figure in the new jack swing musical movement. He is known for his collection of hits including "I Want Her", "Make It Last Forever", "I'll Give All My Love to You", "Make You Sweat", "Get Up on It", "Twisted" and "Nobody", he has released 13 solo albums and 2 as a part of the R&B supergroup LSG, discovered the groups Silk and Kut Klose. Keith Sweat was born in Crescent City, Florida to Juanita Thompson, a hairdresser, Charles Sweat, a factory worker; the family moved to Harlem, New York when Keith was 12 years old. Juanita raised their five children alone after Charles Sweat's death in 1973, he worked as a night stock boy at Macy's Department Store, a mail room clerk at Paine Webber, a brokerage firm. In just four years he worked his way up to a lucrative brokerage assistant job on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. Sweat worked as a supervisor for the New York Mercantile Exchange. Sweat started his musical career as a member of a Harlem band called Jamilah in 1975.
With the help of Jamilah, Sweat was able to hone his craft as a lead singer by performing regionally throughout the tri-State area of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. The group was started by bassist Larry Peoples, guitarist Michael Samuels, drummer Walter Bradley. After leaving the group in 1984 to begin a solo career, he sang at nightclubs throughout New York City and landed a chance to record for the independent label, Stadium Records. Sweat recorded only one tune for Stadium called "My Mind Is Made Up", their third release, but on Stadium's first release, he is credited as co-writer and co-producer of "You Are The One For Me", the last recording made by the group GQ. One of GQ's original members is Keith "Sabu" Crier. In 1987, Keith Sweat was discovered by Vincent Davis and offered a recording contract with his label, Vintertainment Records, founded in 1983 on the foundations of early Hip-Hop and otherwise best known for releasing Joeski Love's "Pee Wee's Dance" in 1985. Vintertainment was distributed by Elektra Records from 1985 until it ceased operations in 1990.
On November 24, 1987, Sweat released his debut solo studio album Make It Last Forever, which sold three million copies. The biggest hit from this album was the song that inaugurated the new jack swing era "I Want Her", nominated for the 1989 Soul Train Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Song of the Year award, while the title track from the album hit #2 on the R&B charts. Sweat reached the charts again with his second album I'll Give All My Love to You which hit #6 on the Billboard 200 chart, he released his third album, Keep It Comin' in 1991. In 1992, Sweat discovered the group Silk, helped craft their debut album, Lose Control, which hit #7 on the Billboard 200 album chart; the album's single "Freak Me" hit #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 on May 1, 1993. In 1993, Sweat discovered the Atlanta-based female R&B group Kut Klose. Sweat produced the group's debut album Surrender, which produced their biggest hit single "I Like", peaking to #8 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart. Sweat released his fourth album Get Up on It in the summer of 1994, his self-titled fifth album in 1996.
Both albums reached the top ten on the Billboard 200. The single co/produced and written by Eric McCaine "Twisted" featuring R&B group Kut Klose hit #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 and "Nobody" hit #3, which made them Sweat's biggest hits to date. "Just A Touch" was a cover of the 1979 song "Just a Touch of Love" by Slave. In the fall of 1997, Sweat helped with their self-titled debut, he was on "Am I Dreaming," which featured R&B group Xscape. Sweat formed the R&B supergroup LSG with Gerald Levert and Johnny Gill, released their self-titled debut Levert. Sweat. Gill in 1997; that album featured "My Body". The album was certified double platinum and reached #4 on the U. S. Billboard 200. Sweat's sixth album, Still in the Game was released in 1998, hitting #6 on the Billboard 200, #2 on the R&B/Hip Hop albums chart, it featured the singles "Come and Get With Me" and "I'm Not Ready". Sweat's success on the charts started to diminish in 2000, when he released the album Didn't See Me Coming. None of the singles from the album reached the top forty.
On August 13, 2002, Keith Sweat released Rebirth. The single "One on One" reached #75 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #44 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart, his 2008 album Just Me included the single, "Love U Better". Sweat is signed to Kedar Records and released his tenth studio album entitled Ridin' Solo on June 22, 2010; the lead single taken from the album featured label-mate Joe. Since 2007, Sweat has been the host of a nationally syndicated radio program based upon the Quiet storm format; the Keith Sweat Hotel is syndicated through Premiere Radio Networks. Sweat is the host of a nationally syndicated radio show "The Sweat Hotel." It is produced and distributed to urban adult contemporary and classic soul radio stations across the U. S. by Premiere Networks, a subsidiary of iHeartMedia, Inc. Sweat plays popular R&B hits, interviews other R&B stars, talks about his life as a singer and performer; some radio stations carrying the show include 102.7 WVAZ Chicago, 105.3 WDAS-FM Philadelphia, 92.3 WMXD Detroit, 101.1 KJMS Memphis, 104.5 K283CH Houston, 98.5 WYLD-FM New Orleans.
The show airs five nights a week, although Sweat prer
"Humpin' Around" is a song by American singer Bobby Brown. It spent two weeks at number one on the U. S. R&B chart and reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100, it is rumored that the song was titled "Fuckin' Around", with the name changed to make it more radio friendly, to avoid potential censorship. The song contains an interpolation of Dancing Days by Led Zeppelin; the music video features Brown dancing outside with women in cages, with cut scenes of a girl trying to break in to his phone and personal belongings to find his mistress in NYC. A second video was shot outside for the Dance Remix, along with random shots and outtakes from the original video. Bobby Brown: lead vocals, rap Jan C. "Stylz" Styles: songwriter, rap Thomas Keyes: songwriter Babyface: songwriter, arranger, synthesized bass, drum programming, background vocals L. A. Reid: songwriter, arranger, drum programming Daryl Simmons: songwriter, arranger, background vocals Donald Parks: drum programming, MIDI and Synclavier programming Emanuel Officer: background vocals List of number-one R&B singles of 1992 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
TLC is an American girl group whose original line-up consisted of Tionne "T-Boz" Watkins, Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes and Rozonda "Chilli" Thomas. Formed in Atlanta, Georgia in 1990, the group was successful during the 1990s despite numerous spats with the law, each other, the group's record label and management, they scored nine top-ten hits on the Billboard Hot 100, including four number-one singles "Creep", "Waterfalls", "No Scrubs", "Unpretty". The group recorded four multi-platinum albums, including CrazySexyCool which received a diamond certification from the Recording Industry Association of America. TLC became the first R&B group in history to receive Million certification from the Recording Industry Association of Japan for FanMail. Having sold over 85 million records worldwide, TLC is the best-selling American girl group and second worldwide to the English group Spice Girls. VH1 ranked TLC as the greatest female group, placing them at number 12 on the list of 100 Greatest Women in Music.
Billboard magazine ranked TLC as one of the greatest musical trios, as well as the seventh most successful act of the 1990s. The group's accolades include five career Grammy Awards, five MTV Video Music Awards and five Soul Train Music Awards. Twenty years after their debut, TLC was honored with Outstanding Contribution to Music at the 17th MOBO Awards and Legend Award at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards Japan. All three members of TLC are considered irreplaceable by the other members, each of them has contributed to the group. Following Lopes' death in 2002, instead of replacing her, the remaining members chose to continue as a duo. On June 30, 2017, they released their fifth eponymous self-titled album TLC, it was intended to be their final studio album, but they clarified they will not split up following the album's release and will continue to perform together. In 1990, Georgia–based record producer Ian Burke and one of his clients, a teenager named Crystal Jones, came up with a concept for a girl group with a tomboyish, hip-hop image, similar to the blend of contemporary R&B and hip hop music of new jack swing act Bell Biv DeVoe.
Jones put out a call for two more girls to join her in this trio. Her request was answered by Tionne Watkins, a native of Des Moines, who had moved to Atlanta with her family at a young age, Lisa Lopes, a rapper who had just moved to the city from her native Philadelphia, with a small keyboard and $750. Calling the group 2nd Nature, Jones and Lopes began working with producers Jermaine Dupri and Rico Wade on demo tape material. Through a connection at the hair salon where Watkins worked the group managed to arrange an audition with singer Perri "Pebbles" Reid, who had started her own management and production company, Pebbitone. Impressed by the girls, Reid renamed the group TLC, with "TLC" being an acronym for the names Tionne and Crystal. Reid arranged an audition for them with local record label LaFace Records, run by Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds and Reid's then-husband, Antonio "L. A." Reid. Antonio Reid saw potential in Watkins and Lopes as performers, but felt that Jones should be replaced.
According to Jones, things began to unravel for her after Pebbles denied the group the opportunity to take home the contracts that Pebbitone had drafted. Jones did not want to sign before having the contract reviewed by others and a lawyer. In contrast, Watkins' recollection of Jones' departure is that both she and Lopes asked Jones to leave the group before their initial contracts were negotiated. On February 28, 1991, Watkins and Lopes signed production and publishing deals with Pebbitone, with Perri Reid becoming their general manager; as they looked for a replacement for Jones, the two-member TLC made its first recorded appearance on a track for LaFace act Damian Dame's self-titled 1991 LP. Pebbles found the third member in one of Damian Dame's part-time backup dancers. Thomas was signed to the act in April 1991 and to maintain TLC's name as an acronym for the girls' names, Watkins became "T-Boz", Lopes became "Left-Eye", Thomas became "Chilli"; the girls were signed to LaFace in May through the production deal with Pebbitone.
TLC was set up to go into the studio with Reid and Edmonds, Dallas Austin, Jermaine Dupri, Marley Marl producing their first album. The new trio debuted as backing vocalists on "Rebel", a track on Jermaine Jackson's sole album for LaFace, You Said, their debut album, Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip, was released on February 25, 1992, by LaFace/Arista Records; the songs on the album are a blend of funk, hip-hop, R&B, similar to the new jack swing sound popularized by producer Teddy Riley in the late 1980s. The album was a critical and commercial success, being certified quadruple-platinum for shipments of four million copies in the United States, it scored three top-ten singles on the Billboard Hot 100 with "Ain't 2 Proud 2 Beg", "Baby-Baby-Baby", "What About Your Friends", as well as the top 30 single "Hat 2 Da Back". TLC's debut album, chiefly written by Dallas Austin and Lisa Lopes, consisted of playful lyrics, with some female-empowering songs, it was characterized by Thomas' alto vocals and Lopes' soprano raps.
The musical formula was augmented by the girls' brightly colored videos and curious costuming: each girl wore wrapped condoms on their clothing. During TLC's first national tour, as MC Hammer's opening act,Lopes and Thomas discovered that Watkins had sickle-cell anemia, an ailment which she kept a g
Real Love (Mary J. Blige song)
"Real Love" is a song recorded by American singer Mary J. Blige for her debut studio album What's the 411?. It was produced by Cory Rooney and Mark Morales; the song samples Audio Two's 1987 song "Top Billin'", was issued as the album's second single on August 25, 1992. It became Blige's first top-ten hit, peaking at number seven on the US Billboard Hot 100, it reached the top on both the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and Rhythmic charts, was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on November 4, 1992. The official music video for the song was directed by Marcus Raboy. Credits adapted from the What's the 411? Liner notes. Cory Rooney – producer Mark Morales – producer Sean Combs – executive producer Charlie Davis – executive producer Kurt Woodley – executive producer In 2004, American pop rock singer-songwriter Toby Lightman covered "Real Love" and included it as the closing track on the re-release of her debut studio album Little Things; the song was issued as the final single from the album.
The official music video for the song was directed by Charles Jensen. List of number-one R&B singles of 1992 "Real Love" at AllMusic "Real Love" at Discogs Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Honey Love (R. Kelly and Public Announcement song)
"Honey Love" a song by American R&B singer R. Kelly and American R&B group Public Announcement, it was released as the second single from Kelly's debut studio album Born into the 90's. It became Kelly's first number-one on the US R&B chart; the song was used in the 1993 movie Menace II Society. The video features a cameo appearance by actress Halle Berry. During the tour in support of Born into the 90's, Kelly came up with the concept for his album 12 Play. In the breakdown of "Honey Love", he addressed the audience and told them about "a dream where I made love to Mary J. Blige", which became the song "12 Play". R. Kelly mentions "Honey Love" in a verse of "I Wish": "'Honey Love' goes platinum and y'all ass come around / But y'all don't wanna raise the roof until my shit is going down." List of number-one R&B singles of 1992 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics "Honey Love" Music Video