Rio is a town in the suburbs of Patras and a former municipality in Achaea, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Patras, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 98.983 km2. The municipal unit had a population of 14,622 in 2011; the campus of the University of Patras and the Casino Rio is located in Rio. Rion is the northernmost municipal unit of the Peloponnese peninsula, it stretches along the southeastern coast of the Gulf of Patras, about 7 km northeast of Patras city centre. The nearby Strait of Rio, crossed by the Rio–Antirrio bridge, separates the Gulf of Patras from the Gulf of Corinth to the east; the town is dominated by the Panachaiko mountain to the southeast. The town centre is known as Agios Georgios Riou; this is. The quarter Kastellokampos lies to the southwest of the centre; the ferry terminals, with services to Antirrio, are in the north, on both sides of the Rio–Antirrio bridge. There is a large fortress with bastions next to the bridge.
The campus of the University of Patras and the hospital lie in the southeast, across the Greek National Road 8A. There are sandy beaches along the coast, a port north of town centre; the municipal unit Rio is subdivided into the following communities: Agios Vasileios Aktaio Ano Kastritsi Arachovitika Argyra Drepano Kato Kastritsi Pititsa Platani Psathopyrgos Rio Sella The name Rio derives from the Greek ῥίον meaning "jutting part" from ῥίς, meaning "nose", but "spur of land". The earliest attested form of the word is the Mycenaean Greek, ri-jo, written in Linear B syllabic script; the site of Rio has been a strategic point since antiquity. Early 19th century, there stood an old Turkish castle at the cape, with a small settlement outside its walls; the mayors of the municipality were: Vasileios Zervas Christos Liakopoulos List of settlements in Achaea Municipality of Rio GTP - Rio GTP - Municipality of Rio GTP - Ancient Rhium
Almyros or Halmyros is a town and a municipality of the regional unit of Magnesia, region of Thessaly, Greece. It lies in the center of prosperous fertile plain known as'Krokio Pedio', crossed by torrents. Almyros is an important agricultural and commercial center of Magnesia, is developing as a tourist center for the area; the main agricultural products are tomatoes, wheat, almonds and pistachio nuts. The history of Almyros begins with the ancient city of Alos, the ruins of which can still be visited. Alos was a important and populous town, famous for its port and for its role in the Persian Wars. After the Byzantine Empire, because of pirate raids, they built the town in the place that it is today. Halmyros was the site of the decisive Battle of Halmyros on 15 March 1311, where the Catalan Company shattered the assembled feudal armies of Frankish Greece and conquered the Duchy of Athens. In 1838, the settlement was described as being "a Turkish town, situated on the western coast of the Pagasitic Gulf, half an hour's journey inland, on the Plain of Krokios, consisting of some 300 dwellings.
It is chiefly inhabited by Turks, with only a few Christian settlers, who cultivate the lands of the Turks residing there". The Ottoman Empire ceded most of Thessaly in 1881, followed by development and repopulation by Greeks. In 1980 a catastrophic magnitude 6.5 earthquake destroyed most of the town. The municipality Almyros was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Almyros Anavra Pteleos SourpiThe municipality has an area of 905.4 km2, the municipal unit 473.940 km2. The municipal unit of Almyros is divided into the following communities: Almyros, Anthotopos, Kroki, Kofoi and Fylaki; the province of Almyros was one of the provinces of Magnesia. It had the same territory as the present municipality, it was abolished in 2006. The Archaeological Museum of Almyros includes local artifacts and exhibits from the Neolithic period, through Mycenean, Classical, Hellenistic periods, Roman years. Opposite the museum is the old High School, the Gymnasium of Almyros, a classic monumental building from the beginning of the 20th century.
The Museum and Gymnasium are the oldest buildings in the area. The Kouri forest, about 2 km from the town of Almyros, at an elevation of 75m, encompasses 108 ha of lowland oak forest; the forest is flat. Oaks belong to the species: Quercus pubescens, Quercus aegilops, Quercus pedunculiflora. There are footpaths, as well as a miniature train for a brief tour through the woods and over small bridges; the area is important to migratory birds, such as the mute swan, glossy ibis, various herons. South of the town are the moderately wooded Othrys mountains. 17 km from the town of Almyros but still in Almyros province, high in the Othrys mountains, is the 12th century Monastery of Panagia Xenia, with wall paintings, a library. There are several sandy beaches in the municipality of Almyros. Almyros is situated near the western end of 25 km southwest of Volos. Motorway 1 passes east of the town Almyros. Almyros Newspaper Agios Dimitrios Church in Almyros TrekEarth. Site includes several dozen photographs in and around Almyros, including the Kouri forest, Monastery of Panagia Xenia, Almyros beach.
The Jewish Community of Volos "KIS, the Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece" website. Includes history of Jewish communities in the Almyros region
Thasos is a town on the island of Thasos in northern Greece. It is the capital and main town of the island; the town is called Limenas Thasou or for short just Limenas to distinguish the town from the island on which it is situated. The town is located on the northeast corner of the island 17 nautical miles south of Kavala; the current town was built west from the ancient town. In and around Thasos, there are many ruins dating from antiquity. Most of the finds from local archaeological sites are on display at the Archaeological Museum of Thasos in Thasos town. Official municipality website
Corfu or Kerkyra is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea. It is the second largest of the Ionian Islands, including its small satellite islands, forms the northwesternmost part of Greece; the island is part of the Corfu regional unit, is administered as a single municipality, which includes the smaller islands of Ereikoussa and Othonoi. The municipality has an area of 610,9 km2, the island proper 592,8 km2; the principal city of the island and seat of the municipality is named Corfu. Corfu is home to the Ionian University; the island is bound up with the history of Greece from the beginnings of Greek mythology. Its history is full of conquests. Ancient Korkyra took part in the Battle of Sybota, a catalyst for the Peloponnesian War, according to Thucydides, the largest naval battle between Greek city states until that time. Thucydides reports that Korkyra was one of the three great naval powers of fifth century BC Greece, along with Athens and Corinth. Medieval castles punctuating strategic locations across the island are a legacy of struggles in the Middle Ages against invasions by pirates and the Ottomans.
Two of these castles enclose its capital, the only city in Greece to be surrounded in such a way. As a result, Corfu's capital has been declared a Kastropolis by the Greek government. From medieval times and into the 17th century, the island, having repulsed the Ottomans during several sieges, was recognised as a bulwark of the European States against the Ottoman Empire and became one of the most fortified places in Europe; the fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic. Corfu fell under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars. Corfu was ceded by the British Empire along with the remaining islands of the United States of the Ionian Islands, unification with modern Greece was concluded in 1864 under the Treaty of London. In 2007, the city's old quarter was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List, following a recommendation by ICOMOS. Corfu is a popular tourist destination; the island was the location of the 1994 European Union summit.
The Greek name, Kerkyra or Korkyra, is related to two powerful water deities: Poseidon, god of the sea, Asopos, an important Greek mainland river. According to myth, Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, daughter of Asopos and river nymph Metope, abducted her. Poseidon brought Korkyra to the hitherto unnamed island and, in marital bliss, offered her name to the place: Korkyra, which evolved to Kerkyra, they had a child they called Phaiax, after whom the inhabitants of the island were named Phaiakes, in Latin Phaeaciani. Corfu's nickname is the island of the Phaeacians; the name Corfù, an Italian version of the Byzantine Κορυφώ, meaning "city of the peaks", derives from the Byzantine Greek Κορυφαί, denoting the two peaks of Palaio Frourio. The northeastern edge of Corfu lies off the coast of Sarandë, separated by straits varying in width from 3 to 23 km; the southeast side of the island lies off the coast of Greece. Its shape resembles a sickle, to which it was compared by the ancients: the concave side, with the city and harbour of Corfu in the centre, lies toward the Albanian coast.
With the island's area estimated at 592.9 square kilometres, it runs 64 km long, with greatest breadth at around 32 km. Two high and well-defined ranges divide the island into three districts, of which the northern is mountainous, the central undulating, the southern low-lying; the more important of the two ranges, that of Pantokrator stretches east and west from Cape Falacro to Cape Psaromita, attains its greatest elevation in the summit of the same name. The second range culminates in the mountain of Santi Jeca, or Santa Decca, as it is called by misinterpretation of the Greek designation Άγιοι Δέκα, or the Ten Saints; the whole island, composed as it is of various limestone formations, presents great diversity of surface, views from more elevated spots are magnificent. Beaches are found in Agios Gordis, the Korission lagoon, Agios Georgios, Kassiopi, Sidari and many others. Corfu is located near the Kefalonia geological fault formation. Corfu's coastline spans 217 kilometres including capes.
The full extent of capes and promontories take in Agia Aikaterini, Drastis to the north and Asprokavos to the southeast, Megachoro to the south. Two islands are to be found at a middle point of Gouvia and Corfu Bay, which extends across much of the eastern shore of the island. Camping areas can be found in Palaiokastritsa, with four in the northern part, Roda and Messonghi; the Diapontia Islands are located in the northwest of Corfu, about 40 km away from Italian coasts. The main islands are Othonoi and Mathraki. Lazaretto Island known as Aghios Dimitrios, is located two nautical miles northeast of Corfu. During Venetian rule in the early 16th century, a monastery was built on the islet and a leprosarium established in the century, after which the island was
Bank of Greece
The Bank of Greece is the central bank of Greece. Its headquarters is located in Athens on Panepistimiou Street, but it has several branches across the country, it was founded in 1927 and its operations started in 1928. The building that houses its headquarters was completed ten years in 1938; the Bank of Greece is listed on the Athens Exchange. The Bank of Greece, a member of the European System of Central Banks, is the national central bank of Greece and was established by Law 3424/7 December 1927; the shares of the Bank of Greece are registered and have been listed on the Athens Exchange since June 12, 1930. It is a state owned S. A. share company with special privileges, special restrictions, duties. It cannot operate as a commercial bank and the percentage of shares that can be under Greek state ownership cannot exceed 35%, it has a staff of more than 3,000 employees. The primary objective of the Bank of Greece is to ensure price stability in Greece, it supervises the private banks and acts as a treasurer and fiscal agent for the Greek government.
Since law 3867/2010 was passed the Bank of Greece is responsible for supervising private insurance companies, merging with the Committee for the Supervision of Insurance Companies established by law 3229/2004. Its Euro banknotes printer identification code is Y; the Bank of Greece sells gold sovereigns. The chief officer of the Bank of Greece is a governmental appointee. A During the Axis occupation of Greece, Governor Kyriakos Varvaresos followed the Greek government in exile to London; the collaborationist governments in Greece fired Varvaresos in 1941 and appointed first Miltiadis Negrepontis as Governing Counsellor and Dimitrios Santis and Theodoros Tourkovasilis as Governors. After the liberation all dismissals and appointments by occupation-era governments concerning members of the administration of the Bank of Greece were declared null and void; the deputy governor is the Bank's second-in-line officer. Traditionally the Deputy Governors' main remit is administration, whereas Governors supervise monetary policy at large.
Emmanouil Tsouderos: April 21, 1928 – October 31, 1931 Emmanouil Kamaras: November 25, 1931 – May 30, 1932 Kyriakos Varvaresos: March 1, 1933 – August 4, 1939 Georgios Mantzavinos: September 28, 1936 – February 11, 1946 Ioannis Arvanitis: August 4, 1939 – April 26, 1941 Stylianos Gregoriou: March 28, 1945 – February 2, 1955 Vasileios Kyriakopoulos: February 5, 1955 – December 24, 1955 Dimitrios Galanis: December 31, 1955 – August 7, 1967 Ioannis Pesmazoglou: February 11, 1960 – August 5, 1967 Konstantinos Thanos: January 5, 1968 – September 10, 1969 Efstathios Panas: September 11, 1969 – August 9, 1974 Nikolaos Kyriazidis: August 9, 1974 – January 5, 1977 Nikolaos Charisopoulos: October 21, 1975 – November 6, 1981 Evangelos Devletoglou: December 23, 1977 – November 8, 1978 Georgios Drakos: November 24, 1978 – October 20, 1981 Dimitrios Chalikias: November 16, 1981 – February 6, 1984 Evangelos Kourakos: July 10, 1982 – February 11, 1986 Panagiotis Korliras: February 20, 1984 – August 30, 1985 Efstathios Papageorgiou: September 17, 1985 – September 17, 1989 George Provopoulos: October 1, 1990 – November 29, 1993 Vasileios Antonioudakis: October 1, 1990 – December 19, 1991 Panagiotis Pavlopoulos: February 21, 1992 – November 29, 1993 Evangelos Kourakos: December 1, 1993 – September 4, 1996 Lucas Papademos: December 1, 1993 – October 26, 1994 Panagiotis Thomopoulos: October 26, 1994 – February 26, 2009 Nikolaos Garganas: September 5, 1996 – June 13, 2002 Nikolaos Palaiokrassas: June 14, 2002 – June 14, 2008 Eleni Dendrinou Louri: June 20, 2008 – June 20, 2014 Iannis Mourmouras: September, 2014 - Theodoros Mitrakos: March 2015 -: During the Axis occupation of Greece, Deputy Governor Georgios Mantzavinos followed the Greek government in exile to London.
The collaborationist governments in Greece fired Mantzavinos in 1941 and appointed Andreas Papadimitriou and Spyridon Hatzikyriakos as Deputy Governors. After the liberation all dismissals and appointments by occupation-era governments concerning members of the administration of the Bank of Greece were declared null and void. Banking in Greece List of banks in GreeceGeneral: Economy of Greece European System of Central Banks Hellenic Parliament June 2015 Page 22 Bank of Greece official site Governor report on the balance sheet of 31st December 1928