University of Hawaii at Manoa
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa is a public co-educational research university as well as the flagship campus of the University of Hawaiʻi system. The school is located in Mānoa, an affluent neighborhood of Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaiʻi, United States three miles east and inland from downtown Honolulu and one mile from Ala Moana and Waikīkī; the campus occupies the eastern half of the mouth of Mānoa Valley. The John A. Burns School of Medicine, part of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, is located in Kakaʻako, adjacent to the Kakaʻako Waterfront Park; the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges from the western mainland U. S. and is governed by the Hawaii State Legislature and a semi-autonomous board of regents, which in turn, hires a president to be administrator. This university campus houses the main offices of the entire University of Hawaiʻi system; the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa was founded in 1907 as a land-grant college of agriculture and mechanical arts.
A bill by Maui Representative William Coelho introduced into the Territorial Legislature March 1, 1907 and signed into law March 23rd by the Governor enabled construction to begin. In 1912 it was moved to its present location. William Kwai Fong Yap petitioned the Hawaii Territorial Legislature six years for university status which led to another renaming to the University of Hawaii in 1920; this is the founding year of the College of Arts and Sciences. In 1931 the Territorial Normal and Training School was absorbed into the University, becoming the U. H. College of Education. Today, the primary facet of the university consists of the four Colleges of Arts and Sciences: Arts and Humanities, Languages and Linguistics, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences; the college of agriculture and mechanical arts is now the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, one of the few agricultural colleges in the United States focused on the tropics. UH Mānoa is home to two of the state's most prominent professional schools.
The William S. Richardson School of Law and the School of Medicine are the only law and medical schools in Hawaiʻi, it is home to the Shidler College of Business which has the only AACSB accredited graduate business program in the state. It has the only Doctor of Architecture program in the country; the Center for Hawaiian Studies provides'excellence in the pursuit of knowledge concerning the Native people of Hawaii. Together, the colleges of the university offer bachelor's degrees in 93 fields of study, master's degrees in 84 fields, doctoral degrees in 51 fields, first professional degrees in 5 fields, post-baccalaureate degrees in 3 fields, 28 undergraduate certification programs and 29 graduate certification programs. Total enrollment in 2012 was 20,429 students. There are sixteen students per instructor. With extramural grants and contracts of $436 million in 2012, research at UH Mānoa relates to Hawaii's physical landscape, its people and their heritage; the geography facilitates advances in marine biology, underwater robotic technology, astronomy and geophysics, agriculture and tropical medicine.
Its heritage, the people and its close ties to the Asian and Pacific region create a favorable environment for study and research in the arts, intercultural relations, linguistics and philosophy. Extramural funding increased from $368 million in FY 2008 to nearly $436 million in FY 2012. Research grants increased from $278 million in FY 2008 to $317 million in FY 2012. Nonresearch awards totaled $119 million in FY 2012. Overall, extramural funding increased by 18%; the National Science Foundation ranked UH Mānoa 45th among 395 public universities for Research and Development expenditures in fiscal year 2014. For the period of July 1, 2012 to June 20, 2013, the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology received the largest amount of extramural funding among the Mānoa units at $92 million. SOEST was followed by the medical school at $57 million, the College of Natural Sciences and the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center at $24 million, the Institute for Astronomy at $22 million, CTARH at $18 million, the College of Social Sciences and the College of Education at $16 million.
Across the UH system, the majority of research funding comes from the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, the National Aeronautics Space Administration. Local funding comes from Hawaii government agencies, non-profit organizations, health organizations and business and other interests; the $150-million medical complex in Kaka‘ako opened in the spring of 2005. The facility houses a state-of-the-art biomedical research and education center that attracts significant federal funding and private sector investment in biotechnology and cancer research and development. Research is expected of every faculty member at UH Mānoa. According to the Carnegie Foundation, UH Mānoa is an RU/VH level research university. In 2013, UH Mānoa was elected to membership in the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the leading consortium of research universities for the region. APRU represents 45 premier research universities—with a collective 2 million students and 120,000 faculty members—from 16 economies.
According to the 2010 report of the Institutional Research Office, a plurality of students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa are Caucasian making up twenty-five percent of the student body. Other backgrounds
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles, is a historic Roman Catholic church in El Pueblo de los Ángeles Historical Monument in northern downtown Los Angeles, United States. The church was founded by the Spanish in the early 19th century when modern-day California was under Spanish rule and known as Alta California in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles was founded on August 18, 1814, by Franciscan Fray Luis Gil y Taboada, he placed the cornerstone for the new church in the adobe ruins of the original "sub-station mission" here, the Nuestra Señora Reina de los Ángeles Asistencia, thirty years after it was established to serve the settlement founding Los Angeles Pobladores. The completed new structure was dedicated on December 8, 1822. A replacement chapel, named La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles – for Mary, mother of Jesus or "The Church of Our Lady of the Angels" – was rebuilt using materials of the original church in 1861.
The title Reina, meaning "Queen," was added to the name. For years, the little chapel, which collected the nicknames "La Placita" and "Plaza Church," served as the sole Roman Catholic church in Los Angeles; the facility has operated under the auspices of the Claretian Missionary Fathers since 1908. The building was designated as one of the first three Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in 1962, it has been designated as a California Historical Landmark. The church is a part of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and serves as a neighborhood parish church, as well as a important cultural landmark. Since the 1960s it has been retrofitted against earthquakes, something the original friars knew nothing about, like many other old California missions. Masses are said in Spanish as well as English for the large Hispanic community in Los Angeles. Los Angeles Plaza Historic District Olvera Street List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles History of Los Angeles, California USNS Mission Los Angeles — a Mission Buenaventura class fleet oiler built during World War II.
Sanctuary movement Porziuncola Miller and Harry Knill. California Missions: The Earliest Series of Views Made in 1856. Bellerophon Books, Santa Barbara, CA. ISBN 0-88388-119-5. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Ruscin, Terry. Mission Memoirs. Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, CA. ISBN 0-932653-30-8. "Directory for Missions and other Hispanic Sites". California Mission Studies Association. Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-05-30. Nuestra Señora Reina de Los Angeles — photo gallery Sanctuary Movement — history of New Sanctuary Movement — webpage El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historical Monument — City of Los Angeles
Sacred Heart Church-Punahou
Sacred Heart Church-Punahou is located at 1701 Wilder Avenue, in Honolulu, in the U. S. state of Hawaii. The church was dedicated in 1914, its adjacent Bachelot Hall was dedicated in 1923; the property's rectory was built in 1927. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings on February 6, 2001; the church body was established by French priest Father Clement Evrard. He arrived from Bremen, Germany at Honolulu Harbor on Oahu on March 19, 1864, on the same ship as Father Damien and a number of Sisters of the Sacred Hearts, he was ordained in Honolulu by Vicar Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands Louis Désiré Maigret, sent to Kohala along with Damien. In 1881, Clement was reassigned to Saint Louis College in Honolulu, subsequently started a mission in the Portuguese area of the city. In time, he erected the Sacred Heart chapel. Father Stephen Alencastre, of Portuguese ancestry, attended both Saint Louis College and Sacred Heart Chapel as a youth. After training for the priesthood at Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, he returned to Hawaii in 1902 and was ordained at the chapel.
After Father Clement died in 1909, Father Stephen assumed his duties, commissioned Honolulu architect E. A. P. Newcomb to design a new structure to replace the chapel; the two-story Gothic Revival building, with stained glass windows designed in France, was dedicated November 1, 1914, in a ceremony presided over by Vicar Apostolic and Bishop of Zeugma Libert H. Boeynaems. At that time, the Bishop named Father Stephen as pastor of Sacred Heart. Newcomb and Guylor R. Miller designed Bachelot Memorial Hall, completed and dedicated June 23, 1923, with an address by Governor Wallace Rider Farrington; the hall was named after Prefect Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands. His 1827 arrival established the first permanent Catholic mission in the Kingdom of Hawaii; the 1927 two-story Mediterranean Revival style rectory was designed by Rothwell, Kangeter & Lester, constructed by Walker & Olund. The three buildings were constructed in such a way as to create a private open space with convenient access to all.
The Sacred Heart complex was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Oahu on February 6, 2001. List of parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu Pope, Sarah D.. "National Register of Historic Places: Sacred Heart Church". National Park Service. Retrieved March 24, 2018. Sacred Heart Church – Punahou
Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu
The Catholic Diocese of Honolulu in Latin Dioecesis Honoluluensis, is an ecclesiastical territory or particular church of the Catholic Church in the United States. The diocese comprises the entire state of the unincorporated Hawaiian Islands; the diocese is suffragan to and a part of the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of San Francisco, which includes the suffragan dioceses of Las Vegas, Reno, Salt Lake City, San Jose, Santa Rosa and Stockton. The patrons of the Diocese of Honolulu are the Blessed Virgin Mary, under the title of Malia O Ka Malu or Our Lady Queen of Peace, Saint Damien of Molokaʻi, Saint Marianne of Molokaʻi; the diocese is governed by the Bishop of Honolulu. His canonical seat or cathedra is located at the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace. With his clergy, the bishop ministers to a culturally diverse population in the following languages: Hawaiian, it is one of the most diverse and one of the largest dioceses in the United States, in terms of territorial area which spans statewide and includes unpopulated Hawaiian Islands.
Pope Gregory XVI had divided Oceania into two vicariates apostolic. The evangelization of the Vicariate Apostolic of Oriental Oceania was entrusted to the Picpus Fathers recently established by Pierre Coudrin; the Vicariate Apostolic of Occidental Oceania was entrusted to the Society of Mary and Marists, founded in 1836 at Lyon by Jean-Claude-Marie Colin. Shortly after the disappearance at sea of the Vicar Apostolic of Oriental Oceania, Msgr. Rouchouze and a company of missionaries on the Marie Joseph in 1843, the Vatican canonically erected from its territories the Vicariate Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands. Similar vicariates apostolic were created for Tahiti and the Marquesas. Blessed Pius IX changed its name in 1848 to the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands. Venerable Pope Pius XII elevated the vicariate apostolic to the dignity of a diocese on January 25, 1941, as it remains today; the first Catholic mission to the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was established by the creation of the Prefecture Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands by Pope Leo XII and the appointment of Alexis Bachelot as its first and only prefect, a member of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, a religious institute called the Picpus Fathers, founded by Pierre Coudrin during the French Revolution.
The first Picpus Fathers departed from Bordeaux aboard the La Comète on November 21, 1826 and stopped in Valparaíso in Chile on February 8, 1827. The Picpus Fathers resumed their trip on February 25, they entered port at Honolulu Harbor on July 7. Having been refused entry by Protestant advisors to the king, the Picpus Fathers did not disembark from their ship until July 9, the Feast of Our Lady of Peace. Among the first Picpus Fathers were Abraham Armand and Alexis Bachelot of France, as well as Patrick Short of the United Kingdom, they were joined by six lay brothers. It has been claimed that Fathers Armand and Short concelebrated the first Mass in the Hawaiian Islands on Bastille Day, July 14, 1827, in honor of their religious institute's French heritage, but this is untrue, an anachronism: concelebration of masses was not practiced at the time, since France was being ruled by the restored Bourbon monarchy, "Bastille Day" would not be marked as a national holiday, they performed the first baptism on November 30.
The Picpus Fathers were quick to plunge into the Hawaiian society. They learned the local language, went into the Native Hawaiian community and began preaching to them, they taught the lessons of Jesus from the gospels. Hundreds of Native Hawaiians chose to receive the sacraments of baptism and Eucharist. Among the first converts were William Pitt Kalanimoku, baptized aboard the French vessel L'Uranie by Abbe de Quelen which arrived in 1819, four months after the death of Kamehameha the Great; the royal governors of Oʻahu and Liliha. They would both become pivotal members of the Catholic underground. Christian missionaries were influential in shaping the modern society of the kingdom after the deaths of Kamehameha I and Kamehameha II; the missionaries Congregationalists from New England, baptized the queen regent Kaʻahumanu and persuaded her to create religious policy favoring the suppression of the Catholic Church in Hawaiʻi. Kamehameha III enacted its expulsion from the kingdom. Fathers Bachelot and Short were forcibly boarded onto the brig Waverly by the chiefs loyal to Kaʻahumanu and they left Honolulu Harbor on December 24, 1831.
They landed off the coast of California and worked in the California Missions near the present-day City of Los Angeles. Native Hawaiian converts of the Catholic Church claimed to have been imprisoned and tortured after the physical expulsion of their missionary priests; the persecution was prescribed, according to the Bishop Museum, by the Protestant ministers claiming that such treatment was ordained by God. Commodore John Downes of the United States Navy frigate USS Potomac expressed American disappointment of the king's decision resulting in the brief end of physical harm for the converts. In 1835, both the vicar apostolic and prefect apostolic working from Valparaíso dispatched Columba Murphy, a religious brother from Ireland affiliated with the Picpus Fathers, to evaluate the situation in the Hawaiian Islands. While other Picpus Fathers were denied entry into the kingdom, the king permitted Murphy to disembark from his ship due to his investigative role and the fact that Murphy, a mere
Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace
The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace — known by its original French name Cathédrale de Notre Dame de la Paix, its Portuguese variant Catedral de Nossa Senhora da Paz and its Hawaiian derivative Malia o ka Malu Hale Pule Nui — is the mother church of the Diocese of Honolulu and houses the cathedra of the Bishop of Honolulu in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. It is located at the north end of Fort Street Mall in downtown Honolulu. Another cathedra was installed in the Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus serving the diocese; the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments conferred the title of Minor Basilica upon the Cathedral on May 10, 2014, the liturgical memorial of St. Damien; the inaugural Mass was celebrated on October 11, 2014, the fifth anniversary of the canonization of St. Damien; the Cathedral Basilica was built during Hawaiʻi's missionary era and served as the mother church of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands. It was dedicated by Msgr.
Maigret on August 15, 1843, under the title of Our Lady of Peace or Malia O Ka Malu. It is said to be the oldest cathedral in continuous use as a cathedral in the United States as well as the church in which Saint Damien of Molokaʻi was ordained to the presbyterate on May 21, 1864. For these reasons, the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Though older, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Archdiocese of Baltimore was a co-cathedral throughout most of its history and the Saint Louis Cathedral in the Archdiocese of New Orleans was closed for a long period of time in its history. After some years of persecution of Roman Catholicism in the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiian government issued an Edict of Toleration creating freedom of religious expression; as an act of reconciliation, Kamehameha III gave the first Roman Catholic missionaries under the leadership of Apostolic Vicar Etienne Jerome Rouchouze a piece of the royal estate on which to build the first Roman Catholic church in the kingdom.
The missionaries broke ground for the new church on July 9, 1840. It coincided with the Feast of Our Lady of Peace, patroness of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary religious institute of which the missionaries were members; the missionaries gave that title to their first foundation in the new land. A Mass was celebrated on the day of groundbreaking, when 280 native Hawaiians received the sacraments of baptism and first Eucharist; the cornerstone of the building was ceremonially laid on August 6, 1840. Construction continued after groundbreaking with native Hawaiian volunteers harvesting blocks of coral from the shores of Ala Moana, Kakaʻako, Waikīkī. Down the street, Congregationalist missionaries had earlier begun the construction of Kawaiahaʻo Church. On August 15, 1843, the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace was dedicated, it is the oldest existing building in the "downtown" area of the city of Honolulu. Several bishops in residence at the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace commissioned renovations.
When Louis Desire Maigret inherited the church as corporation sole by virtue of his office of bishop, the interior was furnished with a simple wooden altar, communion rail and pulpit. The floors were covered in lauhala leaf mats; the cathedra known as the bishop's throne, was imported and installed. Throughout his term as bishop, Maigret raised the ceiling, added a choir loft and galleries overlooking the nave and paneled the ceilings with bronze ornaments. Extensive marble work was done with the installation of a French marble altar, it was crowned by a triptych featuring statues of Our Lady of Peace looked upon by Saint Joachim and Saint Anne. The most prominent exterior achievement for Maigret was the installation of the first domed bell tower in the Hawaiian Islands. In 1866, the domed bell tower was stripped from the exterior by Maigret and replaced with a wooden spire topped with a cross. On December 24, 1893, Msgr. Gulstan Ropert dedicated a bronze statue of Our Lady of Peace, hoisted onto a pedestal with plaques on four sides engraved in English, French and Hawaiian with the words, "In memory of the first Roman Catholic Church, Our Lady of Peace 1827 to 1893."
The statue was a recreation of an original 16th century wooden carving still venerated in the Paris convent of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. When Libert Hubert John Louis Boeynaems inherited the church as corporation sole, he idealized the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace to become a beautiful Gothic cathedral similar to the more famous European churches of his homeland, he commissioned the renovation of the cathedral. The first phase was completed in 1910. In 1917, Boeynaems stripped the wooden spire from the exterior in favor of a concrete bell tower with clock; the Gothic architecture did not match the Fort Street surroundings and became too costly for the apostolic vicariate to complete other phases. The Gothic dream died with Boeynaems; when Stephen Peter Alencastre assumed the episcopacy of the Hawaiian Islands, he stripped the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace of all vestiges of its Gothic experiment. The Gothic porch was torn down, the walls were covered in plaster and painted white.
Red Spanish terra cotta tiles covered the cathedral roof. In anticipation for the celebration of the centennial of the arrival of the first Roman Catholic missionaries to the Hawaiian Islands, the Italian g
Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus (Honolulu, Hawaii)
The Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus is a cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church and its Diocese of Honolulu. Located in the outskirts of downtown Honolulu, Hawaii, it is larger in physical size as a church and parish territory than the principal Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, it was named in honor of the Saint Theresa of Lisieux. The original church parish was established in 1931 by Msgr. Stephen Alencastre, Vicar Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands. Construction was completed only a year in September 1932. Reflecting the growth of Catholicism in the immediate community pastor and diocesan vicar general Msgr. Benedict Vierra led a major fundraising effort to replace the church's wooden structure, showing signs of deterioration in 1956. Vierra's efforts were successful and the renovated church was dedicated on August 15, 1963. Having found a need to have a larger space for pontifical liturgies - since the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace had become too small to accommodate the increased population since the vicariate apostolic was elevated to a diocese - Bishop Joseph Ferrario petitioned Pope John Paul II in 1984 to elevate Saint Theresa church to the dignity of a co-cathedral.
A papal decree elevating Saint Theresa Catholic Church to co-cathedral was issued and the church was consecrated on July 28, 1985. Its interior was reconfigured and a second cathedra for the bishop was placed in the church; the Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus is most used for pontifical liturgies such as the annual Mass of the Chrism during which the holy oils used in several of the sacraments are consecrated by the bishop before being distributed to the parishes of the diocese. Ordinations and episcopal installations are sometimes celebrated at the co-cathedral. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Thérèse de Lisieux List of places named after St. Thérèse of Lisieux Media related to Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus at Wikimedia Commons Cathedral Website Diocese of Honolulu Official Website Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway
St. Michael the Archangel Church (Kailua-Kona, Hawaii)
Saint Michael the Archangel Catholic Church is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawaiʻi in the United States. Located in Kailua-Kona on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi, 75-5769 Ali'i Drive, coordinates 19°38′13″N 155°59′28″W; the church falls under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of its bishop. On June 17, 1839, Kamehameha III declared religious freedom in the Kingdom in the Edict of Toleration. A mission named after Saint Michael the Archangel was founded in 1840, the first Catholic Church on the island; the first services were in a small grass hut. Governor John Adams Kuakini gave the land South of Mokuʻaikaua Church to the Catholic mission in 1841; the present church was completed in 1850 under Father Joachim Merechel. He was buried inside the church in 1859. In 1940 Father Benno Evers constructed a grotto of coral from Kailua Bay over the site of the original well; the parish includes the mission churches of Immaculate Conception in Holualoa, St. Peter by the Sea Church on Kahaluʻu bay, St. Paul in Kawanui and Holy Rosary in Kalaoa.
The land beneath Holy Rosary was given to the Church by King Kalakaua in 1876. The main church building was forced to close on September 24, 2007, due to lingering damage from the earthquake in the area a year prior, on October 15, 2006; the parish continued to hold Mass in a tent on the site. In 2009, the parish announced the church would be demolished in November 2009. A nearby building that served as a convent has been demolished. Construction on a new church began in early 2013. In 2009, a book was published detailing the history of the 159-year-old church. St. Michael the Archangel Parish Official Website North Kona Catholic Community Website St. Michael Youth Ministry One Catholic'Ohana Facebook Page