Conner Prairie is a living history museum in Fishers, United States, which preserves the William Conner home. The home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the museum recreates 19th-century life along the White River; the property and William Conner house were purchased by pharmaceutical executive Eli Lilly in 1933 or 1934. Lilly restored the house, opened it to visitors. Lilly appointed resident Vern H. Fisher manager. By 1940 Lilly added several structures to the property, including a still, a loom house and a trading post. After Fisher's 1942 death, Tillman Bubenzer was farm manager until 1977; the farm was unprofitable, depended on Eli Lilly's support. In 1964, Lilly transferred its outbuildings to a charitable trust. Earlham College, a Quaker liberal-arts college in Richmond, was named as trustee. In transferring the property to the college, Lilly provided an endowment for its operation and continued to offer support with the provision that the property would be open to the public.
He transferred 1,371 acres of surrounding farmland to the college, suggesting that Earlham could sell the land and use its proceeds for the museum. Earlham elected to retain the farmland and expand the museum, constructing an 1836 village with funds provided by Lilly for the purpose; the museum grew in scope and popularity, attendance increased by 22 percent from 1975 to 1976. In 1999, tensions began to develop between the board of directors and Earlham about the museum's governance and the college's financial policies; the dispute culminated in Earlham's dismissal of the museum's president and board of directors in June 2003. The Indiana attorney general intervened and, after a lengthy and contentious dispute, a settlement was reached in which Earlham resigned as trustee of the charitable trust, the Lilly endowment was allocated between Conner Prairie and the college, the museum became independent. Conner Prairie has a board of directors, maintains its finances and endowment fund. In 2009, it joined the Smithsonian Affiliations program.
On December 17, 2010, Conner Prairie received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service and a $10,000 prize in a ceremony at the White House. The museum opened its newest exhibit in June 2011. "The 1863 Civil War Journey: Raid on Indiana" documents Morgan's Raid with live action and interactive activities. The museum grounds are divided into several sections where different historical eras are recreated in a living timeline. Staff in historical clothing demonstrate, they explain their lifestyles in character while performing chores such as cooking, chopping wood, making pottery, tending to animals. Visitors are invited to join in the activities; the museum's main building, the Welcome Center, contains the entrance lobby, ticket-sales counter, "Create. Connect", Discovery Station/Craft Corner indoor play area, banquet hall, gift shop; the gift shop sells pottery made by the museum's costumed staff in addition to more conventional souvenirs. Conner Prairie has several permanent attractions and a number of semi-regular events, including monthly programs such as "Taste the Past", a Headless Horseman ride in the autumn, candlelight tours, a country fair.
It hosts American Civil War reenactments, Hearthside Suppers, Christmas events and dinners. Create Connect is an indoor attraction, open all year round, that "Celebrates Hoosier Innovation." This attraction offers experiences such as building a windmill, experimenting with circuits, building a model plane, building a chain reaction. There are many portrayals of the average 1930's household, it is portrayed by blue-shirt staff but may have a first-person interpreter dressed in 1930's costume. Makesmith Workshop's theme changes through the seasons. In the winter, it focuses on textiles, in the summer, it turns to metalworking, in the spring and fall it changes to woodworking. Children of all ages can participate in basic trade activities such as sewing on a button, hammering in a nail, or molding a piece of metal. Safety is always Makesmith's number one priority. Animal Encounters is a functioning barn on Conner Prairie grounds across from the Conner House, it houses more than eighteen kinds of chickens, sheep, cows and horses.
Children and adults can learn about the different aspects of the barn and the animals it houses by using all five senses. The barn will go about activities such as milking goats and cows, collecting eggs from chickens, shearing sheep. Built in 1823, the William Conner House is a two-story, Federal-style brick residence on the terrace edge of the west fork of the White River, it is believed to be one of the first brick buildings built in central Indiana. Seven of William and Elizabeth Conner's ten children were born in the home; the house was used as a meeting place for the commissioners, other county officials, the Hamilton County circuit court of, contained a post office in the county's early days. Conner lived in the house until 1837. William and Elizabeth's children and their families continued to live in the house until its ownership left the family in 1871. During the 1860s, Conner's Lenape children with Mekinges Conner unsuccessfully attempted to gain title to the family's Indiana land. Subsequent owners lived in the house until 1934, when Eli Lilly Jr. purchased Conner's former farm and the now-dilapidated house.
Lilly, president and CEO of Eli Lilly and Company and president of the Indiana Historical Society, intended to restore the house and turn it into a museum. Local architect Robert Frost Daggett and contractor Charles Latham supervised the
Schaumburg is a village in Cook County and DuPage County in northeastern Illinois, United States. It is part of the Golden Corridor. Schaumburg is 28 miles northwest of the Chicago Loop and 10 miles northwest of O'Hare International Airport; as of the 2010 census, the village had a total population of 74,227. In 2018, the Village of Schaumburg was ranked the Best Place to Live in Illinois by MONEY Magazine. In 2017, Money ranked Schaumburg the 9th best place to live in the United States. Schaumburg has one of Illinois's two IKEA stores, it contains the Woodfield Mall, the 11th largest mall in the United States, which at most times has over 300 stores. Schaumburg's transition from a rural community to a suburban city began with Alfred Campanelli's first large-scale suburban-style development in 1959 and Woodfield Mall's opening on September 9, 1971. Schaumburg is bordered by Hoffman Estates and Palatine to the north, Rolling Meadows to the northeast, Elk Grove Village to the southeast, Roselle to the south, Hanover Park to the southwest, Streamwood to the west.
The village of Schaumburg was incorporated on March 7, 1956, but the heritage of Schaumburg dates back to much earlier times when the first inhabitants of the area were members of the Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo Native American tribes. By the mid-19th century, settlers first began to arrive from the eastern United States. Many of the Germans came from a small princely state now in Lower Saxony. Legend has it that one of the earliest settlers was Trumball Kent from New York. Kent, a "Yankee", as settlers from New England were called in the west, farmed property in the northeast corner of the township. Another Yankee was Horace Williams, who owned substantial lands but lived in the hamlet of Palatine in Palatine Township. Ernst Schween settled in 1835 not far from what used to be called Olde Schaumburg Centre, in what was and is now known as Sarah's Grove. Another early settler in Schaumburg Township was German-born Johann Sunderlage. According to one legend, Sunderlage was a member of a survey team that divided Cook County into townships around 1833.
He liked the area so much that, upon completion of the project, he returned to Europe and brought his family and friends from Germany and settled in the area now known as Hoffman Estates in Schaumburg Township around 1836. His home still stands in its original location. Sunderlage and his family occupied their land in the township until the federal land sale of 1842 allowed them to buy the property and obtain the deed. Sunderlage and Kent represented the predominant groups that settled Schaumburg Township in its early days. In 1840, 56 percent of the township households originated from the eastern United States, while 28 percent were German-born. By the 1850s, the population mix had changed to 48 percent German. By 1870, Schaumburg Township had become German. Land records show that most of the property in the township was owned by German immigrants or their descendants; this pattern emerged as many Yankee "settlers" continued to travel west for the promise of newly opened lands on the Great Plains.
The land they owned in Schaumburg was purchased by German-born immigrants. Schaumburg Township remained exclusively under German ownership until the Great Depression of the 1930s; the Depression caused the foreclosure on some German-owned farms which were purchased by non-German individuals and companies. Nonetheless, German heritage remained important in the area. German was the first language of the majority of households until the 1950s. St. Peter Lutheran Church, the community's oldest Christian church, had services in German as late as 1970; the church remains as a museum. Services were first held at the then-existing Rohlwing-Fenz store, at the southwest corner of the intersection of Schaumburg Road and Roselle Road, until their first church building was completed in 1847; the pastor was Francis Hoffman, who walked from the Bensenville area to hold the Christian religious meetings in Schaumburg. He served as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois; when he retired from the church's ministry, he moved to Wisconsin where he operated an experimental farm and edited a German-language agricultural newspaper.
Other people of the area who were notable in the 1840s included Quindel, Moeller, Kastning, Meyer, Thies, Hattendorf and Freise. The original 1842 township survey names the grove as Sarah's Grove. Three families lived near a grove of woods on the northwest end of the township, each family had a woman named Sarah. At a township meeting in 1850, citizens debated new names for the town. A wealthy landowner named Friedrich Heinrich Nerge, at one point during the meeting, slammed his fist on the table and yelled in German, "Schaumburg schall et heiten!". At that point, the township became called Schaumburg; the name was taken from Grafschaft Schaumburg in a part of Hessen-Kassel, now Lower Saxony. Most of the township's German settlers were from Schaumburg; some came from Hannover. Schaumburg Township prospered during its early days; the area's main occupation was farming, with potato growing, dairy products and raising cattle as main sources of income. The land was a large meadow surrounded by extensive wilderness.
Wildlife such as g
Plimoth Plantation is a living history museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts founded in 1947. It attempts to replicate the original settlement of the Plymouth Colony established in the 17th century by the English colonists who became known as the Pilgrims, they were among the first people who immigrated to America to seek religious separation from the Church of England. It is a not-for-profit museum supported by Administrations, contributions and volunteers; the re-creations are based upon a wide variety of first-hand and second-hand records, accounts and period paintings and artifacts, the museum conducts ongoing research and scholarship, including historical archaeological excavation and curation locally and abroad. In the 1624 English Village section of the museum, first-person interpreters have been trained to speak and dress appropriately for the period, whereas third-person interpreters have been trained to answer inquiries that guests may have which those in character are unable to answer while in their respective roles.
At Plimoth Plantation, they are called historical interpreters, they interact with their "strange visitors" in the first person, answering questions, discussing their lives and viewpoints, participating in tasks such as cooking, planting and animal husbandry. The 1624 English Village loosely follows a time line, chronologically representing the calendar year 1624 from late March through November, depicting day-to-day life and seasonal activities, as well as featuring some key historical events, such as funerals and special celebrations. Henry Hornblower II started the Museum in 1947 with help and support from friends and business associates, as two English cottages and a fort on Plymouth's waterfront. Since the Museum has grown to include a Mayflower II replica, the English Village, the Wampanoag Homesite, the Hornblower Visitor Center, the Craft Center, the Maxwell and Nye Barns, the Plimoth Grist Mill. Alongside the settlement is a re-creation of a Wampanoag home site, where modern American Indians from a variety of tribes explain and demonstrate how the Wampanoag's ancestors lived and interacted with the settlers.
The museum grounds at Plimoth Plantation include Nye Barn, where historical breeds of livestock are kept, a crafts center where many objects are created for use in the village exhibits, a cinema where educational videos are shown, a Colonial Education site for youth and adult groups, visitors' center with indoor exhibits and educational programs. The two houses on the Colonial Education site were built by Plimoth Plantation for the PBS show Colonial House filmed in Maine. Following the filming, the museum disassembled the houses and reconstructed them at Plimoth Plantation; the roof of one of these houses, the Cook House, was destroyed by a fire from a fireplace on November 19, 2011, the building had to be torn down. Mayflower II is docked near Plymouth Rock and is under the care of the museum. Colonial first-person interpreters represent the officers of the ship circa the 1620s. At some times, the "sailors" go on week-long trips to experience. Plymouth Colony, history of the Plymouth settlement in North America from 1620 - 1691 Plantation Open-air museum Plimoth Plantation "Writings of William Bradford" from C-SPAN's American Writers: A Journey Through History, broadcast from Plimoth Plantation, March 19, 2001
Gainesville is the county seat and largest city in Alachua County, United States, the principal city of the Gainesville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of Gainesville in the 2017 US Census estimates was 132,249, a 6.4% growth from 2010. Gainesville is the largest city in the region of North Central Florida, it is a component of the Gainesville-Lake City Combined Statistical Area, which had a 2013 population of 337,925. Gainesville is home to the University of Florida, the nation's fifth-largest university campus by enrollment, as well as to Santa Fe College. Gainesville is located at 29°39'55" North, 82°20'10" West, the same latitude as Houston, Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.4 square miles, of which 61.3 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water. The total area is 1.74% water. Gainesville's tree canopy is both dense and species rich, including broadleaf evergreens and deciduous species. Gainesville is the only city with more than 10,000 residents in the Gainesville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is surrounded by rural area, including the 21,000-acre wilderness of Paynes Prairie on its southern edge.
The city is characterized by its medium size and central location, about 90 minutes' driving time from either Jacksonville or Orlando, two hours from Tampa, five hours from either Atlanta or Miami. The area is dominated by the University of Florida, which in 2008 was the third-largest university by enrollment in the US, as of 2016 was the fifth-largest. Gainesville's climate is defined as humid subtropical. Due to its inland location, Gainesville experiences wide temperature fluctuations for Florida, it is part of USDA Plant hardiness zone 9a. During the hot season, from May 15 to September 30, the city's climate is similar to the rest of the state, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms and high humidity. Temperatures range from the low 70s at night to around 92 °F during the day on average; the all-time record high of 104 °F was reached on June 27, 1952. From November through March, the Gainesville area has a climate distinct from much of peninsular Florida with 16 nights of freezing or below temperatures and sustained freezes occurring every few years.
The all-time record low of 6 °F was reached on February 13, 1899, the city experienced light snow and freezing rain on Christmas Eve, 1989. Traces of snow were recorded in 1977, 1996, 2010 and 2016; the daily average temperature in January is 54.3 °F. As with the rest of the state, cold temperatures are always accompanied by clear skies and high pressure systems. Temperatures reaching 100 °F or falling below 20 °F are rare, having occurred on June 16, 2015 and January 11, 2010; the city's flora and fauna are distinct from coastal regions of the state, include many deciduous species, such as dogwood, maple and sweet gum, alongside palms, live oaks, other evergreens. Thus the city enjoys brief periods of fall color in late November and December and a noticeable, prolonged spring from mid-February through early April; this is a pleasant period, as colorful blooms of azalea and redbud complement a cloudless blue sky, for this is the period of the lowest precipitation and lowest humidity. The city averages 47.33 inches of rain per year.
June through September accounts for a majority of annual rainfall, while autumn and early winter is the driest period. Since the 1990s, suburban sprawl has been a concern for a majority of the city commissioners; the "New Urbanization" plan to gentrify the area between historic Downtown and the University of Florida may slow the growth of suburban sectors and spark a migration toward upper-level apartments in the inner city. The area north of the university is seeing active redevelopment. Many gentrification plans rely on tax incentives that have sparked controversy and are sometimes unsuccessful. University Corners, which would not have been proposed without a $98 million tax incentive program by the city, was to be "a crowning jewel of the city's redevelopment efforts", 450 condos and hotel units and 98,000 square feet of retail space in eight stories covering three city blocks, on 3.4 acres purchased for $15.5 million. 19 thriving businesses were demolished in April 2007, but in May 2008 deposit checks were refunded to about 105 people who reserved units, in July 2008 developers spent "$120,000 to beautify the site, so we won't have this ugly green fence."Gainesville's east side houses the majority of the city's African-American community, while the west side consists of the student and white resident population.
West of the city limits are large-scale planned communities, most notably Haile Plantation, built on the site of its eponymous former plantation. The destruction of the city's landmark Victorian courthouse in the 1960s, which some considered unnecessary, brought the idea of historic preservation to the community's attention; the bland county building that replaced the grand courthouse became known to some locals as the "air conditioner". Additional destruction of other historic buildings in the downtown followed. Only a small handful of older buildings are left, like the Hippodrome State Theatre, at one time a feder
Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center
The Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center, formally known as Rancho Sombra del Roble, is a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument located in the West Hills section of Los Angeles, California, USA. Orcutt Ranch was the vacation and retirement estate of William Warren Orcutt, an early pioneer of oil production in California and the discoverer of one of the first prehistoric skeletons at the La Brea Tar Pits; the Rancho Sombra del Roble, Spanish for "Ranch of the Shaded Oak", was a 210-acre cattle ranch and citrus orchard at the foot of the Simi Hills. Orcutt bought the property in 1917, hired architect L. G. Knipe to design his home on the ranch; the 3,060-square-foot residence, in the blend of Spanish Colonial Revival Style and Mission Revival Style architecture, was completed in 1926. It carved mahogany and walnut from the Philippines. Visitors are surprised to find that the design of the home prominently incorporates bas-relief Swastika architectural decoration. Mary Orcutt, William's wife, chose the symbol due to its connection with Native American traditions, did so before the Nazis turned it into a symbol of anti-Semitism and genocide.
President Herbert Hoover, a friend of the Orcutts, visited the ranch. A 24-acre portion of the original estate, including the residence, gardens and citrus orchard, was designated as a Historic-Cultural Monument in January 1965; those 24 acres were purchased by the City of Los Angeles in 1966 for $400,000. The 24-acre city-owned property includes a Spanish-style adobe residence, extensive gardens, oak trees hundreds of years old, Dayton Creek, nature trails, fruit orchards, rose gardens, community garden plots, picnic tables and a multitude of exotic trees and shrubs; some of the more unusual trees found at the ranch are Purple Lily Magnolias, Lady Palms native to Asia, Bunya Bunyas evergreen native to Australia with cones weighing up to 15 pounds ), Cork Oaks, one of the many Coast Live Oaks measuring 32 feet in circumference, believed to be 700 years old. For 53 years, Ernest Conrejo was employed as the property's gardener. Cornejo was hired at age 17 to tend to the exotic trees and plants.
The Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department operates Orcutt Ranch, available to be rented for special events. It is opened up for popular public fruit picks. Citrus Orange Citrus production California Citrus State Historic Park Agricultural Museum List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the San Fernando Valley List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles Mission Revival Style architecture Spanish Colonial Revival architecture Official Orcutt Ranch Horticulture Center website CSUN Library Digital Archives: San Fernando Valley Citrus Fruit Industry collection - online vintage photographs
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Geneva is a city in and the county seat of Kane County, United States. It is located on the western side of the Chicago suburbs. Geneva is part of a tri-city area, located between St. Batavia; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 21,495, in 2017 the estimated population was 22,010. The area experienced rapid population growth in the 1980s and'90s as the Chicago suburbs spread to the west. Geneva is a popular tourist destination with its scenic location along the Fox River and numerous shops and restaurants. There is an extensive bike trail system in Geneva including portions of the Fox River Trail and the Illinois Prairie Path. Geneva has an active historical society, the Geneva History Center, located in downtown Geneva as well as the Fabyan Windmill, an old Dutch windmill dating back to the 1850s. In 2013 it was nominated by Bloomberg Business Week as the best place to raise a kid in Illinois. Geneva is located at 41 ° 53' 9" 88 ° 18' 42" West, 36 miles west of downtown Chicago. According to the 2010 census, Geneva has a total area of 9.994 square miles, of which 9.75 square miles is land and 0.244 square miles is water.
Geneva was first settled in the 1830s on an important route from Chicago. Daniel Shaw Haight was the first settler in Geneva. Haight sold his claim in 1835 to James and Charity Herrington, who were influential in the creation of the town of Geneva. A local's connections with Col. Richard Hamilton, a prominent Cook County politician, led to the naming of Geneva as county seat in 1836; the town was platted a year and was named after Geneva, New York. Before the name Geneva was chosen, the names LaFox, Big Spring, Herrington's Ford were used. A courthouse and jail were among the first major works. Geneva was incorporated as a village in 1867. While its site as a county seat attracted attention, the village's location on the Fox River provided the most economic opportunities. Early goods manufactured in Geneva included cheese, milled grains, packed meat; the connection of the railroad in 1853 provided increased demand for industry, by 1900, Appleton Manufacturing, Howell Foundry, Bennet Milling Co. and Pope Glucose Co. became major employers.
This resulted in major civic improvement projects such as a pumping stations and water mains in 1896. Geneva was noted for its flux of Swedish immigrants, who comprised half of the population by 1900. A year Geneva was connected to other Fox Valley communities through the Aurora and Fox River Electric Company; the Fabyan Windmill is an authentic, working Dutch windmill dating from the 1850s located in Geneva, Kane County, just north of Batavia, off Illinois Route 25. The five-story wooden smock mill with a stage, which stands 68 feet tall, sits upon the onetime estate of Colonel George Fabyan, but is now part of the Kane County Forest Preserve District. On June 4, 1979, the windmill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Dutch Mill; the following year, the windmill was selected to be on a U. S. postage stamp, as part of a series of five windmills in a stamp booklet called "Windmills USA." It operated as a custom grinding mill. Riverbank Acoustical Laboratories is a NVLAP accredited acoustical testing agency founded by Wallace Clement Sabine in 1918.
The acoustical laboratory building was funded and built by Colonel George Fabyan on his vast Riverbank Estate in Geneva, IL. In the facility's early days, It housed a cryptology team that worked to decipher codes from the works of Sir Francis Bacon and enemy military communications, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 2003. Elizabeth Place, or the Henry Bond Fargo House, is a historic residence in Geneva, Illinois in the Mission Revival style; the house was owned by Henry Bond Fargo, a prominent local businessmen who brought several early industries to Geneva. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 12, 2008. Geneva has been home to the Kane County Cougars of the Midwest League since 1991 when the Wausau Timbers relocated to Geneva from Wausau, Wisconsin; the Cougars play at Northwestern Medicine Field. In 2015 the Chicago Steel of the United States Hockey League moved from Bensenville, Illinois to Geneva. Geneva is served by Chicago Midway International Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Dupage Airport.
The city benefits from highways running through the city, including State Routes 25, 31, 38 with easy access to Interstate 88. Geneva is served by the Pace bus system run by Chicago's suburbs; the following bus routes run through this city: Route 529 - Randall Rd / 5th Street Route 801 - Elgin / Geneva Route 802 - Aurora / St. Charles As a part of the Chicago metropolitan area, Geneva has a station on the Union Pacific/West line of the Metra commuter rail system; as of the 2010 United States Census there were 21,495 people, 7,865 households, 5,927 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 1.20% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.90% of the population. There were 8,278 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% are non-families.
20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.1