List of political parties in Indonesia

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Since 1999, Indonesia has had a multi-party system; in the four legislative elections since the fall of the New Order regime, no political party has managed to win an overall majority of seats, resulting in coalition governments.

The parties[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Leader Status
  Democratic Party (Indonesia) (Demokrat)
Partai Demokrat
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Neutral
  Party of the Functional Groups (Golkar)
Partai Golongan Karya
Setya Novanto Governing Coalition
  Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (PDI-P)
Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan
Megawati Sukarnoputri Governing Coalition
  National Awakening Party (PKB)
Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
Muhaimin Iskandar Governing Coalition
  United Development Party (PPP)
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan
Muhammad Romahurmuziy Governing Coalition
  National Mandate Party (PAN)
Partai Amanat Nasional
Zulkifli Hasan Governing Coalition
  People's Conscience Party (Hanura)
Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat
Oesman Sapta Odang Governing Coalition
National Democratic Party (Nasdem)
Partai Nasional Demokrat
Surya Paloh Governing Coalition
  Prosperous Justice Party (PKS)
Partai Keadilan Sejahtera
M. Sohibul Iman Opposition
  Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra)
Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya
Prabowo Subianto Opposition

Composition[edit]

Seat composition in the People's Representative Council
Parliamentary group
(breakdown by coalition)
Seats
  Koalisi Merah Putih (Red & White Coalition) 113
Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra) 73
Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) 40
  Unaligned or Neutral 61
Democratic Party (Demokrat) 61
  Koalisi Partai Pendukung Pemerintah (KP3) (Government Coalition) 386
Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) 109
Party of the Functional Groups (Golkar) 91
National Mandate Party (PAN) 48
National Awakening Party (PKB) 47
United Development Party (PPP) 39
National Democratic Party (NasDem) 36
People's Conscience Party (Hanura) 16
Total 560


List Political Parties In Indonesia since 1955 election until 2014 Election[edit]

Image Party[1][2][3][4][5][6] Established/Default Elections contested Represented in the legislature Active Note
Indonesian National Party (Partai Nasional Indonesia) 1927/1973[7][8] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Masjumi 1945/1960[9] 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Nahdatul Ulama (Ulema Awakening) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Still active as Islamic organisation[10]
Indonesian Communist Party (Partai Komunis Indonesia) 1929[11] 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg Banned in 1966[12]
Indonesian Islamic Union Party (Partai Serikat Islam Indonesia) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Christian Party (Parkindo) (Partai Kristen Indonesia) 1945[13] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Catholic Party (Partai Katolik) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Socialist Party of Indonesia (PSI) (Partai Sosialis Indonesia) 1945[13] 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
League of Supporters of Indonesian Independence (IPKI) (Ikatan Penduking Kemerdekaan Indonesia) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Islamic Educators Association (Perti) (Perhimpunan Tarbiyah Islamiyah) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg
National People's Party (PRN) (Partai Rakyat Nasional) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Labour Party (Partai Buruh) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Movement to Defend the Pancasila (GPPS) (Gerakan Pembela Pancasila) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesia People's Party (PRI) (Partai Rakyat Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Police Employee's Association of the Republic of Indonesia (PPPRI) (Persatuan Pegawai Polisi Republik Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Murba Party (Partai Murba) Party of the Masses (Murba means Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak) 1955, 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Consultative Council on Indonesian Citizenship (Baperki) (Badan Permusyawaratan Kewarganegaraan Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Party - Wongsonegoro (Partai Indonesia Raya - Wongsonegoro) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Movement (Gerakan Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Marhaen People's Union (Persatuan Rakyat Marhaen Indonesia) 1945[13] 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Dayak Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Dayak) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Party - Hazairin (Partai Indonesia Raya - Hazairin ) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Islamic Tharikah Unity Party (PPTI) (Partai Persatuan Tharikat Islamiyah) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Islamic Victory Force (AKUI) (Angkatan Kemenangan Umat Islam) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Village People's Party (PRD) (Partai Rakyat Desa) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Party of the People of Free Indonesia (PRIM) (Partai Rakyat Indonesia Merdeka) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Acoma Party (Partai ACOMA / Angkatan Communis Muda) 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
R. Soejono Prawirosoedarso & Associates 1955 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Party of the Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya) - Golkar 1964[14] 1971, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Muslim Party of Indonesia (Parmusi) (Partai Muslimin Indonesia) 1971 X mark.svg X mark.svg
United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP)) 1973[15] 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI)) 1973[16] 1977,1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, PDI–P) 1996[16] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg Split from Indonesian Democratic Party - Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI)
National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa, PKB) 1998[17] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional, PAN) 1998[18] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Crescent Star Party (Partai Bulan Bintang, PBB) 1998[19] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 X mark.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Justice Party (Partai Keadilan, PK) 1998[20] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg become Prosperous Justice Party (PKS)[21]
Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan, PKP) 1998[22] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Nahdlatul Ummat Party (Partai Nahdlatul Ummat, PNU) 1998[23] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
United Party (Partai Persatuan) 1999[24] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Love the Nation Democratic Party (Partai Demokrasi Kasih Bangsa, PDKB) 1998[25] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Masyumi Islamic Political Party (Partai Politik Islam Indonesia Masyumi, Masyumi) 1998[26] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg Re-founding
People's Sovereignty Party (Partai Daulat Rakyat, PDR) 1999[27] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party - Supeni (Partai Nasional Indonesia, PNI) 1995[28] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Islamic Union Party (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia, PSII) 1998[29] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian National Christian Party (Partai Kristen Nasional Indonesia, Krisna) 1998[30] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party – Marhaenist Front (Partai Nasional Indonesia – Front Marhaenis, PNI–Front Marhaenis) 1999[31] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Unity in Diversity Party (Partai Bhinneka Tunggal Ika Indonesia, PBI) 1998[32] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party – Marhaen Masses (Partai Nasional Indonesia – Massa Marhaen, PNI–Massa Marhaen) 1998[33] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Upholders of Indonesian Independence Party (Partai Ikatan Pendukung Kemerdekaan Indonesia, IPKI) 1998[34] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg refounding
Community Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Umat, PKU) 1998[35] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Muslim Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Muslim Indonesia, KAMI) 1998[36] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Islamic Community Party (Partai Ummat Islam, PUI) 1998[37] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Democratic Catholic Party (Partai Katolik Demokrat, PKD) 1998[38] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Aceh Orphans' Foundation Party (Partai Abul Yatama, PAY) 1999[39] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Republican Party (Partai Republik) 1998[40] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Familial Consultative Party of Mutual Assistance (Partai Musyawarah Kekeluargaan Gotong Royong, MKGR) 1998[41] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
New Indonesia Party (Partai Indonesia Baru, PIB) 1999[42] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian National Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Uni Nasional Indonesia, SUNI) 1998[43] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Love and Peace Party (Partai Cinta Damai, PCD) 1998[44] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Islamic Union Party – 1905 (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia – 1905, PSII–1905) 1998[45] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
New Masyumi Party (Partai Masyumi Baru, PMB) 1995[46] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
National Party of the Indonesian Nation (Partai Nasional Bangsa Indonesia, PNBI) 1998[47] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Union Party (Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia, PUDI) 1996[48] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
National Labor Party (Partai Buruh Nasional, PBN) 1998[49] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
National Freedom Party (Partai Kebangsaan Merdeka, PKM) 1998[50] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Democratic National Party (Partai Nasional Demokrat, PND) 1998[51] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Demokrat Indonesia, PADI) 1998[52] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Democratic People's Party (Partai Rakyat Demokratik, PRD) 1996[53] 1999 X mark.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Indonesian Workers' Party (Partai Pekerja Indonesia, PPI) 1998[54] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Democratic Islamic Party (Partai Islam Demokrat, PID) 1998[55] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Great People's Consultative Party (Partai Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak, Murba) 1998[56] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
All-Indonesia Workers' Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia, PSPSI) 1998[57] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian People's Party (Partai Rakyat Indonesia, Pari) 1998[58] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Indonesian Muslim Community Party (Partai Umat Muslimin Indonesia, PUMI) 1998[59] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Workers' Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Pekerja, PSP) 1999[60] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
People's Choice Party (Partai Pilihan Rakyat, Pilar) 1998[61] 1999 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat, PD) 2001[62] 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, PKS) 2004, 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Reform Star Party (Partai Bintang Reformasi, PBR) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Prosperous Peace Party (Partai Damai Sejahtera, PDS) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Concern for the Nation Functional Party (Partai Karya Peduli Bangsa, PKPB) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, PKPI) 2004, 2009, 2014 X mark.svg
United Democratic Nationhood Party (Partai Persatuan Demokrasi Kebangsaan, PPDK) 2004 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Freedom Bull National Party (Partai Nasional Banteng Kemerdekaan, PNBK) 2004 X mark.svg
Pancasila Patriots' Party (Partai Patriot Pancasila) 2004 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party Marhaenism (Partai Nasional Indonesia Marhaenisme, PNI Marhaenisme) 2004 X mark.svg
Indonesian Nahdlatul Community Party (Partai Persatuan Nahdlatul Ummah Indonesia, PPNUI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Pioneers' Party (Partai Pelopor, PP) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Vanguard Party (Partai Penegak Demokrasi Indonesia, PPDI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Freedom Party (Partai Merdeka) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Unity Party (Partai Sarikat Indonesia, PSI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
New Indonesia Alliance Party (Partai Perhimpunan Indonesia Baru, PPIB) 2004 X mark.svg
Regional Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Daerah, PPD) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Social Democrat Labor Party (Partai Buruh Sosial Demokrat, PBSD) 2004 X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Movement Party (Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra) 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
People's Conscience Party (Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat, Hanura) 2009, 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulema National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Nasional Ulama, PKNU) 2009 X mark.svg
National People's Concern Party (Partai Peduli Rakyat Nasional, PPRN) 2009 X mark.svg
Democratic Renewal Party (Partai Demokrasi Pembaruan, PDP) 2009 X mark.svg
National Front Party (Partai Barisan Nasional, Barnas) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Workers and Employers Party (Partai Pengusaha dan Pekerja Indonesia, PPPI) 2009 X mark.svg
Democratic Nationhood Party (Partai Demokrasi Kebangsaan, PDK) 2009 X mark.svg
Archipelago Republic Party (Partai Republik Nusantara, PRN) 2009 X mark.svg
Patriot Party (Partai Patriot) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Populist Fortress Party (Partai Nasional Benteng Kerakyatan Indonesia, PNBKI) 2009 X mark.svg
Sovereignty Party (Partai Kedaulatan) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Youth Party (Partai Pemuda Indonesia, PPI) 2009 X mark.svg
National Sun Party (Partai Matahari Bangsa, PMB) 2009 X mark.svg
Functional Party of Struggle (Partai Karya Perjuangan, PKP) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party of Devotion (Partai Kasih Demokrasi Indonesia, PKDI) 2009 X mark.svg
Prosperous Indonesia Party (Partai Indonesia Sejahtera, PIS) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party Marhaenism (Partai Nasional Indonesia Marhaenisme, PNI Marhaenisme) 2009 X mark.svg
Labor Party (Partai Buruh) 2009 X mark.svg
New Indonesia Party of Struggle (Partai Perjuangan Indonesia Baru, PPIB) 2009 X mark.svg X mark.svg
Nasdem Party (Partai Nasdem, Nasdem) 2011[63] 2014 Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg

Pre-independence organisations[edit]

New Parties Created after 2014 Elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pemilu 1955". 30 September 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. 
  2. ^ "Pemilu 1971". 20 June 2003. Archived from the original on 20 June 2003. 
  3. ^ "Pemilu 1999". 20 June 2003. Archived from the original on 20 June 2003. 
  4. ^ "Komisi Pemilihan Umum.go.id". 6 April 2005. Archived from the original on 6 April 2005. 
  5. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Inilah Hasil Akhir Perolehan Suara Nasional Pemilu - Kompas.com". 
  6. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Disahkan KPU, Ini Perolehan Suara Pemilu Legislatif 2014 - Kompas.com". 
  7. ^ "Sejarah Berdirinya Partai Nasional Indonesia". 
  8. ^ "Tujuan Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) – Usaha321.net". 
  9. ^ "Riwayat Berdirinya Partai Masyumi". 
  10. ^ Online, NU. "NU Online - Suara Nahdlatul Ulama". 
  11. ^ Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI) dibentuk pada tanggal 23 Mei 1929. Jadi, tanggal 23 Mei tahun 1955 ini adalah ulang tahun PKI yang ke-35. https://www.marxists.org/indonesia/indones/1955-AiditLahirnyaPKI.htm
  12. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "12 Maret 1966, Soeharto Bubarkan PKI - Kompas.com". 
  13. ^ a b c Seri IPS Sejarah 3 SMP Kelas IX, Drs. Prawoto, MPd. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=4kS1BjsJsBQC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false page 54
  14. ^ http://golkarbali.or.id/page/9/SEJARAH-PARTAI-GOLKAR.html
  15. ^ "PPP - Partai Persatuan Pembangunan". 
  16. ^ a b Ujianto, Catur. "Profil Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDIP) - Pemilu Presiden 2014 ANTARA News". 
  17. ^ "Sejarah Pendirian - DPP PKB". 
  18. ^ "KOMPAS-15: Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN)". 
  19. ^ "KOMPAS-22: PARTAI BULAN BINTANG (PBB)". 
  20. ^ "KOMPAS-24: PARTAI KEADILAN". 
  21. ^ Justice Party to merge with Prosperous Justice Party. Antara, April 16, 2003.
  22. ^ "KOMPAS-41: Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan (PKP)". 
  23. ^ "KOMPAS-25: PARTAI NAHDLATUL UMMAT (Partai NU)". 
  24. ^ "KOMPAS-34: Partai Persatuan (PP)". 
  25. ^ "KOMPAS-14: PARTAI DEMOKRASI KASIH BANGSA (PDKB)". 
  26. ^ "KOMPAS-21: PARTAI POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA MASYUMI". 
  27. ^ "KOMPAS-39: Partai Daulat Rakyat". 
  28. ^ "KOMPAS - 3 - Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI-SUPENI)". 
  29. ^ "KOMPAS-10: PARTAI SYARIKAT ISLAM INDONESIA (PSII)". 
  30. ^ "KOMPAS-2-PARTAI KRISTEN NASIONAL INDONESIA (Krisna)". 
  31. ^ "KOMPAS-26:PARTAI NASIONAL INDONESIA - FRONT MARHAENIS (PNI - FRONT MARHAENIS)". 
  32. ^ "KOMPAS-44: Partai Bhinneka Tunggal Ika Indonesia (PBI)". 
  33. ^ "KOMPAS-29: Partai Nasional Indonesia - Massa Marhaen (PNI-MASSA MARHAEN)". 
  34. ^ "KOMPAS-27: PARTAI IKATAN PENDUKUNG KEMERDEKAAN INDONESIA (IPKI)". 
  35. ^ "KOMPAS - 7 - PARTAI KEBANGKITAN UMMAT (PKU)". 
  36. ^ "KOMPAS -5: Partai Kebangkitan Muslim Indonesia (Kami)". 
  37. ^ "KOMPAS - 6 - PARTAI UMMAT ISLAM (PUI)". 
  38. ^ "KOMPAS-18: PARTAI KATOLIK DEMOKRAT (PKD)". 
  39. ^ "KOMPAS-12: PARTAI ABUL YATAMA (PAY)". 
  40. ^ "KOMPAS-28: PARTAI REPUBLIK". 
  41. ^ "KOMPAS-38:Partai Musyawarah Kekeluaargaan Gotong Royong (Partai MKGR)". 
  42. ^ "KOMPAS - 1 - Partai Indonesia Baru (PIB)". 
  43. ^ "KOMPAS-45: Partai Solidaritas Uni Nasional Indonesia (SUNI)". 
  44. ^ "KOMPAS-40: Partai Cinta Damai". 
  45. ^ "KOMPAS-17: PARTAI SYARIKAT ISLAM INDONESIA 1905 (PSII 1905)". 
  46. ^ Henry, Patricia. "Kompas-8: Partai Masyumi Baru". 
  47. ^ "KOMPAS-43: Partai Nasional Bangsa Indonesia (PNRI)". 
  48. ^ "KOMPAS-36:Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia (PUDI)". 
  49. ^ "KOMPAS-37: Partai Buruh Nasional (PBN)". 
  50. ^ "KOMPAS-13: PARTAI KEBANGSAAN MERDEKA (PKM)". 
  51. ^ "KOMPAS-46: Partai Nasional Demokrat (PND)". 
  52. ^ "KOMPAS - 4- PARTAI ALIANSI DEMOKRAT INDONESIA (PADI)". 
  53. ^ http://www.prd.or.id/sekilas-tentang-prd/
  54. ^ "KOMPAS-48: Partai Pekerja Indonesia". 
  55. ^ "KOMPAS-29: Partai Islam Demokrat (PID)". 
  56. ^ "KOMPAS-31: Partai Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak (Murba)". 
  57. ^ "KOMPAS-23/Deplu 42: Partai Solidaritas Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia (PSPSI)". 
  58. ^ "KOMPAS-20: PARTAI RAKYAT INDONESIA (Pari)". 
  59. ^ "KOMPAS-47: Partai Ummat Muslimin Indonesia (PUMI)". 
  60. ^ "KOMPAS-42/Deplu 23: Partai Solidaritas Pekerja (PSP)". 
  61. ^ "KOMPAS-19: PARTAI PILIHAN RAKYAT (Pilar)". 
  62. ^ "Sejarah – Situs Resmi Partai Demokrat – Peduli & Beri Solusi". 
  63. ^ "Profil Partai NasDem". 17 January 2013.