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List of pizza chains

This list of pizza chains includes notable pizzerias and pizza chains. Pizza is a dish of Neapolitan origin and cuisine, made with an oven-baked, flat round bread, covered with tomatoes or a tomato-based sauce and mozzarella cheese. Other toppings are added according to culture, or personal preference. A restaurant or takeout where pizzas are made and sold as main food is called a pizzeria or “pizza parlor” in English; the term pizza pie is a dialectal, pie is used for simplicity in some contexts, such as among pizzeria staff. Boston Pizza California Pizza Kitchen Chuck E. Cheese's Dodo Pizza Domino's Pizza Figaro's Pizza Little Caesars Papa John's Pizza The Pizza Company Pizza Corner Pizza Hut Pizza Inn PizzaExpress Sarpino's Pizzeria Sbarro Shakey's Pizza Telepizza Uno Chicago Grill Vapiano Yellow Cab Pizza Co. Eagle Boys Pizza Capers Pizza Haven La Porchetta 241 Pizza Boston Pizza Freshslice Pizza Gabriel Pizza Greco Pizza Restaurant King of Donair Mikes Mother's Pizza Panago Pizza 73 Pizza Delight Pizza Nova Pizzaiolo Pizza Pizza Topper's Pizza Kro's Nest Origus Jeno's Pizza Kotipizza Speed Rabbit Pizza Smokin' Joes Four Star Pizza Big Apple Pizza Rossopomodoro Spizzico Aoki's Pizza Pizza California Pizza-La Čili Benedetti's Pizza Hell Pizza Peppes Pizza Greenwich Pizza Yellow Cab Pizza Co.

Dodo Pizza Debonairs Pizza Panarottis Roman's Pizza Mr. Pizza Telepizza Alleycat's Pizza The Pizza Company Mario's Pizzeria Pizza Celentano Ask Bella Italia Carluccio's easyPizza Franco Manca PizzaExpress Prezzo Strada Tops Pizza Zizzi List of pizza franchises List of casual dining restaurant chains List of coffeehouse chains List of fast food restaurant chains List of ice cream parlor chains Lists of restaurants

The Downfall of Ibliys: A Ghetto Opera

The Downfall of Ibliys: A Ghetto Opera is the full-length debut album by Manhattan, New York rapper MF Grimm, released on January 12, 2002 on his own independent label Day By Day Entertainment. The album features a variety of producers: Cas, DJ Eli, dminor and DJ Rob A each produce one track, Dr. Butcher co-produces two with Metal Fingers and Count Bass D provides two solo productions and one co-production with Metal Fingers; the rest of the album's production, most of it, is handled by Metal Fingers. Vocal guest appearances are made by Count Bass D, MF Doom and Grimm's Monsta Island Czars colleague Megalon. All the tracks on the album are original, except for "Break'Em Off," which appeared on the MF EP collaboration with MF Doom. Grimm was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2000 for narcotics and conspiracy offences. Paying a one-day bail of $100,000, he recorded The Downfall of Ibliys: A Ghetto Opera in those twenty-four hours. Grimm said in an interview that the album is a lot of questions he had about his life and that his other albums are answers to life.

Studying law while incarcerated, Grimm appealed his sentences and filed counter-suits, with the ultimate effect that his sentence was commuted to three years and he was released in 2003. The album is considered to be an underground classic alongside MF Doom's Operation: Doomsday and Count Bass D's Dwight Spitz; the Downfall of Ibliys: A Ghetto Opera was, along with Digital Tears: E-mail from Purgatory, re-issued in 2010 after being out of print for many years

Czech–German Declaration

The Czech–German Declaration is the abbreviated name of the Czech–German Declaration on the Mutual Relations and their Future Development, signed on the 21. August 1997; the Czech signatory of the declaration was the prime minister Václav Klaus and minister of foreign affairs Josef Zieleniec while the German side consisted of the federal chancellor Helmut Kohl and federal minister of foreign affairs Klaus Kinkel. The aim of the declaration was to improve the relations between both countries and to lessen the tensions still stemming from the Second World War; the Declaration has eight parts. The prologue points out to the rich mutual cultural heritage of both sides and rejects solving old wrongs with new wrongs. In the first part, both parties declare that they both share the same democratic values and a need to take a clear stand on the past. In the second part, Germany proclaims full responsibility for the consequences brought about by the Nazi regime. In the third part, the Czech party expresses their regrets at the post-war expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia and the expropriation and revocation of citizenship of the Bohemian Germans, including the many injustices and suffering of innocents that came of this.

The Czech party expresses regret at the excesses, during the expulsion, that went unpunished. In the fourth part, both sides declare the wrongs committed a problem of the past and acknowledge the other side's right to a different opinion; this passage, though it is a compromise, is among the most controversial parts of the declaration in both countries – the German side declined to acquiesces to the Czech demands to declare the Munich Agreement null right from the start however they acknowledge the Czech right to consider it null. The sentence that "the wrongs committed are problem of the past" caused wide dissent among the Sudeten German organizations pushing for reparations for the expulsion. In the fifth part, both sides declare intentions to support the minorities of other nations in their territory. In the sixth part, both sides declare a conviction that the membership of the Czech Republic in the EU will lead to a rapprochement of both countries and both sides promise that when considering applications for residence or work permits, they will take into consideration humanitarian reasons.

The seventh part creates the joint Czech–German Fund for the Future, to be used to support the victims of Nazi Germany. The final, eighth part is an agreement of both sides that this common history must be researched together and they promise to create a Czech–German discussion forum to breed Czech–German dialogue. Treaty of Prague Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia Brno death march Final Solution of the Czech Question Munich Agreement


Buckow is a town in the Märkisch-Oderland district, in Brandenburg, Germany. The water cure resort is the administrative seat of the Amt Märkische Schweiz and located in the centre of the eponymous hill range, since 1990 part of the Märkische Schweiz Nature Park protected area. Buckow is located 45 km east of the Berlin city centre; the town is situated in a glacial trough between the Berlin Urstromtal in the southwest and the Oder Valley in the northeast, crossed by the Stobber River with its source in the Rotes Luch lowland. The trough comprises several lakes; the town arose at the site of a former Slavic settlement which according to archaeological findings arose in the mid 9th century, its name referring to the Slavic: buk, "beech". The Märkische Schweiz area was part of Lubusz Land held by Prince Mieszko I of Poland in the late 10th century, which formed the northwestern part of the Duchy of Silesia. In 1224 the Piast duke Henry I the Bearded granted large estates to the Cistercian monks of Lubiąż and Trzebnica Abbey and had the lands settled with German-speaking colonists.

From about 1249/50 the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg took control over Lubusz Land rivalling with the Prince-Archbishops of Magdeburg. Buchowe was first mentioned in a 1253 deed issued by Archbishop Rudolf von Dingelstädt, it is mentioned in the 1375 land register of Emperor Charles IV and is called an oppidum in a 1405 purchase contract. Buckow was devastated during a Hussite campaign on 17 April 1432; the House of Hohenzollern elector Frederick II of Brandenburg vested the farming citizens with market rights in 1465. During early modern times, Buckow evolved to a centre of hop brewing; the town privileges were confirmed in 1550. In the 17th century the estates were held by the Pfuel noble family and in 1688 were acquired by the Brandenburgian field marshal Heino Heinrich von Flemming, who had the Baroque Buckow Castle erected, rebuilt in a 19th-century Neoclassical style according to plans designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, was damaged in World War II and demolished in 1948; the extended English landscape gardens have been preserved.

With the opening of the Prussian Eastern Railway station at neighbouring Müncheberg in 1865, followed by a direct narrow gauge railway connection to Buckow in 1897, the town due to its picturesque setting became a popular destination for daytrippers from Berlin and several well-off families had summer cottages erected. The writer Egon Kisch spent holidays here. From 1952 Bertolt Brecht and Helene Weigel had their summer residence in Buckow, where Brecht wrote his Buckow Elegies in response to the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany; the villa today is a place for readings. Seats in the municipal assembly as of 2014 local elections: Christian Democratic Union: 4 Social Democratic Party of Germany: 3 The Left: 2 Pro Zukunft: 1 Buckow is twinned with: Brilon, Germany Łagów, Świebodzin County, Poland Adare, Ireland Theodor Fontane, wrote in the Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg in volume 2 "The Oderland" about Buckow Bertolt Brecht, lived in Buckow in 1952-1956 Helene Weigel, lived in Buckow in 1952-1971 Ralf Dahrendorf and politician, attended a boarding school in Buckow from 1941 to 1944 Media related to Buckow at Wikimedia Commons Brecht-Weigel-Haus


Year 954 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. Spring – A Hungarian army led by Bulcsú crosses the Rhine, he camps at Worms in the capital of his ally Conrad the Red, duke of Lorraine. Bulcsú heads towards West, attacking the domains of King Otto I, by crossing the rivers Moselle and Maas. April 6–10 – The Hungarians besiege Cambrai, burn its suburbs, but they are unable to conquer the city. One of Bulcsú's relatives is killed by the defenders, who refuse to pass over his body to the Hungarians; as a revenge, they kill all their captives. The Hungarians plunder the regions of Carbonaria, they plunder and burn the monastery of Saint Lambert from Hainaut, the monastery of Moorsel, sack the cities of Gembloux and Tournai. Summer – The Hungarians plunder the surroundings of Laon, Chalon and Gorze. After that, they return to Burgundy. In Provence, the Hungarians battle with the Moors from the Muslim enclave of Fraxinet. September 10 – King Louis IV dies after a hunting accident, he is succeeded by his 13-year-old son Lothair III under the guardianship of Hugh the Great, count of Paris.

November 12 – Lothair III is crowned at the Abbey of Saint-Remi by Artald, archbishop of Reims, as king of the West Frankish Kingdom. His mother, Queen Gerberga of Saxony appoints Hugh the Great as regent. Winter – At the Reichtag in Auerstedt assembled by Otto I, his son Liudolf and Conrad the Red submit to Otto's rule, they are stripped of their duchies. King Eric I is killed at Stainmore allowing King Eadred to recover York, reuniting Northumbria with that of All England. High-Reeve Osulf I of Bamburgh is appointed ealdorman of Northumbria. King Malcolm I is killed in battle against the Northmen after an 11-year reign, he is succeeded by the son of the late King Constantine II, as ruler of Alba. Duke Alberic II, princeps and ruler of Rome, dies after a 22-year reign. On his deathbed he nominates his son Octavianus as his successor. Seborga comes under the jurisdiction of the Benedictine monks of Santo Onorato of Lérins. Fujiwara no Yoshitaka, Japanese waka poet Malcolm II, king of Alba Ōnakatomi no Sukechika, Japanese waka poet Otto I, duke of Swabia and Bavaria Wang Yucheng, Chinese official and poet January 25 – Ashot II, prince of Tao-Klarjeti February 22 – Guo Wei, emperor of the Later Zhou May 21 – Feng Dao, Chinese prince and chancellor September 10 – Louis IV, king of the West Frankish Kingdom Abul-Aish Ahmad, Idrisid ruler and sultan Alberic II, princeps and duke of Spoleto Cellachán Caisil, king of Munster Eric I, Norwegian Viking king Frederick, archbishop of Mainz Fujiwara no Onshi, empress of Japan Li, Chinese empress dowager of the Later Han Liu Chong, founder of the Northern Han Malcolm I, king of Alba Nuh ibn Nasr, Samanid emir

Leonard Asheim

Leonard Asheim was a German-American Jewish architect from Connecticut. He was noted as an architect of schools. Born in Germany, Asheim came to the United States, locating in Waterbury, Connecticut, he worked for Joseph A. Jackson for three years, before going to Boston, where he took evening classes in architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, while working days for architects in that city. Asheim first opened his office in Waterbury in 1898, he began to specialize in school buildings, a part of his practice that continued after his move to Bridgeport in 1909. In 1945 he went to New Haven. At this time, Asheim moved to a consulting position. In the 1950s he went to Florida, but soon returned to Bridgeport. At his death in 1961, he was the oldest architect in the city. 1902 - Mulcahy School, Fairmount & Lounsbury Sts, ConnecticutDemolished 1909 - Davis School, 26 Davis St, ConnecticutDemolished in 2012 1910 - Leonard Asheim House, 2345 North Ave, Connecticut 1910 - Sheridan School, 280 Tesiny Ave, Connecticut 1911 - Park Avenue Temple, 1100 Park Ave, Connecticut 1912 - Whittier School, 86 Whittier St, Connecticut 1916 - Mrs. Bernard Blumberg House, 56 Lyon Ter, Connecticut 1916 - Maplewood Junior High School, 240 Linwood Ave, Connecticut 1917 - Fairfield Avenue Fire/Police Station, 2676 Fairfield Ave, Connecticut 1917 - Welfare Building, Washington & Madison Aves, ConnecticutDemolished in the 1990s 1919 - West Side Bank Building, 1460 State St, Connecticut 1921 - Temple Israel, 100 Willow St, ConnecticutDemolished 1922 - Newfield Branch Library, 755 Central Ave, Connecticut 1922 - West End Branch Library, 1705 Fairfield Ave, Connecticut 1926 - Achavath Achim Synagogue, 725 Hancock Ave, Connecticut 1928 - Central Fire Station, 72 New Haven Ave, Connecticut 1932 - Ferdinand Frassinelli House, 33 Eames Blvd, Connecticut 1936 - Milford Courthouse, 14 W River St, Connecticut 1938 - Klein Memorial Auditorium, 910 Fairfield Ave, Connecticut 1939 - Orcutt Boys' Club, 102 Park St, Connecticut