Bundi State was ruled by Hada Chauhans. Chauhan rajput have this branches, it was a princely state in the era of British India, when its relations with the British were managed by the Rajputana Agency. The last ruler of Bundi State signed the accession to join the Indian Union in 1949; the Haraoti-Tonk Agency, with headquarters at Deoli, dealt with the states of Tonk and Bundi, as well as with the state of Shahpura. Bundi State was founded in 1342. On 10 Feb 1818 it became a British protectorate. Bundi's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949; the hereditary rulers of Bundi used the title'Rao' before being granted the prefix'Raja' by the Mughals. A Raja is a ruler of exalted rank but inferior to Maharawal. Rulers of Bundi Rao Raja Bishen Singh. Maharao Raja Ram Singh Sahib Bahadur. Colonel HH Maharao Raja Shri Sir Raghubir Singh Sahib Bahadur. Major HH Maharao Raja Shri Sir Ishwari Singh Bahadur. Col. HH Maharao Raja Shri Bahadur Singh Bahadur; the line is nominally continued Col. HH Maharao Raja Shri Bahadur Singh Bahadur.
HH Maharao Raja Ranjit Singh. The coat of arms of Bundi was a shield depicting a warrior emerging from flames, signifying the creation-legend of the ruling Chauhan clan of Rajputs, created from fire; the shield is flanked by cows representing dharma or righteousness. History of Bundi Kota State Silver Rupee of Bundi Media related to Bundi State at Wikimedia Commons
Morbi or Morvi is a town and a municipality in Morbi district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is situated on the Kathiawar peninsula. In 2011, the town's population was determined to be 194,947; the town of Morbi is situated on 35 km from the sea and 60 km from Rajkot. Much of the building heritage and town planning is attributed to the administration of Sir Lakhdhiraji Waghji, who ruled from 1922 to 1948. During the British Raj era, Morvi State was one of several princely states governed by the Jadeja dynasty of Rajputs, it was classified as an 11-gun salute state. The Machchhu dam failure or Morbi disaster was a dam-related flood disaster which occurred on 11 August 1979, in India; the Machchu-2 dam, situated on the Machhu river, sending a wall of water through the city. 70% of India's, 5% of the World's, output of ceramic items are produced in Morbi
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death on 6 February 1952. He was the first Head of the Commonwealth. Known publicly as Albert until his accession, "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort; as the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He attended naval college as a teenager, served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War. In 1920, he was made Duke of York, he married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had two daughters and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he never overcame. George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of their father in 1936; however that year Edward revealed his desire to marry divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson.
British prime minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain king. Edward abdicated to marry Simpson, George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor. During George's reign, the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated; the parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his accession. The following year, a new Irish constitution changed the name of the state to Ireland and established the office of President. From 1939, the Empire and Commonwealth – except Ireland – was at war with Nazi Germany. War with Italy and Japan followed in 1941, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were victorious in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained king of both countries, but relinquished the title of Emperor of India in June 1948.
Ireland formally declared itself a republic and left the Commonwealth in 1949, India became a republic within the Commonwealth the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth, he was beset by smoking-related health problems in the years of his reign. He was succeeded by his elder daughter, Elizabeth II. George was born at York Cottage, on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, his father was Prince George, Duke of York, the second and eldest-surviving son of the Prince and Princess of Wales. His mother was the Duchess of York, the eldest child and only daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck, his birthday, 14 December 1895, was the 34th anniversary of the death of his great-grandfather, Prince Consort. Uncertain of how the Prince Consort's widow, Queen Victoria, would take the news of the birth, the Prince of Wales wrote to the Duke of York that the Queen had been "rather distressed". Two days he wrote again: "I think it would gratify her if you yourself proposed the name Albert to her".
Queen Victoria was mollified by the proposal to name the new baby Albert, wrote to the Duchess of York: "I am all impatience to see the new one, born on such a sad day but rather more dear to me as he will be called by that dear name, a byword for all, great and good". He was baptised "Albert Frederick Arthur George" at St. Mary Magdalene's Church near Sandringham three months later. Within the family, he was known informally as "Bertie", his maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Teck, did not like the first name the baby had been given, she wrote prophetically that she hoped the last name "may supplant the less favoured one". Albert was fourth in line to the throne at birth, after his grandfather and elder brother, Edward, he suffered from ill health and was described as "easily frightened and somewhat prone to tears". His parents were removed from their children's day-to-day upbringing, as was the norm in aristocratic families of that era, he had a stammer. Although left-handed, he was forced to write with his right hand, as was common practice at the time.
He suffered from chronic stomach problems as well as knock knees, for which he was forced to wear painful corrective splints. Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, the Prince of Wales succeeded her as King Edward VII. Prince Albert moved up to third in line after his father and elder brother. From 1909, Albert attended Osborne, as a naval cadet. In 1911 he came bottom of the class in the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; when his grandfather, Edward VII, died in 1910, Albert's father became King George V. Edward became Prince of Wales, with Albert second in line to the throne. Albert spent the first six months of 1913 on the training ship HMS Cumberland in the West Indies and on the east coast of Canada, he was rated as a midshipman aboard HMS Collingwood on 15 September 1913, spent three months in the Mediterranean. His fellow officers gave him the nickname "Mr. Johnson"; the First World War broke out a year after his commission. Three weeks after the outbreak of war he was medically evacuated from the ship to Aberdeen where his appendix was removed by Sir John Marnoch.
He was mentioned in despatches for his action as a turret officer aboard Collingwood i
Barwani State was a princely state in India. The seat was at Barwani; the state was founded in the 9th century. Although the state lost most of its territory during the Maratha domination in the 17th century, it never became tributary to any Maratha chief. Under the British Raj, Barwani was a state of the Bhopawar Agency, a division of the Central India Agency; the state lay in the Satpura Range south of the Narmada River. It had an area of 3,051 km2 and a population, in 1901, of 76,136; the inhabitants were predominantly Bhil tribals. The forests were under a British official. After India's independence in 1948, the Rana of Barwani acceded to India, Barwani became part of the Nimar District of Madhya Bharat state. Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956. Barwani State was an 11 Gun salute state; the rulers of the State, whose title was Rana, were Rajputs of the Sesodia clan, descended from the ruling dynasty of Udaipur. 1675 - 1700 Jodh Singh 1700 - 1708 Parbat Singh 1708 - 1730 Mohan Singh I 1730 - 1760 Anup Singh 1760 - 1794 Umed Singh 1794 - 1839 Mohan Singh II 1839 - 1861 Jashwant Singh 1861 - 1873 vacant 1873 - 1880 Jashwant Singh 15 Aug 1880 - 1894 Indrajit Singh 14 Dec 1894 – 21 Apr 1930 Ranjit Singh 21 Apr 1930 – 15 Aug 1947 Devi Sahib Singhji Bhopawar Agency Political integration of India Media related to Barwani State at Wikimedia Commons
Bhor State was one of the 9-gun salute Maratha princely states of British India. It was the only state belonging to the Poona Agency under the Bombay Presidency, which became part of the Deccan States Agency. Along with Akkalkot State, Aundh State, Phaltan State and Jath State, it was one of the Satara Jagirs. Situated among the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, the state covered an area of 2,396 square kilometres, had a population of 137,268 in 1901; the town of Bhor, once the capital of the princely state, is located about 51 kilometres south of Pune, adjacent to Bhatghar Dam. The royal palace is still present. Present in the vicinity is the temple of Bhoreshwar, dedicated to Lord Shiva. A temple dedicated to goddesses Janubai and Khiloba is located in Mhalawadi, a village close to the Bhatghar Dam; the Jagir, the forerunner of the state, was granted to Shankarji Narayan for his services as the Pant Sachiv, one of the eight hereditary Maratha ministers, by Rajaram Chhatrapati in 1697. The jagir remained part of the Maratha empire until the 1818.
The jagir became part of the shortly lived Satara state with an agreement signed with the British East India Company in 1820. In 1838-39,the state experienced uprising by the Ramoshi against the British, it is believed. The ruling family of Bhor were Hindus of the Deshastha Brahmin caste, they continued using the Maratha title Pant Sachiv, only assuming the royal style of Raja, were entitled, under British rule, to a hereditary 9-gun salute. The Family deity of the rulers was the goddess Bhorai; the state controlled other historic forts such as Rajgad and Sarasgad. Raja Shrimant Sir Raghunathrao Shankarrao Babasaheb Pandit Pant Sachiv was the last ruler of the state. During his reign,he implemented many reforms such as abolition of untouchability,freedom of association and introduction of representative government, he signed the accession to the Indian Union on 8 March 1948 which ended the separate existence of Bhor state. Bhor Hindu rulers used the titles of "Pant Sachiv" and "Raja". 1697 - death 1707 Shankaraji Narayan Sacheev 1707 - death March 1737 Naro Shankaraji 1737 - death 1757 Chimnaji I 1757 - death 1787 Sadasiv Rao 1787 - death 1791 Raghunath Rao 1797 - death 1798 Shankr Rao I 1798 - death 1827 Pantsachiv Chimnaji Rao II 1827 – death 1837 Pantsachiv Raghunath Rao I Chimnaji Rao 1837 - death 12 February 1871 Pantsachiv Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao 12 February 1871 - death 17 July 1922 Pantsachiv Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao Raja Shrimant Sir Raghunathrao Shankarrao Pandit Pant Sachiv With title Pant Sachiv - - Pantsachiv Raghunathrao Shankarrao Babasaheb "Baba Sahib" With title Raja - - Raja Shrimant Sir Raghunathrao Shankarrao Babasaheb Pandit Pantsachiv "Baba Sahib".
Saurashtra known as Sorath or Kathiawar, is a peninsular region of Gujarat, located on the Arabian Sea coast. It covers about a third of Gujarat state, notably 11 districts of Gujarat, including Rajkot District. Saurashtra peninsula is bound on the south and south-west by the Arabian sea, on the north-west by the Gulf of Kutch and on the east by the Gulf of Khambhat. From the apex of these two gulfs, the Little Rann of Kutch and Khambhat, waste tracts half salt morass half sandy desert, stretch inland towards each other and complete the isolation of Kathiawar, except one narrow neck which connects it on the north-east with the mainland of Gujarat; the peninsula is sometimes referred to as Kathiawar after the Kathi Darbar, which once ruled most of the region. However, Saurashtra is not synonymous with Kathiawar, since a small portion of the historical Saurashtra region extends beyond the Kathiawar peninsula. Sorath forms the southern portion of the peninsula; the Saurastra region comprises the south western part of modern Gujarat state and the districts included in this region are: Devbhoomi Dwarka Jamnagar Morbi Rajkot Porbandar Junagadh Gir Somnath Amreli- rajula Bhavnagar Botad Surendranagar Ahmedabad The region historically encompassed the Diu district of the Daman and Diu union territory.
Referred to as Saurashtra and as some other names as well over a period of time, since the Mahabharata and Vedic period, this region is mentioned again as Surastrene, or Saraostus in the 1st century CE Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Surashtra and its Prakrit name Sorath means "good country". The name finds mentions in the Junagadh Rock inscription dating 150 CE, attributed to Rudradaman I. Prior to this, during the rule of Ashoka, the region was under Yavana Tushaspa, governed by Pushyagupta during Chandragupta Maurya's reign. Vrajlal Sapovadia noted from literature and Tamil Nadu Government record that around AD 1000, a community left Saurashtra region to South India and are known as the Saurashtra people. For a long time, the name Sorath referred to this region. From the 9th to 14th century Chudasama Rajput ruled Sorath with their capitals Vanthali and Junagadh alternatively; the Chudasama Rajputs ruled Sorath longer than any others, until the Sorath area came under Muslim rule. Sorath, a Muslim corruption of Saurashtra, was one of ten prants, but by the colonial age it was one of only four surviving ones, the others being absorbed.
The salute state Junagadh, founded during British rule, its neighbouring states were controlled by the Western India States Agency. In 1947, Junagadh's Muslim ruler desired to accede his territory to Pakistan, but the predominantly Hindu population rebelled. After India's independence in 1947, 217 princely states of Kathiawar, including the former Junagadh State, were merged to form the state of Saurashtra on 15 February 1948, it was named United State of Kathiawar, renamed to Saurashtra State in November 1948. The exercise took up a lot of Shri Vallabhbhai Patel's time to convince the local princes and petty subas. However, Maharaja Krishnakumar Sinhji of Bhavnagar State extended to offer his large and royal empire of Bhavnagar / Gohilwar to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Bhavnagar became the first in the country to be merged into the union of India; the capital of Saurashtra was Rajkot. Uchharangray Navalshankar Dhebar, who went on to become President of the Indian National Congress between 1955 and 1959, became Saurashtra's first Chief Minister.
He was succeeded by Rasiklal Umedchand Parikh on 19 December 1954. On 1 November 1956, Saurashtra was merged into Bombay state. In 1960 Bombay state was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra; the territory of Saurashtra, including Junagadh and all of Sorath, became part of the state of Gujarat. Saurashtra is the name of an Indo-Aryan language of Kathiawar-Saurashtra. Though the Saurashtra language is not spoken in the region now, people of this region who migrated to Southern India - Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh - still preserve and speak the language; the script of this language is derived from the Devanagari script and shares similarities with modern-day Gujarati. The first postage stamps of the state were issued for Princely State of Junagadh in 1864, they consisted of three lines of Hindi script in colourless letters on black, were produced by hand-stamping with watercolor ink. A second issue in 1868 used coloured letters, printed in red on several colours of paper.
The issue of 1877 was the first to include Latin letters. Some of these were surcharged in 1913–14, followed by redesigned stamps in 1914. A set of eight stamps in 1929 included pictures of Junagadh, the Gir lion, the Kathi horse in addition to the nawab. In 1937 the one anna value was reissued reading "POSTAGE AND REVENUE"; the Indian province of Saurashtra did not design any of its own stamps, but before adopting the stamps of India, Saurashtra issued a court fee stamp overprinted for postal use created more one anna stamps by surcharging three stamps of the 1929 issue. Saurashtra has been a flourishing region and rich in natural resources since ancient times, while having gone through several droughts during the 20th century. Water resources and its re
Nabha State, with its capital at Nabha, was one of the Phulkian princely states of Punjab during the British Raj in India. According to the 1901 census the state had a population of 297,949 and contained four towns and 488 villages, its population at the previous two enumerations were: 282,756 and 261,824. Nabha was divided into three nizamats: Amloh and Bawal, with their headquarters at the town from which each is named. More than 54 per cent of the population were Hindus, only 26 per cent being Sikhs — although Nabha was one of the principle Sikh states of the Punjab, the remainder of the population were Muslim. Patiala and East Punjab States Union Political integration of India Media related to Nabha State at Wikimedia Commons