Dolgellau is a market town and community in Gwynedd, north-west Wales, lying on the River Wnion, a tributary of the River Mawddach. It is traditionally the county town of the historic county of Merionethshire, which lost its administrative status when Gwynedd was created in 1974. Dolgellau is the main base for climbers of Cadair Idris; the site of Dolgellau was, in the pre-Roman Celtic period, part of the tribal lands of the Ordovices, who were conquered by the Romans in AD 77–78. Although a few Roman coins from the reigns of Emperors Hadrian and Trajan have been found near Dolgellau, the area is marshy and there is no evidence that it was settled during the Roman period. There are, three hill forts in the vicinity of Dolgellau, of uncertain origin. After the Romans left, the area came under the control of a series of Welsh chieftains, although Dolgellau was not inhabited until the late 11th or 12th century, when it was established as a "serf village" by Cadwgan ap Bleddyn — it remained a serf village until the reign of Henry Tudor.
A church was built in the 12th century, although Cymer Abbey, founded in 1198 in nearby Llanelltyd, remained the most important religious centre locally. Dolgellau gained in importance from this period onwards, was mentioned in the Survey of Merioneth ordered by Edward I. In 1404 it was the location of a council of chiefs under Owain Glyndŵr. After a visit by George Fox in 1657, many inhabitants of Dolgellau converted to Quakerism. Persecution led a large number of them to emigrate to Pennsylvania in 1686, under the leadership of Rowland Ellis, a local gentleman-farmer; the Pennsylvanian town of Bryn Mawr, home to a prestigious women's liberal arts college, is named after Ellis's farm near Dolgellau. The woollen industry was long of the greatest importance to the town's economy; the industry declined in the first half of the 19th century, owing to the introduction of mechanical looms. Another important contributor to the local economy was tanning, which continued into the 1980s in Dolgellau, though on a much reduced scale.
The town was the centre of a minor gold rush in the 19th century. At one time the local gold mines employed over 500 workers. Clogau St. David's mine in Bontddu and Gwynfynydd mine in Ganllwyd have supplied gold for many royal weddings. Dolgellau was the county town of Merionethshire until 1974 when, following the Local Government Act of 1972, it became the administrative centre of Meirionnydd, a district of the county of Gwynedd; this was abolished in 1996 by the Local Government Act 1994. Today, the economy of Dolgellau relies chiefly on tourism, it is believed that Dolgellau Cricket Club, founded in 1869 by Frederick Temple, is one of the oldest cricket clubs in Wales. For nearly a century Dolgellau was the home of Dr Williams School, a pioneering girls' secondary school; this was funded from the legacy of Daniel Williams the Welsh nonconformist of the 17th/18th century. The name of the town is of uncertain origin, although dôl is Welsh for "meadow" or "dale", gelli means "grove" or "spinney", is common locally in names for farms in sheltered nooks.
This would seem to be the most derivation, giving the translation "Grove Meadow". It has been suggested that the name could derive from the word cell, meaning "cell", translating therefore as "Meadow of cells", but this seems less considering the history of the name; the earliest recorded spelling is "Dolkelew", although a spelling "Dolgethley" dates from 1285. From until the 19th century, most spellings were along the lines of "Dôlgelly" "Dolgelley", "Dolgelly" or "Dolgelli". Thomas Pennant used the form "Dolgelleu" in his Tours of Wales, this was the form used in the Church Registers in 1723, although it never had much currency. In 1825 the Registers had "Dolgellau", which form Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt adopted in 1836. While this form may derive from a false etymology, it became standard in Welsh and is now the standard form in both Welsh and English, it was adopted as the official name by the local rural district council in 1958. Shortly before the closure of the town's railway station it displayed signs reading variously Dolgelly and Dolgellau.
Dolgellau is home to Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor. The site it occupies was home to Dr Williams' School, a direct grant grammar school for girls aged 7–18 established in 1875, it was named after its benefactor Dr Daniel Williams, a Nonconformist minister from Wrexham, who gave his name to Dr Williams's Library in Euston, London. The school closed in 1975. Dolgellau Grammar School, a boys' school, had been established in 1665 by the Rector of Dolgellau, Dr John Ellis, at Pen Bryn, before moving to its present site on the Welshpool road. In 1962, it became a comprehensive school under the name Ysgol y Gader, it has 310 pupils and, according to the latest inspection report by Estyn, it has a GCSE pass rate of 75%, which puts it in joint 11th place in Wales, makes it o
Harlech is a seaside resort and community in Gwynedd within the historic boundaries of Merionethshire in north-west Wales. It lies within the Snowdonia National Park. Of a population of 1,447, 51 per cent habitually speak the Welsh language, its best-known landmark, Harlech Castle, was begun in 1283 by Edward I of England, captured by Owain Glyndŵr, served as a stronghold for Henry Tudor. It was built next to the sea, but coastline changes mean it now lies on a cliff face, about half a mile inland; the town has developed housing estates in the low town area and hillside housing in the high town around the shopping street and castle. The two are linked by a steep, winding road called "Twtil"; the exact derivation of the name "Harlech" is unclear. Some older sources claim that it derives from Arddlech, i.e. ardd + llech, referring to the prominent crag on which the castle stands. More recent sources tend to go for a simpler derivation from the two Welsh words llech; as late as the 19th century some texts referred to "Harddlech" and "Harddlech Castle".
This name appears in the mid-19th century translation of the Mabinogion: "And one afternoon he was at Harddlech in Ardudwy, at a court of his. And they were seated upon the rock of Harddlech overlooking the sea." Contemporary documents from the time of the Mabinogion do not mention Harlech, referring only to Llywelyn building his castle "at Ardudwy". An electoral ward in the same name exists; this stretches to include Talsarnau Community. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 1,997; the town's railway station is served by the Cambrian Coast Line. It contains Ffordd Pen Llech, a street which descends the rock spur to the north of the castle, has the steepest signed gradient on a public road in the United Kingdom. Ysgol Ardudwy is the county secondary school for children between the ages of 11–16. Ysgol Tanycastell is the town's primary school for children aged 3–11; the town was until 2017 the home of Wales's only long-term adult residential college, Coleg Harlech known as the "college of second chance".
The premises remain in use as part of Adult Learning Wales - Addysg Oedolion Cymru. Theatr Harlech is located on the Coleg Harlech campus and stages a varied selection of plays and films throughout the year. Other attractions in Harlech include its beach backed with sand dunes and the famous Royal Saint David's Golf Club, which hosted its fifth British Ladies Amateur in 2009; the Rhinogydd range of mountains rises to the east. A World War II-era fighter aircraft was found on Harlech beach in 2007; the discovery of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning has been described as "one of the most important WWII finds in recent history". The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery is not divulging the precise location of the U. S. Army Air Forces plane, known as the Maid of Harlech, but hope to salvage the wreck. Harlech has a Scout hut. A residential street in Harlech, Ffordd Pen Llech, may be recognized by the Guinness World Records as the steepest residential street in the world. In the second branch of the Mabinogi, Harlech is the seat of Bendigeidfran, Branwen's brother and king of the Isle of the Mighty.
The song Men of Harlech is traditionally said to describe events during the seven-year siege of the castle in 1461–1468. ITV Wales & West was known as HTV/Harlech Television. In birth order: Owain Glyndŵr, Welsh Rebellion leader and the last Welshman to claim the title Prince of Wales Ellis Wynne, Welsh-language author Alfred Perceval Graves, poet and songwriter, he and a large family, including his son the poet Robert Graves, spent summers at a large house, "Erinfa", north-east of Harlech. George Davison, photographer Margaret More, was born here. Elinor Lyon, children's writer, she retired here in 1975 with her schoolteacher husband. David Gwilym Morris Roberts, civil engineer, was born here. Morfa Harlech sand dunes Harlech Castle St. David's Hotel Lord Harlech HTV - Harlech Television Harlech Tourism Association Coleg Harlech Theatr Harlech Royal Saint David's Golf Club Aerial photograph of Harlech geograph.co.uk - photos of Harlech and surrounding area
Abererch is a small village and former civil parish on the Llŷn Peninsula in the Welsh county of Gwynedd. The village lies 1 mile east of Pwllheli. A river, the Afon Erch runs through the village; the parish was abolished in 1934 and incorporated into that of Llannor, now the community of Llannor. It is a Welsh-speaking village. There is a primary school, a railway station; the church of St Cawrdaf is a grade. Abererch has a beach, between Pwllheli and Penychain. Parking for the beach is near the railway station. From the beach you have a view of Harlech Castle in the east all the way down to Tywyn and to the west Pwllheli and the St Tudwals. Access to the beach is through a footpath next the camp-site; this beach is ideal for days when the wind is from the north or north west due to the sheltered bay
Aberllefenni is a village in the south of Gwynedd, Wales. It lies in the valley of the Afon Dulas, it is the location of Foel Grochan, a slate quarry which together with Hen Chwarel and Ceunant Ddu formed the Aberllefenni Slate Quarry, which extracted rock from mediaeval times until the beginning of the 21st Century. The Roman road between northern and southern Roman Wales, Sarn Helen ran through the village. Plas Aberllefenni was a mediaeval manor house, but the older section was demolished in the 1960s and only a wing is still standing; the quarry reservoir, Llyn Cob, was once known as Llyn Owain Lawgoch, after the last male survivor of the princely house of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. The quarry tips appear in the No Quarter: Jimmy Page and Robert Plant Unledded video when Jimmy Page and Robert Plant of Led Zeppelin, performed there with their band in August 1994; the village is the site of a field study site for secondary school pupils. Aberllefenni was the terminus of steam and passenger services on the narrow gauge Corris Railway, which carried slate from the quarries for transshipment at Machynlleth.
Aberllefenni Station was used as the basis for Glennock Station on the fictional Skarloey Railway and can be seen illustrated in the book Four Little Engines. Two horse-worked tramways extended the railway beyond Aberllefenni Station - Aberllefenni Quarry tramway connecting the slate mill in the village with the three quarries the Ratgoed Tramway serving Cymerau Quarry and Ratgoed Quarry
Dinorwig, sometimes spelled Dinorwic, is a small village located high above Llyn Padarn, near Llanberis, in North Wales. It is thought that it was part of the territory of the Ordovices tribe, that'Dinorwig' means "Fort of the Ordovices". Dinorwig is famous for its climbing routes as it is one of the main access points for Dinorwig Quarry, it lies at the end of the 83 bus service to and from Caernarfon operated by Express Motors, with connecting services to and from Bangor at Deiniolen. Lodge Dinorwig, one of the most popular cafés in the area, is situated in the building, once the village hall; the village has a long history of slate quarrying. The Romans used local slate for the construction of Segontium, slates from the valley were used in the construction of Caernarfon Castle; the main local quarry was the Dinorwic Quarry, worked from the late 1770s until 1969. After the First World War, cheaper alternative roofing materials became available and production at the quarry declined; this led to a decline in the fortune of the village itself and many moved away to nearby towns such as Bangor and Caernarfon.
Today, the village shares its name with a pumped storage hydroelectric power station, Dinorwig power station. The village is the location of the Blue Peris Mountain Centre, a residential outdoor activities centre operated by Bedford Borough Council and Central Bedfordshire Council. Part of the film Willow was shot in the disused Dinorwig Quarry, in June 1987; the village's population is 200. Photos of Dinorwic and surrounding area, geograph.co.uk Blue Peris Mountain Centre, Dinorwig
Capel Curig is a village and community in the historic county of Caernarfonshire administered as part of the unitary authority of Conwy County Borough, in Wales. It lies in the heart of Snowdonia, on the River Llugwy, has a population of 226, reducing to 206 at the 2011 census, it is at the junction of the A5 road from Bangor and Bethesda to Betws-y-Coed with the A4086 road from Caernarfon, Pen-y-Pass and Pen-y-Gwryd. It is surrounded by mountains including Pen Llithrig y Wrach. Capel Curig takes its name from the little Saint Julitta's Church in the ancient graveyard by the river bridge on the Llanberis road; this confusingly has been known for over 100 years as St. Julitta's Church and is being restored by the "Friends of Saint Julitta". Tradition claims this chapel to be the 6th century foundation of a Celtic bishop. Centuries probably when the present ancient church was built, the name appears to have been Latinised as Cyricus, the name of a 4th-century child martyr whose mother was Julitta.
They are named together as Saints Quiricus and Julietta. The names Capel Kiryg and Capel Kerig were recorded in 1578 respectively. Capel Curig was home to the botanist Evan Roberts. Roberts lived at Gelli, from where he explored all of Snowdonia, compiled an unparalleled knowledge of the plant life of North Wales. Although he spent the first 40 years of his life as a quarry worker, he went on to become the colleague of academics, he was awarded the honorary degree of M. Sc. of the University of Wales, in 1956, at the same ceremony as the architect Frank Lloyd Wright, his portrait was painted by Kyffin Williams. One kilometre from Pont Cyfyng, on the farm of Bryn Gefeiliau, there are the remains of a Roman fort and named Caer Llugwy by its excavators.. In 1920 excavations undertaken by J. P. Hall and Captain G. H. Hodgson revealed a square Roman fort of 4 acres. Stone buildings were traced; the rectangular walled area is on flat land close to the River Llugwy. From the pottery and finds in 1923 and subsequently, it appears to have only been garrisoned for 20–30 years.
The village is a popular centre for walking, mountaineering, mountain biking and other outdoor pursuits and is served by the Sherpa bus network. It is home to a youth hostel, Army training camp, a camp site, several cafes and hotels and outdoor activity gear shops. Wolverhampton City Council have since 1961 operated'The Towers' outdoors activity centre just outside Capel Curig; the centre facilitates walking, climbing, a variety of watersports and field studies on a schedule, adapted day to day according to the prevailing weather conditions and to the abilities and needs of individuals and groups. Located in Capel Curig is the UK National Mountain Centre at Plas y Brenin, which offers the highest quality mountaineering, canoeing facilities and training. One mile east of the village on the A5 is Tŷ Hyll, home of the Snowdonia Society Capel Curig is mentioned in the song Bottleneck at Capel Curig by cult UK band Half Man Half Biscuit on their album Trouble Over Bridgwater. Capel Curig is the setting for the climax of the 1956 thriller.
According to the 2011 Census, 57.1% of the community's population aged 3 years or over could speak Welsh, with 82.5% of the Welsh-born population aged 3+ being able to speak Welsh. 54.3% of the community's population could speak Welsh in 2001. 49.5% of the community's population aged 3 years or over could speak and write Welsh in 2011. As with much of the rest of the British Isles, Capel Curig experiences a temperate maritime climate, with warm summers and cold winters, little extremes of temperature and high humidity year round; the driest month is May, with around 130 mm of rain, while the wettest is December, with more than 300 mm of rain. The warmest recorded temperature was 30.6 °C on 19 July 2006 and the coldest −17.5 °C on 20 December 2010. Capel Curig is one of the wettest in Wales. Record high temperatures during February 2019 were higher than in the average summer: on 25 February 2019, Capel Curig recorded its warmest February day on record, with a temperature of 17.5 °C. This was beaten again the next day, with 18.8 °C.
A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Capel Curig—The Heart of Snowdonia Genuki Geograph Gwydyr Mountaineering Club History of Capel Curig Plas y Brenin—The National Mountain Sports Centre Office for National Statistics
Llandanwg is a village in the Ardudwy area of Gwynedd, in Llanfair community Wales. It is situated on the coast, has a railway station, a medieval church in the sand dunes behind the beach, a Grade II listed building; the village of Llandanwg is situated to the west of the A496 coastal road between Llanbedr and Harlech, close to the village of Llanfair and about two miles south of Harlech. It was a small collection of farms to the north of the river Artro, close to where it enters the sea. Developments expanded the size of the village; the village has a railway station, Llandanwg Halt, where trains on the Cambrian Line stop on request. However a new evening train service was introduced in 2015 which angered local residents when it was found that it would not stop at Llandanwg and certain other halts. There is an accessible, shelving beach at the end of the road through the village, it is part of the Snowdonia National Park. Nearby is Mochras or "Shell Island", accessible by a causeway but only at low-tide.
The Llandanwg Holiday Home Park provides static holiday homes on a hillside above the village with extensive views over Tremadog Bay. The parish church of Saint Tanwg at Llandanwg is situated just behind the beach in the sand dunes just 20 metres above the high tide mark; the church is medieval dating from the 13th century, however there are three fifth to sixth century inscribed stones and two stones with inscribed crosses inside the building which indicates much earlier activity, it has been a place of worship since the Age of the Saints as early as the first part of the 5th century. Much of the churchyard is buried in sand; the church is a Grade II Listed building. The churchyard contains the war graves of a Royal Welsh Fusiliers soldier and Royal Garrison Artillery officer of World War I. National Rail - Llandanwg Halt Good Beach Guide - Llandanwg www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Llandanwg and surrounding area Llandanwg Beach, St. Tanwg Church, North Wales, UK on YouTube