SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Saints and Sinners Literary Festival

Saints and Sinners is an alternative literary festival specializing in LGBT literature, held in various locations around the world-famous French Quarter neighborhood in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana each March. Founded by Paul J. Willis in 2002 as a way to promote information about HIV and AIDS in literature and Sinners has since expanded to include works of fiction and nonfiction relating to gay, lesbian and transgender issues; the Festival provides a forum for the dissemination of ideas and promotes those writers and publishers within the community who have brought the issues of LGBT individuals to the forefront. Workshops and discussion panels are hosted where authors can discuss their works for future and emerging authors as well as fans; the festival launched the Jim Duggins Outstanding Mid-Career Novelists' Prize, a prize to honour a noted LGBT writer's body of work, in 2007. The award was subsequently taken over by the Lambda Literary Awards program in 2011. Past participants in the Saints and Sinners Literary Festival include Dorothy Allison, Poppy Z. Brite, Patrick Califia, 1999 Pulitzer Prize-winner Michael Cunningham, 2008 National Book Award winner Mark Doty, Amie M. Evans, Jewelle Gomez, Greg Herren, William J. Mann, Jeff Mann, Martin Pousson, Michelle Tea, Scissor Sisters front man Jake Shears, among many others.

Saints and Sinners benefits the NO/AIDS Task Force and was designed as an innovative way to reach the community with information about HIV/AIDS the development of prevention messages via the writers and spokespeople of the LGBT community. Participants provide support to the literary community, the NO/AIDS Task Force, the economy of the City of New Orleans; the Tennessee Williams/ New Orleans Literary Festival coordinates the event and provides the staff and resources to make the Saints and Sinners Literary Festival possible. In addition, The Haworth Press Inc. serves as a major sponsor of Sinners. Saints and Sinners Literary Festival website

William McKenzie (missionary)

William John McKenzie was a Canadian missionary to Korea. He was born at West Bay, Cape Breton Island and studied at Pictou Academy, Dalhousie College, the Presbyterian College in Halifax, he served as a missionary to Labrador in 1888-89, was ordained as a minister of the Presbyterian Church of Canada in 1891. McKenzie resolved to go to Korea as a missionary, but he was unable to obtain denominational support, so he went as an independent missionary, he arrived in Korea on 12 December 1893. He witnessed both the First Sino-Japanese War. McKenzie worked in Songchon "completely isolated from Westerners... he dressed as a Korean scholar, ate only Korean food and set up residence in a Korean house sleeping on the traditional Korean ondol." McKenzie instilled a self-supporting spirit in the Korean Christians. He started a school which taught boys and girls together, "an unheard practice in a Confucian society."In June 1895, McKenzie became ill from sunstroke and typhus, shot himself. Young-sik Yoo cites the American medical missionary, J. Hunter Wells: About the first duty as a doctor I was called upon to perform was to investigate the suicide of Mr. McKenzie, possessed of the erroneous idea of the appropriateness of isolation, Korean food and so forth... when he shot himself he was a victim to the'isolation-exile' theory.

McKenzie's suicide is omitted in biographical descriptions. Elizabeth McCully's 1903 biography A Corn of Wheat makes no mention of it, but says: Through that hard night and the Sabbath morning following, he fought bravely for life. While Mr. Saw and the other Christians were at morning service and a young boy watched beside him, death came. W. Hamish Ion suggests that McKenzie's death "became part of the mythology surrounding missionary work in Korea," and that to Presbyterians in the Maritimes, he had "died a martyr's death." Yoo notes that His suicide in 1895, after less than two years in the field, prompted the Presbyterian Church Council of the Maritime to assume stricter control over the movement. From this time onwards, only "regular", i.e. officially-sanctioned, missionaries were dispatched to Korea. This change marked the formal beginning of organized Canadian Presbyterian mission work in Korea, which started in 1898