Aberavon (UK Parliament constituency)
Aberavon is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It returns one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system, it is represented by Stephen Kinnock of the Labour Party. The constituency was created for the 1918 general election by a division of the Swansea District. With the exception of the first term, it has always been held by the Labour Party. Ramsay MacDonald, who became Labour's first Prime Minister in 1924, held the seat from 1922 to 1929, its current MP, Stephen Kinnock, is the son of Neil Kinnock, Labour leader and Leader of the Opposition from 1983 to 1992. It is one of the most safe seats for Labour. In 2015, Kinnock only won 48.9% of the vote in Aberavon, against a surge in the vote for the UKIP candidate. The 2017 result made Aberavon the safest Labour seat in Wales. 1918-1950: The Borough of Aberavon, the Urban Districts of Briton Ferry, Glencorwg and Porthcawl, part of the Rural Districts of Neath and Penybont. 1950-1983: The Borough of Port Talbot, the Urban Districts of Glyncorrwg and Porthcawl, part of the Rural District of Penybont.
1983-1997: The Borough of Afan, the Borough of Neath wards nos. 3 and 6. 1997-2010: The Borough of Port Talbot, the Borough of Neath wards of Briton Ferry East, Briton Ferry West, Coedffranc Central, Coedffranc North and Coedffranc West. 2010-present: The Neath Port Talbot County Borough electoral divisions of Aberavon, Briton Ferry East, Briton Ferry West and Cwmavon, Coedffranc Central, Coedffranc North, Coedffranc West, Glyncorrwg, Margam, Port Talbot, Sandfields East, Sandfields West, Tai-bach. The constituency is in South Wales, situated on the right bank of the River Afan, near its mouth in Swansea Bay. Commenting on the 1983 boundary changes to the constituency when moving the 2000 Loyal Address of the Blair Government in Parliament, then-MP Sir John Morris, who would retire at the next general election, said: It is a happy tradition on this occasion to refer to one's constituency and to the people who sent one here.... Whatever may occur in future, I would deplore the loss of the Member-constituency link.
When, after 23 years, I lost part of my constituency, I missed the friendship of two generations. My constituents and I had grown older together. Jones withdrew in favour of Edwards on 13 Dec 1918 Aberavon List of Parliamentary constituencies in West Glamorgan List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wales Politics Resources Electoral Calculus 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report A Vision Of Britain Through Time Richard Kimber. "UK General Elections since 1832 UK General Elections since 1832". Psr.keele.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2008
Wales is a country, part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, the Bristol Channel to the south, it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit; the country has a changeable, maritime climate. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century; the whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party.
Welsh national feeling grew over the century. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining and metallurgical industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation. Two-thirds of the population live in South Wales, including Cardiff, Swansea and the nearby valleys. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector and service industries and tourism. Although Wales shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, a majority of the population in most areas speaks English as a first language, the country has retained a distinct cultural identity and is bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west.
From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the eisteddfod tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team. Rugby union is seen as an expression of national consciousness; the English words "Wales" and "Welsh" derive from the same Germanic root, itself derived from the name of the Gaulish people known to the Romans as Volcae and which came to refer indiscriminately to all non-Germanic peoples. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Britons in particular, Wēalas when referring to their lands; the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. In Britain, the words were not restricted to modern Wales or to the Welsh but were used to refer to anything that the Anglo-Saxons associated with the Britons, including other non-Germanic territories in Britain and places in Anglo-Saxon territory associated with Britons, as well as items associated with non-Germanic Europeans, such as the walnut.
The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales. These words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning "fellow-countrymen"; the use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, different from other peoples. In particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh; the word came into use as a self-description before the 7th century. It is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. In Welsh literature, the word Cymry was used throughout the Middle Ages to describe the Welsh, though the older, more generic term Brythoniaid continued to be used to describe any of the Britonnic peoples and was the more common literary term until c. 1200. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh.
Until c. 1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of these names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales and the Welsh people. Examples include the Cambrian Mountains, the newspaper Cambrian News, the organisations Cambrian Airways, Cambrian Railways, Cambrian Archaeological Association and the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art. Outside Wales, a related form survives as the name Cumbria in North West England, once a part of Yr Hen Ogledd; the Cumbric language, thought to
Blaengwrach is a community near Glynneath and Resolven in the county borough of Neath Port Talbot, Wales. It is the name of an electoral ward of Neath Port Talbot county borough, a larger area than the Community; the principal settlement is Cwmgwrach, a village on the south side of the Neath valley, of which the eastern end is called Blaengwrach, which sometimes causes confusion. Blaengwrach Community is a predominantly upland area, contains the highest points of three local hills or mountains, namely Mynydd Resolfen and the more prominent Mynydd Pen-y-Cae and Craig-y-Llyn, both of which have views of the valley below and the Brecon Beacons in the distance. Craig-y-Llyn is the highest point in the old county of Glamorgan, is home to a nature reserve containing Llyn Fach and a Site of Special Scientific Interest. West of the summit is Foel Chwern Round cairn; the villages of Cwmgwrach and Blaengwrach are on the upper reaches of the Neath Valley, occupy the strip of lowland south of the River Neath, up the lower slopes of the hillside around the Nant Gwrach stream.
The ward had a population of 1,985 in the 2001 census, but 837 were residents of the neighbouring community of Glynneath, so the population of the Blaengwrach community was 1,148. The ward population changed little at the census of 2011; the settlement of Blaengwrach is sometimes confused with the village of Cwmgwrach, the name, used for both the village as a whole, the western settlement. Traditionally, the stream is the dividing line; the Community Council describe Cwmgwrach, as being a village that'is a combination of Blaengwrach and Cwmgwrach'. A history of the village was written by Ian Currie, published in 2000; the village itself was once an active commercial centre, servicing the coalmines, but now contains one shop, a single pub and a rugby union club, Cwmgwrach RFC. Other community facilities include Blaengwrach Primary School, St Mary's Church in Wales, the 13th Afannedd Scout group, the Welfare Hall. For wider services the village is dependent upon Glynneath; the Neath and Tennant Canal once reached to Glyn-neath, has been restored to provide over four miles of walkable towpath between Resolven and Glynneath.
The Vale of Neath Railway was built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel to carry coal to Swansea docks, is still used for freight trains transporting coal from the Unity open cast mine at the north-east edge of the village. In 1996 the single-carriageway road along the length of the Neath valley was replaced with a major duel-carriageway, carrying the A465 trunk road from Llandarcy to Hirwaun in Rhondda Cynon Taf, which transformed the access along the Neath valley; the electoral ward of Blaengwrach includes part or all of the villages of Blaengwrach and Cwmgrach in the parliamentary constituency of Neath. The Blaengwrach ward is bounded by the wards of Glynneath to the north; the ward consists of a built up settlement to the northwest. The central area is dominated by open cast coal mining, while the rest of the ward is ringed by woodlands and forests. In the 2017 local council elections, the results were: In the 2012 local council elections, the electorate turnout was 42.28%. The results were: In 2014, a film called'Valley of the Witch', was released, set in Cwmgwrach, with substantial on location filming.
A low-budget indie horror/witchcraft film, it was written and directed by Andrew Jones, released to DVD in 2015 under the title'Conjuring the Dead'. Www.geograph.co.uk Photos of Blaengwrach and surrounding area Cwmgwrach Public Cemetery transcripts and images St. Mary's Church, Blaengwrach and images
Onllwyn is a small village and community in Neath Port Talbot, near Seven Sisters. First developed by the Romans, the local village Banwen is confined to the Roman Road of Sarn Helen. There are the remains of a Roman Road within the community. Legend has it that St Patrick was born here and taken to Ireland after the area was raided by Irish raiders. A celebration and a march are held on March 17 to mark the event. With over 200 years of coal mining behind it, the parish once had five pits that employed hundreds of men. Now all that remains is coal processing plant. On the route of the former Neath and Brecon Railway, there is a freight only line to the coal washery from the South Wales Main Line at Neath. Onllwyn was involved in several 20th-century coal mining strikes; the political and cultural connections between Onllwyn and the American coal mining region known as Appalachia grew into an in-person cultural exchange in the 1970s. Musical acts were performed at Onllwyn Miners' Welfare Hall in 1976, including a performance by The Strange Creek Singers featuring American musicians Hazel Dickens, Alice Gerrard, Mike Seeger, Tracy Schwartz, Lamar Grier.
The exchange was filmed by Helen Lewis and John Gaventa. Onllwyn was the setting for Pride, the award-winning 2014 LGBT-related historical comedy-drama film written by Stephen Beresford and directed by Matthew Warchus; the movie chronicles the true story of a group of lesbian and gay activists who raised money to help families affected by the British miners' strike in 1984. Commanding views of the Brecon Beacons, this now semi-rural location is popular for retired people. There is a Community College, "Dove Workshops", village shop, post office, pPub, Association football and Rugby union teams; the area's residents refer to the environs under the generic of Banwen, as it is easier to pronounce for non-Welsh language speakers. The electoral ward of Onllwyn consists of some or all of the following settlements: Banwen, Dyffryn Cellwen and Onllwyn in the parliamentary constituency of Neath. Onllwyn is bounded by the wards of Tawe Uchaf to the north; the Onllwyn ward consists of a band of woodland to the south.
Mine workings are prominent in the north of the ward. There are only two A roads crossing the ward: the A4109 and the A4221. All of the settled areas in the ward lie around the A4109. In the 2017 local council elections, the electorate turnout was 4.2%. The results were: Dai Francis, NUM trade unionist and father of MP David Hywel Francis, was born in Onllwyn, took as his bardic name "Dai o'r Onllwyn" Cwmdulais Historical Society www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Onllwyn and surrounding area Tom Hansell, Patricia Beaver and Angela Wiley, "Keep Your Eye upon the Scale," http://southernspaces.org/2015/keep-your-eye-upon-scale
Baglan, Neath Port Talbot
Baglan is a large village in Wales, adjoining Port Talbot, named after Saint Baglan. Baglan is a community and ward in the Neath Port Talbot county borough. In 2001, the population was 6,654. Baglan is on the side of a steep hill and surrounded by two hills, Mynydd-y-Gaer to the north and Mynydd Dinas to the east; the moors and Baglan Bay are to the southwest. The village contains a number of historical buildings such as Baglan House, St. Catharine's Church, St. Baglan's Church; the first St. Baglan's Church is now a shell after a fire in 1954. St. Catharine's Church was designed by Welsh architect John Prichard, an exponent of the neo-Gothic style and dedicated in 1882. Baglan House was one of the seats of earls of Jersey. Baglan railway station is on the South Wales Main Line with trains to Swansea; the earliest evidence of settlement here dates back to the Bronze Age with there being a tumulus called Twyn Disgwylfa on Mynydd Dinas and a round barrow within the hillfort of Buarth-y-Gaer just outside the boundary of Baglan.
There is an Iron Age hillfort called Craig Ty-Isaf on the surrounding hill Mynydd-y-Gaer. The Roman road possibly passed through the village, although the statement that there was once a Roman milestone at the junction of Old Road and Albion Road Approach is erroneous. A Dark Age church was founded here, as can be seen from a few local Early Christian stones the Cross of Brancu, in the vestry of St Catharine's church; the inscription on the Cross of Brancu could be a dedication to Brancuf, or reads as Brancu f. i.e. was made by Brancu or may be Brancu followed by a chi-rho monogram.. According to tradition the church was founded by the aforementioned St Baglan. In the medieval period, the church was rebuilt on the same site; the church burnt down in 1954 although ruins still exist at the top of the churchyard of St Catharine's church. There was a medieval castle within the parish boundary, known by the name'Plas Baglan'; this is sited above the Baglan Brook and is overgrown. Although more thought of as a manor house than a castle, it is a "strongly fortified site, a castle rather than a moated site... a masonry castle that existed by the 13th century".
It did, become a manor house and had literary associations in the 15th & 16th centuries. Several house platforms from the medieval period exist on the hills behind the village. Baglan is home to four sporting associations. Home to Tyn-Y-Twr Bowling Club, Captain Phillip Reese David. Michael Williams, created Baron Williams of Baglan, of Neath Port Talbot in Glamorgan on 23 July 2010. Rob Brydon, the comedian was born in Baglan. Baglan was home to the Harmonelles Jazz Band winners of the 2007 world jazz band championships, they disbanded in 2012. Baglan Bay Briton Ferry Aberavon Sandfields Baglan Bay power station Saint Baglan List of Scheduled Monuments in Neath Port Talbot Media related to Baglan, Neath Port Talbot at Wikimedia Commons
Margam is a suburb and community of Port Talbot in the Welsh county borough of Neath Port Talbot, close to junction 39 of the M4 motorway. Margam was an ancient Welsh community part of the cwmwd of Tir Iarll dominated by Margam Abbey, a wealthy house of the Cistercians founded in 1147.. At the dissolution of the monasteries, it came into the possession of the Mansel family who were succeeded by their descendants in the female line, the Talbot family, a cadet branch of the family of the Earls of Shrewsbury; the parish church continued to operate from the nave of Margam Abbey. Margam Castle grounds contain the ruins of the Chapter House and major 17th century and 18th century monuments; the Stones Museum contains important evidence for the advent of early Christianity in the area. With the coming of the industrial revolution, the parish of Margam became important for two reasons. First, it had a good harbour, developed into Port Talbot, named in honour of the squires of Margam. Second, it had coal deposits, coal mining in the parish took off in the late 18th century.
The combination of local fuel and good transport links from the harbour made Margam an important part of the industrial landscape of the South Wales Coalfield. At first, the coal workers lived away from the village of Margam itself, notably in a settlement at Taibach; however the whole of the parish was submerged by the community of industrial workers. Margam assumed its modern form as a suburb of Port Talbot. Not included in the urbanisation and industrialisation of Margam, were the grounds of Margam Abbey, which were incorporated by the Talbot family into the grounds of their nearby 19th century mansion, Margam Castle; the Talbot family had in the 18th century constructed at Margam the longest orangery in Europe, which still stands. All the land was sold out of the Talbot family in the mid 20th century but it has been preserved as Margam Country Park, an estate of some 850 acres owned and administered by the local council, a major local attraction; the collection of early Christian Celtic crosses and inscribed stones which the Talbot family had collected from the locality, were moved in 1932 into the nearby Church Schoolroom, to become the Margam Stones Museum, now managed by Cadw.
In the early 20th century, Margam became. The electoral ward and community of Margam is related to the district of Margam; the Margam ward elects a county councillor to Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. It includes areas such as Port Talbot Steelworks, Eglwys Nunydd, Margam Country Park, the Margam Suburb, Port Talbot Docks and Margam Sands beach. Margam falls within the parliamentary constituency of Aberavon. In the 2017 local council elections, the results were: Councillor Jones became leader of Neath Port Talbot Council following the election. In the 2012 local council elections, the electorate turnout for Margam was 38.10%. The results were: Port Talbot Steelworks Taibach Margam Country Park Eglwys Nunydd reservoir Kenfig Margam Stones Museum The actor Anthony Hopkins was born at 77 Wern Road, Margam. Peg Entwistle, the Broadway actress who jumped to her death from the Hollywood sign in 1932, was born in Margam in 1908. Alan Durban, grew up in Bracken Road, Margam. Www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Margam and surrounding area: Observation Point: Music and imagery produced in Margam
Glyncorrwg is a village in the Afan Valley, in southern Wales. Glyncorrwg is the name of an electoral ward and a community covering the village and surrounding countryside, in Neath Port Talbot county borough. Glyncorrwg community contains the villages of Abergwynfi, Croeserw, Abercregan and Glyncorwg itself; the population of Glyncorrwg as a community, was recorded as 5,544 in the 2001 census, reducing to 5,283 at the 2011 census. The population of the electoral ward mentioned above was 1,096 only at the 2011 census. Glyncorrwg was once an important coal mining centre, typical of the South Wales Valleys. With the end of the coal mining industry during the 1970s, buildings were cleared away, factories closed and people left the area to find new employment. In 1990 the local community decided to take advantage of the local scenery and complemented it with a series of ponds along the narrow valley. Trout fishing, coarse fishing, canoeing are now popular sports in the area, plus miles of old flat railway trackbed lines and steep mountain slopes providing opportunities for cycling and mountain biking.
Dr Julian Tudor Hart established a famous teaching practice in Glyncorrwg. He arrived in 1961 and conducted a series of epidemiological studies on the practice population - a population of about 1900, stable and which he got to know well, he established a health centre committee with a public health focus and demonstrated that systematic case-finding and regular follow-up produced real benefits. In 1987 he found age-standardised death rates under 65 were 28% lower in Glyncorrwg than in nearby Blaengwynfi over the previous five-year period; this approach, the subject of many publications, led to the introduction of the Quality and Outcomes Framework which rewarded GPs for meeting targets for intervention in the management of disease. The South Wales Mineral Railway reached Glyncorrwg in 1863, it was always short of funds so was leased to the Glyncorrwg Coal Company, which became the Glyncorrwg Colliery Company Limited in 1870. This company operated a local coal mine and needed the railway to cheaply transport coal down to Briton Ferry.
The electoral ward of Glyncorrwg elects a county councillor to Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council and falls within the parliamentary constituency of Aberavon. The ward is surrounded by moorland. Glyncorrwg is bounded by the wards of Blaengwrach in the Vale of Neath to the North. In the 2012 local council elections, the electorate turnout for Glyncorrwg was 56.59%. The results were: In the 2017 local council elections, the results were: In May 2012 it was announced that the Pen y Cymoedd windfarm, the highest-generating onshore wind farm in Wales, had received government backing, that the 76 turbines would be operational by 2016; this was being developed by Swedish-based Vattenfall. Afan Forest Park MacDermot, E T. History of the Great Western Railway, volume II 1863-1921. London: Great Western Railway. Neath and Port Talbot Planning Application P / 2007 / 607 Available at npt.gov.uk/downloads/planning/pa_20070514.rtf St. John The Baptist Church, Glyncorrwg www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Glyncorrwg and surrounding area Boundaries of the community of Glyncorrwg