List of presidents of Czechoslovakia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of Czechoslovakia
Czech: Prezident Československa
Slovak: Prezident Česko-Slovenska
Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939, 1945-1960).svg
StyleHis Excellency
ResidencePrague Castle
Bratislava Castle
(1969–92)
AppointerFederal Assembly
Formation14 November 1918
First holderTomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Final holderVáclav Havel
Abolished20 July 1992
SuccessionCzech Republic Václav Havel
Slovakia Michal Kováč

The President of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Prezident Československa, Slovak: Prezident Česko-Slovenska) was the head of state of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992.

Vaclav Havel 1990-2003

In periods when the presidency was vacant, most presidential duties were assumed by the Prime Minister. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions never defined anything like a post of acting president.

The second section lists the General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) in 1945–1989. After the 1948 coup d'état, the General Secretary was the country's de facto chief executive. However, three general secretaries (Klement Gottwald, Antonín Novotný and Gustáv Husák) also served as president at some point in their tenures.

The last living former President of Czechoslovakia, Václav Havel, died in 2011.

As of 2017, there are two living former General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia: Miloš Jakeš and Karel Urbánek.

Presidents of Czechoslovakia (1918–1992)[edit]

No. Portrait Name Lifespan Ethnicity Elected Took office Left office Political affiliation(s)
(1918–1938)
1 Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 1925.PNG Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 1850–1937 Czech 1918
1920
1927
1934
14 November 1918 14 December 1935 Independent
2 Edvard Beneš.jpg Edvard Beneš 1884–1948 Czech 1935 18 December 1935 5 October 1938 ČSNS
(1938–1939)
3 Emil Hácha 5.jpg Emil Hácha 1872–1945 Czech 1938 30 November 1938 15 March 1939 Independent
(1939–1945)
Greater arms of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945).svg Emil Hácha became State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de jure autonomous region incorporated into Nazi Germany.[1][2]
Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia.svg Edvard Beneš proclaimed himself President within the Czechoslovak government-in-exile, recognized as the only legitimate Czechoslovak Government during World War II.
Coat of Arms of the First Slovak Republic.svg Jozef Tiso became President of the pseudo-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak Republic.
Karptska Ukraina COA.svg Avgustyn Voloshyn became President of the Carpatho-Ukraine few days before occupation by the Kingdom of Hungary.
(1945–1948)
4 Edvard Beneš.jpg Edvard Beneš 1884–1948 Czech 1946 4 April 1945 7 June 1948 ČSNS
(1948–1989)
Official names: Czechoslovak Republic (1948–1960), Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960–1989)
5 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R90009, Budapest, II. Weltfestspiele, Festumzug, tschechische Delegation (cropped KG).jpg Klement Gottwald 1896–1953 Czech 1948 14 June 1948 14 March 1953 KSČ
6 Antonín Zápotocký.JPG Antonín Zápotocký 1884–1957 Czech 1953 21 March 1953 13 November 1957 KSČ
7 Antonín Novotný 1968.jpg Antonín Novotný 1904–1975 Czech 1957
1964
19 November 1957 22 March 1968 KSČ
8 Ludvík Svoboda (Author - Stanislav Tereba).JPG Ludvík Svoboda 1895–1979 Czech 1968
1973
30 March 1968 28 October 1975 KSČ
9 Gustáv Husák - oříznuto.JPG Gustáv Husák 1913–1991 Slovak 1975
1980
1985
29 October 1975 10 December 1989 KSČ
(1989–1992)
Official names: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1989–1990), Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)
style="background-color:#034EA2
color
white" | 10
Vaclav Havel cropped.jpg Václav Havel 1936–2011 Czech 1989
1990
1992
(failed)
29 December 1989 20 July 1992 OF

General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989)[edit]

Except for the final office-holder, they each held a strong executive power in the country de facto.

Title: Chairman (1948–1953) and First Secretary (1953–1971).

No. Portrait Name Lifespan Ethnicity Took office Left office
1 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R90009, Budapest, II. Weltfestspiele, Festumzug, tschechische Delegation (cropped KG).jpg Klement Gottwald 1896–1953 Czech February 1948 14 March 1953
2 Antonín Novotný 1968.jpg Antonín Novotný 1904–1975 Czech 14 March 1953 5 January 1968
3 Dubcek.jpg Alexander Dubček 1921–1992 Slovak 5 January 1968 17 April 1969
4 Gustáv Husák - oříznuto.JPG Gustáv Husák 1913–1991 Slovak 17 April 1969 17 December 1987
5 M Jakeš Praha 2014.JPG Miloš Jakeš born 1922 Czech 17 December 1987 24 November 1989
6 No image.png Karel Urbánek born 1941 Czech 24 November 1989 20 December 1989

Timeline[edit]

Václav HavelGustáv HusákLudvík SvobodaAntonín NovotnýAntonín ZápotockýKlement GottwaldEdvard BenešEmil HáchaEdvard BenešTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Presidential Standards[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Czechoslovakia
Administrative divisions