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List of political parties in Japan

There are a thousands of political parties in Japan. Any organization that supports any candidate needs to register itself as a political party; each of these parties have some national influence. This article lists political parties in Japan with representation in the National Diet, either in the House of Representatives and/or in the House of Councillors. Legal status as political party is tied to having five members in the Diet or at least two percent nationally of either proportional or local vote in the last Representatives or one of the last two Councillors elections. Political parties receive public party funding, are allowed to concurrently nominate candidates for the House of Representatives in an electoral district and on a proportional list, may take political donations from legal persons, i.e. corporations, other benefits such as air time on public broadcaster NHK. Note: In legal terms, all of the parties below are "political organizations", not "political parties". Assembly to Energize Japan, founded in January 2015 by former Your Party members including several members of the Diet New Socialist Party, a left breakaway group from the Japanese Socialist Party, created in 1996 when the latter formed the Social Democratic Party.

Affiliated with the Osaka Ishin no Kai, formed in October 2015. Tokyoites First Party Party of Hope Okinawa Social Mass Party the Okinawa Socialist Mass Party. Political Group of Okinawa Revolution, Okinawa regionalist party formed by LDP defectors in 2005, represented in the national Diet from 2005 to 2008, merged with the PNP Okinawa prefectural federation in 2012, keeping its name Green Niigata, Midori Niigata Niigata New Party for People, Shimin Shin-tō Niigata Kariyushi Club Kariyushi Kurabu Current political parties that used to be in the Diet but are not represented: Rikken Yōseikai Dainiin Club Dainiin Kurabu New Party for Salaried Men Sararīman Shintō Takeru Happiness Realization Party Japan has other minor parties not represented in Parliament, some are new, others with communist and socialist ideologies, as well as a few nationalist and far-right parties; some of them include: Japan Revolutionary Communist League Japan Revolutionary Communist League, National Committee Japan Revolutionary Communist League National Socialist Japanese Workers' Party Japan Nation Party Women's Party, feminist party that contests House of Councillors proportional elections Ishin Seitō Shimpū Happiness Realization Party Tokyo Tea Party Ainu Party, party representing the rights of the Ainu people.

Japan First Party Liberal Party: Constitutional Liberal Party ), the strongest party in the early House of Representatives and the mainstream liberal opposition to government military spending and foreign policy Progressive Party: created during a temporary alliance between Liberals and the oligarchy Constitutional Party: formed by a merger of Liberal and Progressive Party True Constitutional Party: breakaway of liberals discontented with the alliance with the government Rikken Seiyūkai: formed in 1900 by a now permanent alliance between parts of the Meiji oligarchy, the bureaucracy and members of the liberal parties it became the dominant force in party politics throughout the Empire Constitutional People's Party (Rikken Kokumintō, created in a merger of the True Constitutional Party with smaller groups, the party pushed the government for an expansion of constitutional rights Rikken Dōshikai, another attempt by Katsura Tarō to form a strong opposition to the Seiyūkai Constitutional Assembly (Kenseikai, the core group of the constitutional movement in the Taishō era True Seiyū Party: a Seiyūkai breakaway du

William W. Evans Jr.

William Wadsworth Evans Jr. was an American Republican politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1960 to 1962 and was a candidate for the Republican nomination for president in 1968. Evans was born in Paterson, New Jersey, on May 6, 1921, the son of Assemblyman William Wadsworth Evans and Isabel Urquhart Blauvelt, he was a graduate of the University of Miami School of Law. He served in the U. S. Marines during World War II. Evans was elected Mayor of New Jersey in the 1950s, he was elected to the New Jersey General Assembly in 1959. He was the top vote-getter in the 1959 election, receiving 141,222 votes countywide to win one of Bergen County's six Assembly seats, he beat his closest Democratic rival by 33,381 votes. He was not a candidate for re-election to a second term in 1961. Evans took two months off from his law firm in 1960 to work on Richard Nixon's 1960 presidential campaign, he had been the co-chairman of Barry Goldwater's New Jersey campaign in 1964. On September 16, 1967, Evans announced that he would seek the Republican nomination for president in 1968.

He said by entering the New Hampshire primary, he would seek to use his candidacy as a platform to expound upon his opposition to the Vietnam War and seek to pressure other candidates to clarify their views on Vietnam. Evans "campaigned extensively, visiting the offices of nearly every newspaper in the state." A New York Times story on the New Hampshire primary in January showed a picture of an Evans for President billboard at the south end of Main Street in Concord, which the newspaper said was the first billboard of the campaign. Evans received just 151 votes statewide, he had five children. He moved to Florida. Evans died in Stuart, Florida, in 1999 at the age of 78

Edward M. Lewis

Edward Morgan Lewis, otherwise known as Ted Lewis, was a Welsh-born, American Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher as well as a professor of English literature, academic administrator, the tenth president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College and twelfth president of the University of New Hampshire. Lewis was born in 1872 in Wales, he came to the United States in 1880. Nicknamed "The Pitching Professor" and "Parson", Lewis was an ordained minister who earned a master's degree from Williams College, he was one of three Welsh-born players to break into major league baseball in the U. S, he was 23 years old when he debuted with the Boston Beaneaters on 6 July 1896. Lewis earned 21 wins, he was one of three Boston pitchers to finish the season with more than 20 wins. Boston won the league pennant that season and repeated as champions in 1898, his 26–8 win-loss record in 1898 amounted to a league-high winning percentage. Lewis earned a 17–11 record in 1899, followed by a 13–12 record in 1900.

He finished the 1901 season with a 16–17 record and a 3.53 earned run average. Lewis finished his career with a 94–64 record and a 3.53 ERA. After the 1901 season, Lewis retired from baseball to teach full-time at Columbia University, he was Instructor of Elocution at Columbia until 1904, when he returned to Williams College as a public speaking instructor and was made an assistant professor. Lewis left for Massachusetts Agricultural College, where he served as an English professor, department head and dean, he was the president of MAC between 1924 and 1927, when his liberal philosophy created disagreements with the college's trustees, he submitted his resignation. Lewis became president of the University of New Hampshire in 1927; the university credits him with continuing the development of the school despite the difficulties associated with the Great Depression. He oversaw the construction of athletic fields during his tenure. A recreational area known as Lewis Fields constructed from December 1933 to September 1936 was named in his honor.

This area includes UNH's college football stadium—now known as Wildcat Stadium—which was known as Lewis Stadium or Lewis Field until it was formally named Cowell Stadium in 1952 in honor of former head coach Butch Cowell. Lewis remained at UNH until his death in 1936, he is buried in Durham Cemetery in New Hampshire. Lewis was friends with poet Robert Frost. Ffaith Baseball Almanac Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Edward M. Lewis at Find a Grave

We're Not Happy 'til You're Not Happy

We're Not Happy'til You're Not Happy is the fifth studio album by ska punk band, Reel Big Fish. It was released on April 2005 on Mojo Records to mixed reviews. Notably darker than the band's previous album, Cheer Up!, the album's songs express jealousy, short-lasting fame, disappointment toward mainstream record companies. The album includes covers of Tracy Chapman's "Talkin' Bout a Revolution", Morrissey's "We Hate It When Our Friends Become Successful" and Social Distortion's "Story of My Life". Both the Chapman cover and the Social Distortion cover were chosen as the first and second singles; the album was not successful in comparison to previous releases. The band felt. This, amongst a long list of other conflicts, led to the band's 2006 split with Jive Records. After the track "Your Guts", a long period of random sounds and loud noises plays; these noises include screaming, short excerpts from a song sung by Scott Klopfenstein and a hidden message played backwards on repeat, read by singer Aaron Barrett.

The message says: I love this band. This is my favorite band. I love Reel Big Fish. Reel Big Fish is my favorite band. I love this song; this is a great song. I feel good. I will buy Reel Big Fish merchandise. I need Reel Big Fish merchandise. I feel good. I love this band. I want to tell everyone. I love Reel Big Fish. Reel Big Fish is my favorite band. I love this album so much. Reel Big Fish is my favorite band. I want to buy all my friends a Reel Big Fish album. I love Reel Big Fish. I love this band; this is my favorite band... From here the message repeats. AllMusic described WNHTYNH's songs as "angry" and "embittered", but deemed the album as "super catchy". All tracks are written except where noted. Notes "You're Gonna Die" - 9:49 hidden track, part of track 14 on general release begins at on the general release. Aaron Barrett - Guitar, Producer, Lead Vocals Scott Klopfenstein - Trumpet, Keyboards, Vocal Harmonies Matt Wong - Bass Guitar Dan Regan - Trombone John Christianson - Trumpet Justin Ferreira - drums Eddy Schreyer - Mastering John Halpern - Photography Chaz Harper - Mastering Vince Pileggi - Management Denise Trorman - Art Direction, Design Beau Burchell - Engineer Shawn Sullivan - Producer, Engineer Jesse Alvarado - Engineer David Irish - Engineer, Mixing Lars Stalfors - Assistant Engineer, Beats We're Not Happy'til You're Not Happy at YouTube


Gamanthera is a flowering plant genus in the family Lauraceae, with a single species endemic of Central America. These trees have a resilient wood, used as timber. Evergreen laurel forest plants of Cloud forest in Costa Rica in Central America, they are trees to 8 m tall. The leaves are lauroid, alternate opposite, sometimes undulated, glabrous on the upper, glabrous or pubescent on the underside, pinnatinervium; the inflorescences in axillary, paniculata. It has small flowers; the fruit is a small-medium berry. The ecological requirements of the genus are those of the laurel forest and like most of their counterparts laurifolia in the world, it is a vigorous species with a great ability to populate the habitat, conducive; the natural habitat is rainforest, cloud-covered for much of the year. The species is found in forests; because of the special lack of worldwide knowledge about the family lauraceae in general little is known about their diversity. The knowledge of this family on a national level is that to be expected in countries with limited economic means, i.e. the vast majority of species is indeterminate or at least poorly determined.

On the other hand, a high percentage of described new species come from collections made in these countries. Therefore an increase in the study of the family on national level is of utmost importance for the progress of the systematics of the family in general. Recent monographs of the small and medium genera of lauraceae with up to 100 species per genus have produced a high increase in the number of known species; this high increase is expected for other genera as well for those with more than 150 species recorded, bringing an expected considerable increase in the total number of species of the family. A related vegetal community evolved millions of years ago on the supercontinent of Gondwana, species of this community are now found on several separate areas of the Southern Hemisphere, including South America, New Zealand and New Caledonia. Gamanthera herrerae

The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional towns of West Egg and East Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922; the story concerns the young and mysterious millionaire Jay Gatsby and his quixotic passion and obsession with the beautiful former debutante Daisy Buchanan. Considered to be Fitzgerald's magnum opus, The Great Gatsby explores themes of decadence, resistance to change, social upheaval and excess, creating a portrait of the Roaring Twenties, described as a cautionary tale regarding the American Dream. Fitzgerald—inspired by the parties he had attended while visiting Long Island's North Shore—began planning the novel in 1923, desiring to produce, in his words, "something new—something extraordinary and beautiful and simple and intricately patterned." Progress was slow, with Fitzgerald completing his first draft following a move to the French Riviera in 1924. His editor, Maxwell Perkins, felt the book was vague and persuaded the author to revise over the following winter.

Fitzgerald was ambivalent about the book's title and he considered a variety of alternatives, including titles that referred to the Roman character Trimalchio. First published by Scribner's in April 1925, The Great Gatsby received mixed reviews and sold poorly. In its first year, the book sold only 20,000 copies. Fitzgerald died in 1940, believing himself to be his work forgotten. However, the novel experienced a revival during World War II, became a part of American high school curricula and numerous stage and film adaptations in the following decades. Today, The Great Gatsby is considered to be a literary classic and a contender for the title of the "Great American Novel."The novel's U. S. copyright will expire on January 1, 2021, when all works published in 1925 enter the public domain in the United States. Set on the prosperous Long Island of 1922, The Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of Prohibition-era America during the Jazz Age; that period—known for its jazz music, economic prosperity, flapper culture, libertine mores, rebellious youth, ubiquitous speakeasies—is rendered in Fitzgerald's fictional narrative.

Fitzgerald uses many of these 1920s societal developments to tell his story, from simple details such as petting in automobiles to broader themes such as Fitzgerald's discreet allusions to bootlegging as the source of Gatsby's fortune. Fitzgerald educates his readers about the hedonistic society of the Jazz Age by placing a relatable plotline within the historical context of "the most raucous, gaudy era in U. S. history," which "raced along under its own power, served by great filling stations full of money." In Fitzgerald's eyes, the 1920s era represented a morally permissive time when Americans of all ages became disillusioned with prevailing social norms and were monomaniacally obsessed with self-gratification: " a whole race going hedonistic, deciding on pleasure." Hence, The Great Gatsby represents Fitzgerald's attempt to communicate his ambivalent feelings regarding the Jazz Age, an era whose themes he would regard as reflective of events in his own life. Various events in Fitzgerald's youth are reflected throughout The Great Gatsby.

Fitzgerald was a young Midwesterner from Minnesota, like the novel's narrator who went to Yale, he was educated at an Ivy League school, Princeton. While at Princeton, the 19-year-old Fitzgerald met Ginevra King, a 16-year-old socialite with whom he fell in love. However, Ginevra's family discouraged Fitzgerald's pursuit of their daughter due to his lower-class status, her father purportedly told the young Fitzgerald that "poor boys shouldn't think of marrying rich girls."Rejected as a suitor due to his lack of financial prospects, Fitzgerald joined the United States Army and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. He was stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama where he met Zelda Sayre, a vivacious 17-year-old Southern belle. Zelda agreed to marry him but her parents ended their engagement until he could prove a financial success, thus Fitzgerald is similar to Jay Gatsby in that he fell in love while a military officer stationed far from home and sought success to prove himself to the woman he loved.

After his success as a novelist and as a short story writer, Fitzgerald married Zelda and moved to New York. He found his new affluent lifestyle in the exclusive Long Island social milieu to be both seductive and repulsive. Fitzgerald—like Gatsby—had always exalted the rich and was driven by his love for a woman who symbolized everything he desired as he was led towards a lifestyle which he loathed. In Spring 1922, Nick Carraway—a Yale alumnus from the Midwest and a veteran of the Great War—journeys east to New York City to obtain employment as a bond salesman, he rents a bungalow in the Long Island village of West Egg, next to a luxurious estate inhabited by Jay Gatsby, an enigmatic multi-millionaire who hosts dazzling soirées yet does not partake in them. One evening, Nick dines with his distant relative, Daisy Buchanan, in the fashionable town of East Egg. Daisy is married to Tom Buchanan a Yale football star whom Nick knew during his college days; the couple have relocated from Chicago to a colonial mansion directly across the bay from Gatsby's estate.

At their mansion, Nick encounters Jordan Baker, an insolent flapper and golf champion, a childhood friend of Daisy's. Jordan confides to Nick that Tom keeps a mistress, Myrtle Wilson, who brazenly telephones him at his home and who lives in the "valley of ashes," a sprawling refuse dump; that evening, Nick sees Gatsby standing alone on his lawn