Oommen Chandy is an Indian statesman and senior leader of the Indian National Congress party. He served as the Chief Minister of Kerala for two terms, from 2004 to 2006 and again from 2011 to 2016, he was Leader of the Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 2006 to 2011. He has represented Puthuppally as MLA in the State Assembly since 1970. On 6 June 2018 Congress President Rahul Gandhi appointed him as General Secretary of All India Congress Committee in charge of the crucial state of Andhra Pradesh, he is now the Congress Working Committee member. Oommen Chandy was born at Kumarakom, Kottayam district, Kerala in 1943. Chandy ventured into the political arena as an activist of Kerala Students Union, the student wing of the party, he was the unit president of KSU at St George High School and went on to become the State President of the organization. Chandy completed his pre university course from CMS College, Kottayam and BA Economics from St. Berchmans College, Changanassery, he took a bachelor's degree in law from Government Law College, Ernakulam.
Chandy started his political career through the Kerala Students Union, which he served as president from 1967 to 1969. He was elected as the president of the State Youth Congress in 1970, he has represented the Puthuppally Constituency for decades, having been elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. During his legislative career he had served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee during 1996–98. Chandy has been a minister in the Government of Kerala on four occasions, he was the Minister for Labour from 11 April 1977 to 25 April 1977 in the first K. Karunakaran Ministry and continued holding the same portfolio in the succeeding first A. K. Antony Ministry till 27 October 1978, he was in the charge of Home portfolio in the second K. Karunakaran Ministry from 28 December 1981 to 17 March 1982. Again, he was sworn in as a minister in the fourth K. Karunakaran Ministry on 2 July 1991, he was in charge of Finance Portfolio and resigned from the cabinet on 22 June 1994 due to difference with the Chief Minister.
The results of the parliamentary elections in May 2004 saw the Indian National Congress not winning a single seat in Kerala. The sitting Chief Minister, A. K. Antony, was forced to resign and accept responsibility for the poor results. On 30 August 2004, Chandy was elected the Congress Legislature Party leader at the end of a meeting by AICC observers and clearance by the Congress president, Sonia Gandhi. In what may be seen as a reflection of his work as Chief Minister, the Congress-led alliance was defeated, but managed to retain 40 out of 140 seats in the assembly and boost its vote-share by nearly 10% after the general election rout, he resigned as Chief Minister on 12 May 2006 following the defeat of his party in 2006 Assembly Elections. Oommen Chandy was the leader of opposition in the twelfth Kerala Legislative Assembly. Under his leadership UDF marked victories in Lok Sabha Election 2009, gaining 16 out of 20 parliament constituencies in Kerala, Local Body Election 2010. In the history of Kerala politics it's the first time that the UDF got an upper hand in local body elections.
After winning the contested 2011 assembly election, Congress legislative party unanimously elected Oommen Chandy as its leader. At the Congress Legislature Party meeting, Chandy's name was proposed by, Ramesh Chennithala and seconded by Aryadan Mohammed; the election process was formally launched after Congress Working Committee member Mohsina Kidwai and AICC general secretary Madhusudan Mistry, in charge of Kerala, held a one-to-one meeting in their capacity as observers with the 38 elected MLAs. UDF led by Oommen Chandy secured a slender margin in assembly election which held on 13 April 2011. UDF candidates won in 72 seats against 68 seats of LDF, he took the oath on 18 May 2011 with six other ministers of his cabinet. Thirteen other ministers were inducted into his cabinet, he gave up Vigilance Portfolio in early August 2011, after a fresh probe was ordered on the Palmolein oil case, which happened when he was Finance Minister in 1992. In June 2013, Chandy's personal assistant was arrested for an alleged involvement in the 2013 Kerala solar panel scam..
Opposition parties subsequently demanded Chandy's resignation until the United Democratic Front government ordered a judicial inquiry into the scandal.. Oommen Chandy received the 2013 United Nations Public Service Award from the Asia-Pacific region, for the category "Preventing and Combating Corruption in the Public Service." The award was presented on 27 June 2013, in Manama, Bahrain, by the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Wu Hongbo. The award was based on the theme "Transformative e-Government and Innovation: Creating a Better Future for All." The website of Oommen Chandy
C. H. Mohammed Koya
C. H. Mohammed Koya was an Indian politician who served as the tenth Chief Minister of Kerala from 12 October to 1 December 1979, he was the leader of the Indian Union Muslim League. He experienced his first taste of politics right from his high school, he was involved with the IUML. In his early years, he served a short term in the Kurumpranad District Muslim League committee and in the Municipal Office in Calicut. In 1951, he was elected to the National Executive of the IUML and shortly afterwards, was elected the Councilor of Calicut Municipality. C. H. Mohammed Koya defeated K. P. Kuttikrishnan Nair of the Indian National Congress; the latter had earlier defeated two of the most popular politicians in Kerala, E. M. S. Namboodiripad and Seethi Sahib earning him the nickname the Giant-Killer from Jawaharlal Nehru. Kuttiettan and his best friend C. K. Govindan Nair were the Congress leaders who had outrightly rejected Nehru's mandates regarding candidature in Kerala holding that as the State Congress Committee leaders, they knew whom to field and they do not need advice from the AICC.
His chief mentor, both in his personal life and political career was Syed Abdur Rahman Bafaqi Thangal, to whom he was indebted for all his achievements. Mohammed Koya was elected into the Kerala Legislative Assembly from the Tanur constituency in 1957 and again in 1960. On 9 June 1961 he became the Speaker of the Kerala Legislative Assembly after the sudden demise of K. M. Seethi Sahib. Despite being one of the youngest members in the Assembly, he was known for his charisma and the flair with which he discharged his duties; when Muslim league quit the political alliance at State level, Mohammed Koya resigned Speakership and contested the ensuing Parliamentary Poll from the Calicut constituency. Again, in the State Assembly elections held in 1967, he won by a vast majority, contesting from Mankada constituency, he was the Education Minister in the cabinet headed by Shri E. M. S. Namboodiripad, he continued to retain his Education portfolio in succeeding ministries headed by C. Achutha Menon, K. Karunakaran, A.
K. Antony till the Ninth ministry headed by P. K. Vasudevan Nair; as Education minister he was instrumental in formulating many plans that has helped Kerala reach the forefront in the education sector in India. On 12 October 1979 C. H. Mohammed Koya became the Chief Minister of Kerala and his term continued to 1 December 1979, he was the shortest serving Chief Minister of Kerala. He was the Deputy Chief Minister in the next United Democratic Front ministry headed by K. Karunakaran. Continuing in the seat after the ministry was re-constituted in 1982, after the General Election, Shri. Koya stayed there till his untimely demise in the ensuing year. Koya died on 28 September 1983 at the Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad due to a massive cerebral haemorrhage, he reached Hyderabad for attending a public function, stayed in the veteran actor-cum-then Chief Minister N. T. Rama Rao's home. Despite being a heavy diabetic, he consumed high amount of payasam, thus it led to the massive haemorrhage which killed him.
His dead body was taken back to Kerala, was buried with full state honours. He was survived by his mother and three children – two daughters and one son. Now, only the children are left; the C H Mohammed Koya Library in the campus of the University of Calicut and the Haji C. H. Mohamed Koya College for Advanced Studies under the University of Kerala at Thiruvananthapuram are named in his honour; the C H Mohammed Koya Memorial National Journalism award, jointly instituted by the C H Mohammed Koya Trust and The Calicut Press Club is instituted in his honour. Dr. M. K. Muneer, son of C. H. Mohammed Koya is a leading Kerala politician from Indian Muslim League, he is a member of legislative assembly from Kozhikode South constituency. Speakers & Deputy Speakers Book – Kerala Legislative Assembly
E. M. S. Namboodiripad
Elamkulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad, popularly EMS, was an Indian communist politician and theorist, who served as the first Chief Minister of Kerala state in 1957–59 and again in 1967–69. As a member of the Communist Party of India, he became the first non-Indian National Congress chief minister in the Indian republic. In 1964, he led a faction of the CPI, he completed his graduation from Thrissur. As chief minister, EMS pioneered radical land and educational reforms in Kerala, which helped it become the country's leader in social indicators, it is due to his commitment and guidance that the CPI, of which he was Politburo member and general secretary for 14 years, has become such a domineering political force, playing a vital role in India's new era of coalition politics. Elamkulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad was born on 13 June 1909, as the fourth son of Parameswaran Namboodiripad and Vishnudatha Antharjanam, at Elamkulam, in Perintalmanna taluk of the present Malappuram district into an aristocratic upper-caste Brahmin family.
In his early years he was a close friend of Sr. P. M. Mathew, he was associated with V. T. Bhattathiripad, M. R. Bhattathiripad and many others in the fight against the casteism and conservatism that existed in the Namboothiri community, he became one of the office bearers of Valluvanadu Yogaskshema Sabha, an organisation of progressive Namboothiri youth. During his college days, he was associated with the Indian National Congress and the Indian independence movement. EMS had two sons and two daughters, his grandson Sujith Shankar is an actor. He was well known for his stammer; when asked if he always stammered, he would reply, "No, only when I speak." He was a writer and author of several literary works and his book on the history of Kerala is notable. He described Mahatma Gandhi as a Hindu fundamentalist. ഇ എം എസ് ആത്മകഥ | E M S Autobiography Mooladhanam: oru mukhavura | മൂലധനം: ഒരു മുഖവുര A History of Indian Freedom Struggle കേരളം മലയാളികളുടെ മാതൃഭൂമി | Keralam Malayalikalude Mathrubhumi Kerala charithram marxist veekshanathil | കേരള ചരിത്രം മാര്ക്സിസ്റ്റ് വീക്ഷണത്തില് The Frontline Years Selected Articles Indian swathanthryasamara charithram | ഇന്ത്യന് സ്വാതന്ത്ര്യസമര ചരിത്രം ഗാന്ധിയും ഗാന്ധിസവും | Gandhiyum Gandhisavum Gramscian vicharaviplavam | ഗ്രാംഷിയന് വിചാരവിപ്ലവം The Mahatma And The Ism History and land relations: selected essays ദർശനത്തെ പറ്റി | Darshanathe Pati ഒരു ഇന്ത്യൻ കമ്യൂണിസ്റ്റിന്റെ ഓര്മക്കുറിപ്പുകൾ | oru indian communistinte ormakkurippukal Crisis Into Chaos: Political India, 1981 മാര്ക്സിസം ഒരു പാഠപുസ്തകം Marxism oru paadapusthakam ചരിത്രവും ചരിത്രരചനയും: മാക്സിസ്റ്റ് വീക്ഷണം | Charitravum Charitrarachanayum: Marxist Veekshanam അച്യുതമേനോൻ വ്യക്തിയും രാഷ്ട്രീയവും | Achuthamenon vyakthiyum rashtreeyavum കമ്യൂണിസ്റ്റ് പാർട്ടി കേരളത്തിൽ | Communist Party Keralathil ആശാനും മലയാളസാഹിത്യവും | Asanum Malayala Sahityavum ജാതിയും സമുദായവും രാഷ്ട്രീയവും യുഗങ്ങളിലൂടെ | Jathiyum Samudayavum Rashtreeyavum Yugangaliloode ഇ എം എസിന്റെ തെരഞ്ഞെടുത്ത പ്രസംഗങ്ങൾ | EMS-inte Thiranjedutha Prasangangal Kerala: yesterday today tomorrow In 1934, he was one of the founders of Congress Socialist Party, a socialist wing within the Indian National Congress, elected as its All India Joint Secretary from 1934 to 1940.
During this period, he was elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly. He remained committed to socialist ideals, his compassion towards the working class led him to join the Communist movement; the Indian government considered him to be one of the founders of the Communist Party of India in Kerala, forcing him to go into hiding. During the 1962 Sino-Indian war, he was among leaders; when the CPI split in 1964, EMS stood with the Communist Party of India. He was the leader of the Kerala state committee of CPI, he served as a member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the CPI until his death in 1998. EMS became general secretary in 1977, a designation he held until 1992. A Marxist scholar, he influenced the development of Kerala, of whom he was the first Chief Minister. A Communist-led government under E. M. S. Namboodiripad resulted from the first elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1957, making him the first communist leader in India to head a popularly elected government.
It was one of the earliest elected Communist governments, after Communist success in the 1945 elections in the Republic of San Marino.) It was the first time for a regional party in India to win state elections. On 5 April 1957 he was appointed as the first chief minister of Kerala, his government introduced Education Bill. In 1959, the Central Government dismissed his government through the controversial Article 356 of the Indian Constitution following "The Liberation Struggle". Indira Gandhi convinced Nehru, hesitant to dismiss a democratically elected government, to make such a decision. Central Intelligence Agency's involvement in the ouster has been long suspected. Declassified CIA documents show that the first Communist government concerned them and "preventing additional Keralas became an important argument for augmenting U. S. assistance to India". According to the biography of former US Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, "the election results rang alarm bells in Washington"He became the Chief Minister of Kerala for the second time in 1967 as the leader of a seven-party coalition which included the CPI and Muslim League.
Soon after becoming Chief Minister again, on 31 January 1968 he inaugura
M. K. Muneer
Dr. M. K. Muneer is a politician, social worker, singer and author from Kerala, he was the Minister for Social Welfare and Panchayat in the last UDF Ministry of the South Indian state of Kerala, headed by Oommen Chandy and represents the Kozhikode South constituency in the legislative assembly. He was the Minister for Public Works in both A K Antony Ministry 3 and the previous Oommen Chandy Ministry. Muneer is a State secretary of the Indian Union Muslim League and was the Chairman of the Malayalam TV channel Indiavision, he is a known singer and writer, who has written ghazals and books including Fascism and the Sangh Parivar. He is patron of MCC-THAS-Haemophilia Society, he did his MBBS in Bangalore Medical college in Karnataka, with a special order by the Government of Kerala post his father's death, he was allowed a transfer to Government Medical College and completed his course from there. Muneer is the only son amongst the three children of C. H. Mohammed Koya, veteran Muslim league politician and former Chief Minister of Kerala and Amina.
In 2017 March elected to Deputy opposition leader in kerala Legislative Assembly
Kerala, locally known as Keralam, is a state on the southwestern, Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2, Kerala is the twenty-second largest Indian state by area, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, the Lakshadweep Sea and Arabian Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population, it is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era; the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE.
In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin, they united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State, the state of Thiru-Kochi, the taluk of Kasaragod in South Canara, a part of Madras State; the economy of Kerala is the 12th-largest state economy in India with ₹7.73 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹163,000. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%. The state has witnessed significant emigration to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, its economy depends on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community.
Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian and European cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad; the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, tea, coffee and spices are important; the state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres, around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions; the name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. One popular theory derives Kerala from alam; the word Kerala is first recorded as Keralaputra in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, one of his edicts pertaining to welfare.
The inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra. This contradicts the theory that Kera is from "coconut tree". At that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil: Chera and Kera are variants of the same word; the word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for "lake". The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. Kerala is mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics; the Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal, referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil chera alam; the Greco-Roman trade map. According to Tamil classic Purananuru, Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. Lacking worthy enemies, he besieged the sea by throwing his spear into it. According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu.
Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, the water receded as far as it reached. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari; the land which rose from sea was filled with unsuitable for habitation. Out of respect and all snakes were appo
T. M. Thomas Isaac
T. M. Thomas Isaac is the Minister of Finance of the Indian state of Kerala and a central committee member of the Communist Party of India, he represents Alappuzha constituency in the Kerala State Legislative Assembly. During his tenure as a member of the Kerala State Planning Board, he was in charge of the Peoples Planning in Kerala, he served as the Finance Minister of Kerala from 2006 to 2011. The son of T. P. Mathew and Saramma Mathew, Isaac obtained a PhD from the Centre for Development Studies, academically affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru University, his PhD thesis is titled Class Struggle and Industrial Structure: A Study of Coir Weaving Industry in Kerala 1859 - 1980. While a student, he became involved in student politics, being involved with the Students Federation of India, an organisation, politically linked with the Communist Party of India, he has held posts in the SFI at college and state level. Isaac was a professor at the Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram and has published a number of articles and books.
Isaac is divorced from his wife Dr Nata Duvvury, a senior lecturer at National University of Ireland, Ireland. They have two daughters. Science for Social Revolution: The Experience of Kerala Shastra Sahithya Parishad With B. Ekbal Democracy at work in an Indian industrial cooperative: the story of Kerala Dinesh Beedi With Richard W. Franke and Pyaralal Raghavan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1998 Kalliasseri experiment in local level planning With P. V. Unnikrishnan, T. Gangadharan, Sreekumar Chathopadhya, Lalitha Bhai Sathyan, Ajay Kumar Varma. Trivandrum: Centre for Development Studies. Monograph Series: Kerala Research Programme on Local Level Development.1995 Modernisation and employment: the coir industry in Kerala. With R. A. Van Stuijvenberg and K. N. Nair. Indo-Dutch Studies on Development Alternatives 10. New Delhi: Sage Publications. 1992 Local Democracy and Development: People's campaign for decentralised planning in Kerala with Richard W. Franke. New Delhi: LeftWord Books. 2000 The Withering Coconut Political Economy of Poverty Economics Crisis in the Capitalist World ABC of Political Economy The World Bank and IMF Kerala: Land and Man Political Economy of Surrender Peoples Planning: Theory and Practice Peoples Planning: Questions and Answers Construction of False Consent: Critique of Malayalam Media 2000 - 2010
K. R. Gowri Amma
K. R. Gowri Amma is an Indian politician from Kerala, she heads a political party based in Kerala, India. Prior to the formation of JSS she was a prominent figure in the communist movement in Kerala, she was the first female law student coming from the Ezhava community. She was a Minister in the communist-led Ministries in Kerala in 1957, 1967, 1980, 1987, she became a Minister in the Congress-led Cabinet from 2001 to 2006. Gowri was born at Pattanakad village in Alappuzha district of Kerala as the seventh daughter of K. A. Raman and Parvathi Amma, she attended schools at Thuravoor and Cherthala and completed her graduation from Maharaja's College, Ernakulam. She received a Law degree from Government Law College, Ernakulam K. R. Gouri Amma was elected to the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly in 1952 and 1954. In 1957 she was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly. Since she has been continuously elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1960,'67,'70,'82,'87,'91, 2001 and served as minister in various ministries.
She is one of the longest serving politicians in Kerala politics. Under the influence of elder brother and trade union leader Sukumaran, she entered the vibrant world of politics at a time when women hardly found themselves in politics. Starting her public life through trade union and peasant movements, Gauri was jailed on a number of occasions for participating in political activities, she was elected to the Travancore Council of Legislative Assembly in 1952 and 1954 with an overwhelming majority against sitting MLA, P. K. Raman, she became Revenue Minister in the first communist ministry in 1957, headed by E. M. S. Namboodiripad. In the same year she married T. V. Thomas, a prominent politician and a minister in EMS' government. In the first Communist Ministry, K. R. Gouri Amma served as Minister for Revenue and Devaswom from April 1957 to July 1959. After the split of Communist party in 1964, K. R. Gauri joined the newly formed Communist Party of India, but her husband, T. V. Thomas, stood with the Communist Party of India.
This created fissures in their relationship and soon they parted owing to the differences in their political views. The Land Reforms in Kerala is one the greatest achievements of Gowri Amma, it was she. One of the first things the Communist Ministry did was to promulgate an Ordinance banning evictions of all tenants and kudikidappukar throughout the state. In due course a comprehensive Agrarian Relations Bill was drafted and piloted by the Minister for Revenue, K. R. Gouri Amma; the Bill sought to confer ownership rights on land to tenants including sharecroppers and fix a ceiling for the land a land owner could possess. It had provisions for distributing the surplus land taken from the landlords to the landless poor; the vested interests rallied around them all kinds of reactionary and communal forces and launched the so-called'liberation struggle'. The Government was successful in passing the Agrarian Relations Bill in the Assembly before it was dissolved, but the Bill failed to get the President's assent.
The 1960–'64 United Front Government prepared a new Land Reform Bill giving several concessions to the landlords and taking away many of the benefits conferred upon the peasants in the Agrarian Relations Bill. The people of Kerala and K. R. Gowri Amma had to wait for another ten years before a Land Reform Bill abolishing landlordism and giving land to the tillers was passed and implemented. In 1967 elections the Left Democratic Front Government under the Chief Minister-ship of E. M. S. Namboodiripad came to power. In it, K. R. Gowri Amma served as Minister for Revenue, Sales Tax, Civil Supplies, Social Welfare and Law from March 1967 to October 1969, she moved a number of progressive and radical amendments to the Land Reforms Bill passed by the previous Government. When it was implemented, landlordism was abolished in Kerala. 3.5 million tenants and about 500,000 Kudikidappukar were made owners of their land. More than one lakh acres of land was declared as surplus land and was distributed among the agro-labourers in rural areas.
From January 1980 to October 1981 K. R. Gowri Amma was made Minister for Agriculture, Social Welfare, Industries and Administration of Justice Minister in the First E. K. Nayanar ministry. In the Second E. K. Nayanar ministry she was made Minister for Industries and Social Welfare and Administration of Justice. During the 1987 elections she was projected as the candidate for Chief-ministership, but when the Ministry was formed she was sidelined and ousted from the Communist Party in 1994. In 1994 she was expelled from CPI on charges of anti-party activities. Following this she established a new political outfit named Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy. JSS went on to join the United Democratic Front, the arch-rivals of the Left Democratic Front to which CPI belongs, she served as the Minister of Agriculture in the second A. K. Antony ministry. Oommen Chandy was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Kerala on 31 August 2004 after the controversial resignation of A. K. Antony on 29 August. Gowri Amma served as the Minister of Agriculture in the first Oommen Chandy ministry also.
K. R. Gowri Amma has been associated with numerous social and political movements: President of Kerala Karshaka Sangam from 1960 to 1984. President of Kerala Mahila Sangam from 1967 to 1976. Secretary of Kerala Mahila Sangam from 1976 to 1987. Secretariat Member of CPI State Committee. Established the Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy, in 1994. General Secretary of Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy, she has published an autobiography titled