List of political parties in Finland

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This article lists the political parties in Finland.

Finland has a strong multi-party system with coalition governments usually formed by the largest party. Parties which are not in the national government are called the opposition. Parties work in parliamentary groups (eduskuntaryhmä) in parliament, usually voting with party discipline, which is however not absolute.

Parties are composed of local chapters based in municipalities. In municipalities, which are fundamental administrative units of the country, parties hold seats in the municipal council, but often have to compete for them with local non-party groups. Unlike in the national government, where there is a government and an opposition, municipal boards are selected proportionally.

The party system has been rather stable since the establishment of the Parliament in 1906 and Finnish independence in 1917, as parties founded then or their breakoff factions have consistently held the overwhelming majority in the parliament. The establishment of the Green League is an exception.

Registered parties[edit]

According to Finnish law, a political association that fulfills certain conditions is eligible to become an officially registered party.[citation needed] A registered party may nominate candidates in all national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 signatures from supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a voluntary association has a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Name Ideology MPs MEPs Leader Founded
Centre Party
KESK Centrism
Social liberalism
49 3 Juha Sipilä 1906
National Coalition Party
KOK Liberalism
Liberal conservatism
38 3 Petteri Orpo 1918
Social Democratic Party
Sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Socialdemokratiska parti
SDP Social democracy 35 2 Antti Rinne 1899
Blue Reform
Sininen tulevaisuus
Blå framtid
SIN Conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
19 0 Sampo Terho 2017
Finns Party
PS Finnish nationalism
Right-wing populism
17 2 Jussi Halla-aho 1995
Green League
Vihreä liitto
Gröna förbundet
VIHR Green politics
15 1 Touko Aalto 1987
Left Alliance
VAS Democratic socialism
12 1 Li Andersson 1990
Swedish People's Party
Svenska folkpartiet
Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
RKP Social liberalism
Swedo-Finnish interests
10 1 Anna-Maja Henriksson 1906
Christian Democrats
KD Christian democracy
Social conservatism
5 0 Sari Essayah 1958

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Those parties that have received neither a seat in the Parliament of Finland nor in the European Parliament, but which are registered political parties, are listed below.

Name Ideology Leader Founded
Feminist Party
Feministinen puolue
Feministiska partiet
FP Feminism Katju Aro
Warda Ahmed
Katriina Rosavaara
Independence Party
IPU Euroscepticism
Economic democracy
Henri Aitakari 1994
Communist Party
Kommunistinen Puolue
Kommunistiska Parti
SKP Communism Juha-Pekka Väisänen 1994
Communist Workers' Party
Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue
Kommunistiska Arbetarpartiet
KTP Communism
Hannu Harju 1988
Pirate Party
PP Pirate politics
Social liberalism
Jonna Purojärvi 2008
Liberal Party
LIB Classical liberalism Juhani Kähärä 2016
Animal Justice Party
EOP Animal rights Saana-Maria Majatie 2016
Citizens' Party
KP Centrism Sami Kilpeläinen 2016


Unregistered parties[edit]

Name Founded
Blue and White Front 2009
Change 2011 2009
Finnish Islamic Party 2007
For the Poor 2002
Workers' Party of Finland 1999
Liike Nyt 2018

Historical political parties[edit]

Parties in parliament[edit]

Parties outside parliament[edit]

Election campaign stations for the Pirate Party and Independence Party, Narinkka, Helsinki.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Puolueiden nimet ja lyhenteet". Kielitoimiston ohjepankki (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-03-20. 

External links[edit]