List of political parties in Finland

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This article lists political parties in Finland.

Finland has a strong multi-party system with coalition governments formed usually by the largest party. Parties which are not in government are called the opposition.

The party system has been rather stable since the establishment of the parliament in 1906 and Finnish independence in 1917, as parties founded then or their breakoff factions have consistently held the overwhelming majority in the parliament, the establishment of the Green League is an exception.

Registered parties[edit]

According to Finnish law, a political association that fulfills certain conditions is eligible to become an officially registered party. A registered party may nominate candidates in all national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 signatures from supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consequtive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a voluntary association has a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Name Ideology MPs MEPs Leader Founded
Centre Party
Keskusta
Centern
KESK Centrism
Social liberalism
49 3 Juha Sipilä 1906
National Coalition Party
Kansallinen kokoomus
Samlingspartiet
KOK Liberalism
Liberal conservatism
38 3 Petteri Orpo 1918
Social Democratic Party
Sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Socialdemokratiska parti
SDP Social democracy 35 2 Antti Rinne 1899
Blue Reform
Sininen tulevaisuus
Blå framtid
SIN Conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
19 0 Sampo Terho 2017
Finns Party
Perussuomalaiset
Sannfinländarna
PS Finnish nationalism
Right-wing populism
17 2 Jussi Halla-aho 1995
Green League
Vihreä liitto
Gröna förbundet
VIHR Green politics
Pro-Europeanism
15 1 Touko Aalto 1987
Left Alliance
Vasemmistoliitto
Vänsterförbundet
VAS Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
12 1 Li Andersson 1990
Swedish People's Party
Svenska folkpartiet
Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
RKP Social liberalism
Swedo-Finnish interests
10 1 Anna-Maja Henriksson 1906
Christian Democrats
Kristillisdemokraatit
Kristdemokraterna
KD Christian democracy
Social conservatism
5 0 Sari Essayah 1958

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Those parties that have received neither a seat in eduskunta nor in the European Parliament, but which are registered political parties, are listed below.

Name Ideology Leader Founded
Feminist Party
Feministinen puolue
Feministiska partiet
FP Feminism Katju Aro
Warda Ahmed
Katriina Rosavaara
2016
Independence Party
Itsenäisyyspuolue
Självständighetspartiet
IPU Euroscepticism
Economic democracy
Henri Aitakari 1994
Communist Party
Kommunistinen Puolue
Kommunistiska Parti
SKP Communism
Marxism
Juha-Pekka Väisänen 1994
Communist Workers' Party
Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue
Kommunistiska Arbetarpartiet
KTP Communism
Marxism-leninism
Hannu Harju 1988
Pirate Party
Piraattipuolue
Piratpartiet
PP Pirate politics
Social liberalism
Jonna Purojärvi 2008
Liberal Party
Liberaalipuolue
Liberalpartiet
LIB Classical liberalism Juhani Kähärä 2016
Animal Justice Party
Eläinoikeuspuolue
Djurrättspartiet
EOP Animal rights Saana-Maria Majatie 2016
Citizens' Party
Kansalaispuolue
Medborgarpartiet
KP Centrism Sami Kilpeläinen 2016

Unregistered parties[edit]

Historical political parties[edit]

Parties in parliament[edit]

Parties outside parliament[edit]

Election campaign stations for the Pirate Party and Independence Party, Narinkka, Helsinki.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]