List of political parties in the Netherlands

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This article lists political parties in the Netherlands. The Netherlands has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which any one party has little chance of gaining power alone, and parties often work with each other to form coalition governments.

The lower house of the legislature, the House of Representatives, is elected by a national party-list system of proportional representation. There is no threshold for getting a seat, making it possible for a party to get a seat with only two-thirds percent of the vote—roughly one seat for every 60,000 votes, since this system was implemented in 1918, no party has even approached the seats needed for an outright majority. However, there is a broad consensus on the basic principles of the political system, and all parties must adjust their goals to some extent in order to have a realistic chance at being part of the government.

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Political parties represented in the States General of the Netherlands
Political party Ideology Political position European affiliation European parliamentary group International affiliation Leader
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie
VVD Conservative liberalism
[1]
Economic liberalism
[2][3][4]
Centre-right
[5][6]
Alliance of Liberals and
Democrats for Europe Party
Alliance of Liberals and
Democrats for Europe Group
Liberal International Mark Rutte
Partij voor de Vrijheid (logo).png Party for Freedom
Partij voor de Vrijheid
PVV Right-wing populism
[7][8]
Right-wing
[9][10]
European Alliance for Freedom Europe of Nations and Freedom International Freedom Alliance Geert Wilders
Christian Democratic Appeal Christian Democratic Appeal
Christen-Democratisch Appèl
CDA Christian democracy
[11]
Centre
[12][13][14][15]
to centre-right
[16][17][18]
European People's Party European People's Party Group Centrist Democrat International Sybrand van Haersma Buma
Democrats 66 Democrats 66
Democraten 66
D66 Social liberalism
[1]
Centre
[5]
Alliance of Liberals and
Democrats for Europe Party
Alliance of Liberals and
Democrats for Europe Group
Liberal International Alexander Pechtold
GreenLeft GreenLeft
GroenLinks
GL Green politics
[19]
Green liberalism
[20]
Left-wing
[21][22]
European Green Party Greens–European Free Alliance Global Greens Jesse Klaver
Socialist Party Socialist Party
Socialistische Partij
SP Democratic socialism
[23][24][25]
Social democracy
[26]
Left-wing
[27]
Small uppercase letter X.svg European United
Left–Nordic Green Left
Small uppercase letter X.svg Emile Roemer
Labour Party Labour Party
Partij van de Arbeid
PvdA Social democracy
[28]
Centre-left
[21][29]
Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance of
Socialists and Democrats
Progressive Alliance Lodewijk Asscher
Christian Union Christian Union
ChristenUnie
CU Christian democracy
[28]
Social Christian
[21][30]
Centre
[31][32]
European Christian Political Movement European Conservatives and Reformists Small uppercase letter X.svg Gert-Jan Segers
Party for the Animals Party for the Animals
Partij voor de Dieren
PvdD Animal rights
[33]
Animal welfare
[19]
Environmentalism
Small uppercase letter X.svg European United
Left–Nordic Green Left
Euro Animal 7 Marianne Thieme
50PLUS 50PLUS
50Plus
50+ Pensioners' interests
[34]
Populism
[1][28]
Centre
[5]
Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Henk Krol
Reformed Political Party Reformed Political Party
Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij
SGP Christian right
[28]
Social conservatism
[21][35]
Right-wing
[36][37]
European Christian Political Movement European Conservatives and Reformists Small uppercase letter X.svg Kees van der Staaij
Denk Denk
Denk
Denk Social democracy
[38][39]
Multiculturalism
[38][39]
Identity politics
[40]
Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Tunahan Kuzu
Forum for Democracy Forum for Democracy
Forum voor Democratie
FvD National conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Direct democracy
E-democracy
Right-wing populism
[41]
Right-wing Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Thierry Baudet
Political party represented in the Senate of the Netherlands only
Independent Senate Group Independent Senate Group
Onafhankelijke Senaatsfractie
OSF Regionalism Centre European Free Alliance Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Henk ten Hoeve

Additional parties that participated in the general election of 2017[edit]

Political party Ideology Political position European affiliation European parliamentary group International affiliation Leader
For the Netherlands For the Netherlands
VoorNederland
VNL Classical liberalism
[42]
Liberal conservatism
[43]
Right-wing
[5]
Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Jan Roos
Article 1 Artikel 1
Artikel 1
AR1 Social democracy[44]
Multiculturalism[44]
Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Sylvana Simons
Libertarian Party Libertarian Party
Libertarische Partij
LP Libertarianism
[45]
European Party for Individual Liberty Small uppercase letter X.svg Liberty International Robert Valentine
GeenPeil
GeenPeil
GP Direct democracy
E-democracy
Right-wing populism
[46]
Right-wing Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Jan Dijkgraaf
Pirate Party of the Netherlands Pirate Party
Piratenpartij
PPNL Pirate politics
[47]
Direct democracy
E-democracy
[48][49]
Centre
[50]
European Pirate Party Small uppercase letter X.svg Pirate Parties International Ancilla van de Leest
Free-thinking Party
Vrijzinnige Partij
VZP Social liberalism
[51]
Cultural liberalism
[52]
Centre Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Norbert Klein
MenS logo.png Party for Human and Spirit
Partij voor Mens en Spirit
MenS Spiritual left
[53]
Centre-left Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Tara-Joëlle Fonk
New Ways
Nieuwe Wegen
NW Social democracy
[54]
Left-wing populism
[55]
Centre-left Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Small uppercase letter X.svg Alfred Oosenbrug
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands
Members of the four parties with parliamentary representation since 1980 and participation in government: PvdA, D66, CDA and VVD (from the left). Ulft, shortly before the municipal elections of 2010.

Other parties (only local representation)[edit]

Party Abbreviation Year of
Creation
Number of Municipality seats
The Greens 1983 1
Islam Democrats ID 2006 2
New Communist Party of the Netherlands NCPN 1992 3
Forza! Netherlands Forza! 2003 8
Proud of the Netherlands TROTS 2007 6
United Communist Party VCP 1999 5
United Senior Party VSP 2001 13

Regional parties[edit]

Party Abbreviation Active in Number of Provincial seats Number of Municipality seats
Frisian National Party FNP Friesland 4 58
Groninger Belang GB Groningen 3 -
Party for the North PvhN Groningen 1 3
Party for Zeeland PVZ Zeeland 1 1

Defunct parties[edit]

History and evolution of all Dutch political parties to ever have had seats in the House of Representatives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Andeweg, R. and G. Irwin Politics and Governance in the Netherlands, Basingstoke (Palgrave) p.49
  2. ^ T. Banchoff (28 June 1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Andeweg R.B. and G.A. Irwin Government & Politics in the Netherlands 2002 Palgrave p. 48
  4. ^ "whois.ws - This website is for sale! - domain registration Resources and Information.". Whois.ws. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
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  6. ^ Sean Lusk; Nick Birks (2014). Rethinking Public Strategy. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-137-37758-6. 
  7. ^ Pauwels, Teun (2014). Populism in Western Europe: Comparing Belgium, Germany and The Netherlands. Routledge. pp. 117–118. ISBN 9781317653912. 
  8. ^ Merijn Oudenampsen (2013). "Explaining the Swing to the Right: The Dutch Debate on the Rise of Right-Wing Populism". In Ruth Wodak, Majid KhosraviNik, Brigitte Mral. Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse. A&C Black. p. 191.
  9. ^ Rita C-K Chin (2009). After the Nazi racial state: difference and democracy in Germany and Europe. University of Michigan Press. p. 239. 
  10. ^ Are Dutch voters really turning to populist Geert Wilders?
    'Dutch voters choose a new government in March 2017 and if the polls are right, the right-wing Freedom Party (PVV) of populist leader Geert Wilders is surging ahead of his rivals and is set to win 35 seats'.
    BBC NEWS. Author - Anna Holligan.
    Published 9 December 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  11. ^ (in Dutch) "CDA: partij van samenleving en van waarden". Reformatorisch Dagblad. 8 August 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  12. ^ http://tradebridgeconsultants.com/country-index/netherlands/political-parties/christian-democratic-appeal/
  13. ^ http://cda.frl/nl/pagina/941/uitgangspunten/
  14. ^ http://nos.nl/artikel/332339-cda-kiest-voor-radicale-midden.html
  15. ^ http://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2012/01/21/cda-moet-kiezer-weer-raken-met-keuze-voor-radicale-midden
  16. ^ Syuzanna Vasilyan (2009). "The integration crisis in the Netherlands: the causes and the new policy measures". In Ditta Dolejšiová; Miguel Angel García López. European Citizenship in the Process of Construction: Challenges for Citizenship, Citizenship Education and Democratic Practice in Europe. Council of Europe. p. 73. ISBN 978-92-871-6478-0. 
  17. ^ Hans Vollaard; Gerrit Voerman; Nelleke van de Walle (2015). "The Netherlands". In Donatella M. Viola. Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7. 
  18. ^ Kees Van Kerbergen; André Krouwel (2013). "A double-edged sword! The Dutch centre-right and the 'foreigners issue'". In Tim Bale. Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe: Why Politics – and the Centre-Right – Matter. Routledge. pp. 91–92. ISBN 978-1-317-96827-6. }
  19. ^ a b "parties-and-elections.de". 
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  21. ^ a b c d Josep M. Colomer (24 July 2008). Comparative European Politics. Taylor & Francis. p. 221f. ISBN 978-0-203-94609-1. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  22. ^ Score 4.0/10 in 2003 Chapel Hill expert survey, see Hooghe et al. (2003) Chapel Hill Survey
  23. ^ José Magone (3 July 2013). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. p. 533. ISBN 978-1-136-93397-4. 
  24. ^ http://www.parties-and-elections.eu/netherlands.html
  25. ^ "European Social Survey 2012 - Appendix 3 (in English)" (PDF). European Science Foundation. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014. [permanent dead link]
  26. ^ Watkins, Susan (May–June 2005). "Continental tremors". New Left Review. New Left Review. II (33). 
  27. ^ "Contemporary Far Left Parties in Europe", published november 2008, retrieved november 18, 2016: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/ipa/05818.pdf
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  29. ^ Score 4.0/10 in 2003 Chapel Hill expert survey, see Hooghe et al. (2003) Chapel Hill Survey
  30. ^ Score 4.0/10 in 2003 Chapel Hill expert survey, see Hooghe et al. (2003) Chapel Hill Survey
  31. ^ Jort Statema; Paul Aarts. Timo Behr; Teija Tiilikainen, eds. The Netherlands: Follow Washington, Be a Good European. Northern Europe and the Making of the EU's Mediterranean and Middle East Policies. note on p. 237. 
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  33. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. 
  34. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. 
  35. ^ Score 4.0/10 in 2003 Chapel Hill expert survey, see Hooghe et al. (2003) Chapel Hill Survey
  36. ^ "Far-right MEPs form group in European Parliament". EurActiv. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  37. ^ Score 8.0/10 in 2003 Chapel Hill expert survey, see Hooghe et al. (2003) Chapel Hill Survey
  38. ^ a b DENK wil de burger heropvoeden. Waarvan kennen we dat ook weer?, Elsevier.nl, 16 november 2016
  39. ^ a b "Standpunten". bewegingdenk.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  40. ^ Andreas KouwenhovenHugo Logtenberg 10 februari 2017. "Nep-aanhang is online actief voor politieke partij Denk - NRC". Nrc.nl. Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
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  42. ^ "Beginselverklaring". Voor Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  43. ^ "Een nieuwe partij op rechts: VNL". Voor Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  44. ^ a b "Artikel 1: Een nieuwe politiek van Gelijkwaardigheid" (PDF) (in Dutch). Artikel 1. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  45. ^ (in Dutch) "Verkiezingsprogramma 2017 – 2021". Libertarische Partij. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  46. ^ "Standpunten (FAQ)". GeenPeil (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  47. ^ Piratenpartij (2010-04-13). "Structuur" [Structure] (in Dutch). Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  48. ^ Piratenpartij (2010-04-13). "Kernpunten" [Key Positions] (in Dutch). Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  49. ^ NU.nl (2010-04-12). "Piratenpartij wil naar vrije informatiesamenleving" [Pirateparty wants a free information society] (in Dutch). Novum. Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  50. ^ "Principles 3.2" (PDF). Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Rechtsstaat". Free-thinking Party (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 December 2016. 
  52. ^ (in Dutch) Norbert Klein begint Vrijzinnige Partij, NU.nl, 9 December 2014
  53. ^ (in Dutch) "Doelstellingen". Partij voor Mens en Spirit. 5 May 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  54. ^ (in Dutch) "Monasch: Ik ben sociaal-democraat en dat blijf ik". Trouw. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  55. ^ (in Dutch) "Uitgangspunten". Nieuwe Wegen. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  56. ^ a b Almeida, Dimitri. "Liberal Parties and European Integration" (PDF). 
  57. ^ What's liberal politics in the Netherlands?
  58. ^ Andeweg, R. B.; Galen A. Irwin (2002). Governance and politics of the Netherlands. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 51. ISBN 0333961579. 

External links[edit]