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List of oldest living state leaders

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This article lists the 100 longest-lived current or former heads of state or heads of government of sovereign states (often a president, prime minister or monarch) whose age can be proven beyond reasonable doubt. Leaders are not included if no reliable secondary sources have confirmed that the leader is alive within the last 10 years; the oldest living former state leader is Yasuhiro Nakasone of Japan at the age of 101 years, 112 days. Leaders currently in office are in bold on purple, with Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia being the oldest currently-serving head of government and Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom[α] being the oldest currently-serving head of state.

List

     Currently in office

# Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
1 Yasuhiro Nakasone  Japan Prime Minister (1982–1987) 27 May 1918 101 years, 112 days 2019-05-27[1]
2 Hyun Soong-jong  South Korea Prime Minister (1992–1993) 26 January 1919 100 years, 233 days 2018-05-26[2]
3 Hau Pei-tsun  Taiwan Premier (1990–1993) 8 August 1919 100 years, 39 days 2019-08-08[3]
4 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru Prime Minister (2000–2001) 19 January 1920 99 years, 240 days 2019-04-17[4]
5 Tun Tin  Burma Prime Minister (1988) 2 October 1920 98 years, 349 days 2019-03-26[5]
6 Mustafa Ben Halim  Libya Prime Minister (1954–1957) 29 January 1921 98 years, 230 days 2017-07-18[6]
7 Francisco Morales Bermúdez  Peru Prime Minister (1975)
President (1975–1980)
4 October 1921 97 years, 347 days 2019-07-08[7]
8 Luis Echeverría  Mexico President (1970–1976) 17 January 1922 97 years, 242 days 2019-03-02[8]
9 Lee Teng-hui  Taiwan President (1988–2000) 15 January 1923 96 years, 244 days 2019-08-08[9]
10 Khamtai Siphandon  Laos Prime Minister (1991–1998)
Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Party (1992–2006)
President (1998–2006)
8 February 1924 95 years, 220 days 2018-12-20[10]
11 Tomiichi Murayama  Japan Prime Minister (1994–1996) 3 March 1924 95 years, 197 days 2018-09-24[11]
12 Abderrahmane Youssoufi  Morocco Prime Minister (1998–2002) 8 March 1924 95 years, 192 days 2019-08-05[12]
13 Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia President (1964–1991) 28 April 1924 95 years, 141 days 2019-09-06[13]
14 Daniel arap Moi  Kenya President (1978–2002) 2 September 1924 95 years, 14 days 2019-09-02[14]
15 Jimmy Carter  United States President (1977–1981) 1 October 1924 94 years, 350 days 2019-08-23[15]
16 Lubomír Štrougal  Czechoslovakia Prime Minister (1970–1988) 19 October 1924 94 years, 332 days 2019-05-26[16]
17 Guillermo Rodriguez  Ecuador President (1972–1976) 4 November 1924 94 years, 316 days 2018-04-26[17]
18 Abdelsalam al-Majali  Jordan Prime Minister (1993–1995; 1997–1998) 18 February 1925 94 years, 210 days 2019-03-04[18]
19 Ali Hassan Mwinyi  Tanzania President (1985–1995) 8 May 1925 94 years, 131 days 2019-07-22[19]
20 Giorgio Napolitano  Italy President (2006–2015) 29 June 1925 94 years, 79 days 2019-08-27[20]
21 Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia Prime Minister (1981–2003; 2018–present) 10 July 1925 94 years, 68 days 2019-08-20[21]
22 Ali Bozer  Turkey Acting Prime Minister (1989) 28 July 1925 94 years, 50 days 2016-09-09[22]
23 Yang Hyong-sop  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1994–1998) 1 October 1925 93 years, 350 days 2019-04-10[23]
24 Arnaldo Forlani  Italy Prime Minister (1980–1981) 8 December 1925 93 years, 282 days 2018-02-26[24]
25 Trần Thiện Khiêm  South Vietnam Member of the Provisional Leadership Committee (1964)
Prime Minister (1969–1975)
15 December 1925 93 years, 275 days 2018-04-03[25]
26 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing  France President (1974–1981)[β] 2 February 1926 93 years, 226 days 2019-09-09[26]
27 Elizabeth II  United Kingdom Queen (1952–present)[α] 21 April 1926 93 years, 148 days 2019-07-24[27]
28 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal President (2000–2012) 29 May 1926 93 years, 110 days 2019-07-18[28]
29 Jiang Zemin  China General Secretary of the Communist Party (1989–2002)
President (1993–2003)
17 August 1926 93 years, 30 days 2019-07-30[29]
30 Valdas Adamkus  Lithuania President (1998–2003; 2004–2009) 3 November 1926 92 years, 317 days 2019-09-02[30]
31 Raif Dizdarević  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1988–1989) 9 December 1926 92 years, 281 days 2019-07-13[31]
32 Thanin Kraivichien  Thailand Prime Minister (1976–1977) 5 April 1927 92 years, 164 days 2019-01-11[32]
33 Benedict XVI   Vatican City Pope and Sovereign (2005–2013) 16 April 1927 92 years, 153 days 2019-08-05[33]
34 Arturo Armando Molina  El Salvador President (1972–1977) 6 August 1927 92 years, 41 days 2017-02-28[34]
35 Edward Babiuch  Poland Prime Minister (1980) 28 December 1927 91 years, 262 days 2014-01-31[35]
36 Hamed Karoui  Tunisia Prime Minister (1989–1999) 30 December 1927 91 years, 260 days 2019-07-26[36]
37 Hans Modrow  East Germany Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1989–1990) 27 January 1928 91 years, 232 days 2019-08-23[37]
38 Ciriaco De Mita  Italy Prime Minister (1988–1989) 2 February 1928 91 years, 226 days 2019-07-23[38]
39 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1998–2019) 4 February 1928 91 years, 224 days 2019-04-13[39]
40 Arthur Dion Hanna  Bahamas Governor-General (2006–2010) 7 March 1928 91 years, 193 days 2019-03-11[40]
41 Fidel Ramos  Philippines President (1992–1998) 18 March 1928 91 years, 182 days 2019-06-22[41]
42 Sisavath Keobounphanh  Laos Prime Minister (1998–2001) 1 May 1928 91 years, 138 days 2017-04-27[42]
43 Hosni Mubarak  Egypt President (1981–2011)
Prime Minister (1981–1982)
4 May 1928 91 years, 135 days 2019-05-04[43]
44 Arnold Rüütel  Estonia Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992)
President (2001–2006)
10 May 1928 91 years, 129 days 2019-05-10[44]
45 Sir Arthur Foulkes  Bahamas Governor-General (2010–2014) 11 May 1928 91 years, 128 days 2019-06-12[45]
46 Enrique Bolaños  Nicaragua President (2002–2007) 13 May 1928 91 years, 126 days 2019-08-21[46]
47 Balakh Sher Mazari  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (1993) 8 July 1928 91 years, 70 days 2019-04-25[47]
48 Belaid Abdessalam  Algeria Prime Minister (1992–1993) 20 July 1928 91 years, 58 days 2018-04-09[48]
49 Chung Won-shik  South Korea Prime Minister (1991–1992) 5 August 1928 91 years, 42 days 2018-06-25[49]
50 Péter Boross  Hungary Prime Minister (1993–1994) 27 August 1928 91 years, 20 days 2019-07-12[50]
51 Kåre Willoch  Norway Prime Minister (1981–1986) 3 October 1928 90 years, 348 days 2019-02-03[51]
52 Borisav Jović  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1990–1991) 19 October 1928 90 years, 332 days 2019-08-01[52]
53 Zhu Rongji  China Premier of the State Council (1998–2003) 23 October 1928 90 years, 328 days 2019-06-30[53]
54 Poul Schlüter  Denmark Prime Minister (1982–1993) 3 April 1929 90 years, 166 days 2019-07-12[54]
55 Christos Sartzetakis  Greece President (1985–1990) 6 April 1929 90 years, 163 days 2019-04-06[55]
56 Édouard Balladur  France Prime Minister (1993–1995) 2 May 1929 90 years, 137 days 2019-05-03[56]
57 Sam Nujoma  Namibia President (1990–2005) 12 May 1929 90 years, 127 days 2019-09-10[57]
58 Otar Patsatsia  Georgia Prime Minister (1993–1995) 15 May 1929 90 years, 124 days 2018-04-24[58]
59 Karolos Papoulias  Greece President (2005–2015) 4 June 1929 90 years, 104 days 2019-07-17[59]
60 John Turner  Canada Prime Minister (1984) 7 June 1929 90 years, 101 days 2019-06-17[60]
61 Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister (2003–2006)
Emir (2006–present)
16 June 1929 90 years, 92 days 2019-09-08[61]
62 Sir Orville Turnquest  Bahamas Governor-General (1995–2001) 19 July 1929 90 years, 59 days 2019-07-21[62]
63 Jamshid bin Abdullah  Zanzibar Sultan (1963–1964) 16 September 1929 90 years, 0 days 2018-04-27[63]
64 Nikolai Ryzhkov  Soviet Union Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1985–1991) 28 September 1929 89 years, 353 days 2019-07-27[64]
65 Mir Hazar Khan Khoso  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (2013) 30 September 1929 89 years, 351 days 2017-01-02[65]
66 Violeta Chamorro  Nicaragua Member of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1980)
President (1990–1997)
18 October 1929 89 years, 333 days 2018-10-02[66]
67 Muhammad Rafiq Tarar  Pakistan President (1998–2001) 2 November 1929 89 years, 318 days 2017-12-25[67]
68 Alfred Moisiu  Albania President (2002–2007) 1 December 1929 89 years, 289 days 2019-06-26[68]
69 Selim Hoss  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers (1976–1980; 1987–1990; 1998–2000)
Acting President (1988–1989; 1989)
20 December 1929 89 years, 270 days 2019-02-14[69]
Lee Hyun-jae  South Korea Prime Minister (1988) 2016-05-30[70]
Milan Panić  Yugoslavia Federal Prime Minister (1992–1993) 2017-09-15[71]
72 Efraín Goldenberg  Peru Prime Minister (1994–1995) 28 December 1929 89 years, 262 days 2018-03-02[72]
73 Abdul Latif Dayfallah  North Yemen Prime Minister (1963; 1975) 1 January 1930 89 years, 258 days 2016-03-07[73]
74 Ahmed Osman  Morocco Prime Minister (1972–1979) 3 January 1930 89 years, 256 days 2018-01-10[74]
75 Hédi Baccouche  Tunisia Prime Minister (1987–1989) 15 January 1930 89 years, 244 days 2018-05-07[75]
76 Shahabuddin Ahmed  Bangladesh President (1996–2001) 1 February 1930 89 years, 227 days 2018-01-12[76]
77 Lho Shin-yong  South Korea Prime Minister (1985–1987) 28 February 1930 89 years, 200 days 2016-08-28[77]
78 Ion Iliescu  Romania Chairman of the National Salvation Front Council (1989–1990)
President of the Provisional National Unity Council (1990)
President (1990–1996; 2000–2004)
3 March 1930 89 years, 197 days 2019-06-06[78]
79 Sir Anerood Jugnauth  Mauritius Prime Minister (1982–1995; 2000–2003; 2014–2017)
President (2003–2012)
29 March 1930 89 years, 171 days 2019-08-20[79]
80 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir  Iceland President (1980–1996) 15 April 1930 89 years, 154 days 2017-12-07[80]
81 José Sarney  Brazil President (1985–1990) 24 April 1930 89 years, 145 days 2019-08-25[81]
82 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada  Bolivia President (1993–1997; 2002–2003) 1 July 1930 89 years, 77 days 2018-10-20[82]
83 Carlos Menem  Argentina President (1989–1999) 2 July 1930 89 years, 76 days 2019-07-02[83]
84 Dame Ivy Dumont  Bahamas Acting Governor-General (2001–2002)
Governor-General (2002–2005)
2 October 1930 88 years, 349 days 2018-10-08[84]
85 Ivan Silayev  Soviet Union Chairman of the Interstate Economic Committee (1991)[γ] 21 October 1930 88 years, 330 days 2015-07-13[85]
86 Mabandla Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister (1979–1983) 11 November 1930 88 years, 309 days 2019-02-09[86]
87 Choe Yong-rim  North Korea Premier (2010–2013) 20 November 1930 88 years, 300 days 2019-07-28[87]
88 Cesar Virata  Philippines Prime Minister (1981–1986) 12 December 1930 88 years, 278 days 2019-08-04[88]
89 Dame Elmira Minita Gordon  Belize Governor-General (1981–1993) 30 December 1930 88 years, 260 days 2016-04-12[89]
90 Toshiki Kaifu  Japan Prime Minister (1989–1991) 2 January 1931 88 years, 257 days 2019-05-11[90]
91 Sir William Deane  Australia Governor-General (1996–2001) 4 January 1931 88 years, 255 days 2019-02-09[91]
Cleopa Msuya  Tanzania Prime Minister (1980–1983; 1994–1995) 2019-08-19[92]
93 Chun Doo-hwan  South Korea De facto Head of State (1979–1980)
President (1980–1988)
18 January 1931 88 years, 241 days 2019-08-08[93]
94 Sir Philip Greaves  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2017–2018) 19 January 1931 88 years, 240 days 2019-05-08[94]
95 Dries van Agt  Netherlands Prime Minister (1977–1982) 2 February 1931 88 years, 226 days 2019-09-04[95]
96 Isabel Martínez de Perón  Argentina President (1974–1976) 4 February 1931 88 years, 224 days 2018-02-04[96]
97 Lamberto Dini  Italy Prime Minister (1995–1996) 1 March 1931 88 years, 199 days 2019-07-22[97]
98 Mikhail Gorbachev  Soviet Union General Secretary of the Communist Party (1985–1991)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1988–1989)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (1989–1990)
President (1990–1991)
2 March 1931 88 years, 198 days 2019-08-22[98]
99 Sir Elliott Belgrave  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2011–2012)
Governor-General (2012–2017)
16 March 1931 88 years, 184 days 2018-03-16[99]
100 Jean-Jacques Honorat  Haiti Prime Minister (1991–1992) 1 April 1931 88 years, 168 days 2019-06-17[100]

Addendum

Uncertain date of birth

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individual might be older than #100–90 on this list, but his exact date of birth is uncertain.
Ben Nsibandze  Swaziland Acting Prime Minister (1979) 1931 87 years, 259 days to
88 years, 258 days
2019-01-06[101]

Unclear status as state leaders

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals are older than #68–5 on this list, but their status as a state leader is unclear.[δ]
Josip Manolić  Croatia Prime Minister (1990–1991) 22 March 1920 99 years, 178 days 2019-07-12[102]
Kim Yong-ju  North Korea Vice president during vacancy (1994–1998) 21 September 1920 98 years, 360 days 2018-05-23[103]
Miloš Jakeš  Czechoslovakia General Secretary of the Communist Party (1987–1989) 12 August 1922 97 years, 35 days 2019-08-12[104]
Adnan Pachachi  Iraq Prime Minister (2004) 14 May 1923 96 years, 125 days 2016-10-24[105]
Mohammad Hasan Sharq Afghanistan Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988–1989) 17 July 1925 94 years, 61 days 2016-08-30[106]
Stanisław Kania  Poland First Secretary of the United Workers' Party (1980–1981) 8 March 1927 92 years, 192 days 2017-03-18[107]
Cardinal Eduardo Martínez Somalo   Vatican City Acting sovereign (2005) 31 March 1927 92 years, 169 days 2018-02-02[108]
Cardinal Angelo Sodano Cardinal Secretary of State (1991–2006)
Dean of the College of Cardinals during vacancy (2013)
23 November 1927 91 years, 297 days 2018-10-25[109]
Marcelino dos Santos Mozambique Member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee
of FRELIMO
(1986)
20 May 1929 90 years, 119 days 2019-05-20[110]
Gombojavyn Ochirbat  Mongolia General Secretary of the Central Committee of the
People's Revolutionary Party
(1990–1991)
15 November 1929 89 years, 305 days 2018-02-20[111]

Unclear status as state leader with an uncertain date of birth

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individual might be older than #90–74 on this list, but his exact date of birth is uncertain and his status as a state leader is unclear.[ε]
Umar Arteh Ghalib Somalia Prime Minister (1991–1993) 1930 88 years, 259 days to
89 years, 258 days
2018-10-23[112]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b In 1952, Princess Elizabeth acceded as the monarch of seven Commonwealth realms. She currently reigns as Queen of 16 sovereign states including the United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1983, most of her British colonies attained independence, and some joined the other realms in different years; most states ceased to be a realm upon becoming republics.
  2. ^ By virtue of his position as President of France, Giscard was also concurrently Co-Prince of the Principality of Andorra.
  3. ^ The office of Chairman of the Interstate Economic Committee existed from 5 September 1991 – 26 December 1991. On 6 September 1991 a presidential decree by Mikhail Gorbachev temporarily gave the IEC the same authority as the Cabinet of Ministers, and Silayev became the Soviet Union's de facto Premier.
  4. ^ They were either members of collective presidencies without a clear leader, interim leaders, de facto leaders, widely recognised leaders whose true power was limited or leaders of political entities whose status as sovereign states was unclear or disputed.
  5. ^ The Interim Government of Somalia was a partially-recognised government whose true influence in Somalia was limited.

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External links

  • United Nations—a list of heads of state, heads of government, and foreign ministers
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories