List of political parties in France

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France has a multi-party political system: one in which the number of competing political parties is sufficiently large as to make it almost inevitable that in order to participate in the exercise of power any single party must be prepared to negotiate with one or more others with a view to forming electoral alliances and/or coalition agreements.

The dominant French political parties are also characterised by a noticeable degree of intra-party factionalism, making each of them effectively a coalition in itself.

Up until recently, the government of France had alternated between two rather stable coalitions:

This was the case until the 2017 presidential election, when Emmanuel Macron of liberal La République En Marche! defeated Marine Le Pen of right-wing National Rally in the second round. This was the first time in which a third party had won the presidency, as well as the first time that neither of the major coalitions had appeared in the second round of a presidential election; this was followed shortly by a significant victory for LREM in the 2017 legislative election, winning a majority of 350 seats. Both the traditional coalitions suffered major defeats.

National Rally (previously known as the National Front before a name change in 2018) has also experienced significant successes in other elections. Since 2014, the party has established itself as the third sizable party, finishing in first place in the 2014 and 2019 European elections as well as in the 2015 local elections[1], though the party failed to win government in any regions due to the last-ditch alliance between the centre-left and the centre-right coalitions in Hauts-de-France and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.[2] Many political observers now describe a new "tripartisme" (English: tripartism) in the French political landscape.[3][4][5]

Elected parties[edit]

Major nationwide represented parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Political Position Ideology
REM: La République En Marche! None Stanislas Guerini National Assembly:
303 / 577
Senate:
21 / 348
European Parliament:
11 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, economic liberalism, pro-Europeanism, big tent
LR: The Republicans

(See also, UMP & RPR.)
None Laurent Wauquiez National Assembly:
97 / 577
Senate:
142 / 348
European Parliament:
7 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
7 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
44 / 101
Centre-right The Strong Right: Sarkozysm, social conservatism, Christian democracy


The Social Right: Gaullism, pro-Europeanism


Modern and Humanist France: Economic liberalism, Christian democracy, pro-Europeanism


Gaullism, a way forward for France: Gaullism, souverainism, Christian democracy


The Popular Right: Souverainism, protectionism, euroscepticism, economic liberalism, social conservatism, liberal conservatism

PS: Socialist Party New Left Olivier Faure National Assembly:
25 / 577
Senate:
86 / 348
European Parliament:
2 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
5 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
27 / 101
Centre-left Mobilise the French People for a Successful Change: Social democracy, social liberalism, pro-Europeanism


Now the Left: Democratic socialism, social democracy, pro-Europeanism

Other nationwide represented parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Political Position Ideology
MoDem: Democratic Movement None François Bayrou National Assembly:
39 / 577
Senate:
6 / 348
European Parliament:
5 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
1 / 101
Centre to Centre-right Centrism, Liberalism, Social liberalism, Christian democracy
FI: La France Insoumise None Jean-Luc Mélenchon National Assembly:
17 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
5 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing to far-left Democratic socialism, Eco-socialism, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism, Alter-globalisation, Soft Euroscepticism
PCF: French Communist Party Left Front Pierre Laurent National Assembly:
10 / 577
Senate:
18 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
1 / 101
Left-wing (since 1977, far-left previously) Communism, Soft Euroscepticism
RN: National Rally including Jeanne (party) Rassemblement bleu Marine Marine Le Pen National Assembly:
6 / 577
Senate:
2 / 348
European Parliament:
20 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing to Far-right French nationalism, National conservatism, Souverainism, Protectionism, Right-wing populism, Anti-immigration, Hard Euroscepticism
MR: Radical Movement None Laurent Hénart Sylvia Pinel National Assembly:
10 / 577
Senate:
19 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism
LC: The Centrists Union of Democrats and Independents Hervé Morin National Assembly:
5 / 577
Senate:
9 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Centre-right Centrism, Conservative liberalism, Christian democracy
FED: Democratic European Force Union of Democrats and Independents Jean-Christophe Lagarde National Assembly:
2 / 577
Senate:
4 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-right Centrism, Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Christian democracy
LGM: Modern Left Union of Democrats and Independents Jean-Marie Bockel National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Social liberalism
MdP: Movement of Progressives None Robert Hue National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Democratic socialism
DLF: Debout la France None Nicolas Dupont-Aignan National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing French nationalism, National conservatism, Gaullism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism
AC: Centrist Alliance None Jean Arthuis National Assembly:
2 / 577
Senate:
9 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Centrism
MRC: Citizen and Republican Movement None Jean-Luc Laurent National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Republicanism, Souverainism, Democratic socialism, Euroscepticism, Protectionism
LRC-Cap21: Citizenship, Action, Participation for the 21st Century None Corinne Lepage National Assembly:
4 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Centre-left Environmentalism, Green liberalism, Direct democracy, Humanism, Eurorealism
EELV: Europe Ecology – The Greens None David Cormand National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
10 / 348
European Parliament:
9 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-left Green politics
PG: Left Party Left Front Eric Coquerel and Danielle Simonnet National Assembly:
8 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
5 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism, Alter-globalisation, Soft Euroscepticism
Génération.S None Benoît Hamon National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
1 / 101
Centre-left
Ensemble! None None National Assembly:
2 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Socialism, Eco-socialism, Anti-globalisation
PE: Ecologist Party None François de Rugy National Assembly:
3 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Green politics, Green liberalism, Environmentalism, Social-liberalism, European federalism
Resistons! None Jean Lassalle National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Ruralism, Humanism, Localism, Sovereignty
Agir UDI, Agir and Independents group National Assembly:
9 / 577
Senate:
6 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Centre-right Liberalism, Social liberalism, Progressivism, Christian democracy
Comités Jeanne None Jean-Marie Le Pen National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Far-right Nationalism

Euroscepticism Souverainism

LFD13: La Force du 13 None Jean-Noël Guérini National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
2 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left Social democracy
GC: Génération citoyens Jean-Marie Cavada National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Right-wing Social liberalism
Démocratie et République National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Initiative démocratique de gauche National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Social democracy
LS: Ligue du Sud Rassemblement bleu Marine Jacques Bompard National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Far-right National conservatism, Souverainism, Identitarian movement, Anti-globalization movement,

Regionalism, Patriotism, Localism, Poujadism, Liberal conservatism

LP: The Patriots Florian Philippot National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
2 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Far-right

Euroscepticism, Souverainism, Gaullism, Populism, Statism, Animal rights

GRS: Gauche républicaine et socialiste Emmanuel Maurel, Marie-Noëlle Lienemann National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing politics

Socialism, Euroscepticism, Economic Interventionism, Statism,

RDG: Les Radicaux de gauche Virginie Rozière, Stéphane Saint-André National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left to Centre-left

Pro-Europeanism, Environmentalism, Solidarism, Secularism

MLM: Mouvement libéral et modéré Philippe Adnot National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Pè a Corsica Libertés and Territories Group Gilles Simeoni National Assembly:
3 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Autonomism, Regionalism, Corsican Nationalism, Independentism
Picardie debout La France Insoumise group François Ruffin National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101

Radical left, Anti-capitalism, Protectionism, left-wing Souverainism, left-wing populism, Participatory democracy, Eco-socialism

Region only parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Territorial councillors Ideology
CPNT: Hunt, Fish, Nature, Traditions None Frédéric Nihous Regional:
6 / 1,880
Traditional rural values; refusal of environmental legislation and regulations restricting the right to hunt and fish, conservative, Eurosceptic
MEI: Independent Ecological Movement None Antoine Waechter Regional:
3 / 1,880
Green politics, Centrism, anti-nuclear
NPA: New Anticapitalist Party None Christine Poupin Regional:
2 / 1,880
Anti-capitalism, democratic socialism, eco-socialism, alter-globalisation
GU: Unitarian Left Front Christian Picquet Regional:
7 / 1,880
Anti-capitalism, democratic socialism

Non-elected parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Political Position
AF: French Action None Stéphane Blanchonnet Monarchism, nationalism, conservatism, Euroscepticism, far-right
UPR: Popular Republican Union None François Asselineau French nationalism, Hard Euroscepticism
AR: Royal Alliance None Pierre Bernard Monarchism (Orléanism), conservatism, Euroscepticism
NAR: New Royalist Action None Bertrand Renouvin Monarchism, conservatism, Euroscepticism, gaulism
RD: Democratic Rally None Philippe Cartellier Monarchism, conservatism, gaulism, Capetism
GE: Ecology Generation None Yves Piétrasanta Green politics, green conservatism, centre-right
GR: Revolutionary Left None Collective Marxism, socialism, Trotskyism
PCOF: Workers' Communist Party of France Left Front Collective Communism, Marxism–Leninism, hoxhaism, anti-revisionism
POI: Independent Workers' Party None Daniel Gluckstein, Claude Jenet, Jean Markun, Gérard Schivardi Communism, trotskyism, Marxism, proletarian internationalism
PRCF: Pole of Communist Rebirth in France None Léon Landini Communism, Marxism-Leninism, anti-capitalism, nationalism
OCML-VP: Marxist–Leninist Communist Organization – Proletarian Way None Collective Communism, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
PP: Pirate Party None Maxime Rouquet, Guillaume Lecoquierre Intellectual property reform, protection of privacy and individual liberty
LO: Workers' Struggle None Nathalie Arthaud, spokeswoman Trotskyism, internationalism, feminism
PLD: Liberal Democratic Party None Aurélien Véron Classical liberalism
FA: Anarchist Federation None Collective Anarchist Synthesist, anarchism without adjectives
AL: Alternative Libertaire None Collective Anarchist Communism
PL: Libertarian Party None Guilhem d'Urbal Libertarianism

French Revolution[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

Political parties in French overseas possessions[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elections régionales : le FN vainqueur du premier tour". Le Monde.fr.
  2. ^ "Régionales : le PS se retire en PACA et dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie". 6 December 2015. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  3. ^ "Le tripartisme s'installe en France". Le Monde.fr.
  4. ^ "Le tripartisme, et après ?". Cite web requires |website= (help)
  5. ^ "Départementales : et maintenant le tripartisme". 28 March 2015. Cite web requires |website= (help)