Hugo Emil Alfvén was a Swedish composer, conductor and painter. Alfvén was born in Stockholm and studied at the Royal College of Music from 1887 to 1891 with the violin as his main instrument while receiving lessons from Lars Zetterquist, he took private composition lessons from Johan Lindegren, a leading counterpoint expert. He earned a living by playing the violin at the Royal Opera in Stockholm, he played the violin in the Royal Swedish Orchestra. Starting in 1897, Alfvén travelled much of the next ten years in Europe, he studied violin technique in Brussels with César Thomson and learned conducting in Dresden as sub-conductor under Hermann Ludwig Kutzschbach. In 1903-4 he was professor of composition at the Royal Stockholm. From 1910 Alfvén was Director musices at the University of Uppsala. There he directed the male voice choir Orphei Drängar, he conducted in festivals at Dortmund, Stuttgart and Copenhagen. He toured Europe as a conductor throughout his life, he received a Ph. D. honoris causa from Uppsala in 1917 and became a member of the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm in 1908.
Alfvén recorded some of his orchestral music in stereo late in 1954. S. by Westminster Records. A three-CD collection of Alfvén's recordings as a conductor has been issued. Alfvén became known as one of Sweden's principal composers of his time, together with his contemporary Wilhelm Stenhammar. Alfvén's music is in a late-Romantic idiom, his orchestration is reminiscent of that of Richard Strauss. Like Strauss, Alfvén wrote a considerable amount of program music; some of Alfvén's music evokes the landscape of Sweden. Among his works are a large number of pieces for male voice choir, five symphonies and three orchestral "Swedish Rhapsodies." The first of these rhapsodies, Midsommarvaka is his best known piece. Alfvén's five symphonies, the first four of them now several-times recorded, give a picture of the composer's musical progress; the first, in F minor, his Op. 7 from 1897, is tuneful in a standard four movements. The second, in D major, his Op. 11 concludes with a substantial powerful chorale-prelude and fugue in D minor.
The third symphony in E major, Op. 23 in four movements, more mature in technique though light in manner was inspired by a trip to Italy. The fourth symphony in C minor, Op. 39, of 1918–9 "From the Outermost Skerries" is a symphony in one forty-five-minute movement using wordless voices, inspired by Carl Nielsen's Sinfonia Espansiva. The 5th in A minor, begun 1942, is one of the composer's last works, has been recorded only twice in full. Naxos Records and BIS Records among others have either collections or groups of individual recordings covering all of his symphonies and a range of his works. Brilliant Classics has licensed and re-issued the 5-CD set from BIS devoted to Alfvén that includes the symphonies and other orchestral works; the first rhapsody – Swedish Rhapsody No. 1 known as Midsommarvaka – was written in 1903 and is simply called the "Swedish Rhapsody." It is the best-known piece composed by Alfvén, one of the best-known pieces of music in Sweden. Alfvén's contributions were multi-dimensional and included painting and writing.
He was a talented watercolorist and once thought to devote himself to painting. He was a gifted writer, his four-volume autobiography has been called "captivating" and provides significant insight into the musical life of Sweden in which Alfvén was a central figure for well over half a century. Alfvén was married three times, his first marriage was to the Danish painter Marie Triepcke, married to the painter Peder Severin Krøyer. After his divorce from Marie in 1936, he married Carin Wessberg, they were together for two decades. He married Anna Lund in 1959. Alfvén was born in Stockholm, Sweden on 1 May 1872, he died on 8 May 1960 in Sweden just after his 88th birthday. His nephew, Hannes Alfvén, received the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics; when Hugo Alfvén died, his musical archive was handed over to the University of Uppsala and Jan Olof Rudén was responsible for filing Alfvén's music, trying to create order in the chaos of a total of 214 works. The works of the composer were filed and opus numbered to a total of 54 musical compositions.
Alfvén's works were filed according to a Rudén number along with a catalog for an opus number. Rudén has thereby attempted to classify based on other data. There still exist documents to which neither Opus/Rudén number has been accorded. In the following works below, it may be. Opus number 48 was at least recovered. Opus 7 | Rudén 24: Symphony No. 1 in F minor 1st movement: Grave – Allegro con brio 2nd movement: Andante 3rd movement: Allegro, molto scherzando 4th movement: Allegro, ma non troppo Opus 11 | Rudén 28: Symphony No. 2 in D major 1st movement: Moderato 2nd movement: Andante 3rd movement: Allegro 4th movement: Fugue, Allegro energico Opus 19 | Rudén 45: Swedish Rhapsody No. 1, Midsommarvaka Opus 20 | Rudén
Johan Georg Harmenberg is a Swedish Olympic and world champion epee fencer. Harmenberg was born in Stockholm, is Jewish, he completed two years of study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1975, leaving his course early before returning to Sweden, having been drafted by the Swedish army. He became a biotech researcher, he now holds an MD and a PhD in virology from Karolinska Institute, Stockholm and has been the Chief Medical Officer of Oncopeptides AB since 2012. His son Karl Harmenberg fenced epee for Harvard University, as a junior in 2008-09 won the gold medal at the NCAA Regionals and was selected to All-Ivy League second team, he has won eight total epee gold medals in both individual and team competitions at Olympic, World Championships, World Cup tournaments. He won the World Championship titles in Individual Épée and Team Épée events at the 1977 competitions in Buenos Aires, he won a bronze medal in Team Épée at the 1979 World Championships in Hamburg. Harmenberg captured three Individual Épée World Cup Championships within four years: 1977, 1979, 1980.
He won team titles at the 1977 and 1980 World Cups. At the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games, he won a gold medal in the Individual Épée. In three of the final matches he won by only one touch, he is the only Swede to have won an individual gold medal in fencing. Harmenberg was a member of the Swedish épée team as well. Harmenberg, Jewish, was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1997, he is the author of over 100 publications in scientific literature. Harmenberg co-authored scientific papers entitled "Fencing: Biomedical and Psychological Factors," "Comparison of different tests of fencing performance", "Physiological and morphological characteristics of world class fencers". Harmenberg has since had a distinguished career in medical pharmacology, publishing a variety of papers relating to viral immunology. After stints as VP of pharmaceutical development at Medivir, Chief Medical officer at Algeta ASA, is Medical Director and VP of clinical development at Axelar AB in Stockholm, Sweden.
Johan co-authored Épée 2.0: The Birth of the New Fencing Paradigm, Épée 2.5: The New Paradigm Revised and Augmented. In these books, he describes the new fencing paradigm that he developed with Maestro Eric Sollee, from MIT, which resulted in his victories and a transformation in how Épée is fenced at the higher levels of competition. List of select Jewish fencers Jewish Sports Legends bio Jewish Sports bio Jews in Sports bio "Johan Harmenberg 50 år"
Robert Thore Nystrom is a Canadian former professional ice hockey right winger. He played for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League from 1972–86, he is best remembered as having scored the winning goal at the 7:11 mark of overtime to give the New York Islanders the 1980 Stanley Cup title. This signaled the first of four straight championships for the club, he was among the last NHL players to not wear a helmet during a game. Playing his minor hockey in Hinton, Nystrom is immortalized on the town's wall of fame, he is arguably the most successful NHL player from the geographical area that yielded the likes of Dave Scatchard and Dean McAmmond. His son Eric plays professional hockey for Norwegian Stavanger Oilers and for Nashville Predators, Calgary Flames, Minnesota Wild, Dallas Stars. Born Thore Robert Nyström in Stockholm, Nystrom came to Canada as a four-year-old and starred for the BCJHL's Kamloops Rockets in 1969–70, he was an emotional sparkplug on the Calgary Centennials of the WCJHL for two seasons and was claimed 33rd overall by the Islanders in 1972.
He played half a season for minor league affiliate New Haven Nighthawks of the American Hockey league before being promoted to the Islanders in March 1973, wearing number 5. Nystrom's first full season with the Islanders was 1973–74, where he tallied 41 points as a rookie, garnering Calder Memorial Trophy consideration as Rookie of the Year; as Potvin now used number 5, Nystrom would wear number 23. Over the next four seasons, as the Islander team improved, Nystrom became one of the steadiest two way forwards in the league. In each of his first five seasons he collected over 20 goals, including a career high 30 in 1977–78, while playing a strong checking and defensive game as well, he was selected to play in the 1977 NHL All-Star Game. Nystrom was one of the hardest working, if not the most talented, members of the New York Islanders, who were becoming one of the most feared and respected clubs in the NHL. Although Nystrom, nicknamed "Thor" by his teammates, had developed into a skilled and respected fighter with a physical edge to his game, Nystrom took it upon himself to improve his skating ability.
He took power skating classes, including training with pioneering instructor Laura Stamm and in time, became a fluid skater with strong hockey instincts. As with many of the Islanders of the early 1980s, those instincts seemed to be more in tune when the playoffs rolled around. Nystrom has been known as one of the all-time clutch players in NHL Stanley Cup playoff history, he tallied 83 points in 157 playoff games. Nystrom ended playoff overtime games four times in his career. On May 24, 1980, in Game 6 of the Stanley Cup finals against the Philadelphia Flyers, Nystrom scored the game winner at 7:11 of overtime on an assist from John Tonelli to secure the first Stanley Cup in franchise history. Nystrom was part of the first NHL team to win a Stanley Cup with Europeans on its roster. In 1981, he received an invitation to play for Sweden in the 1981 Canada Cup but was forced to decline as he had not yet negotiated a new contract with the Islanders and hence did not want to risk injury. Nystrom embraced the Long Island community like few others, contributing to various charities in the area and promoting the local businesses whenever possible.
By virtue of these distinctions, coupled with the most famous goal in team history, Nystrom was nicknamed "Mr. Islander." Nystrom continued to be an effective winger through the Islanders' Stanley Cup run, but by 1985, his rugged, aggressive play began to wear his body down. He played only 36 games in 1984–85, managing only two goals, though he matched that total in only ten postseason games. After playing sparingly through the first three months of the 1985–86 season, Nystrom was accidentally struck in the eye by a high stick from teammate Gerald Diduck in practice on January 5. Unable to play due to the severity of the injury, he was thought to have retired, he served as an assistant coach for the remainder of the season. Nystrom had played in 899 regular season games at the time. Islanders' coach, Al Arbour, who considered Nystrom one of his favorites, approached Nystrom prior to the Islanders' last home game of the 1985–86 season on April 5, asked him if he would like to dress one more game, in order to make it an 900 games played.
Nystrom accepted, was added to the starting lineup. He took the opening face-off to a appreciative home crowd's roar. After skating around for about five seconds, he returned to the bench. Nystrom remained an assistant coach the next two seasons served as radio analyst for the Islanders, he was named Islanders Director of Corporate Affairs in 1988 and remained in that position through 1988–89 season, when he took a position as Islanders Director of Special Projects in 1989 and remained in that position through 1990–91 season. He was named Islanders Director of Community Relations in 1991 and Director of Amateur Hockey Development & Alumni Relations in 1992. In 1997 he added the title Director of Corporate Relations remained in that position through 2001–02 season; the Islanders retired his No. 23 on April 1, 1995, although three other players had worn it after Nystrom. Nystrom has a son, drafted by the Calgary Flames as the number ten pick in the first round of the 2002 NHL Draft, he most played for the Nashville Predators
Ellen Aurora Elisabeth Morgenröte Ammann was a German politician and activist, representative of the Bavarian People's Party. She worked for Swedish-German women's rights, was a welfare nurse and pioneer of professional training for social work. From 1919 to 1932, she served as a “landtag” deputy for “Bavarian People’s Party”, where she advocated the professiobalisation of women’s education. In January 1923, together with Anita Augspurg and a delegation of women, Amman called for Hitler to be expelled from Germany. During the Hitler Putsch and several hastly members of government composed a condemnation of the attempted coup d’etat, she continued to oppose National Socialism until her death. Marianne Neboisa: Ellen Ammann, geb. Sundström 1870-1932. Dokumentation und Interpretation eines diakonischen Frauenlebens. St. Ottilien 1992 Manfred Berger. "Ammann, Ellen Aurora Elisabeth Morgenröte". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 20. Nordhausen: Bautz. Col. 27–34. ISBN 3-88309-091-3.
Manfred Berger: Frauen in sozialer Verantwortung: Ellen Ammann. In: Unsere Jugend. 59 2007/H.4, S. 176-179 Bayerischer Landesverband des Katholischen Deutschen Frauenbundes e. V.: Neun Jahrzehnte starke Frauen in Bayern und der Pfalz. München 2001. Gerhard Hohenwarter: Der Bayerische Landesverband des Katholischen Deutschen Frauenbundes. Seine Geschichte und Entwicklung aufgezeigt am Beispiel ausgewählter Frauenbiografien, München 2002 List of Bavarian People's Party politicians
Bo Hjalmar Bergman was a Swedish writer, literary critic and member of the Swedish Academy, sitting in Seat 12 from 1925 until his death. His works form the inspiration for works by several major Swedish composers, including: Wilhelm Stenhammar, Ture Rangström, Karin Rehnqvist. Bergman was born and died in Stockholm, where he spent his entire working life as a postal official, retiring in 1933, he started writing poetry whilst working for the Swedish postal service, his first poetry anthology, was published in 1903. In addition to his postal duties, Bergman worked as a literary critic for Ord och Bild from 1900 until 1904, he worked for the major newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, he served as a theatre critic from 1905 until 1939. Bergman was a close friend of the pre-eminent Swedish novelist of his day, Hjalmar Söderberg, with whom he maintained an extensive correspondence extending from 1891 until Söderberg's death in 1941. Like Söderberg, Bergman's writing was influenced by the decadent movement, in particular the flâneur writings of Charles Baudelaire.
Bergman's early poetry is decadent and disillusioned, being informed by a determinist view of a changing world in which all value systems and all scientific and metaphysical processes of understanding the universe are meaningless. Marionettema, which translates as The Marionettes, supposes that the destinies of men are in the hands of a bearded old man in control of their every move. Like Söderberg, Bergman's worldview gave way to a militant brand of humanism in his works, a reaction against the growing threat of Nazism. Bergman is buried at the Norra begravningsplatsen. 1903 - Marionetterna 1908 - En människa 1917 - Elden 1922 - Livets ögon 1939 - Gamla gudar 1944 - Riket 1952 - Stunder 1969 - Äventyret 1904 - Drömmen och andra noveller 1915 - Skeppet 1963 - Det eviga spelet 1964 - Trasmattan 1969 - Kära Hjalle – Kära Bo
Charles IX of Sweden
Charles IX Carl, was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of King Gustav I and his second wife, Margaret Leijonhufvud, brother of Eric XIV and John III, uncle of Sigismund, king of both Sweden and Poland. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; the Swedish kings Eric XIV and Charles IX took their numbers according to a fictitious history of Sweden. He was the third Swedish king called Charles, he came into the throne by championing the Protestant cause during the tense times of religious strife between competing sects of Christianity. In just over a decade, these would break out as the Thirty Years' War; these conflicts had caused the dynastic squabble rooted in religious freedom that deposed his nephew and brought him to rule as king of Sweden. His reign marked the start of the final chapter of both the Counter-Reformation. With his brother's death in November 1592, the throne of Sweden went to his nephew and Habsburg ally, Sigismund of Poland and Sweden.
During these tense political times, Charles viewed the inheritance of the throne of Protestant Sweden by his devout Roman Catholic nephew with alarm. Thus, several years of religious controversy and discord followed. During the period and the Swedish privy council ruled in Sigismund's name while he stayed in Poland. After various preliminaries, the Riksdag of the Estates forced Sigismund to abdicate the throne to Charles IX in 1595; this kicked off nearly seven decades of sporadic warfare as the two lines of the divided House of Vasa both continued to attempt to remake the union between the Polish and Swedish thrones with opposing counter-claims and dynastic wars. Quite the dynastic outcome between Sweden and Poland's House of Vasa exacerbated and radicalized the actions of Europe's Catholic princes in the German states such as the Edict of Restitution. In fact, it worsened European politics to the abandonment or prevention of settling events by diplomacy and compromise during the vast bloodletting, the Thirty Years' war.
In 1568 he was the real leader of the rebellion against Eric XIV. However, he took no part in the designs of his brother John III against the unhappy king after his deposition. Charles's relations with John were always less strained, he had no sympathy with John's High-Church tendencies on the one hand, he sturdily resisted all the king's endeavours to restrict his authority as Duke of Södermanland on the other. The nobility and the majority of the Riksdag of the Estates supported John. However, in his endeavours to unify the realm, Charles had to resign his pretensions to autonomy within his duchy. But, steadfast Calvinist as he was, on the religious question he was immovable; the matter came to a crisis on the death of John III in 1592. The heir to the throne was John's eldest son, Sigismund III Vasa king of Poland and a devoted Catholic; the fear that Sigismund might re-catholicize the land alarmed the Protestant majority in Sweden—particularly the commoners and lower nobility, Charles came forward as their champion, as the defender of the Vasa dynasty against foreign interference.
It was due to him that Sigismund as king-elect was forced to confirm the resolutions at the Uppsala Synod in 1593, thereby recognizing the fact that Sweden was a Lutheran Protestant state. Under the agreement and the Swedish Privy Council shared power and ruled in Sigismund's place since he resided in Poland. In the ensuing years 1593—1595, Charles's task was extraordinarily difficult, he had to oppose Sigismund's reactionary tendencies and directives. Necessity compelled him to work with the people rather than the gentry. In 1595, the Riksdag of Söderköping elected Charles regent, his attempt to force Klas Flemming, governor of Österland, to submit to his authority, rather than to that of the king, provoked a civil war. Charles sought to increase his power and the king attempted to manage the situation by diplomacy over several years, until fed up, Sigismund got permission from the Commonwealth's legislature to pursue the matters dividing his Swedish subjects, invaded with a mercenary army.
Technically Charles was, without doubt, guilty of high treason, the considerable minority of all classes which adhered to Sigismund on his landing in Sweden in 1598 indisputably behaved like loyal subjects. In the events that followed, despite some initial successes, Sigismund lost the crucial Battle of Stångebro, was captured himself, as well as being forced to deliver up certain Swedish noblemen who were named traitor by Charles and the Riksens ständer. With Sigismund defeated and exiled, as both an alien and a heretic to the majority of the Swedish nation, his formal deposition by the Riksdag of the Estates in 1599 was, in effect, a natural vindication and ex post facto legitimization of Charles's position all along, for the same session of the Riksens ständer named him as the ruler as regent; the Riksdag at Linköping, 24 February 1604 declared that Sigismund abdicated the Swedish throne, that duke Charles was recognized as the sovereign. He was declared king as Karl
Robin Miriam Carlsson, known as Robyn, is a Swedish singer and record producer. She arrived on the music scene with her 1995 debut album, Robyn Is Here, which produced two Billboard Hot 100 top-10 singles: "Do You Know" and "Show Me Love", her second and third albums, My Don't Stop the Music, were released in Sweden. Robyn returned to international success with her fourth album, which brought critical praise and a Grammy Award nomination; the album spawned the singles "Be Mine!" and the UK number one "With Every Heartbeat". Robyn released a trilogy of mini-albums in 2010, known as the Body Talk series, they received broad critical praise, three Grammy Award nominations, produced three top-10 singles: "Dancing On My Own", "Hang with Me" and "Indestructible". Robyn followed this with two collaborative EPs: Do It Again with Röyksopp, Love Is Free with La Bagatelle Magique, she released her eighth solo album Honey in 2018 to widespread critical acclaim. Robyn voiced the character of Miranda in the 1989 Swedish-Norwegian animated film The Journey to Melonia.
Directed by Per Åhlin, the film is loosely based on William Shakespeare's The Tempest. She recorded "Du kan alltid bli nummer ett", the theme song for the Swedish television show Lilla Sportspegeln, in 1991 at age 12. Robyn performed her first original song at that age on Söndagsöppet, she was discovered by Swedish pop singer Meja in the early 1990s when Meja and her band, Legacy of Sound, visited Robyn's school as part of a musical workshop. Impressed by Robyn's performance, Meja contacted her management and a meeting was arranged with Robyn and her parents. At age 14, after completing middle school education in 1993, Robyn signed with Ricochet Records Sweden. Robyn collaborated with producers Max Denniz Pop, who gave the singer a gritty sound, she began her pop music-career at age 15, signing with RCA Records in 1994 and releasing her debut single in Sweden. That year, Robyn's Swedish breakthrough came with the single "Do You Really Want Me"; the singles became part of the album Robyn Is Here, released in October 1995.
Robyn contributed vocals to Blacknuss' 1996 single, "Roll with Me." She entered Sweden's pre-selection for the Eurovision Song Contest 1997 as co-writer and producer of "Du gör mig hel igen", performed by Cajsalisa Ejemyr. In Melodifestivalen 1997, the song finished fourth. Robyn's US breakthrough came in late 1997, when the dance-pop singles "Show Me Love" and "Do You Know" reached the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100, she performed "Show Me Love" on the American children's show All That that year, the songs performed well in the UK. Robyn re-released "Do You Really Want Me" internationally, but it was less successful than the other releases, it was ineligible for the US charts because there was no retail single available, but it reached number 32 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart. "Show Me Love" was featured in the 1998 Lukas Moodysson film, Fucking Åmål, the song's title was used as the title of the film in English-speaking countries. As Robyn's popularity grew internationally, she was diagnosed with exhaustion and returned to Sweden to recover.
Robyn's second album, My Truth, was released in Sweden in May 1999 and subsequently in Europe. The single, "Electric", was a commercial success and propelled My Truth to the number-two position in Sweden; the autobiographical album included the tracks, "Universal Woman" and "Giving You Back". Despite her US success with Robyn Is Here, My Truth was not released in that country. Robyn contributed to Christian Falk's 1999 debut solo album, Quel Bordel, appearing on "Remember" and "Celebration"; the following year, she appeared on "Intro/Fristil" on Petter's self-titled album. In 2001, Robyn performed "Say, she signed a worldwide deal with Jive Records in July 2001, moving from BMG after the singer was "disillusioned with the lack of artistic control had there". Robyn said, "I was back where I started!" In October 2002, she released. The album's singles, "Keep This Fire Burning" and "Don't Stop the Music", received airplay in Scandinavia and elsewhere in Europe; the title track was covered by the Swedish girl group Play, the lead single was covered by the British soul singer Beverley Knight.
In May 2004, Robyn's Best was released in the US. It was a condensed version of her debut album, with no material from her releases. In 2006, after her departure from BMG, Det Bästa Med Robyn was released in Sweden with material from her first three albums; the decade-long relationship between Robyn and her label ended in 2004. When Jive Records reacted negatively to "Who's That Girl?"'s new electropop sound, the singer decided to release music on her own. In early 2005, she announced. Konichiwa Records was created to liberate Robyn artistically, she said on her website that her new album would be released earlier than anticipated, with notable collaborators including Klas Åhlund from Teddybears STHLM, Swedish duo The Knife and former Cheiron Studios producer Alexander Kronlund. Robyn released the single "Be Mine!" in March 2005. Her fourth album, was her first number-one album in Swe